Shada, Śāda, Sadā, Sada, Śada, Ṣaḍa: 15 definitions

Introduction

Shada means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śāda and Śada and Ṣaḍa can be transliterated into English as Sada or Shada, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Sada (सद).—A son of Angirasa.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 196. 2.

1b) One of Danu's sons.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 68. 9.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Sada (सद) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.108.9) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Sada) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Sada (सद) refers to “fruits and other products from trees”. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (See the Manubhāṣya 8.151)

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Śāda (शाद) denotes ‘grass’ in the Rigveda and later.

India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Sāda.—(EI 28), name of a tax. Note: sāda is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sadā : (adv.) ever; always.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sadā, (adv.) (fr. saṃ°) always Sn. 1041, 1087, 1119; Nd2 631 (where long stereotype definition); Dh. 79; Pv. II, 811 (=sabbakālaṃ yāvajīvaṃ PvA. 110); II, 937 (=sabbakālaṃ divase divase sāyañ ca pāto ca PvA. 127); IV, 130.

—matta “always revelling, ” N. of a palace J. I, 363 sq. (cp. Divy 603); a class of devas D. II, 260. (Page 674)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śāda (शाद).—f n Moss &c. See śēvāḷa.

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saḍa (सड).—m A stub or stump (of a sugarcane, reed, stalk of corn); a piece of stubble. 2 fig. The membrum genitale (of a bull or a buffalo). 3 fig. A teat or dug. 4 A bristle (as of a hog); a stiff hair or similar thing. 5 f A line of procedure; a course or continuous practice. v yē, cālata yē, cāla, paḍa. 6 In cases of litigation or dispute. Any writing or oral statement in attestation or evidence of; any certificate, document, testimony, or acceptable account. 7 W A groove or a notch. saḍa avaḷaṇēṃ (esp. śēḷīcēṃ) To wrap up (with a rag containing cowdung) the dugs (esp. of a she-goat) that the young one (the kid &c.) may be debarred from sucking.

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saḍa (सड).—f (saḍaṇēṃ) Pounding (of rice &c.) in order to husk.

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saḍā (सडा).—a (saḍaṇēṃ) Bare, void, free, detached, standing sole or single;--as a person unmarried, or unaccompanied by his wife and family, or having no retinue or baggage on the road, or having no secular embarrassments or engagements, or not entertained in service or occupied in work: also unemployed, unengaged, unhired, or unloaded;--as a vehicle, a beast, a man: clear and free generally from persons or matters entangling and impeding.

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saḍā (सडा).—m A twisted and long cord or line, (as that of a paperkite).

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saḍā (सडा).—m Sprinkling (as upon a floor) of thin cowdung-wash, colored water &c. v ghāla, ṭāka, dē, śimpa. 2 fig. Scattering profusely (as of fruits or flowers, of rupees amidst a crowd &c.) v ṭāka, dē. 3 (A bridged from śēṇasaḍā q. v.) 4 R or C Tableland upon the summit or the sides of a hill; esp. a long expanse or sheet of rock upon a hill; an elevated rocky plateau. saḍā śimpaṇēṃ To sprinkle the cowdung-wash. Ex. ēka vēgēṃ jhāḍīta || ēka svahastēṃ saḍā śimpīta ||.

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sadā (सदा).—ad (S) pop sadāṃ ad Always. Ex. sadā cālijē dharmapantha || sarva kumati ṭākōni ||. Ex. of comp. sadākaṣṭī, sadāduḥkhī, sadābhōgī, sadāraḍyā, sadārōgī, sadānanda or dī, sadāśuci, sadāsukhī. Sometimes to intensity or enhance the sense trikāḷa is added, as sadātrikāḷa Perpetually, unfailingly through the three times, morning, noon, and evening; as gāyī duhati sadātrikāḷa || kṣīra tumbaḷa varṣiti ||. sadā pīka sadā bhīka A phrase descriptive of the perpetual poverty and wretchedness of the Kun̤bi whatever luxuriant crops may crown his fields.

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sāḍa (साड).—m (sāra S) The heart or core (of wood &c.)

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sāḍā (साडा).—m (śāṭī S or sāḍī) A term for the gar- ment called sāḍī as given to the bride during that portion of the nuptial ceremonies named sāḍē.

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sāda (साद).—m f ē (śabda S) A hallooing or calling to: also the answer or call returned. v ghāla, dē, hāka. 2 It bears in some instances the sense of Sound or voice; as sādaparakā, sādaparatalēlā, sādabadalalā.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

saḍa (सड).—m A stump, stub (of a sugarcane, reed &c.) Fig. A teat. f Pounding in order to husk.

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saḍā (सडा).—m Sprinkling of thin cowdung- wash. v vāla, dē, ṭāka, śimpa. Fig. Scattering profusely (as of fruits &c.). A long sheet of rock upon a hill. A twisted and long cord. a Bare, free, detach- ed, standing single-as a person unmarried, or unaccompanied by his wife and family, or having no retinue or baggage on the road: also unemployed, unhired, unloaded-as a man, vehicle.

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sadā (सदा).—ad Always, sometimes in comp., as sadākaṣṭī, sadābhōgī.

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sāḍa (साड).—m The heart or core.

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sāda (साद).—m f A calling to; the call returned.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śada (शद).—

1) An eatable vegetable product (fruit, root &c.).

2) Produce, revenue.

Derivable forms: śadaḥ (शदः).

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Śāda (शाद).—[śad-ghañ]

1) Young grass; सा शादहरिताप्युच्चैर्विशालाद्रेरुपत्यका (sā śādaharitāpyuccairviśālādrerupatyakā) Śiva B.27.39.

2) Mud.

-dā Brick.

Derivable forms: śādaḥ (शादः).

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Ṣaḍa (षड).—

1) A kind of drink.

2) Splitting, rending.

Derivable forms: ṣaḍaḥ (षडः).

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Sada (सद).—The fruit of trees; धान्ये सदे लवे बाहो नातिक्रामति पञ्चताम् (dhānye sade lave bāho nātikrāmati pañcatām) Ms.8.151.

Derivable forms: sadaḥ (सदः).

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Sadā (सदा).—ind. Always, ever, perpetually, at all times.

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Sāda (साद).—[sad-ghañ]

1) Sinking, setting down.

2) Exhaustion, weariness; उदितोरुसादमतिवेपथुमत् (uditorusādamativepathumat) Śi.9.77.

3) Leaness, thinness, emaciation; शरीरसादादसमग्रभूषणा (śarīrasādādasamagrabhūṣaṇā) R.3. 2.

4) Perishing, decay, loss, destruction, cessation; गतिविभ्रमसादनीरवा (gativibhramasādanīravā) R.8.58; Nalod.3.24.

5) Pain, torment.

6) Clearness, purity.

7) Going, motion.

Derivable forms: sādaḥ (सादः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Śada (शद).—(m. or nt.), petal, or some kind of leaf: (tṛṇa-kāṣṭha-śākhā-) parṇa-śadam Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya ii.75.1, five-member dvandva according to Tibetan, which renders parṇa by lo ma, leaf, and śada by ḥdab (printed ḥdap) ma, petal, also leaf. (Cf. Sk^4. Lex. śada = phalamūlādi, [Boehtlingk and Roth] s.v. 3?)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śada (शद).—m.

(-daḥ) A vegetable, any edible vegetable product, as fruits, roots, &c. E. śad to wither, aff. ac .

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Śāda (शाद).—m.

(-daḥ) 1. Mud. 2. Young grass. E. śad-ghañ aff.

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Sada (सद).—m.

(-daḥ) The fruit of trees. E. ṣad to go, ac aff.

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Sadā (सदा).—Ind. Always, ever, at all times. E. sa for sarva all, dāc aff.

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Sāda (साद).—m.

(-daḥ) 1. Purity, cleanness. 2. Lassitude, weariness, exhaustion. 3. Perishing, decay. 4. Leanness, thinness, emaciation. 5. Cessation, stoppage. 6. Pain. E. ṣad to decay, to be weary, &c., aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śada (शद).—[śad + a], also (but wrongly) sada sada, m. Any edible vegetable proluct, as fruits, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 151; 241 (with s).

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Śāda (शाद).—i. e. śada + a, m. 1. Young grass. 2. Mud.

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Sada (सद).—see śada.

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Sadā (सदा).—[sa + dā], adv. Always, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 48.

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Sāda (साद).—m., i. e. A. sad + a, 1. Perishing, decay, [Nalodya, (ed. Benary.)] 2, 26; 3, 24; [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 44 (a-pakṣa-, Not being deprived of its wings). 2. Weariness, exhaustion, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 8, 57; [Śiśupālavadha] 9, 77. 3. Pain, [Nalodya, (ed. Benary.)] 2, 26. B. Purity, [Padma-Purāṇa, (ed. Wollheim.)] 8, 20; cleanness.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śada (शद).—[masculine] fall (—°); produce (of land).

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Śāda (शाद).—[masculine] falling, dropping (—°); grass. [feminine] śādā brick.

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Sada (सद).—[adjective] = [preceding] adj.; [masculine] fruit; [neuter] a cert. part of the sacrif, animal.

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Sadā (सदा).—[adverb] always, ever, [with] neg. never.

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Sāda (साद).—[masculine] sitting on horseback, riding; sinking down, exhaustion, despondency, despair; loss, disappearance.

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Sadā (सदा).—give (together), grant, concede; [Middle] [Passive] meet together. — Cf. ātta ādā/ya, udātta, upātta, upādāya, pa/rītta, pra/tta, vyātta.

Sadā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sa and (दा).

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Sadā (सदा).—bind together, fasten, tie. — Cf. ni/dita, sa/dita.

Sadā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sa and (दा).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śada (शद):—[from śad] m. falling (See parṇa-ś)

2) [v.s. ...] produce, revenue, [Gautama-dharma-śāstra]

3) [v.s. ...] a [particular] Ekāha, [Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

4) [v.s. ...] any edible vegetable product (phala-mūtādi), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) Śāda (शाद):—m. ([from] √2. śad cf. 2. śāta) falling off, dropping (See parṇa-ś)

6) young grass, [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā]

7) mud, slime, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) = rakṣas, [Sāyaṇa on Ṛg-veda ix, 15, 6]

9) Śādā (शादा):—[from śāda] f. a brick, [Gobhila-śrāddha-kalpa]

10) Saḍa (सड):—[=sa-ḍa] mfn. = saha ḍena vartate, [Pāṇini 8-3, 56 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

11) Sada (सद):—[from sad] mfn. = [preceding] (cf. barhi-, samanī-ṣada; sabhā-sada)

12) [v.s. ...] m. fruit (cf. śada), [Manu-smṛti viii, 151; 241]

13) [v.s. ...] a [particular] Ekāha, [Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

14) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Dhṛta-rāṣṭra, [Mahābhārata i, 4548] (if sadaḥ-suvāc is not one word)

15) [v.s. ...] n. a [particular] part of the back of a sacrificial animal, [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa]

16) Sāda (साद):—[from sad] a m. sitting (on horseback), riding, [Ṛg-veda i, 162, 17]

17) [v.s. ...] sinking in (of wheels), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

18) [v.s. ...] sinking down, exhaustion, weariness, [Kāvya literature; Suśruta]

19) [v.s. ...] perishing, decay, loss, ruin, [Kālidāsa] (cf. [compound])

20) [v.s. ...] despondency, despair, [Harivaṃśa; Nalôd.]

21) [v.s. ...] purity, clearness, cleanness (cf. pra-sāda), [Horace H. Wilson]

22) [v.s. ...] going, motion, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

23) Sadā (सदा):—[from sadam] ind. always, ever, every time, continually, perpetually (with na, ‘never’), [Ṛg-veda]; etc.; [Atharva-veda iv, 4, 7]

24) Sāḍa (साड):—mfn. having a point or sting (as a stick, a scorpion etc.), [Patañjali]

25) Sāda (साद):—b sādana etc. See p. 1139, col. 1.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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