Bodhyanga, Bodhyaṅga, Bodhi-anga, Bodhyaṅgā: 9 definitions


Bodhyanga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Bodhyanga in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Bodhyaṅga (बोध्यङ्ग) refers to the “(seven) factors of enlightenment”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 31).—Accordingly, “Although the mind is included in the inner bases of consciousness, when it takes as object an outer dharma, it is outer mind, and when it takes as object an inner dharma, it is inner mind. [...] The mind associated (saṃprayukta) with the five inner obstacles (ādhyātmikanīvaraṇa) or with the inner seven factors of enlightenment (ādhyātmika-bodhyaṅga) is an inner mind; the mind associated with the five outer obstacles (bāhyanīvaraṇa) or with the seven outer factors of enlightenment (bāhya-bodyaṅga) is an outer mind. For various reasons of this kind, we distinguish inner mind, outer mind and both inner and outer mind”.

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Bodhyaṅga (बोध्यङ्ग) refers to the “limbs of awakening”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “The great vehicle (mahāyāna) is made with four wheels (cakra), namely with the means of attraction, the spokes (ara) are well fitted as the roots of good have been transformed with intention, [...] has the pure and wide light of infinite rays (raśmi) so that it can illuminate the ten directions, is always filled with flowers because the rain of flowers (puṣpavarṣa), namely the limbs of awakening (bodhyaṅga), continually pours down, is equipped with musical instruments which always produce the sound of dharma (dharmasvara), [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Bodhyaṅgā (बोध्यङ्गा) is the name of a Dhāraṇī Goddesses mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Bodhyaṅgā).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Bodhyanga in Buddhism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Bodhyaṅga (बोध्यङ्ग) or Sambodhyaṅga or Saptabodhyaṅga refers to the “seven factors of awakening” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 49), itself forming part of the “thirty-seven things on the side of awakening” (bodhipākṣika-dharma).

The seven factors of awakening (bodhyaṅga) are:

  1. smṛti-sambodhyaṅga, (the factor of awakening that is mindfulness),
  2. dharmapravicaya-sambodhyaṅga, (the factor of awakening that is investigation of the (nature of) things),
  3. vīrya-sambodhyaṅga, (the factor of awakening that is energy),
  4. prīti-sambodhyaṅga (the factor of awakening that is joy),
  5. praśrabdhi-sambodhyaṅga (the factor of awakening that is tranquillity),
  6. samādhi-sambodhyaṅga (the factor of awakening that is concentration),
  7. upekṣā-sambodhyaṅga (the factor of awakening that is equanimity).

The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., bodhi-aṅga). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Bodhyaṅga.—cf. bojjhaṅga (EI 5), Buddhist; seven in number. Note: bodhyaṅga is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bodhyanga in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bodhyaṅga (बोध्यङ्ग).—a requisite for attaining perfect knowledge.

Derivable forms: bodhyaṅgam (बोध्यङ्गम्).

Bodhyaṅga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms bodhi and aṅga (अङ्ग).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Bodhyaṅga (बोध्यङ्ग).—m. and (oftener) nt., also saṃbodhy- aṅga (= Pali bojjhaṅga, saṃbo°, according to Childers m.; Critical Pali Dictionary gives aṅga as nt.), member of enlightenment: there are seven (same list in Pali), viz smṛti, dharmapravicaya, vīrya, prīti, praśrabdhi (prasra°), samādhi, upekṣā; listed Mahāvyutpatti 988 (bodhy°) to 995 (each item called saṃbodhy°); just so Dharmasaṃgraha 49; saṃbo° Lalitavistara 34.3 ff.; Daśabhūmikasūtra 39.6 ff.; referred to without number (bodhyaṅga) Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 80.1; as seven, but not listed, bodhyaṅgāni Divyāvadāna 208.9; Kāśyapa Parivarta 95.10; bodhyaṅgān Mahāvastu ii.357.16; °ga- Divyāvadāna 95.20; 265.3; Avadāna-śataka i.16.13.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bodhyaṅga (बोध्यङ्ग):—[=bodhy-aṅga] [from bodhi > budh] n. a requisite for attaining perfect knowledge, [Lalita-vistara] (7 in number, [Divyāvadāna; Dharmasaṃgraha 49])

[Sanskrit to German]

Bodhyanga in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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