Shadangayoga, Ṣaḍaṅgayoga, Shadanga-yoga: 3 definitions


Shadangayoga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Ṣaḍaṅgayoga can be transliterated into English as Sadangayoga or Shadangayoga, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Shadangayoga in Shaivism glossary
Source: The Śaiva Yogas and Their Relation to Other Systems of Yoga

Ṣaḍaṅgayoga (षडङ्गयोग) teaches a form of Yoga that shows many parallels with the Yoga of six ancillaries (aṅga), that is most prominent in early Śaiva scriptures. Five of these six aṅgas share the same name as Patañjali’s, although these are defined and understood differently:

  1. “withdrawal” (pratyāhāra),
  2. “breath control/lengthening” (prāṇāyāma),
  3. “fixation” (dhāraṇā),
  4. “meditation/visualisation” (dhyāna),
  5. “absorption” (samādhi).
  6. “judgement” (tarka, ūha, or anusmṛti in Buddhist forms of Ṣaḍaṅgayoga)

Ṣaḍaṅgayoga is taught as the standard yoga of the Śaivasiddhānta (Siddhānta) a mainstream, Veda congruent dualist tradition. It is also taught in the Trika (or Kaula-Trika), and is taken up by the exegetes of these two traditions.  The practitioner of Ṣaḍaṅgayoga was required to receive special initiations ([yoga-] dīkṣā, abhiṣeka), raising him to the status of a sādhaka above the lower orders of samayin and putraka initiates. Since liberation at death was already guaranteed by initiation itself, such Śaiva Yogins appear to have exerted themselves primarily (as evidenced in contemporaneous popular literature) in a quest to acquire extraordinary powers (siddhi)

Source: The Yoga of the Mālinīvijayottaratantra

Ṣaḍaṅgayoga (षडङ्गयोग) refers to the “Siddhānta’s system of the six ancillaries of yoga” and is dealt with in the Yogapāda section of the Mālinīvijayottara’s, which is concerned with the conquest of the levels of reality (tattvajaya).

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Discover the meaning of shadangayoga or sadangayoga in the context of Shaivism from relevant books on Exotic India

Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Shadangayoga in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Ṣaḍaṅgayoga (षडङ्गयोग) refers to the “yoga with six auxiliaries”, according to the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] And, this being the case, the disappearance of the breath cannot be mastered by the practice of the yoga with six auxiliaries (ṣaḍaṅgayoga) and the like. However, the complete disappearance of the mind can be easily mastered in merely an instant as a result of the Guru’s favour). [...]”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

Discover the meaning of shadangayoga or sadangayoga in the context of Yoga from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Let's grow together!

For over a decade, this site has never bothered you with ads. I want to keep it that way. But I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased truth, wisdom and knowledge.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: