Mina, aka: Mīna, Mīnā; 12 Definition(s)

Introduction

Mina means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Mīna (मीन) refers to “fish”. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (See the Manubhāṣya, verse 11.68)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

1) Mīna (मीन).—The Tamil month of Panguni: Sūrya in the month of.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 105. 46.

2) Mīnā (मीना).—A daughter of Ṛṣā; gave birth to fishes—makara, pāṭhina, and timirohita.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 414-5; Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 291-2.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Mīna (मीन).—Description of a women of fish (mīna) type;—A woman who has long, large and high breasts, is fickle and without any twinkle in her eyes, has many servants and offsprings, is fond of water, is said to have the nature of a fish (mīna or matsya).

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Mīna (मीन) corresponds with the Pisces zodiac sign and refers to the twelfth and last of twelve rāśi (zodiacal sign), according to the Mānasāra. Rāśi is one of the three alternative principles, besides the six āyādiṣaḍvarga, used to constitute the “horoscope” of an architectural or iconographic object. Their application is intended to “verify” the measurements of the architectural and iconographic object against the dictates of astrology that lay out the conditions of auspiciousness.

The particular rāśi (eg., mīna) of all architectural and iconographic objects (settlement, building, image) must be calculated and ascertained. This process is based on the principle of the remainder. An arithmetical formula to be used in each case is stipulated, which engages one of the basic dimensions of the object (breadth, length, or perimeter/circumference). All twelve rāśis, except the eighth (vṛścika) are auspicious.

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Mīna is one of the eighty-four Siddhas associated with eighty-four Yogic postures (āsanas), according to popular tradition in Jodhpur, Rājasthān. These posture-performing Siddhas are drawn from illustrative sources known as the Nava-nātha-caurāsī-siddha from Vȧrāṇasī and the Nava-nātha-caruāsī-siddha-bālāsundarī-yogamāyā from Puṇe. They bear some similarity between the eighty-four Siddhas painted on the walls of the sanctum of the temple in Mahāmandir.

The names of these Siddhas (eg., Mīna) to 19th-century inscription on a painting from Jodhpur, which is labelled as “Maharaja Mansing and eighty-four Yogis”. The association of Siddhas with yogis reveals the tradition of seeing Matsyendra and his disciple Gorakṣa as the founders of haṭhayoga.

Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga
Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Mīna (मीन).—Sign Pisces. Note: Mīna is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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India history and geogprahy

Mina is the name of a tank mentioned Mihintale tablets of Mahinda IV (956-972). It represents a locality that once existed in the ancient kingdom of Anurādhapura, Ceylon (Sri Lanka).

Source: archive.org: Ceylon Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society 1963
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

mīna : (m.) a fish.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

minā (मिना).—m ( P) Enamel.

--- OR ---

minā (मिना).—ad ( A From that.) Deducted or allowed for; considered in settling the account--a sum advanced, a quantity furnished. Ex. śambhara rupayē dēṇēṃ tyānta tētīsa minā ghātalē. 2 Deducted or subtracted in general.

--- OR ---

mīna (मीन).—m (S) A fish. 2 The sign Pisces.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

minā (मिना).—m Enamel. ad Deducted or allowed of.

--- OR ---

mīna (मीन).—m A fish. The sign Pisces.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mīna (मीन).—m.

(-naḥ) 1. A fish 2. The sign of the Zodiac Pisces. 3. Vishnu in his first incarnation. E. to hurt, Unadi aff. nak .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 43 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Minakshi
Mīnākṣī (मीनाक्षी) refers to one of the manifestations of Pārvatī or Śakti.—Śrī Mīnākṣī is the ...
Minaketana
Mīnaketana (मीनकेतन).—m. (-naḥ) Kamadeva. E. mīna a fish, and ketana a symbol.
Minaghatin
Mīnāghātin (मीनाघातिन्).—m. (-tī) 1. A crane. 2. A fisherman. E. mīna fish and āghātin who kill...
Minanda
Mīnāṇḍa (मीनाण्ड).—n. (-ṇḍaṃ) Fish-spawn, roe, milt. f. (-ṇḍī) Clayed or candied sugar. E. mīna...
Gomina
Gomīna (गोमीन).—m. (-naḥ) A sort of fish, the bull-fish. E. go, and mīna a fish.
Nadamina
Naḍamīna (नडमीन) or Nalamīna.—m. (-naḥ) A small fish a kind of sprat haunting reedy places. E. ...
Minaranga
Mīnaraṅga (मीनरङ्ग).—m. (-ṅgaḥ) A king-fisher. E. mīna fish, rañj to annoy, aff. ac; it is also...
Minalaya
Mīnālaya (मीनालय).—m. (-yaḥ) The ocean. E. mīna a fish, and ālaya abode.
Naliamina
Nalamīna (नलमीन) or Naḍamīna.—m. (-naḥ) A small fish a kind of sprat haunting reedy places. E. ...
Minanatha
Mīnanātha (मीननाथ) or Matsyendranāhta refers to the third representation of the nine navan...
Minagandhika
Mīnagandhikā (मीनगन्धिका).—a pond, pool of water (v. l. godhikā). Mīnagandhikā is a Sanskrit co...
Mahamina
Mahāmīna (महामीन)—Sanskrit word for a fish (cf. mīna (Dravidian origin)). This animal ...
Minadhvaja
Mīnadhvaja (मीनध्वज).—the god of love. Derivable forms: mīnadhvajaḥ (मीनध्वजः).Mīnadhvaja is a ...
Minagandha
Mīnagandhā (मीनगन्धा).—an epithet of Satyavatī. Mīnagandhā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of...
Minaranka
Mīnaraṅka (मीनरङ्क).—a kingfisher.Derivable forms: mīnaraṅkaḥ (मीनरङ्कः).Mīnaraṅka is a Sanskri...

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