Tittiri: 11 definitions

Introduction

Tittiri means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I

Tittiri (तित्तिरि)—Sanskrit word for a bird, corresponding to “partridge”, “francolin”, “Francolinus sp.”. This animal is from the group called Viṣkira (which scatter). Viṣkira itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Jāṅghala (living in high ground and in a jungle).

The flesh of the Tittirs is slightly heavy, heat-making and sweet in taste. It is spermatopoietic, appetising and astringent. It improves the intellect and complexion, and subdues the three deranged humours.

The flesh of the yellow (Gaura) Tittiri proves curative in hic-cough and dyspnœa, and subdues the deranged Vāyu.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Tittiri (तित्तिरि) refers to the “partridge” and represents a type of Pakṣiṇa meat and is mentioned as being beneficial (hita) to the body according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—The dravyaguṇāguṇa section contains the discussions on different food articles and their dietetic effects according to the prominent Ayurvedic treatises. Here In the māṃsa (meats) group Tittiri is mentioned as beneficial to the body (hita). [...] The meats of [viz., tittiri (partridge)] cooked in the fire of castor plant or in castor oil will instantaneously lead to death.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Tittiri (तित्तिरि).—A kind of bird. To know about the origin of this bird see under the head Triśiras.

2) Tittiri (तित्तिरि).—A celebrated serpent born to the sage Kaśyapa of Kadrū, his wife. (Śloka 15, Chapter 35, Ādi Parva).

3) Tittiri (तित्तिरि).—A sage who was a member of the council of Yudhiṣṭhira. (Śloka 12, Chapter 4, Sabhā Parva).

4) Tittiri (तित्तिरि).—A special breed of horses. Arjuna got this breed from Gandharvanagara during his victory campaign. (Śloka 6, Chapter 28, Sabhā Parva).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Tittiri (तित्तिरि).—A Trayārṣeya.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 196. 48-9.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Tittiri (तित्तिरि) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.31.15, I.35, V.101.13/V.103, VI.46.50) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Tittiri) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Prācyā: Animals and animal products as reflected in Smṛti texts

Tittiri (तित्तिरि) refers to the bird “Francoline Partridge” (Francolinus species).—Birds have been described in several ancient Sanskrit texts that they have been treated elaborately by eminent scholars. These birds [viz., Tittiri] are enumerated in almost several Smṛtis in context of specifying the expiations for killing them and their flesh being used as a dietary article to give satisfaction to the manes (Pitṛs) in Śrāddha rites. These are elaborated especially in the Manusmṛti, Parāśarasmṛti [chapter VI], Gautamasmṛti [chapter 23], Śātātapasmṛti [II.54-56], Uśānasmṛti [IX.10-IX.12], Yājñavalkyasmṛti [I.172-I.175], Viṣṇusmṛti [51.28-51.29], Uttarāṅgirasasmṛti [X.16].

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Tittiri (तित्तिरि) is the name of a Vīra (hero) who, together with the Ḍākinī named Tittirikā forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Vāyucakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the vāyucakra refers to one of the three divisions of the dharma-puṭa (‘dharma layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs and Vīras [viz., Tittiri] are dark blue in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tittiri (तित्तिरि).—[titti iti śabdaṃ rauti ru-bā° ḍi Tv.]

1) The francoline partridge.

2) Name of a sage said to be the first teacher of the black Yajurveda.

Derivable forms: tittiriḥ (तित्तिरिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tittiri (तित्तिरि).—m. (riḥ) 1. The francoline parridge. 2. The name of a Muni, and one of the early teachers of the Taittiri or Black Yajur Veda. 3. The Yajur Veda named after its teachers. E. titti an imitative sound, to make, affix ki; also with ka affix tittira.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tittiri (तित्तिरि).—[masculine] the same ([abstract] tva† [neuter]), [Name] of an ancient teacher & a serpent-demon.

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Tittiri (तित्तिरि).—[masculine] the same ([abstract] tva† [neuter]), [Name] of an ancient teacher & a serpent-demon.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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