Pancendriya, Panca-indriya, Pañcendriya, Pancan-indriya, Pamcemdriya: 20 definitions


Pancendriya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Panchendriya.

In Hinduism

Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Pancendriya in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Pañcendriya (पञ्चेन्द्रिय) refers to the “five senses”, according to the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] [Now], I shall define the nature of that highest, mind-free absorption which arises for those devoted to constant practice. [...] This supernormal knowledge [derived] from the five senses (pañcendriya) consists of his personal experience [as opposed to theoretical knowledge]. By it, the best of Yogins knows of everything that is going on in the universe. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

Discover the meaning of pancendriya in the context of Yoga from relevant books on Exotic India

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Pancendriya in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Pañcendriya (पञ्चेन्द्रिय) or simply Indriya refers to the “five faculties” and represents one of the seven classes of the thirty-seven auxiliaries to enlightenment (bodhipākṣika), according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XXXI.—Accordingly, “when a mind of dull knowledge (mṛdujñāna-citta) is acquired, there is “faculties” (indriya)”. Note: Śraddhā, vīrya, smṛti and prajñā are called faculties (indriya) when they are weak, called powers or strengths (bala) when they are strong.

Also, “his mind being tamed (dānta), the Yogin produces the ‘five faculties’ (pañcendriya)”.

  1. the ‘faculty of faith’ (śraddhendriya).
  2. the ‘faculty of exertion’ (vīryendriya).
  3. the ‘faculty of mindfulness’ (smṛtīndriya).
  4. the ‘faculty of concentration’ (samādhīndriya).
  5. the ‘faculty of wisdom’ (prajñendriya).
Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Pañcendriya (पञ्चेन्द्रिय) refers to the “five kinds of abilities”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “Then, the Lord went on to speak these verses: ‘[...] (82) The dharma is taught in order to purify the five kinds of sight (pañcacakṣus), to illuminate the five kinds of abilities (pañcendriya), to eliminate the five states of existence (pañcagati), and to makes the five aggregates disappear (pañcaskandha). It is not dependent on this side nor that side, but established in the realm of the dharma, same as the sameness of the sky, and it exalts a being in accordance with the knowledge of the Buddha. [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

Discover the meaning of pancendriya in the context of Mahayana from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Pancendriya in Buddhism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Pañcendriya (पञ्चेन्द्रिय) refers to the “five faculties” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 47), itself forming part of the “thirty-seven things on the side of awakening” (bodhipākṣika-dharma).

The five faculties (pañcendriya) are:

  1. śraddhā (faith),
  2. samādhi (concentration),
  3. vīrya (energy),
  4. smṛti (mindfulness),
  5. prajñā (wisdom).

The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., pañca-indriya). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Source: WikiPedia: Buddhism

Pañcendriya (पञ्चेन्द्रिय, “five spiritual faculties ”).—In the Pali Canons Sutta Pitaka, indriya is frequently encountered in the context of the "five spiritual faculties" (Pali: panc indriyani) comprised of:

  1. faith or conviction or belief (saddhā)
  2. energy or persistence or perseverance (viriya)
  3. mindfulness or memory (sati)
  4. stillness of the mind (samādhi)
  5. wisdom or understanding or comprehension (pañña).

Together, this set of five facutlies is one of the seven sets of qualities lauded by the Buddha as conducive to Enlightenment.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Pancendriya in Jainism glossary
Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 2: the Category of the living

Pañcendriya (पञ्चेन्द्रिय) refers to the “five sense-organs”, according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 2.15. There are five types of sense organs namely body, tongue, nose, eyes and ear. Why are there only five types of sense organs? Why hands and feet are not called as sense organs? Hands and feet are the implements used for performing actions. Here the sense organs are used with respect to the manifestation (upayoga) of consciousness.

All the five types of sense organs (pañcendriya) have each two kinds. What are the two kinds of sense organs? These are physical (dravya-indriya) and psychic (bhāva-indriya).

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas

Pañcendriya (पञ्चेन्द्रिय) refers to “five sensed living beings” and represents one of the five types of Jāti (class) which represents one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which in turn represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. What is meant by five-sensed (pañcendriya) class (jāti) body making (nāma) karma? The karmas rise of which cause birth as five sensed living being is called five- sensed-class body-making karma.

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Pañcendriya (पञ्चेन्द्रिय) or Pañcendriyatā refers to “five-sensed being”, according to Pūjyapāda’s Sarvārthasiddhi.—Accordingly, “In one minute living being there are organisms infinite times the emancipated souls. Thus the entire universe is densely filled with one-sensed beings with no interspace. To become a being with more than one sense is as difficult as finding out a very small piece of diamond buried in the sands of an ocean. Even among these most of them are endowed with imperfect senses (i.e. less than five senses). Hence birth as a five-sensed being (pañcendriyatā) is as rare as gratitude among the good qualities. [...]”.

Synonyms: Pañcākṣa.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Discover the meaning of pancendriya in the context of General definition from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pancendriya in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pañcēndriya (पंचेंद्रिय).—n (S) The five senses or organs of sense,--the eye, ear, nose, tongue, skin; or seeing, hearing, smelling, tasting, touching.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pañcēndriya (पंचेन्द्रिय).—n The five senses or organs of sense-the eye, ear, nose, tongue, skin.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of pancendriya in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pancendriya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pañcendriya (पञ्चेन्द्रिय).—an aggregate of the five organs (of sense or actions; see indriyam).

Derivable forms: pañcendriyam (पञ्चेन्द्रियम्).

Pañcendriya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pañcan and indriya (इन्द्रिय).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pañcendriya (पञ्चेन्द्रिय).—n.

(-yaṃ) 1. The five organs of sense; the eye, ear, nose, tongue, and skin; or those of action, as hands, feet, windpipe, anus, and parts of generation. E. pañca five, and indriya an organ of sense.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pañcendriya (पञ्चेन्द्रिय).—[adjective] having five organs.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pañcendriya (पञ्चेन्द्रिय):—[from pañca] n. the 5 organs of sense (viz. the eye, ear, nose, tongue, and skin) or the 5 organs of action (viz. hands, feet, larynx, and organs of generation and excretion), [Horace H. Wilson]

2) [v.s. ...] [plural] Name of a tale

3) [v.s. ...] mfn. having the 5 organs of sense, [Mahābhārata]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pañcendriya (पञ्चेन्द्रिय):—[pañce-ndriya] (yaṃ) 1. n. Organs of sense, eye, ear, nose, tongue, and skin.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pañcendriya (पञ्चेन्द्रिय) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Paṃciṃdiya, Paṃcidriya, Paṇiṃdi, Paṇidiya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pancendriya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of pancendriya in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pancendriya in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Paṃcēṃdriya (ಪಂಚೇಂದ್ರಿಯ):—

1) [noun] (pl.) the five sense organs of the body the eyes, ears, nose, tongue and skin.

2) [noun] a living being having all these.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of pancendriya in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

Nepali dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pancendriya in Nepali glossary
Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Pañcendriya (पञ्चेन्द्रिय):—n. 1. five sense-organs i.e. eye, ear, nose, tongue and skin; 2. senses of actions (speech; hands; feet; anus and urethra);

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

Discover the meaning of pancendriya in the context of Nepali from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Let's grow together!

I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased sources, definitions and images. Your donation direclty influences the quality and quantity of knowledge, wisdom and spiritual insight the world is exposed to.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: