Pancendriya, aka: Panca-indriya, Pañcendriya, Pancan-indriya; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Pancendriya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Panchendriya.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[Pancendriya in Mahayana glossaries]

Pañcendriya (पञ्चेन्द्रिय) or simply Indriya refers to the “five faculties” and represents one of the seven classes of the thirty-seven auxiliaries to enlightenment (bodhipākṣika), according to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XXXI.—Accordingly, “when a mind of dull knowledge (mṛdujñāna-citta) is acquired, there is “faculties” (indriya)”. Note: Śraddhā, vīrya, smṛti and prajñā are called faculties (indriya) when they are weak, called powers or strengths (bala) when they are strong.

Also, “his mind being tamed (dānta), the Yogin produces the ‘five faculties’ (pañcendriya)”.

  1. the ‘faculty of faith’ (śraddhendriya).
  2. the ‘faculty of exertion’ (vīryendriya).
  3. the ‘faculty of mindfulness’ (smṛtīndriya).
  4. the ‘faculty of concentration’ (samādhīndriya).
  5. the ‘faculty of wisdom’ (prajñendriya).
(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

[Pancendriya in Buddhism glossaries]

Pañcendriya (पञ्चेन्द्रिय) refers to the “five faculties” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 47), itself forming part of the “thirty-seven things on the side of awakening” (bodhipākṣika-dharma).

The five faculties (pañcendriya) are:

  1. śraddhā (faith),
  2. samādhi (concentration),
  3. vīrya (energy),
  4. smṛti (mindfulness),
  5. prajñā (wisdom).

The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., pañca-indriya). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Pañcendriya (पञ्चेन्द्रिय, “five spiritual faculties ”).—In the Pali Canons Sutta Pitaka, indriya is frequently encountered in the context of the "five spiritual faculties" (Pali: panc indriyani) comprised of:

  1. faith or conviction or belief (saddhā)
  2. energy or persistence or perseverance (viriya)
  3. mindfulness or memory (sati)
  4. stillness of the mind (samādhi)
  5. wisdom or understanding or comprehension (pañña).

Together, this set of five facutlies is one of the seven sets of qualities lauded by the Buddha as conducive to Enlightenment.

(Source): WikiPedia: Buddhism

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[Pancendriya in Jainism glossaries]

Pañcendriya (पञ्चेन्द्रिय) refers to the “five sense-organs”, according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 2.15. There are five types of sense organs namely body, tongue, nose, eyes and ear. Why are there only five types of sense organs? Why hands and feet are not called as sense organs? Hands and feet are the implements used for performing actions. Here the sense organs are used with respect to the manifestation (upayoga) of consciousness.

All the five types of sense organs (pañcendriya) have each two kinds. What are the two kinds of sense organs? These are physical (dravya-indriya) and psychic (bhāva-indriya).

(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 2: the Category of the living

Pañcendriya (पञ्चेन्द्रिय) refers to “five sensed living beings” and represents one of the five types of Jāti (class) which represents one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which in turn represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. What is meant by five-sensed (pañcendriya) class (jāti) body making (nāma) karma? The karmas rise of which cause birth as five sensed living being is called five- sensed-class body-making karma.

(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[Pancendriya in Marathi glossaries]

pañcēndriya (पंचेंद्रिय).—n (S) The five senses or organs of sense,--the eye, ear, nose, tongue, skin; or seeing, hearing, smelling, tasting, touching.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pañcēndriya (पंचेन्द्रिय).—n The five senses or organs of sense-the eye, ear, nose, tongue, skin.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Pancendriya in Sanskrit glossaries]

Pañcendriya (पञ्चेन्द्रिय).—an aggregate of the five organs (of sense or actions; see indriyam).

Derivable forms: pañcendriyam (पञ्चेन्द्रियम्).

Pañcendriya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pañcan and indriya (इन्द्रिय).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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