Madri, Mādrī, Mādri, Madrī: 14 definitions

Introduction

Madri means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Mādrī (माद्री).—The co-wife (with Kuntī) of King Pāṇḍu. She conceived Nakula and Sahadeva from the Aśvinī Kumāra demigods. She entered the fire with her husband.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Mādrī (माद्री):—Second wife of Pāṇḍu (one of the sons of Vyāsa). She gave birth to Nakula and Sahadeva, who were begotten by the two Aśvinī-kumāra brothers named Nāsatya and Dasra, as Pāṇḍu was restrained from sexual life due to a curse. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.22.27-28)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Mādrī (माद्री).—Mādrī who was the second wife of Pāṇḍu was a daughter of the King of Madra. She was the sister of Śalya. Nakula and Sahadeva took birth from Mādrī. Pāṇḍu expired when he embraced his wife Mādrī. It was because of a curse of the hermit Kindama. Mādrī ended her life in the pyre with her husband. (For further details see under the word PĀṆḌU).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Mādri (माद्रि).—A Tripravara.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 196. 33.

2a) Mādrī (माद्री).—See Mādravatī.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 28; Matsya-purāṇa 50. 48; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 243.

2b) One of the wives of Dṛṣṭi; her sons were Yudhājit, Midharāṃsa, Animitra and Śinī.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 18-19.

2c) The second wife of Vṛṣṇi; gave birth to five sons, Yudhājit (Devamiḍhuṣa), Anamitra, etc.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 45. 1-2; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 17-9.

2d) A queen of Kṛṣṇa; mother of Vṛka and other sons.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 47. 14; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 234; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 32. 4.

2e) The mother of Suhotra by Sahadeva, the Pāṇḍava.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 50. 55.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Mādrī (माद्री) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.90.63). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Mādrī) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

1) Mādrī (माद्री) is one of the wifes of Pāṇḍu: a king of olden times, and ancestor of Udayana (king of Vatsa), according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 21. Accordingly, when sage Nārada cam to visit Udayana, he related: “Listen, O King; I will tell you a story in a few words. You had an ancestor once, a king of the name of Pāṇḍu; he like you had two noble wives; one wife of the mighty prince was named Kuntī and the other Mādrī. That Pāṇḍu conquered this sea-engirdled earth, and was very prosperous.”

2) Mādrī (माद्री) is the daughter of the king of Madras who married Tārāvaloka, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 113. Accordingly, as Kaśyapa said to Naravāhanadatta: “... then his [Tārāvaloka’s] father, the King Candrāvaloka, brought for that son of his the daughter of the King of the Madras, named Mādrī. And when he was married, his father, pleased with the super-eminence of his virtues, at once appointed him crown prince”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Mādrī, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Madri was the sister of Salya, the king of Madhra. She became the second wife of Pandu, the King of the Kurus. She bore him the twins Nakula and Sahadeva, who were born by the grace of the Ashwini twins.

When her husband died as a result of approaching her with amorous intent (this was due to a curse of a Rishi), she was heartbroken. After entrusting her children to Kunti, Pandu's other wife, she committed suicide on the funeral pyre of her husband.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Madrī (मद्री) is the wife of prince Viśvantara according to a note from the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XX).—“Viśvantara, or Vessantara, was a young prince who had a passion for generosity. He had a white elephant endowed with the magical power of bringing the rains. A neighboring king whose land was afflicted with aridity, asked for the animal. Viśvantara gave it to him; his countrymen were furious and demanded his punishment. The generous prince had to leave in exile, accompanied by his wife Madrī who wanted to share his exile and their two children, Jālin and Kṛṣṇājinā”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mādrī (माद्री).—Name of the second wife of Pāṇḍu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Madrī (मद्री).—(= Pali Maddī), name of the wife of Viśvaṃtara (or Sudaṃṣṭra): Jātakamālā 56.22 ff.; Rāṣṭrapālaparipṛcchā 22.17 (verse; m.c. Madri).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mādrī (माद्री).—f. (-drī) The wife of Pandu, and mother of the youngest of the Pandava princes. E. madra a king, aṇ patronymic aff.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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