Shadangayoga, aka: Ṣaḍaṅgayoga, Shadanga-yoga; 2 Definition(s)


Shadangayoga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Ṣaḍaṅgayoga can be transliterated into English as Sadangayoga or Shadangayoga, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Shadangayoga in Shaivism glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Ṣaḍaṅgayoga (षडङ्गयोग) teaches a form of Yoga that shows many parallels with the Yoga of six ancillaries (aṅga), that is most prominent in early Śaiva scriptures. Five of these six aṅgas share the same name as Patañjali’s, although these are defined and understood differently:

  1. “withdrawal” (pratyāhāra),
  2. “breath control/lengthening” (prāṇāyāma),
  3. “fixation” (dhāraṇā),
  4. “meditation/visualisation” (dhyāna),
  5. “absorption” (samādhi).
  6. “judgement” (tarka, ūha, or anusmṛti in Buddhist forms of Ṣaḍaṅgayoga)

Ṣaḍaṅgayoga is taught as the standard yoga of the Śaivasiddhānta (Siddhānta) a mainstream, Veda congruent dualist tradition. It is also taught in the Trika (or Kaula-Trika), and is taken up by the exegetes of these two traditions.  The practitioner of Ṣaḍaṅgayoga was required to receive special initiations ([yoga-] dīkṣā, abhiṣeka), raising him to the status of a sādhaka above the lower orders of samayin and putraka initiates. Since liberation at death was already guaranteed by initiation itself, such Śaiva Yogins appear to have exerted themselves primarily (as evidenced in contemporaneous popular literature) in a quest to acquire extraordinary powers (siddhi)

Source: The Śaiva Yogas and Their Relation to Other Systems of Yoga

Ṣaḍaṅgayoga (षडङ्गयोग) refers to the “Siddhānta’s system of the six ancillaries of yoga” and is dealt with in the Yogapāda section of the Mālinīvijayottara’s, which is concerned with the conquest of the levels of reality (tattvajaya).

Source: The Yoga of the Mālinīvijayottaratantra
Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Discover the meaning of shadangayoga or sadangayoga in the context of Shaivism from relevant books on Exotic India

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