Samadhi, Samādhi: 51 definitions


Samadhi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Vedanta (school of philosophy)

Source: Google Books: The Roots of Vedanta

Samādhi is of two kinds: meditation on Nirguṇa-Brahman results in nirvikalpaka samādhi, while meditation on Saguṇa-Brahman leads to savikalpaka samādhi.

Vedanta book cover
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Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Samadhi in Yoga glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga

Samādhi (समाधि, “completion”) is a Sanskrit word referring to “intense self-absorption”. It is one of the eight brances of yoga, also known as the eightfold-path (aṣṭānga). Also see the fifth section of the Varāha-upaniṣad.

In yoga philosophy, Samadhi represents the stage where the mediator merges with its object of focus and transcends the self altogether to a higher understanding.

Source: Google Books: The Khecarividya of Adinatha

The Gheraṇḍasaṃhitā 7.3-6 teaches that rājayoga encompasses six types of Samādhi:

  1. dhyāna (prduced by śāmbhavīmudrā),
  2. nāda (prduced by khecarīmudrā),
  3. rasānanda (prduced by bhrāmarīmudrā),
  4. laya (prduced by yonimudrā),
  5. bhakti
  6. and manomūrcchā (‘trance’).
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (yoga)

Samādhi (समाधि) refers to one of the seven auxiliaries of Haṭhayoga, according to the 17th-century Haṭhayogasaṃhitā: a compilation on Haṭhayoga that borrows extensively from the Haṭhapradīpikā.—[...] The stated aim of Haṭhayoga is to achieve purification (śodhana), firmness (dṛḍhatā), steadiness (sthairya), constancy (dhairya), lightness (lāghava), direct perception (pratyakṣa) and liberation (nirlipta) of the body (ghaṭa). Its Haṭhayoga has seven auxiliaries: the ṣaṭkarma, āsana, mudrā, pratyāhāra, prāṇasaṃyāma, dhyāna and samādhi.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Samādhi (समाधि).—Total absorption and trance of the mind and senses in consciousness of the Supreme Godhead and service to Him. The word samādhi also refers to the tomb where a great soul's body is laid after his departure from this world.

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Samādhi (समाधि) refers to “concentration of the mind; meditation or deep trance, either on Paramātmā or Kṛṣṇa’s pastimes”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhajana-rahasya - 2nd Edition

Samādhi (समाधि) refers to:—Meditation or deep trance. (cf. Glossary page from Bhajana-Rahasya).

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Samādhi (समाधि) refers to:—Meditative trance; sama means ‘equal’ and dhī means ‘complete absorption of intelligence.’ A person in samādhi has the same level of consciousness as his worshipful deity. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Samādhi (समाधि).—The state when the soul (ātmā) and the mind become one. When the soul and the mind mingle with each other as salt and water, it is Samādhi (contemplation). (For more details see under Yoga.

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Samādhi (समाधि) refers to “ecstatic contemplation”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.5.—Accordingly, as the Goddess (i.e., Durgā) said to Menā:—“O beloved of the mountain, I am delighted by your penance. O chaste lady, tell me what you desire in your mind. O Menā, whatever is desired by you by penance, sacred rites and ecstatic contemplation [i.e., tapovrata-samādhi] I shall grant you and that too whenever you wish for it. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Samādhi (समाधि).—Honourable or āryam, explained by Yayāti to Aṣṭaka;1 Bhṛgu in samādhi.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 41. 4: Vāyu-purāṇa 104. 25.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 193. 26.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Samādhi (समाधि) refers to one of the various limbs of Yoga, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, the eleventh chapter contains the dialogue of Śiva and Skanda; the glories of the devotees of Śiva and the devotion to Śiva. The systems of Yoga along with its limbs Yama, Niyama, Ahiṃsā, Brahmacarya, Aparigraha, Svādhāya, Saṃtoṣa, Śauca, Prāṇāyāma and Samādhi are described while various kinds of impediments to the practice of Yoga and the means of overcoming them are explained in the thirteenth chapter.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Samādhi (समाधि, “concentration”) refers to one of the ten merits (guṇa) of a dramatic play (kāvya), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 17. They are characterised by their sweetness and depth of meaning.

Source: Natya Shastra

Samādhi (समाधि, “concentration”).—One of the ten guṇas (merits) of a kāvya (dramatic play);—Description of samādhi: Careful condensation of meanings suggested by and derived from similes and other figures of speech is called Concentration (samādhi).

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Samādhi (समाधि) refers to “contemplation”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—The yogi, immersed in contemplation (samādhi), looking up into the infinite expanse of the transcendent (parākāśa), experiences the penetration that is marked by the expansion of the bliss of consciousness and realises that that is his own essential nature. Exhaling, he leads the energy of Kuṇḍalinī upwards and, recalling the Divine Triangle, which is the goddess's face at the apex of Kuṇḍalinī’s ascent, he penetrates into her and she into him

Source: The Śāradātilakatantra on Yoga

Samādhi (समाधि) is explained by Lakṣmaṇadeśika in his 11th-century Śaradātilaka.—The eighth and last limb is absorption (samādhi), defined as the constant contemplation (bhāvanā) of the identity of the individual Self and the supreme Self (27).

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: The Śaiva Yogas and Their Relation to Other Systems of Yoga

Samādhi (समाधि, “absorption”) refers to one of the six members (aṅga) of the Ṣaḍaṅgayoga, as taught in the early Śaiva Siddhānta.—Ṣaḍaṅgayoga is taught as the standard yoga of the Śaivasiddhānta (Siddhānta) a mainstream, Veda congruent dualist tradition. See, for example, the 6th century texts of Raurava-āgama, Kiraṇa-āgma, Sarvajñānottara-āgama, Svāyambhuvasūtrasaṃgraha, the 7th century Mālinīvijayottara and the 9th century Tantrasadbhāva.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Isvara Samhita Vol 1

Samādhi (समाधि) refers to one of the three functions of saṃyama (self-control).—The Pāñcarātrāgama offers its own treatment which has a significant contribution. Dhāraṇā is retaining the mind in God, dhyāna is joining the mind in God and meditating upon Him and samādhi is mere appearance of the nature of the object, (God). According to Viṣṇupurāṇa. (VI.7.86), dhāraṇā is stability of the citta In God, dhyāna is continuity of that cognition without any desire for other things (ibid. VI.7.91) and samādhi is a stage in Yogic practise in which God’s own nature is grasped without any imagined appendage (ibid. VI.7.92).

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Kavyashastra (science of poetry)

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyavilasa of Ciranjiva Bhattacarya (kavyashastra)

Samādhi (समाधि) refers to one of the 93 alaṃkāras (“figures of speech”) mentioned by Cirañjīva Bhaṭṭācārya (fl. 17th century) in his Kāvyavilāsa and is listed as one of the 89 arthālaṃkāras (figure of speech determined by the sense, as opposed to sound).—The figure samādhi has not been mentioned by ancient rhetoricians like Bhāmaha, Udbhaṭa and Rudraṭa. According to Mammaṭa when an effect become very much easy owing to the accidental presence of another cause the figure samādhi arises. Ruyyaka has followed Mammaṭa in defining samādhi.

Jayadeva in his Candrāloka (C.L.V/98) has defined samādhi as—“samādhiḥ kāryasaukaryaṃ kāraṇāntarasannidheḥ”. This tradition has been followed by Cirañjīva who gives exactly the same definition. When an effect become easier due to the presence of some other cause or causes, the figure samādhi takes place. In fact according to the rules of causation one cause is sufficient to produce an effect. But if it is found that in addition to the definite cause there is another cause which supports to produce the effect in a easier way the figure samādhi takes place.

Example of the samādhi-alaṃkāra:—

astaṃ yāto dinamaṇirasau bhūṣaya svalpamaṅgaṃ tūrṇaṃ turṇaṃ racaya kucayoḥ kelipatrāṅkurālīm |
ityākarṇya pracalitumiyaṃ yāvadutkaṇṭhitā’bhū ttāvatprīto janayati ghanāḍambaraṃ śambarāriḥ ||

“The sun has set, decorate some part of your body quickly, paint your breast by sandal paste for amorous sports. Hearing this when she became anxious to start then the cupid being pleased created the roar of clouds”.

Notes: In this verse the setting of sun is the cause of the journey of the lady to the place of her assignation. In addition to this cause there is another cause i.e. the roaring of clouds which makes easier for the lady to move to her place of assignation. On account of the darkness caused by the arising of clouds, journey to the place of assignation becomes smoother. Here one cause i.e. setting of the sun is sufficient. In addition to this cause arising of clouds has been mentioned. So it is an example of samādhi.

Source: Shodhganga: Bhismacaritam a critical study

Samādhi (समाधि, “convenience”) refers to one of the various Alaṅkāras (‘figures of speech’) classified as Artha (‘sense’), as employed in the Bhīṣmacarita (Bhishma Charitra) which is a mahākāvya (‘epic poem’) written by Hari Narayan Dikshit.—There is an example of ‘samādhi’ also in Bhīṣmacarita. With the help of this figure of speech, the poet has aptly presented Convenience in IX.39. Here the poet has aptly depicted Devavrata approaching Daśarāja for asking the hand of his daughter for the convenience of his father as his father falls in love with Satyavatī.

Kavyashastra book cover
context information

Kavyashastra (काव्यशास्त्र, kāvyaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian tradition of poetry (kavya). Canonical literature (shastra) of the includes encyclopedic manuals dealing with prosody, rhetoric and various other guidelines serving to teach the poet how to compose literature.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Samādhi (समाधि):—[samādhiḥ] The state of self –realization in the practice of yoga; Ultimate state of physical & metal control with gain of eternal happiness

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Samādhi (समाधि): A term used in yogic meditation. Samadhi is also the Hindi word for a structure commemorating the dead.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Access to Insight: A Glossary of Pali and Buddhist TermsConcentration; the practice of centering the mind in a single sensation or preoccupation, usually to the point of jhana.Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary

M (Calm, serenity). Clarity of the mind caused by a sharp concentration that is the fruit of a sustained training.

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

Samadhi (“concentration”); lit. “the (mental) state of being firmly fixed” (sam+ā+Ö hā), is the fixing of the mind on a single object. “One-pointedness of mind (cittass' ekaggatā), Brother Visakha, this is called concentration” (M. 44). [...] Concentration - though often very weak - is one of the 7 mental concomitants inseparably associated with all consciousness. Cf. nāma, cetanā.

In concentration one distinguishes 3 grades of intensity:

  1. 'Preparatory concentration' (parikamma-samādhi) existing at the beginning of the mental exercise.
  2. 'Neighbourhood concentration' (upacāra-samādhi), i.e. concentration 'approaching' but not yet attaining the 1st absorption (jhāna), which in certain mental exercises is marked by the appearance of the so-called 'counter-image' (patibhāga-nimitta).
  3. 'Attainment concentration' (appanā-samādhi), i.e. that concentration which is present during the absorptions. (App.)

Further details, s. bhāvana, Vis.M. III and Fund. IV.

Concentration connected with the 4 noble path-moments (magga), and fruition-moments (phala), is called supermundane (lokuttara), having Nibbāna as object. Any other concentration, even that of the sublimest absorptions is merely mundane (lokiya).

Concentration (samādhi) [Cf. bhavana] is the indispensable foundation and precondition of insight by purifying the mind from the 5 mental defilements or hindrances (nīvarana), whilst insight (vipassanā) produces the 4 supra mundane stages of holiness and deliverance of mind. The Buddha therefore says: "May you develop mental concentration, o monks; for who is mentally concentrated, sees things according to reality" (S.XXII.5). And in Mil. it is said: "Just as when a lighted lamp is brought into a dark chamber, the lamp-light will destroy the darkness and produce and spread the light, just so will insight, once arisen, destroy the darkness of ignorance and produce the light of knowledge."

According to D.33, the development of concentration (samādhi-bhāvanā) may procure a 4-fold blessing:

  1. present happiness through the 4 absorptions;
  2. knowledge and vision (ñāna-dassana) - here probably identical with the 'divine eye' (s. abhiññā) through perception of light (kasina);
  3. mindfulness and clear comprehension through the clear knowledge of the arising, persisting and vanishing of feelings, perceptions and thoughts;
  4. extinction of all cankers (āsavakkhaya) through understanding the arising and passing away of the 5 groups forming the objects of clinging (s. khandha).

Concentration is one of the 7 factors of enlightenment (bojjhanga), one of the 5 spiritual faculties and powers (s. bala), and the last link of the 8-fold Path. In the 3-fold division of the 8-fold Path (morality, concentration and wisdom), it is a collective name for the three last links of the path (s. sikkhā).

Source: Dhamma Study: Cetasikas


context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

1) Samādhi (समाधि) refers to a set of “three concentrations”, representing qualities acquired by the Bodhisattvas accompanying the Buddha at Rājagṛha on the Gṛdhrakūṭaparvata, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter X.

The three concentrations (samādhi) are those of:

  1. emptiness (śūnyatā),
  2. wishlessness (apraṇihita),
  3. signlessness (ānimitta).

Some say that there are twenty-three kinds of samādhi; others say sixty-five, still others say five hundred. But as the Mahāyāna is great, there are innumerable samādhis.

According to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 13, “producing and playing with a hundred thousand samādhis” is another quality of the Bodhisattvas. Samādhi is the “fixing on one point of a good mind, the immobility of the mind”.

There are three kinds of samādhis:

  1. samādhi with vitarka (investigation) and vicāra (analysis);
  2. samādhi without vitarka but with vicāra;
  3. samādhi with neither vitarka nor vicāra.

There are four other kinds of samādhi:

  1. samādhi connected with the world of desire (kāmadhātu-avacara);
  2. samādhi connected with the world of form (rūpadhātu-avacara),
  3. samādhi connected with the formless world (ārūpyadhātu-avacara);
  4. samādhi not connected with anything.

2) Samādhi (समाधि) refers to one of ten constituents (dravya) of the thirty-seven auxiliaries to enlightenment (bodhipākṣika), according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XXXI.—Accordingly, “these thirty-seven auxiliaries (bodhipākṣika) have ten things (dravya) as roots (mūla). Concentration (samādhi) constitutes: a. the four foundations of magical power (ṛddhipāda); b. the faculty of concentration (samādhīndriya); c. the power of concentration (samādhibala); d. the factor-of-enlightenment called concentration (samādhi-saṃbodhyaṅga); e. the [factor-of-the-path] called right concentration (samyaksamādhi)”.

3) Samādhi (समाधि, “concentration”) refers to one of the twenty-two faculties (indriya), according to chapter 38. The word indriya, derived from the root id or ind, is synonymous with great power, with control. The twenty-two Dharmas in question [viz., samādhi] have the characteristic of being dominant in regard to the living being (sattva) in that which concerns: his primary constitution, his distinctiveness, his duration, his moral defilement and his purification.

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Samādhi (समाधि) refers to the “concentrations”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, as Bodhisattva Gaganagañja explains to Bodhisattva Ratnaśrī what kind of concentration should be purified: “[...] Son of good family, there are eighty gates to concentration (samādhi-mukha), each of which has five hundred gates to concentration. Then there are forty thousand concentrations. Again, counting impurity and purification, there are eighty thousand concentrations. In total, therefore, there are eighty-four thousand concentrations of knowing the imperishability in the past, future, and present. [...] When this knowledge of the Buddha was taught and those gates into concentrations (samādhimukha) were explained, sixteen thousand Bodhisattvas attained the tolerance that all things are unborn, which is brought about through the knowledge and concentrations (samādhi-jñāna-abhinirhṛta)”.

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Samādhi (समाधि) refers to a “concentration”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [after hostile Nāgas released winds, thunderbolts, etc.] “Then the Bhagavān entered the concentration (samādhi) called the Expanded Garuḍa Glance, [also] called the Miracle of the Garland of Enveloping Flame. Immediately after he had entered the concentration, two rays shone forth. Merely upon shining forth, the bodies of all Nāgas flamed up”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Samādhi (समाधि, “visualisation”) refers to one of six limbs of Yoga to be employed in Uttamasevā (excellent worship), according to the Guhyasamāja chapter 18.—[...] By this process [viz., of Anusmṛti (memory)] the transcendental knowledge is suddenly realised by the worshipper and is known as Samādhi (visualisation). For the purpose of visualisation it is necessary that the process should be continued for six months and this is done according to the Guhyasāmaja always while enjoying all kinds of desired objects If within six months the deity does not show herself the process should be repeated thrice while following the rules of restraint duly prescribed. If the deity is not visualised even after this, it should be forced by the practice of Haṭhayoga. By this Yoga the ascetic most certainly attains the knowledge of the deity.

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Samādhi (समाधि) refers to “meditative absorption” (of a deity or deities)  according to the Yoga and Anuttarayoga Tantra divisions of Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhism, according to Buddhist teachings followed by the Newah in Nepal, Kathmandu Valley (whose roots can be traced to the Licchavi period, 300-879 CE).—Yoga Yogatantra and Anuttarayogatantra both involve the visualization and meditative absorption of a deity or deities, and the deities' retinue and mandala (samādhi). In Yogatantra, the object of one's meditation is usually a single deity such as Avalokiteśvara, or Ārya Tārā, "Green Tārā", whose supernatural strength and speed helps devotees overcome obstacles.

In the primary practice of samādhi in Anuttara Yoga, the object of one's meditation is a saṃvara, a pair of deities in sexual union, symbolizing non-duality. The term saṃvara, literally means "binding", a meaning which is specifically referring to the network of Ḍākinīs (another name for Yoginī) which make up the mandala surrounding the central pair of deities, which is mapped upon the body during samādhi. The word saṃvara also means to "cover" or "conceal", which is indicative of the fact that this type of esoteric Tantric samādhi is both secret, and has the intended effect of protecting the practitioner by shutting out the external world.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Buddhism

Samadhi:—An intense state of concentration that generates first, a state of temporary bliss and then inner peace and tranquility.

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

1) Samādhi (समाधि, “concentration”) refers to one of the “five super-mundane components” (lokottara-skandha) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 23). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., samādhi). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Samādhi als orefers to one of the fourty “conditions” (saṃskāra) that are “associated with mind” (citta-samprayukta) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 30).

Samādhi also refers to one of the “five faculties” (pañcendriya), one of the “five strengths” (pañcabala) as well as one of the “seven factors of awakening” (bodhyaṅga), as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 47-49), all forming part of the “thirty-seven things on the side of awakening” (bodhipākṣika-dharma).

Samādhi or Samādhibala refers to the “the strength of concentration” and represents one of the “ten strengths of the Bodhisattvas” (bala) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 75).

2) Samādhi (समाधि) refers to the “four concentrations” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 101):

  1. āloka-samādhi (concentration on light),
  2. vṛtāloka-samādhi ((concentration on enclosed light),
  3. ekādaśa-pratiṣṭha-samādhi (the eleven establishments of concentration),
  4. ānantarya-samādhi (the concentration giving immediate result).

3) Samādhi (समाधि) also refers to the “four concentrations” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 136):

  1. śūraṅgama (heroic march),
  2. gagaṇa-gañja (sky-jewel),
  3. vimala-prabha (pure light),
  4. siṃha-vikrīḍita (lion’s sport).
Source: Buddhist Door: GlossarySanskrit word for meditation. See Meditation and Contemplation.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Samādhi (समाधि) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Samādhi] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Samādhi (समाधि) refers to “concentrated abstract meditation”, as mentioned in chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, “[...] together with abandonment of all censurable activities the noble man [i.e., Mahābala] renounced the four kinds of food. Constantly immersed in the pool of nectar of abstract meditation [viz., samādhi], he, like a lotus-bed, did not fade at all. He, the crest-jewel of the noble, had undiminished beauty, as if he had been eating food and taking drink”.

Note: Samādhi differs from the early stages of dhyāna which involve meditation on an object. It is practically the same as śukla-dhyāna. Hoernle, Uvāsagadasāo n. 163, defines it as a “state of bodily and mental coma”.

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Samādhi (समाधि) refers to “absorption”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “On a flat piece of wood or stone, on the ground or on sandy soil, the wise [person] should adopt a stable posture for the accomplishment of absorption (samādhi-siddha). Thus, sitting cross-legged, sitting half cross-legged, thunderbolt, hero posture and the previously mentioned pleasant and lotus [postures] as well as abandonment of the body is highly thought of. [...]”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Samādhi.—(CII 4), poetic quality of a composition. (EI 33), explained as a ‘granary’; probably ‘an agreement’. Cf. sallekhanā. Note: samādhi is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samadhi in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

samādhi : (m.) meditation; onepointedness of the mind.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Samādhi, (fr. saṃ+ā+dhā) 1. concentration; a concentrated, self-collected, intent state of mind and meditation, which, concomitant with right living, is a necessary condition to the attainment of higher wisdom and emancipation. In the Subha-suttanta of the Dīgha (D. I, 209 sq.) samādhi-khandha (“section on concentration”) is the title otherwise given to the cittasampadā, which, in the ascending order of merit accruing from the life of a samaṇa (see Sāmaññaphala-suttanta, and cp. Dial. I. 57 sq.) stands between the sīla-sampadā and the paññā-sampadā. In the Ambaṭṭha-sutta the corresponding terms are sīla, caraṇa, vijjā (D. I. 100). Thus samādhi would comprise (a) the guarding of the senses (indriyesu gutta-dvāratā), (b) self-possession (sati-sampajañña), (c) contentment (santuṭṭhi), (d) emancipation from the 5 hindrances (nīvaraṇāni), (e) the 4 jhānas. In the same way we find samādhi grouped as one of the sampadās at A. III, 12 (sīla°, samādhi°, paññā°, vimutti°), and as samādhi-khandha (with sīla° & paññā°) at D. III, 229 (+vimutti°); A. I, 125; II, 20; III, 15; V, 326; Nd1 21; Nd2 p. 277 (s. v. sīla). It is defined as cittassa ekaggatā M. I, 301; Dhs. 15; DhsA. 118; cp. Cpd. 89 n. 4; identified with avikkhepa Dhs. 57, and with samatha Dhs. 54.—sammā° is one the constituents of the eightfold ariya-magga, e.g. D. III, 277; VbhA. 120 sq.—See further D. II, 123 (ariya); Vin. I, 97, 104; S. I, 28; Nd1 365; Miln. 337; Vism. 84 sq. (with definition), 289 (+vipassanā), 380 (°vipphārā iddhi); VbhA. 91; DhA. I, 427; and on term in general Heiler, Buddhistische Versenkung 104 sq.—2. Description & characterization of samādhi: Its four nimittas or signs are the four satipaṭṭhānas M. I, 301; six conditions and six hindrances A. III, 427; other hindrances M. III, 158. The second jhāna is born from samādhi D. II, 186; it is a condition for attaining kusalā dhammā A. I, 115; Miln. 38; conducive to insight A. III, 19, 24 sq. , 200; S. IV, 80; to seeing heavenly sights etc. D. I, 173; to removing mountains etc. A. III, 311; removes the delusions of self A. I, 132 sq.; leads to Arahantship A. II, 45; the ānantarika s. Sn. 226; cetosamādhi (rapture of mind) D. I, 13; A. II, 54; III, 51; S. IV, 297; citta° id. Nett 16. dhammasamādhi almost identical with samatha S. IV, 350 sq.—Two grades of samādhi distinguished, viz. upacāra-s. (preparatory concentration) and appanā-s. (attainment concentration) DA. I, 217; Vism. 126; Cpd. 54, 56 sq.; only the latter results in jhāna; to these a 3rd (preliminary) grade is added as khaṇika° (momentary) at Vism. 144.—Three kinds of s. are distinguished, suññata or empty, appaṇihita or aimless, and animitta or signless A. I, 299; S. IV, 360; cp. IV. 296; Vin. III, 93; Miln. 337; cp. 333 sq.; DhsA. 179 sq. , 222 sq. , 290 sq.; see Yogāvacara’s Manual p. xxvii; samādhi (tayo samādhī) is savitakka savicāra, avitakka vicāramatta or avitakka avicāra D. III, 219; Kvu 570; cp. 413; Miln. 337; DhsA. 179 sq.; it is fourfold chanda-, viriya-, citta-, and vīmaṃsā-samādhi D. II, 213; S. V, 268.—Another fourfold division is that into hāna-bhāgiya, ṭhiti°, visesa°, nibbedha° D. III, 277 (as “dhammā duppaṭivijjhā”).

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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

samādhi (समाधि).—f m (S) pop. samādha f Deep and devout meditation; restraining the senses and confining the mind to contemplation (on the nature of spirit &c.): also abstracted or absorbed state. 2 Self-immolation (of a Sanyasi) by drowning or by burying himself alive. 3 The rite of burying in water of a deceased Sanyasi. 4 The little edifice to contain the Tulsi plant which is erected over the burial place of a Sanyasi.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Samādhi (समाधि).—1 Collecting, composing, concentrating (as mind).

2) Profound or abstract meditation, concentration of mind on one object, perfect absorption of thought into the one object of meditation, i. e. the Supreme Spirit, (the 8th and last stage of Yoga); व्यवसायात्मिका बुद्धिः समाधौ न विधीयते (vyavasāyātmikā buddhiḥ samādhau na vidhīyate) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 2.44; आत्मेश्वराणां न हि जातु विघ्नाः समाधिभेदप्रभवो भवन्ति (ātmeśvarāṇāṃ na hi jātu vighnāḥ samādhibhedaprabhavo bhavanti) Kumārasambhava 3.4,5; Mṛcchakaṭika 1.1; Bhartṛhari 3.54. R.8.79; Śiśupālavadha 4.55.

3) Intentness, concentration (in general), fixing of thoughts; यथा भानुगतं तेजो मणिः शुद्धः समाधिना । आदत्ते राजशार्दूल तथा योगः प्रवर्तते (yathā bhānugataṃ tejo maṇiḥ śuddhaḥ samādhinā | ādatte rājaśārdūla tathā yogaḥ pravartate) || Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.298.12; तस्यां लग्नसमाधि (tasyāṃ lagnasamādhi) (mānasam) Gītagovinda 3; अहःसु तस्या हृदि ये समाधयः (ahaḥsu tasyā hṛdi ye samādhayaḥ) Rām. ch.2.41.

4) Penance, religious obligation, devotion (to penance); अस्त्येतदन्यसमाधिभीरुत्वं देवानाम् (astyetadanyasamādhibhīrutvaṃ devānām) Ś1; तपः- समाधि (tapaḥ- samādhi) Kumārasambhava 3.24; अथोपयन्तारमलं समाधीना (athopayantāramalaṃ samādhīnā) 5.24;5.6;1.59; सर्वथा दृढसमाधिर्भव (sarvathā dṛḍhasamādhirbhava) Nāg.5.

5) Bringing together, concentration, combination, collection; union, a set; सा तस्य धर्मार्थसमाधियुक्तं निशम्य वाक्यम् (sā tasya dharmārthasamādhiyuktaṃ niśamya vākyam) Rām.4.33.5; तं वेधा विदधे नूनं महाभूतसमाधिना (taṃ vedhā vidadhe nūnaṃ mahābhūtasamādhinā) R.1.29.

6) Reconciliation, settling or composing differences.

7) Silence.

8) Agreement, assent, promise.

9) Requital.

1) Completion, accomplishment.

11) Perseverance in extreme difficulties.

12) Attempting impossibilities.

13) Laying up corn (in times of famine), storing grain.

14) A tomb.

15) The joint of the neck; a particular position of the neck; अंसाववष्टब्धनतौ समाधिः (aṃsāvavaṣṭabdhanatau samādhiḥ) Kirātārjunīya 16.21.

16) (In Rhet.) A figure of speech thus defined by Mammaṭa; समाधिः सुकरं कार्यं कारणान्तरयोगतः (samādhiḥ sukaraṃ kāryaṃ kāraṇāntarayogataḥ) K. P.1; see S. D.614.

17) One of the ten Guṇas or merits of style; अन्यधर्मस्ततोऽन्यत्र लोकसीमानुरोधिना । सम्यगाधीयते यत्र स समाधिः स्मृतो यथा (anyadharmastato'nyatra lokasīmānurodhinā | samyagādhīyate yatra sa samādhiḥ smṛto yathā) || Kāv.1.93.

18) A religious vow or self-imposed restraint.

19) Support, upholding.

Derivable forms: samādhiḥ (समाधिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Samādhi (समाधि).—concentration, trance, in Sanskrit and Pali recorded only as m.; according to [Ardha-Māgadhī Dictionary] only m. in AMg., but also f. in Prakrit according to [Paia-sadda-mahaṇṇavo]; here f. and nt. occasion- ally: f., mahāvyūhāya (loc.) sthitaḥ samādhiye (loc.) Lalitavistara 60.4 (verse; in prec. prose mahāvyūhasya samādher 59.20-21); etatpraveśo (v.l. °śā, so read?) yat samādhiḥ paramā jāyata iti Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 21.4 (prose); -vipañcitāyāḥ (all mss., Régamey em. °citāt, which indeed occurs 19.5, 14) samādher (gen.) Samādhirājasūtra 19.1 (prose); samādhiya (certainly gen.) lābhī Samādhirājasūtra 19.27 (verse); also in ceto-samādhi, q.v., Mahāvastu iii.409.12; nt., tāni samādhīni Kāraṇḍavvūha 51.7—8 (prose; line 2 above ete samādhayaḥ). As 8th step in the 8-fold [Page569-a+ 71] Path, samyak-sa°, see mārga. Sa° is 5-fold, ārya-pañcāṅ- gika-samādhi-saṃpannā(ḥ) Mahāvastu ii.292.9, of bodhisattvas; according to a Pali list (Childers s.v.) the 5 aṅga are pīti-phara- ṇatā, sukha-phar°, ceto-phar°, āloka-phar°, and pacca- vekkhanānimittaṃ; see also s.v. pañcāṅgika (2). Four kinds of sa° Mahāvyutpatti 967—970: chanda-, citta-, vīrya-, mīmāṃ- sā-sa° (= Pali cha°, ci°, viriya-, vīmaṃsā-); another list of four kinds Dharmasaṃgraha 101, somewhat corrupt, compare the adhimukticaryābhūmi-nāmāni Mahāvyutpatti 896—901, and Asaṅga (Mahāyāna-sūtrālaṃkāra) xiv.24—26 with commentary; according to Dharmasaṃgraha āloka- (Mahāvyutpatti 898 °ka-labdha, read °lābha, Lévi on Asaṅga (Mahāyāna-sūtrālaṃkāra)), vṛtāloka- (read vṛddhā°, compare Mahāvyutpatti 899 āloka-vṛddhiḥ), ekādaśa-(read ekadeśa-)-pratiṣṭha- (compare Mahāvyutpatti 900 tattvārthaikadeśānu- praveśaḥ), and ānantarya-sa° (= Mahāvyutpatti 901, misprinted an°). There are a number of lists, some of them very long, of particular samādhis; over 100 in Mahāvyutpatti 505—623, from ‘Prajñāpāramitā’, e.g. Śatasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā 1412.8 ff. (these are all included in this Dict.); a very different list Aṣṭasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā 490.8—492.6; nearly 70 (practised by Avalokiteśvara) Kāraṇḍavvūha 51.9 ff.; list of 17, Kāraṇḍavvūha 77.8 ff.; of 37, Kāraṇḍavvūha 92.17 ff.; only four, Śūraṃgama (which occurs frequently), Gagaṇagañja, Vimalaprabha, and Siṃhavikrīḍita, Dharmasaṃgraha 136; 100 Bodhisattva-sa° Gaṇḍavyūha 36.22 ff. (this term occurs elsewhere in Gaṇḍavyūha and other works, e.g. Daśabhūmikasūtra 2.27, of named samādhis practised by Bodhisattvas). Few of the names in these and other lists recur, and most of them are not separately listed in this Dict.; they seem mostly to be ad hoc inventions of the respective authors. For samādhi in relation to samāpatti see the latter.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samādhi (समाधि).—m.

(-dhiḥ) 1. Deep and devout meditation, restraining the senses and confining the mind to contemplation on the true nature of spirit, &c. 2. A religious vow or obligation. 3. Silence. 4. Promise, assent, engagement. 5. Composing or reconciling differences, putting a stop to a dispute. 6. Requital, return, retaliation. 7. Attempting impossibilities; exertion or perseverance in extreme difficulties. 8. Storing corn on account of a dearth. 9. A Jaina saint of a future age. 10. A figure of rhetoric; connection or proximity of two events accidentally connected, and expressed by a common verb and the government of the verb by a double nominative, as utkaṇṭhitā ca kulaṭā jagāmāstañca bhānumān the disloyal woman went sorrowfully, and the sun (went) down. 11. Collection, combination. 12. Demonstrated conclusion. 13. The joint of the neck. 14. A tomb, a grave. E. sam together, dhā to have or hold, with āṅ prefix, and ki aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samādhi (समाधि).—i. e. sam-ā-dhā (cf. nidhi), m. 1. Composing or reconciling differences. 2. Storing corn. 3. The joint of the neck, [Kirātārjunīya] 16, 21. 4. A tomb. 5. Agreement, promise. 6. Requital. 7. Restraining the senses and confining the mind to contemplation on the true nature of spirit, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 203, 18; 216, 1, cf. 217, 21; contemplation, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 5, 18, 1; devotion, [Pañcatantra] 162, 24. 8. A religious vow or obligation, [Kumārasaṃbhava, (ed. Stenzler.)] 3, 24. 9. Silence. 10. Demonstrated conclusion. 11. Attempting impossibilities.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samādhi (समाधि).—[masculine] putting together, conjunction, union, a whole; performation, accomplishment, arrangement, reconcilement; attention, meditation, devotion.

--- OR ---

Samadhī (समधी).—[Middle] study, learn.

Samadhī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms samadhi and i (इ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Samadhī (समधी):—[=sam-adhī] (-adhi-√i) [Ātmanepada] -adhīte, to go over, repeat or read through or study thoroughly, [Manu-smṛti vi, 93.]

2) Samādhi (समाधि):—[=sam-ādhi] [from samā-dhā] m. putting together, joining or combining with ([instrumental case]), [Lāṭyāyana]

3) [v.s. ...] a joint or a [particular] position of the neck, [Kirātārjunīya]

4) [v.s. ...] union, a whole, aggregate, set, [Rāmāyaṇa; Harivaṃśa; Raghuvaṃśa]

5) [v.s. ...] completion, accomplishment, conclusion, [Kumāra-sambhava]

6) [v.s. ...] setting to rights, adjustment, settlement, [Mahābhārata]

7) [v.s. ...] justification of a statement, proof, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

8) [v.s. ...] bringing into harmony, agreement, assent, [Horace H. Wilson; Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya]

9) [v.s. ...] intense application or fixing the mind on, intentness, attention (dhiṃ-√kṛ, ‘to attend’), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

10) [v.s. ...] concentration of the thoughts, profound or abstract meditation, intense contemplation of any particular object (so as to identify the contemplator with the object meditated upon; this is the eighth and last stage of Yoga [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 93]; with Buddhists Samādhi is the fourth and last stage of Dhyāna or intense abstract meditation [Monier-Williams’ Buddhism 209]; in the Kāraṇḍa-vyūha several S° are enumerated), [Upaniṣad; Buddhist literature; Mahābhārata] etc.

11) [v.s. ...] intense absorption or a kind of trance, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

12) [v.s. ...] a sanctuary or tomb of a saint, [Horace H. Wilson; Religious Thought and Life in India 261]

13) [v.s. ...] (in [rhetoric]) Name of various figures of speech (defined as ārohāvarohakrama, artha-dṛṣṭi, anya-dharmāṇām anyatrādhirohaṇa etc.), [Kāvyādarśa; Vāmana’s Kāvyālaṃkāravṛtti; Kāvyaprakāśa] etc.

14) [v.s. ...] Name of the 17th Kalpa (q.v.), of the 17th Arhat of the future Utsarpiṇī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) [v.s. ...] of a Vaiśya, [Catalogue(s)] ([according to] to [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] also ‘silence; a religious vow of intense devotion or self-imposed abstraction; support, upholding; continuance; perseverance in difficulties; attempting impossibilities; collecting or laying up grain in times of dearth’)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samādhi (समाधि):—(dhiḥ) 2. f. Mental combination; deep meditation, vow, silence, promise, reconciling; demonstrative conclusion; obstinate perseverance; accumulation of corn; tomb; the joint of the neck.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Samādhi (समाधि) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Samāhi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Samadhi in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samadhi in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Samadhī (समधी) [Also spelled samdhi]:—(nf) father-in-law (or uncle-in-law, etc.) of son/daughter.

2) Samādhi (समाधि):—(nf) trance; intense meditation; a tomb; ~[niṣṭha] devoted to intense meditation; -[bhaṃga] interruption in the process of meditation; ~[stha] in a trance, in intense meditation; -[lekha] an epitaph; —[ṭūṭanā] process of meditation to be broken/disturbed; to be disturbed in one’s meditation; —[lagānā] to go into a trance; to concentrate one’s mind; to meditate; —[lenā] to go into eternal trance; •[(jala meṃ)] to go to one’s watery grave.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Samādhi (ಸಮಾಧಿ):—

1) [noun] a concentrating of the mind on, and reflecting solemnly on sacred matters; contemplation; meditation.

2) [noun] a meditating on the Supreme or abstract principle of the universal being, following self-denial, strict austere, moral and ethical life, etc.

3) [noun] a place where a dead body is buried.

4) [noun] a tomb constructed on it; a cenotaph.

5) [noun] the practice of burrying alive saints and a vřndāvana built over there; the sanctuary or tomb of a saint.

6) [noun] (rhet.) an attributing of the character, quality of one object to another.

7) [noun] (yoga.) profound or abstract meditation; intense contemplation of any particular object so as to identify the contemplator with the contemplated object, the eighth stage of yoga.

8) [noun] (jain.) a dying by abstaining from the food, as a vow.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of samadhi in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

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