Samacara, Samācāra, Sama-acara: 19 definitions


Samacara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Samachara.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Samācāra (समाचार) refers to the “threefold conduct”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “Those who undertake the vow should practice the threefold conduct (samācāra) in the course of (their) nocturnal practice. This is the Conduct of a Hero, which is the Hero's Vow (observed) in the modalities of the Hero's union and the union Dūtīs (Kaula consorts) practice with everybody, which is both external and internal. The mind should not be checked. One should go wherever the mind goes and practice the Conduct of Desire. Clearly evident, this is said to be the threefold sign (liṅga) (of this practice), the sum and substance of the Vow”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Samacara in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Samācara (समाचर) refers to the “performance” (of a particular practice), according to the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] [Now], I shall define the nature of that highest, mind-free absorption which arises for those devoted to constant practice. [...] Performing (samācara) the practice of the elements, [the Yogin continues to be] seen in the world occupying a body, and he maintains the practice of the elements in order to [remain] absorbed in the Śakti element. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Catalogue of Pancaratra Agama Texts

Samācāra (समाचार) refers to “(the rules for) good behaviour”, as discussed in the eleventh chapter of the Nāradīyasaṃhitā: a Pāñcarātra document comprising over 3000 verses in 30 chapters presenting in a narrative framework the teachings of Nārada to Gautama, dealing primarily with modes of worship and festivals.—Description of the chapter [samācāra-vidhi]: Gautama asks about the rules of conduct that a Vaiṣṇava should observe during adhvara-sacrificial rites. Nārada turns to the conventions observed by a dīkṣita in particular, pointing out his daily obligations at home, at temple, and in society.The bulk of the chapter concerns itself with such matters as options given for when, how often and under what conditions special liturgies are to be undertaken at home and in the temple (4-8); honoring divine beings, cows, Brahmins, elders, sages, et. al. (9); cultivating acceptable behaviour (samācāra) and dress (10-11a); commensal rules (11b-12); judgement of others’ character, and judgements concerning their professional and caste status in light of their demonstrated faith (13-36). [...]

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Samācāra (समाचार) refers to “virtuous conduct”, according to the Guru Mandala Worship (maṇḍalārcana) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “Oṃ an offering of eatables all combined, full of food to be enjoyed, Provided with drink to be enjoyed, an acceptable offering from her, Five kinds of virtuous conduct (pañcavarṇa-samācāra), completely full of egg-born fish, Of one mind with the Nirvikalpa, eat and enjoy Hūṃ”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samacara in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

samācāra : (m.) conduct; behaviour.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Samācāra, (saṃ+ācāra) conduct, behaviour D. II, 279; III, 106, 217; M. II, 113; A. II, 200, 239; IV, 82; Sn. 279; Vin. II, 248; III, 184. (Page 684)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

samācāra (समाचार).—m (S Pronounced both with cha & tsa.) The inquiring into and relieving the wants and pains of the poor, sick, and afflicted; inquiring after the health and circumstances of friends; the attending to guests at a feast &c. v ghē g. of o. 2 News, tidings, accounts, intelligence.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

samācāra (समाचार).—m News. Inquiring after the health, &c., of friends.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Samācāra (समाचार).—

1) Proceeding, going.

2) Practice, conduct, behaviour.

3) Proper conduct or behaviour; यथाशक्ति समाचाराः संप्रतुष्यन्ति हि प्रभो (yathāśakti samācārāḥ saṃpratuṣyanti hi prabho) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.168.2.

4) News, information, report, tidings.

Derivable forms: samācāraḥ (समाचारः).

--- OR ---

Samācāra (समाचार).—

1) equal or similar conduct.

2) Proper practice.

Derivable forms: samācāraḥ (समाचारः).

Samācāra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sama and ācāra (आचार).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samācara (समाचर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rī-raṃ) Who or what observes, practices, proceeds, &c. E. sam and āṅ before car to go, ṭa aff.

--- OR ---

Samācāra (समाचार).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) Equal or like in virtuous conduct. m.

(-raḥ) 1. Proper practice or conduct. 2. Proceeding, going. 3. Information, tradition, news. E. sam, and āṅ before car to go, ghañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samācāra (समाचार).—i. e. I. sam-ā -car + a, m. 1. Proper practice or conduct, Mahābhārata 5, 2688; [Pañcatantra] 24, 10. 2. Proceeding, conduct, [Draupadīpramātha] 9, 17. 3. Going, way, [Pañcatantra] 109, 11. 4. Information, report. Ii. sama-ācāra, adj. Equal in virtuous conduct, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 140.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samācāra (समाचार).—[masculine] proceeding, conduct, behaviour, custom, usage, manner.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Samācāra (समाचार):—[from sama] a m. (for samācāra See sam-ā-√car) equal manners or customs, [Mahābhārata]

2) [v.s. ...] eq° or virtuous conduct, [ib.]

3) [v.s. ...] mfn. eq° or similar in practice or in virtuous cond°, [ib.]

4) Samācara (समाचर):—[=sam-ācara] [from samā-car] mfn. practising, observing, [Horace H. Wilson]

5) Samācāra (समाचार):—[=sam-ācāra] [from samā-car] b m. (for samāc See p. 1153, col. 1) procedure, practice, conduct, behaviour in ([compound]), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] custom, usage, usual way or method, [Pañcatantra; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra [Scholiast or Commentator]]

7) [v.s. ...] (ifc.) the customary presentation of [Kathāsaritsāgara]

8) [v.s. ...] ‘doings’, news, report, information, tradition, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Samācara (समाचर):—[samā+cara] (raḥ-rī-raṃ) a. Practising.

2) Samācāra (समाचार):—[samā+cāra] (raḥ-rā-raṃ) a. Acting alike. m. Practice; news; progress.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Samācāra (समाचार) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Samāyāra.

[Sanskrit to German]

Samacara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samacara in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Samācāra (समाचार) [Also spelled samachar]:—(nm) news; information; -[ejeṃṭa] a news agent; ~[dātā] a news, reporter; ~[patra] a newspaper; -[rpasāra(ṇa)] news relay, dissemination of news; -[philma] a newsreel; -[sāptāhika] a news weekly; —[denā] to break news, to convey a news.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Samācāra (ಸಮಾಚಾರ):—

1) [noun] information about recent and important events; news; tidings.

2) [noun] good behaviour, conduct.

--- OR ---

Sāmācāra (ಸಾಮಾಚಾರ):—[noun] (jain.) any action, observance, etc. that is in accordance with the jaina religious tenets.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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