Tittiri: 14 definitions
Tittiri means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I
Tittiri (तित्तिरि)—Sanskrit word for a bird, corresponding to “partridge”, “francolin”, “Francolinus sp.”. This animal is from the group called Viṣkira (which scatter). Viṣkira itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Jāṅghala (living in high ground and in a jungle).
The flesh of the Tittirs is slightly heavy, heat-making and sweet in taste. It is spermatopoietic, appetising and astringent. It improves the intellect and complexion, and subdues the three deranged humours.
The flesh of the yellow (Gaura) Tittiri proves curative in hic-cough and dyspnœa, and subdues the deranged Vāyu.Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India
Tittiri (तित्तिरि) refers to the “partridge” and represents a type of Pakṣiṇa meat and is mentioned as being beneficial (hita) to the body according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—The dravyaguṇāguṇa section contains the discussions on different food articles and their dietetic effects according to the prominent Ayurvedic treatises. Here In the māṃsa (meats) group Tittiri is mentioned as beneficial to the body (hita). [...] The meats of [viz., tittiri (partridge)] cooked in the fire of castor plant or in castor oil will instantaneously lead to death.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Tittiri (तित्तिरि).—A kind of bird. To know about the origin of this bird see under the head Triśiras.
2) Tittiri (तित्तिरि).—A celebrated serpent born to the sage Kaśyapa of Kadrū, his wife. (Śloka 15, Chapter 35, Ādi Parva).
3) Tittiri (तित्तिरि).—A sage who was a member of the council of Yudhiṣṭhira. (Śloka 12, Chapter 4, Sabhā Parva).
4) Tittiri (तित्तिरि).—A special breed of horses. Arjuna got this breed from Gandharvanagara during his victory campaign. (Śloka 6, Chapter 28, Sabhā Parva).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Tittiri (तित्तिरि).—A Trayārṣeya.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 196. 48-9.
Tittiri (तित्तिरि) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.31.15, I.35, V.101.13/V.103, VI.46.50) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Tittiri) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Dharmashastra (religious law)Source: Prācyā: Animals and animal products as reflected in Smṛti texts
Tittiri (तित्तिरि) refers to the bird “Francoline Partridge” (Francolinus species).—Birds have been described in several ancient Sanskrit texts that they have been treated elaborately by eminent scholars. These birds [viz., Tittiri] are enumerated in almost several Smṛtis in context of specifying the expiations for killing them and their flesh being used as a dietary article to give satisfaction to the manes (Pitṛs) in Śrāddha rites. These are elaborated especially in the Manusmṛti, Parāśarasmṛti [chapter VI], Gautamasmṛti [chapter 23], Śātātapasmṛti [II.54-56], Uśānasmṛti [IX.10-IX.12], Yājñavalkyasmṛti [I.172-I.175], Viṣṇusmṛti [51.28-51.29], Uttarāṅgirasasmṛti [X.16].
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala
Tittiri (तित्तिरि) is the name of a Vīra (hero) who, together with the Ḍākinī named Tittirikā forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Vāyucakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the vāyucakra refers to one of the three divisions of the dharma-puṭa (‘dharma layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs and Vīras [viz., Tittiri] are dark blue in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Tittiri (तित्तिरि).—[titti iti śabdaṃ rauti ru-bā° ḍi Tv.]
1) The francoline partridge.
2) Name of a sage said to be the first teacher of the black Yajurveda.
Derivable forms: tittiriḥ (तित्तिरिः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Tittiri (तित्तिरि).—m. (riḥ) 1. The francoline parridge. 2. The name of a Muni, and one of the early teachers of the Taittiri or Black Yajur Veda. 3. The Yajur Veda named after its teachers. E. titti an imitative sound, rā to make, affix ki; also with ka affix tittira.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Tittiri (तित्तिरि).—[masculine] the same ([abstract] tva† [neuter]), [Name] of an ancient teacher & a serpent-demon.
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Tittiri (तित्तिरि).—[masculine] the same ([abstract] tva† [neuter]), [Name] of an ancient teacher & a serpent-demon.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Tittiri (तित्तिरि):—[from tittira] m. a partridge, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā xxiv; Taittirīya-saṃhitā ii] (ttiri), [Kāṭhaka xii, 10; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Nirukta, by Yāska; Manu-smṛti] etc.
2) [v.s. ...] a kind of step (in dancing)
3) [v.s. ...] the school of the Taittirīyas, [Uṇādi-sūtra] k.
4) [v.s. ...] Name of a pupil of Yāska (first teacher of the Taittirīya school of the black Yv.), [Ātreya-anukramaṇikā; Pāṇini 4-3, 102; Mahābhārata ii, 107]
5) [v.s. ...] of a Nāga, [i, 1560; v, 3629]
6) [v.s. ...] f. a female partridge, [Pāṇini 4-1, 65; Kāśikā-vṛtti]
7) [v.s. ...] (cf. ku-; τέτραξ.)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Tittiri (तित्तिरि):—(riḥ) 2. m. Idem.
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
Tittiri (तित्तिरि):—( [Śāntanācārya’s Phiṭsūtrāṇi 2, 21.] [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa]), tittiri ( [Taittirīyasaṃhitā] [UJJVAL.] zu [Uṇādisūtra 4, 142])
1) Rebhuhn [Yāska’s Nirukta 3, 18.] [Amarakoṣa 2, 5, 35.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 2, 5, 25.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1341.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 561.] [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 24, 30. 36.] [Taittirīyasaṃhitā 2, 5, 1, 2.] [Kāṭhaka-Recension] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 3, 464] (vgl. [Mahābhārata 5, 267. fgg.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 6, 9, 5).] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 1, 6, 3, 5. 5, 5, 4, 6.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 11, 134. 12, 64.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 3, 274.] [Suśruta 1, 73, 7. 74, 18. 201, 7. 228, 12.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 27], c, [17. 86, 88. 87, 21.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 15, 18. 5, 2, 10.] tittirikalmāṣān (hayān) [Mahābhārata 2, 1043. 1056.] kalmāṣāṅgāstittiricitrapṛṣṭhāḥ (hayāḥ) [5, 2228.] tittiritva [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 15, 25.] tittiri ist auch die Form für das Weibchen nach [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 65], Sch. Vgl. kutittiri . —
2) Nomen proprium eines Muni [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [VIŚVA im Śabdakalpadruma] [Mahābhārata 2, 107.] Schüler Yāska’s und Gründer der TaittirīyaSchule [Geschichte des Weda] in der Einl. zu [Yāska’s Nirukta VIII.] [Weber’s Indische Studien 3, 386. 396.] [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 3, 102.] Nach [Viṣṇupurāṇa 279] verwandeln sich die Schüler Vaiśaṃpāyana’s in Rebhühner und picken den von Yājñavalkya wieder ausgeworfenen Veda auf. Vgl. taittiri, taittirīya . Nach dem [Uṇādikoṣa im Śabdakalpadruma] soll tittiri auch = taittirī śākhā sein. —
3) Nomen proprium eines Nāga [Mahābhārata 1, 1560. 5, 3629.] — Wohl onomatop. vom Geräusch beim Fliegen.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+4): Taittira, Tittira, Taittiriya, Titiri, Tittiritva, Taittirika, Gauratittiri, Kutittiri, Kapinjala, Maguli, Taittiriyaka, Kapinjara, Shamkarapriya, Patradhya, Vaishampayana, Vishkira, Ukha, Tittirika, Zen, Yajus.
Search found 23 books and stories containing Tittiri; (plurals include: Tittiris). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)
Chapter 2 - On the birth of Vṛtrāsura < [Book 6]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 4: Iatrochemistry (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 5 - Treatment for fever with diarrhea (4): Kanaka-prabha rasa < [Chapter III - Jvaratisara fever with diarrhoea]
Part 2 - Dietary prescriptions < [Chapter I - General health prescriptions]
The Vishnu Purana (by Horace Hayman Wilson)
Chapter V - Division of the Yajur-veda < [Book III]
Chapter XIV - Dynasty of Anamitra and Andhaka < [Book IV]
The Mahabharata (English) (by Kisari Mohan Ganguli)
Section XXVII < [Digvijaya Parva]
Section CIII < [Bhagavat-Yana Parva]
Section LX < [Sisupala-badha Parva]
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 3: Metals, Gems and other substances (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 14 - Dietary presecriptions and prohibitions when taking iron < [Chapter IV - Metals (4): Lauha (iron)]