Buddha, aka: Buḍḍha; 18 Definition(s)
According to Vaishnavas the Buddha incarnation was taken in order to delude the demons and cause them to reject the Vedas. The function of Śankarāchārya was to re-establish the Vedas and the subsequent Vaishnava acharyas to re-establish Theism.
1) Buddha (बुद्ध):—There are two kinds of Buddhas:
- the Buddha with the body born of the fundamental element (dharmadhātujakāya);
- the fictive Buddha (nirmāṇabuddha) who adapts himself to the sufferings of beings.
In speaking of the dharmadhātujakāya Buddha, we say that it is enough to hear his name to find salvation; in speaking of the nirmāṇakāya Buddha who is adapted to beings, we say that in accordance with their karmic cause and conditions, some beings, even though they are dwelling with this Buddha, fall into hell.
2) Buddha-bhūmi (बुद्ध):—One of the ten grounds shared by adepts of the three Vehicles (sādhāraṇabhūmi). These are all the attributes of Buddha, beginning with the knowledge of phenomena in all their aspects (sarvākārajñatā).
Buḍḍha, (for vuḍḍha, pp. of vṛdh, see vaḍḍhati) aged, old D. II, 162; J. I, 164 (°pabbajita one who has become an ascetic in his old age). Compar. buḍḍhatara DhA. II, 239 (v. l. K. B. S. vuḍḍhatara). (Page 488)
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1) Buddha, 2 (=buddha1) A. one who has attained enlightenment; a man superior to all other beings, human & divine, by his knowledge of the truth, a Buddha. At A. II, 38 the Buddha declares himself to be neither a god (deva) nor a Gandharva, nor a Yakṣa nor a man. ‹-› The word Buddha is an appellative, not a proper name (na mātarā kataṃ etc., vimokkh’antikaṃ etaṃ bud‹-› dhānaṃ Bhagavantānaṃ bodhiyā mūle ... paññatti) Nd1 458 & Ps. I, 174.—There are 2 sorts of B’s, viz. Pacceka-buddhas or Buddhas who attain to complete enlightenment, but do not preach the way of deliverance to the world, and Sammāsambuddhas, who are omniscient and endowed with the 10 powers (see bala), and whose mission is to proclaim the saving truth to all beings (cp. Miln. 106). In this function the B’s are Satthāro or teachers, Masters. In his rôle of a preeminent man a Buddha is styled Bhagavā or Lord: Buddho so Bhagavā M. I, 235; Pv. II, 960=DhA. III, 219.—Besides the 18 dhammā and the 10 balāni they are gifted with the 4 vesārajjāni (A. II, 9, cp. Miln. 106). These teachers appear upon the earth from time to time; the approach of the birth of a B. (buddh’—uppāda) is hailed by the acclamation of the worlds, they live the houseless life and found an Order (Buddha-pamukha bhikkhu-saṅgha Sn. p. 111; Sn. 81, 386; Miln. 212; DA. I, 242; PvA. 19). The news that a B. has appeared upon earth is a cause of the greatest rejoicing: opportunity to see him is eagerly sought (Vin. II, 155; S. I, 210; DA. I, 248). The B. is always born in a brāhmaṇa or khattiya family. It is impossible here to give all the references for the Buddhas or Buddhahood in general; see e.g. Vin. III, 24 sq. ; Dh. 182 sq. , 194, 195 (=sammā sambuddhā DhA. III, 252), 387; J. I, 51; III, 128; Vism. 442 (pubba-buddhā); PvA. 20.—The remembrance of former births a B. shares with other classes of privileged beings, only in a different (higher) degree. This faculty (in an ascending scale) is possessed by the foll. 6 classes: titthiyā, pakati-sāvakā, mahā-sāvaka, agga-sāvakā, pacceka-buddhā, buddhā (see Vism. 411).—B. The word Buddha is specially applied to the Buddha of the present world-age, Gotama by family-name. He is said to be the 25th of the series of former Buddhas (pubbā buddhā) S. I, 109, 140; IV, 52.—Seven Buddhas are mentioned in the earlier texts & frequently referred to (cp. the 7 Rishis of the Vedic period, see also under satta, No. 7). They are Vipassī, Sikhī, Vessabhū, Kakusandha, Konāgamana, Kassapa and Gotama (D. II, 5—7; S. II, 5—11; cp. Th. 1, 491; J. II, 147). They are also mentioned in an old formula against snake-bites (Vin. II, 110). The (allegorical) names of the predecessors of these in former ages are Dīpaṅkara, Kondañña, Maṅgala, Sumana, Revata, Sobhita, Anomadassī, Paduma, Narada, Padumuttara, Sumedha, Sujāta, Piyadassī, Atthadassī, Dhammadassī, Siddhattha, Tissa, Phussa.—The typical career of a Buddha is illustrated in the life of Gotama and the legends connected with his birth, as they appear in later tradition. Before his last existence he practised the 10 perfections (pāramitā, q. v.) for many ages, & finally descended from the Tusita Heaven (see Buddhavaṃsa). He was born in a khattiya family and was distinguished by the 32 signs of a great man (Mahāpurisa-lakkhaṇāni see D. II, 17 sq. and similar passages; cp. Ud. 48). His mother Māyā bore him painlessly and died seven days after his birth M. III, 118 sq.—The story of each of the 25 Buddhas is given in the Buddhavaṃsa, quoted in the introductory chapters of the Jātak’aṭṭhakathā.—Convinced that asceticism was not the way to enlightenment, he renounced austerities. He became enlightened when seated in meditation under an Assattha tree (Ficus religiosa, hence called Bodhi or Bo tree). At the supreme moment he was tempted by Māra, but vanquished the evil one. He was then ready to depart, but resolved to remain in the world and preach the truth (M. I, 169; Vin. I, 6; a rather diff. account A. II, 20). That day he knew and proclaimed himself to be the Buddha and his career as a teacher began (M. I, 171; Vin. I, 9; Sn. 558).—Like all the other Sammā-sambuddhas he founded an Order, converting and gladdening men by his discourses. After a long life of teaching he attained Nibbāna (nibbānaṃ adhigacchi), and passed utterly away: S. I, 210; D. II, 156; Sn. 83, 513, 1133 sq. ; Miln. 96.—The Epithets attributed to all the Buddhas are naturally assigned also to Gotama Buddha. Out of the almost endless series of these we only give a few. He is adored as the highest and holiest of men (S. I, 47; III, 84; loke anuttaro, lokassa aggo; Miln. 70). He is the supremely wise, the conqueror of the powers of darkness, the teacher of gods (devas and yakkhas) and men S. I, 50, 132, 206. 301; A. I, 142; II, 33; III, 65; Sn. 157 sq. He is the ādicca-bandhu kinsman of the sun S. I, 186; and compared to a universal monarch (rājā cakkavattī) A. I, 76; III, 150 and to the lion (sīha), the king of the animals A. III, 122. He is buddha-vīra Th. 1, 47; the refuge of all beings M. II, 305; DA. I, 233; Miln. 95; further appaṭipuggala S. I, 134; his teaching leads to enlightenment, to self-conquest, to security & deliverance M. I, 235; Sn. 454, 993; DA. I, 230. He himself is not to be reborn (antima-sarīro with his last body) S. I, 210; he is vimutto, freed & has come to the end of sorrow A. IV, 258; S. III, 65; full of compassion for all beings S. I, 25, 51; M. II, 100; he is bhisakko the physician A. IV, 340; magga-ññu, magga-vidū, maggakovido S. III, 66.—Under Buddh’anussati (Vism. 198 sq.) we find the famous formula Bhagavā Arahaṃ Sammāsambuddho vijjā-caraṇa-sampanno sugato lokavidū anuttaro purisa-damma-sārathi Satthā devamanussānaṃ buddho Bhagavā (D. I, 49≈), analysed & exegetically discussed. Here (p. 209) “Buddha＂ is expld with the formula as found at Ps. I, 174; Nd1 457. More explicitly with var. epithets at the latter passage. This formula is one of the highest & most comprehensive characterisations of a Buddha, & occurs frequently in the Canon, e.g. M. I, 179; S. II, 69; V, 343.—A khattiya by birth he is called a brāhmaṇa because he carries on the sacred tradition, and because he excels in wisdom, self-control and virtue Miln. 225.
—ânubuddha enlightened after the Enlightened one Th. 1, 679, 1246 (trsld “who next to our Great Waked one was awoke＂). —ânubhāva the majestic power of the B. PvA. 38, 171. —ânussati mindfulness of the B. , one of the 6 anussatis (B. °, dhamma°, saṅgha°, sīla°, cāga°, devatā°) D. III, 250, 280; Vism. 132 (where followed by upasamânussati and 4 other qualities making up the pīti-sambojjh’aṅga; see anussati), 197 sq. (the 10, as mentioned under anussati). —aṅkura a nascent (lit. sprouting) Buddha, one who is destined to be a B. DhA. I, 83. —antara a Buddha-interval, the period between the appearance of one Buddha & the next Miln. 3; DhA. I, 201 (the 4 last ones); IV, 201; PvA. 10, 14, 21, 47, 191. —ārammaṇa having its foundation or cause in the B. , in °pīti joy, caused by contemplation of a B. J. III, 405; Vism. 143 (here as ubbegā-pīti). —ûpaṭṭhāna B. -worship DhA. I, 101; PvA. 93. —uppāda the coming into existence of a Buddha, time or age in which a B. was born (opp. Buddh’antara), a Buddha-period J. I, 59; Mhbv 12; VbhA. 50; ThA. 28. —kara making a B. , bringing about Buddhahood J. I, 20. —kāraka=°kara Mhbv 9. —kāla the time of a B. Vism. 91 (Buddhakālo viya pavattati it is like the time of the B.) —kula Buddha-clan SnA 532 (B. -pitā, °mātā ibid.). —kolāhala the announcement of a Buddha, one of the 5 kolāhalas (q. v.) KhA 121, cp. J. I, 48. —khetta field or region of (or for the existence of) a Buddha Vism. 414 (divided into 3 spheres: jātikkhetta, āṇākkhetta, visayakkhetta, see khetta). —gata directed or referring to the B. S. I, 211 (sati); Dh. 296. —guṇa quality of a B. , virtue, character of a Buddha J. I, 27; II, 147; Bu II. 177; Mbhv 80; KhA 121 (cp. App.). —cakkhu the eye of a Buddha, i.e. an eye (or the faculty) of complete intuition Vin. I, 6; ThA. 2; see discussed in detail at Nd1 359=Nd2 2354; cp. cakkhu. —ñāṇa knowledge of a B. , which is boundless (cp. Saddh. 73, J. P. T. S. 1887, 40) Bu I. 64 (appameyya); X. 5 (cuddasa). —dhamma Buddhahood Miln. 276; pl. condition or attributes of a B. J. I, 20; referred to as 6 at Nd1 143= Nd2 466 (bhāgī channaṃ °ānan ti Bhagavā), as 18 at Miln. 105, 285. Kern (Manual & Grundriss III, 8, p. 63) gives (after Lal. Vist. 183, 343) the foll. 18 āveṇikadharmas (“extraordinary qualities＂) as such: (1) seeing all things past, (2) present, (3) future, (4) propriety of actions of the body, (5) of speech, (6) of thought, (7) firmness of intuition, (8) of memory, (9) of samādhi, (10) of energy, (11) of emancipation, (12) of wisdom, (13) freedom from fickleness, (14) noisiness, (15) confusedness, (16) hastiness, (17) heedlessness, (18) inconsiderateness.—pañha the name given to one question asked by Sāriputta, which the paribbājikā Kuṇḍalakesī was unable to answer DhA. II, 225.—pasanna finding one’s happiness, or believing in the B. Vin. IV, 39.—putta son of the B. said of bhikkhus or arahants Miln. 143, cp. S. III, 83: puttā Buddhassa orasā.—bala the force of a B. (iddibala & paññā°) Bu I. 3.—bījaṅkura a future B. Bu II. 71.—bhāva condition of a B. enlightenment J. I, 14, 147 (abuddhabhāva un-buddhahood, of Devadatta); DA. I, 1.—bhūmi the ground of Buddhahood Bu II. 175.—manta mystic verses of a B. DA. I, 248.—māmaka devotedly attached to the B. DhA. I, 206 (+Dhamma°, Saṅgha°).—rakkhita saved by the B. (Np.) SnA 534 (+Dhamma°).—rasmi (pl. °iyo) rays shining forth from the person of the Buddha; they are of 6 colours J. I, 501; SnA 132; Mhbv 6, 15, 38; VvA. 207; DhsA. 13.—rūpa form or figure of the B. Vism. 228 (Mārena nimmita, cp. Divy 162, 166; Buddha-nirmāṇa the magic figure of the B.).—līḷha (& °līḷhā) deportment, ease, grace of a Buddha J. I, 54; Mhbv 39; DhA. I, 33; II, 41.—vacana the word (teaching) of the Buddha Miln. 17; KhA 13; SnA 274, 331.—visaya the sphere (of wonder), the range, scope or power of a Buddha (cp. buddha-khetta) DhA. I, 33; II, 199; SnA 154, 228.—veneyya one able to be led to enlightenment, accessible to Buddha’s teaching SnA 15, 331.—sāsana the teaching (instructions) of the B. Dh. 368, 381.—sukumāla delicate, sensitive (to fatigue), as Buddhas are DhA. I, 5. Buddhaka (-°) (adj.) (fr. buddha) in cpd. dvaṅgula-buddhikā (f.) possessing insight as much as 2 finger-breadths VvA. 96.—The °ka belongs to the whole cpd. (Page 488)
2) Buddha, 1 (adj.) (med. -pass. pp. of bujjhati, cp. Epic Sk. buddha) (a) understood S. I, 35=60 (su-dub-buddha very difficult to understand).—(b) having attained enlightenment, wise A. IV, 449; PvA. 16 (buddh’ādayo), 60 (=ariya). Usually appld to the Bhagavant (Gotama) M. I, 386 (one of the adj. describing Gotama to Nigaṇṭha Nāthaputta); Sn. 993. The true brāhmaṇa is buddha, e.g. Sn. 622, 643, 646. (Page 488)
buddha : (pp. of bujjhati) known; understood; perceived. (m.), one who has attained enlightenment; the Enlightened One. || buḍḍha (adj.) aged; old.
1. Avatar of Viṣnu. Buddha: Gautama Buddha, the founder of Buddhism, is generally included as an avatar of Vishnu in Hinduism. Buddha may be depicted in Hindu scriptures as a preacher who deludes and leads demons and heretics away from the path of the Vedic scriptures. Another view praises them as a compassionate teacher who preached the path of ahimsa (non-violence).
2. The Buddha is viewed as an avatar of the god Vishnu in Vaishnava Hinduism although the Buddha himself denied that he was a god or an incarnation of a god. Buddha's teachings deny the authority of the Vedas and consequently Buddhism is generally viewed as a nāstika (heterodox school) from the perspective of orthodox Hinduism.
3. Puraṇas: The Buddha is described in important Hindu scriptures, including almost all the major Puranas. It is considered that 'not all of them refer to the same person: some of them refer to other persons, and some occurrences of "buddha" simply mean "a person possessing buddhi"; most of them, however, refer specifically to the founder of Buddhism. They portray him with two roles: preaching false views in order to delude demons, and criticizing animal sacrifice
In the Puranic texts, he is mentioned as one of the ten Avatars of Vishnu, usually as the ninth one.
He is often described as a yogi or yogācārya, and as a sannyāsi. His father is usually called Śuddhodhana, which is consistent with the Buddhist tradition, while in a few places the Buddha's father is named Añjana or Jina. He is described as beautiful (devasundara-rūpa), of yellow skin, and wearing brown-red or red robes.
Buddha Skt., Pali, lit., “awakened one.” A person who has achieved the enlightenment that leads to release from the cycle of existence (samsāra) and has thereby attained complete liberation (nirvāna). The content of his teaching, which is based on the experience of enlightenment, is the four noble truths. A buddha has overcome every kind of craving (trishnā); although even he also has pleasant and unpleasant sensations, he is not ruled by them and remains innerly untouched by them. After his death he is not reborn again.
Two kinds of buddhas are distinguished: the pratyeka-buddha, who is completely enlightened but does not expound the teaching; and the samyak-sambuddha, who expounds for the welfare of all beings the teaching that he has discovered anew. A samyak-sambuddha is omniscient (sarvajñatā) and possesses the ten powers of a buddha (dashabala) and the four certainties. The buddha of our age is Shākyamuni. (See also Buddha 2.)
Sanskrit; literally, "awakened one"; a person who has been released from the world of cyclic existence (samsara) and attained liberation from desire, craving, and attachment in nirvana; according to Theravadins, Shakyamuni, the historical Buddha, is considered to be the first Buddha of this age who was preceded by many others and will be followed by Maitreya; Mahayanists believe that there are countless Buddhas for every age.
Perfect Enlightenment, Universal Buddha hood, is the state attained by a Universal Buddha (samma sambuddha), i.e one by whom the liberating Law (dhamma) wich has become lost to the world, is again discovered, realized and clearly proclaimed to the world.
T/M (The one who knows). Omniscient. The one who does reach by himself the knowledge of the four Noble Truths. Perfect Being, Buddha.
Wife of Prince Bodhi and, later, of Moggallana. By Bodhi she had a daughter Lokita and by Moggallana four children: Kitti (afterwards Vijayabahu I.), Mitta, Mahinda and Rakkhita. Cv.lvii.40.
Refers to one who has become awakened and attained nirvana through eradication of impurities. He will no more be reborn in the cycle of samsara. &
Pacceka, (adj.) (paṭi+eka, cp. BSk. pratyeka Divy 335, 336) each one, single, by oneself, separ...
Mahayana idea that all sentient beings have within them pure nature similar to that of the Budd...
Refers to Buddha Land or each place where a celestial Buddha resides.
1a) Ānanda (आनन्द).——(c)—a kingdom adjoining the Dundubhi hill in Plakṣadvīpa...
1. Kassapa Buddha - Also called Kassapa Dasabala to distinguish him from other Kassapas. The t...
The second stage in Hinayana, the first or initial being that of Sravaka. He is enlightened to ...
1) Kalā (कला) is a Sanskrit technical term referring to a “unit of the time measure in...
Buddhamātṛ (बुद्धमातृ):—The prajñāpāramitā is the mother of the Buddhas (buddhamātṛ). ...
Pratyekabuddha-bhūmi (प्रत्येकबुद्ध):—One of the ten grounds shared by adepts of the t...
1) Dhamma, 3 (adj.) (Sk. dhanvan) having a bow: see daḷha°; also as dhammin in daḷha&de...
Nanda (नन्द) is the name of a King, whose captial city was called Pāṭaliputra, according to ...
Maitreya (मैत्रेय): A sage who visited the court of Dhritarashtra, expressed sorrow at the Pand...
Shākyamuni Buddha, the historical Buddha, is not the first and only buddha. Already in the e...
Cittā (चित्ता) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for th...
Amitābha, (adj.) (a + mita (pp. of mā) + ā + bhā) of boundless or immeasurable splendour Sdhp.2...
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