Historical Elements in the Matsya Purana

by Chaitali Kadia | 2021 | 91,183 words

This page relates ‘Lineages of Angira’ of the study on the historical elements of the Matsya-purana: one of the eighteen Mahapuranas which are Sanskrit texts that have preserved the cultural heritage, philosophy, religion, geography, etc of ancient India. This Matsyapurana was originally written in 20,000 verses and deals with topics such as architecture, ancient history, polity, religion and philosophy.

Maharṣi Marīci’s daughter was known as Surupā. She was the wife of Aṅgirā. They had ten sons like Gods. They were–Ātma, Āyu, Damana, Dakṣa, Sada, Prāṇa, Haviṣmān, Gaviṣṭa, Ṛta and Satya. These ten sons of Aṅgirā was supposed to be the gods who drank somarasa . Bṛhaspati, Gautama, Sanvarta, Utathya, Vāmadeva, Ajasya and Ṛṣija were the Gotra Pravartaka (tribe promoter). Utthya, Gautama, Touleya, Abhijita, Śārdhanemi, Salaugākṣi, Kṣīra, Kauṣṭiki, Rāhukarṇi, Soupuri, Kairati, Sāmalomaki, Pausājiti, Bhargavata, Cairīḍava, Kārotaka, Sajībī, Upabindu, Suraiṣina, Vāhinīpati, Vaiśālī, Kroṣṭā, Ārunāyani, Soma, Atrāyani, Kāsoru, Kauśalya, Parthiva, Rouhinyayan Revāgni, Mūlapa, Pāṇḍu, Kṣayā, Viśvakara, Ari and Pārikārāri–these sages were the Gora Pravartaka. The Pravara of these sages were Aṅgira Suvacotathya and Maharṣi Uśija. They were prohibited to marriage to each other.

Ātreyāyaṇi, Sauveṣṭya, Agniveśya, Śilasthali, Bāliśāyani, Caikepī, Vārāhi, Bāṣkali, Sauti, Tṛṇakarṇi, Prāvahi, Āśvalāyani, Vārāhi, Barhisādi, Śikhāgrīvi, Kāraki, Mahākāpi, Uḍupati, Koucaki, Dhanaita, Puspānveṣi, Somatanvi, Brahmatanvi, Sālaḍi, Bālaḍi, Devarāri, Devasthani, Hārikarṇi, Saridbhuvi, Prāvepi, Sadyasugrīvi, Gomedagandhika, Matsyācchādya, Mūlahara, Phatāhāra, Gāngodadhi, Kourupati, Kaurukṣetri, Nāyaki, Jaityadroṇi, Jaihvalāyani, Āpastambi, Mauñjovṛṣṭi, Mārṣṭapingali, Paila, Śālankāyani, Dryakhyeya and Māruta–these sages were belong to the Aṅgirā, Bṛhaspati and Bhardvāja Pravara . They were also prohibited in mutual marriage.

Kāṇvāyana, Kopcaya, Vātsyatarrāyaṇa, Bhrāstṛkṛta, Rāṣṭrapiṇḍi, Laindrāni, Sāykāyani, Kroṣṭākṣi, Bahuvītī, Ealakṛt, Madhurāvaha, Lāvakṛt, Gālavit, Gāthi, Market, Paulakāyani, Skandasa, Cakrī, Gārgya, Śyamayani, Balāki and Sāhari–these sages were belonging to the Aṅgira, Bṛhaspati, Bharadvāja, Garga and Saitya. They were also prohibited to mutual marriage.

Kapitara, Svastitara, Dākṣi, Śakti, Patañjali, Bhūyasi, Jalasandhi, Vindu, Mādi, Kusīdaki, Ūrva, Rājakesī, Bauṣadi, Śansapi, Śāli, Kalaśīkantha, Kāriraya, Kātya, Dhānyāyani, Bhāvāsyayani, Bharadvāji, Soubudhi, Laghvī and Devamati–these sages were belonging to the Aṅgira, Damavāhya and Urukṣaya Pravara .

Sanskṛti, Trimārṣṭi, Manu, Sambadhi, Taṇḍi, Enataki (Nāciketa), Tailaka, Dakṣa, Nārāyaṇi, Ārṣiṇi, Laukṣi, Gārgya, Hari, Gālava and Aneha these were in the Aṅgira, Sankṛti and Gauravīti Pravara. Kātyayana, Haritaka, Koutsya, Pinga, Handidāsa, Vātsyayani, Mādri, Mouli, Kuberani, Bhīmavega and Śāśvadarbhi these sages were belonging to the Aṅgirā, Bṛhadasva and Jivanāsva Pravara . Bṛhaduktha and Vāmādeva were belong to the Aṅgirā, Bṛhaduktha and Vāmadeva Pravara . The all were prohibited to mutual marriage.

There were three Pravara named Aṅgirā, Sadastu and Purukutsa in the Kutsa gotra . Aṅgirā, Virūpa and Rathītara were the three Pravara belong to the Rathītara vaṃsa . Viṣṇusiddhi, Śivamati, Jatṛṇa, Katṛṇa, Putra and Vairaparāyaṇa these were the sag of Aṅgirā, Virūpa and Vṛṣaparva Pravara .

Sātyamugni, Hiraṇyastambi and Mudgala were belong to the Aṅgirā, Matsyadagdha and Mudgala Pravara. Hansajihva, Devajihva, Agnijihr Virādapa, Apāgneya, Aśvyu, Paraṇyasta and Vimoudgala were belong to the Aṅgirā, Tāṇḍi and Maudgalya pravara. Apāndu, Guru, Śākatayana, Prāgāthamā, Nārī, Mārkaṇḍa, Marana, Śiva, Katu, Markatapa, Nādāyana and Śyāmāyana. These sages were in the Aṅgirā, ajamīda and Katya Pravara . Tittiri, Kapibhū and Gārgya were the sages in the Aṅgirā, Tittiri and Kapibhu Pravara . Ṛkṣa, Bharadvāja, Ṛṣivān, Mānava and Maitravara these five sages were called as Arṣeya. The five sages all were in the Aṅgirā, Bharadvāj, Bṛhaspati, Maitravara, Ṛṣivān and Mānava Pravara . Bhāradvāja, Huta, Śounga and Śaiśireya were known as Dvyāmuṣyāyaṇa . These all sages had five Pravara named Aṅgirā, Bharadvāja, Bṛhaspati, Maudgalya and Śaiśira. These all the sages also were prohibited to mutual marriage to each other.[1]

Footnotes and references:

[1]:

Matsya Purāṇa, Ch.–196 Chapter

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