Samadhana, Samādhāna: 13 definitions

Introduction

Samadhana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Samādhāna (समाधान, “settling”) refers to the ‘determination’ of the purpose or germ of the plot. Samādhāna represents one of the twelve mukhasandhi, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 21. Mukhasandhi refers to the “segments (sandhi) of the opening part (mukha)” and represents one of the five segments of the plot (itivṛtta or vastu) of a dramatic composition (nāṭaka).

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Samādhāna (समाधान).—One of the twelve elements of the ‘introduction segment’ (mukhasandhi);—(Description:) Settling (samādhāna) is summing up the purpose of the Seed (bīja).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Samādhāna (समाधान).—(or समाधि (samādhi)) reply to remove the objection; conclusion.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Samadhana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

samādhāna : (nt.) putting together; concentration.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Samādhāna, (nt.) (saṃ+ā+dhā) putting together, fixing; concentration Vism. 84 (=sammā ādhānaṃ ṭhapanaṃ) in definition of samādhi as “samādhān’aṭṭhena. ” (Page 685)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Samadhana in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

samādhāna (समाधान).—n (S) Contentment, satisfaction, pleased quiescence of mind. 2 Rest, relief, ease, the feeling consequent on the removal or cessation of pain, anxiety, or affliction. 3 In logic or argumentation. Removal of an objection; satisfaction of a difficulty started by the opponent. 4 According to the Vedant. Restraining of the mind from external objects and fixing of it stedfastly in contemplation.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

samādhāna (समाधान).—n Contentment; rest, ease.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Samadhana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Samādhāna (समाधान).—1 Putting together, uniting.

2) Fixing the mind in abstract contemplation on the true nature of spirit; विभ्रत्यात्मसमाधानतपःस्वाध्यायसंयमैः (vibhratyātmasamādhānatapaḥsvādhyāyasaṃyamaiḥ) Bhāg.12.11.24.

3) Profound or abstract meditation, deep contemplation.

4) Intentness.

5) Steadiness, composure, peace (as of mind), satisfaction; चित्तस्य समाधानम् (cittasya samādhānam); समाधानं बुद्धेः (samādhānaṃ buddheḥ) G. L.18.

6) Clearing up a doubt, replying to the Pūrvapakṣa; answering an objection.

7) Agreeing, promising.

8) (In drama) A leading incident which unexpectdly gives rise to the whole plot.

9) Justification of a statement, proof.

1) Reconciliation.

11) Eagerness.

Derivable forms: samādhānam (समाधानम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Samādhāna (समाधान).—nt., (1) according to Tibetan lan gdab pa, making answer, reply: Mahāvyutpatti 4448; probably in sense of refutation of an opponent's argument by way of establishing one's own view (compare [Boehtlingk and Roth] s.v. 5); in a section dealing with terms of logic and disputation, after parihāra = Tibetan lan; (2) as in Sanskrit (misunderstood by Burnouf and Kern), composing or concentrating the mind or attention: sarvadharma-(here one ms., supported by Tibetan, inserts sarva sec. m. margin- ally, Kern [Sacred Books of the East] 21.250 n. 4)-sattva-°na-samādhi-sahasraika- kṣaṇapratilābhinī Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 263.5, in one moment she attained a thousand samādhis of concentration on all dharmas and (all) creatures; so Tibetan chos thams cad daṅ sems can thams cad la mñam par bzhag paḥi (compare mñam par ḥjog go = samādhīyate Mahāvyutpatti 1589) tiṅ ṅe ḥdzin etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samādhāna (समाधान).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Religious meditation, restraining the mind from external objects, and fixing it in profound absorption. 2. Promising, declaring. 3. (In the drama,) The leading incident, that which gives rise sometimes unexpectedly to the whole plot. E. sam intensitive, āṅ before dhā to have or hold, aff. lyuṭḥ see the last.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samādhāna (समाधान).—i. e. sam-ā -dhā + ana, n. 1. Restraining the senses and confining the mind to contemplation on the true nature of spirit, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 203, 13, cf. 18; contemplation, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 182, 5. 2. Promising, declaring.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samādhāna (समाधान).—[neuter] placing, setting up ([especially] the sacred fire), arranging, settling, composing, making up, propitiating, reconciling; attention, meditation, devotion.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Samādhāna (समाधान):—[=sam-ādhāna] [from samā-dhā] n. putting together, laying, adding ([especially] fuel to fire), [Gobhila-śrāddha-kalpa]

2) [v.s. ...] composing, adjusting, settling, and

3) [v.s. ...] reconciliation, [Mahābhārata]

4) [v.s. ...] intentness, attention ([accusative] with √kṛ, ‘to attend’), eagerness, [Śaṃkarācārya; Pañcarātra]

5) [v.s. ...] fixing the mind in abstract contemplation (as on the true nature of spirit), religious meditation, profound absorption or contemplation, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature; Vedāntasāra]

6) [v.s. ...] justification of a statement, proof (cf. -rūpaka), [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

7) [v.s. ...] (in logic) replying to the Pūrva-pakṣa, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

8) [v.s. ...] (in [dramatic language]) fixing the germ or leading incident (which gives rise to the whole plot e.g. [Śakuntalā i, 27])

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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