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Samadhi Sutta, aka: Samādhi sutta; 2 Definition(s)


Samadhi Sutta means something in Buddhism, Pali. Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article.

In Buddhism


Samādhi, (fr. saṃ+ā+dhā) 1. concentration; a concentrated, self-collected, intent state of mind and meditation, which, concomitant with right living, is a necessary condition to the attainment of higher wisdom and emancipation. In the Subha-suttanta of the Dīgha (D. I, 209 sq.) samādhi-khandha (“section on concentration”) is the title otherwise given to the cittasampadā, which, in the ascending order of merit accruing from the life of a samaṇa (see Sāmaññaphala-suttanta, and cp. Dial. I. 57 sq.) stands between the sīla-sampadā and the paññā-sampadā. In the Ambaṭṭha-sutta the corresponding terms are sīla, caraṇa, vijjā (D. I. 100). Thus samādhi would comprise (a) the guarding of the senses (indriyesu gutta-dvāratā), (b) self-possession (sati-sampajañña), (c) contentment (santuṭṭhi), (d) emancipation from the 5 hindrances (nīvaraṇāni), (e) the 4 jhānas. In the same way we find samādhi grouped as one of the sampadās at A. III, 12 (sīla°, samādhi°, paññā°, vimutti°), and as samādhi-khandha (with sīla° & paññā°) at D. III, 229 (+vimutti°); A. I, 125; II, 20; III, 15; V, 326; Nd1 21; Nd2 p. 277 (s. v. sīla). It is defined as cittassa ekaggatā M. I, 301; Dhs. 15; DhsA. 118; cp. Cpd. 89 n. 4; identified with avikkhepa Dhs. 57, and with samatha Dhs. 54.—sammā° is one the constituents of the eightfold ariya-magga, e.g. D. III, 277; VbhA. 120 sq.—See further D. II, 123 (ariya); Vin. I, 97, 104; S. I, 28; Nd1 365; Miln. 337; Vism. 84 sq. (with definition), 289 (+vipassanā), 380 (°vipphārā iddhi); VbhA. 91; DhA. I, 427; and on term in general Heiler, Buddhistische Versenkung 104 sq.—2. Description & characterization of samādhi: Its four nimittas or signs are the four satipaṭṭhānas M. I, 301; six conditions and six hindrances A. III, 427; other hindrances M. III, 158. The second jhāna is born from samādhi D. II, 186; it is a condition for attaining kusalā dhammā A. I, 115; Miln. 38; conducive to insight A. III, 19, 24 sq. , 200; S. IV, 80; to seeing heavenly sights etc. D. I, 173; to removing mountains etc. A. III, 311; removes the delusions of self A. I, 132 sq.; leads to Arahantship A. II, 45; the ānantarika s. Sn. 226; cetosamādhi (rapture of mind) D. I, 13; A. II, 54; III, 51; S. IV, 297; citta° id. Nett 16. dhammasamādhi almost identical with samatha S. IV, 350 sq.—Two grades of samādhi distinguished, viz. upacāra-s. (preparatory concentration) and appanā-s. (attainment concentration) DA. I, 217; Vism. 126; Cpd. 54, 56 sq.; only the latter results in jhāna; to these a 3rd (preliminary) grade is added as khaṇika° (momentary) at Vism. 144.—Three kinds of s. are distinguished, suññata or empty, appaṇihita or aimless, and animitta or signless A. I, 299; S. IV, 360; cp. IV. 296; Vin. III, 93; Miln. 337; cp. 333 sq.; DhsA. 179 sq. , 222 sq. , 290 sq.; see Yogāvacara’s Manual p. xxvii; samādhi (tayo samādhī) is savitakka savicāra, avitakka vicāramatta or avitakka avicāra D. III, 219; Kvu 570; cp. 413; Miln. 337; DhsA. 179 sq.; it is fourfold chanda-, viriya-, citta-, and vīmaṃsā-samādhi D. II, 213; S. V, 268.—Another fourfold division is that into hāna-bhāgiya, ṭhiti°, visesa°, nibbedha° D. III, 277 (as “dhammā duppaṭivijjhā”).

—indriya the faculty of concentration A. II, 149; Dhs. 15. —khandha the section on s. see above 1. —ja produced by concentration D. I, 74; III, 13; Vism. 158. —parikkhāra requisite to the attainment of samādhi: either 4 (the sammappadhānas) M. I, 301; or 7: D. II, 216; III, 252; A. IV, 40. —bala the power of concentration A. I, 94; II, 252; D. III, 213, 253; Dhs. 28. —bhāvanā cultivation, attainment of samādhi M. I, 301; A. II, 44 sq. (four different kinds mentioned); III, 25 sq.; D. III, 222; Vism. 371. —saṃvattanika conducive to concentration A. II, 57; S. IV, 272 sq.; D. III, 245; Dhs. 1344. —sambojjhaṅga the s. constituent of enlightment D. III, 106, 226, 252; Vism. 134=VbhA. 283 (with the eleven means of cultivating it). (Page 685)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

about this context:

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

General definition (in Buddhism)

1. Samadhi Sutta. One who is concentrated is one who knows as it really is the arising of the body and the passing away thereof; the same with feeling, perception, activities and consciousness. S.iii.13; cf. S.v.414; on this sutta see Sylvain Levi, JA.1908, xii.102.

2. Samadhi Sutta. On the six forms of concentration. S.iv.362.

3. Samadhi Sutta. On four ways of developing concentration. A.ii.44f.

4. Samadhi Sutta. On four kinds of people in the world: those who gain mental calm but not higher wisdom, those who gain higher wisdom but not mental calm, those who gain neither, those who gain both. A.ii.92.

5. Samadhi Sutta. The same as (3), but this sutta adds that those who have gained neither one nor both should strive energetically to obtain them. A.ii.93.

6. Samadhi Sutta. The same as (3), but adds a description as to how mental calm and insight can be united. A.ii.94.

7. Samadhi Sutta. On the fivefold knowledge which arises in those that are wise and mindful and have developed infinite concentration. A.iii.24.

8. Samadhi Sutta. On five qualities that obstruct right concentration sights, sounds, etc. A.iii.137.

9. Samadhi Sutta. The Buddha explains how a monk who has won such concentration as to be unaware of earth, water, etc., yet contrives to have perception. A.v.7 f.; cf. A.v.353f.

10. Samadhi Sutta. Ananda asks the same question, as in sutta (8), of Sariputta, and the latter explains it from his own experience in Andhavana. A.v.8f.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

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