Madri, aka: Mādrī, Mādri, Madrī; 9 Definition(s)

Introduction

Madri means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Katha (narrative stories)

1) Mādrī (माद्री) is one of the wifes of Pāṇḍu: a king of olden times, and ancestor of Udayana (king of Vatsa), according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 21. Accordingly, when sage Nārada cam to visit Udayana, he related: “Listen, O King; I will tell you a story in a few words. You had an ancestor once, a king of the name of Pāṇḍu; he like you had two noble wives; one wife of the mighty prince was named Kuntī and the other Mādrī. That Pāṇḍu conquered this sea-engirdled earth, and was very prosperous.”

2) Mādrī (माद्री) is the daughter of the king of Madras who married Tārāvaloka, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 113. Accordingly, as Kaśyapa said to Naravāhanadatta: “... then his [Tārāvaloka’s] father, the King Candrāvaloka, brought for that son of his the daughter of the King of the Madras, named Mādrī. And when he was married, his father, pleased with the super-eminence of his virtues, at once appointed him crown prince”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Mādrī, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha book cover
context information

Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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Purana

Mādrī (माद्री):—Second wife of Pāṇḍu (one of the sons of Vyāsa). She gave birth to Nakula and Sahadeva, who were begotten by the two Aśvinī-kumāra brothers named Nāsatya and Dasra, as Pāṇḍu was restrained from sexual life due to a curse. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.22.27-28)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Mādrī (माद्री).—Mādrī who was the second wife of Pāṇḍu was a daughter of the King of Madra. She was the sister of Śalya. Nakula and Sahadeva took birth from Mādrī. Pāṇḍu expired when he embraced his wife Mādrī. It was because of a curse of the hermit Kindama. Mādrī ended her life in the pyre with her husband. (For further details see under the word PĀṆḌU).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1) Mādri (माद्रि).—A Tripravara.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 196. 33.

2a) Mādrī (माद्री).—See Mādravatī.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 28; Matsya-purāṇa 50. 48; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 243.

2b) One of the wives of Dṛṣṭi; her sons were Yudhājit, Midharāṃsa, Animitra and Śinī.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 18-19.

2c) The second wife of Vṛṣṇi; gave birth to five sons, Yudhājit (Devamiḍhuṣa), Anamitra, etc.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 45. 1-2; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 17-9.

2d) A queen of Kṛṣṇa; mother of Vṛka and other sons.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 47. 14; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 234; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 32. 4.

2e) The mother of Suhotra by Sahadeva, the Pāṇḍava.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 50. 55.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

Mādrī (माद्री) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.90.63). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Mādrī) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
context information

Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Madri was the sister of Salya, the king of Madhra. She became the second wife of Pandu, the King of the Kurus. She bore him the twins Nakula and Sahadeva, who were born by the grace of the Ashwini twins.

When her husband died as a result of approaching her with amorous intent (this was due to a curse of a Rishi), she was heartbroken. After entrusting her children to Kunti, Pandu's other wife, she committed suicide on the funeral pyre of her husband.

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Mādrī (माद्री).—The co-wife (with Kuntī) of King Pāṇḍu. She conceived Nakula and Sahadeva from the Aśvinī Kumāra demigods. She entered the fire with her husband.

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Madrī (मद्री) is the wife of prince Viśvantara according to a note from the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XX).—“Viśvantara, or Vessantara, was a young prince who had a passion for generosity. He had a white elephant endowed with the magical power of bringing the rains. A neighboring king whose land was afflicted with aridity, asked for the animal. Viśvantara gave it to him; his countrymen were furious and demanded his punishment. The generous prince had to leave in exile, accompanied by his wife Madrī who wanted to share his exile and their two children, Jālin and Kṛṣṇājinā”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mādrī (माद्री).—Name of the second wife of Pāṇḍu.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 48 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Kunti Madri
Kunti Madri (कुंती-माद्री): Queens of King Pandu who gave birth to three and two sons known as ...
Pandu
Pāṇḍu (पाण्डु) is another name for Paṭola, a medicinal plant identified with Trichosanthes dioi...
Sahadeva
Sahadēva is one of the Brāhmaṇa donees mentioned in the “Asankhali plates of Narasiṃha II” (130...
Shalya
Śalya (शल्य) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as men...
Rama
1) Rāma (राम) is the son of king Daśaratha who was sent to the forest with his wife Sītā and hi...
Nakula
1) Nakula (नकुल).—Birth. The fourth of the Pāṇḍavas. Mādrī, the second of the two wives of Pāṇḍ...
Pandava
Pāṇḍava.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘five’. Note: pāṇḍava is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as ...
Lakshmana
1) Lakṣmaṇa (लक्ष्मण) is the younger brother of Rāma, both sons of Daśaratha, the king of Ayodh...
Bala
Bala (बल) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentio...
Aparajita
Aparājitā (अपराजिता) in Sanskrit, Hindi and Bangali, is another name for Aśvakṣurā, a medicinal...
Vrishni
Vṛṣṇi (वृष्णि) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.61.72) and represents one of the ...
Dhriti
1) Dhṛti (धृति).—A daughter of Prajāpati Dakṣa. She was one of the wives of Dharmadeva. Mādrī, ...
Madra
Madra (मद्र) (or Madda in Pali) is the name of an ancient kingdom situated in Uttarāpatha (Nort...
Kunti
1) Kuntī (कुन्ती).—(PṚTHĀ). Wife of King Pāṇḍu and the mother of the Pāṇḍavas, Kuntī is a noble...
Gandhamadana
Gandhamādana (गन्धमादन) is the name of a mountain situated in Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ...

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