Putra: 14 definitions



Putra means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Putra (पुत्र) refers to “sons”, mentioned as one of the potential rewards of Śiva-worship, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.12:—“[...] those who desire magnificent buildings, beautiful ornaments, beautiful women, wealth to satiety, sons and grandsons (putra-pautra), health, splendid body, extraordinary status, heavenly happiness and final salvation or profound devotion to the great lord shall duly worship Śiva by virtue of their merit accumulated by them. Sure success will be his who regularly worships Śiva liṅga with great devotion. He will never be afflicted by sins”.

2) Putra (पुत्र) refers to “sons”, which is mentioned as obtainable through the worship of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.14:—“[...] a person desirous of long life shall worship him with Dūrvā grass. A person desirous of sons (putra-kāma) shall worship him with Dhattūra flowers. A Dhattūra plant with red stem is specially auspicious for worship. A worshipper using Agastya flowers will earn great fame”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Putra (पुत्र).—One of the seven sons of Vasiṣṭha*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 28. 36.

1b) A son of Svāyambhuva Manu.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 31. 18.

1c) A son of Priyavrata given to yoga: had no inclination for ruling the kingdom.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 1. 7-9.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Putra (पुत्र) is the name of a Vīra (hero) who, together with the Ḍākinī named Putrī forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Agnicakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the agnicakra refers to one of the three divisions of the saṃbhoga-puṭa (‘enjoyment layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs and Vīras [viz., Putra] are red in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Putra.—cf. Nigama-putra (LL), ‘the inhabitant of a nigama (township).’ Cf. Durgā-putra, Puruṣottama-putra, etc. (IE 7-1-2), probably confused with pāṇḍu-putra and used to indicate ‘five’. Note: putra is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

putra (पुत्र).—m (S) A son. Pr. sōḷā varṣēṃ putra maga mitra Until the sixteenth year, treat your son as a boy or subject youth; after that regard him as a friend. 2 In Hindu law twelve kinds of Son are enumerated. See dvādaśavidhaputra. putramukha pāhaṇēṃ To inspect the visage and features of a newborn child whilst reciting a mantra.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

putra (पुत्र).—m A son.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Putra (पुत्र).—

1) A son; (the word is thus derived:-punnāmno narakād yasmāt trāyate pitaraṃ sutaḥ | tasmāt putra iti proktaḥ svayameva svayaṃbhuvā || Ms.9.138; the word, therefore, should be strictly written puttraḥ).

2) A child, young one of an animal.

3) A dear child (a term of endearment in addressing young persons).

4) (At the end of comp.) Anything little or small of its kind; as in असिपुत्रः, शिलापुत्रः (asiputraḥ, śilāputraḥ) &c.

5) (Astrol.) The fifth mansion from जन्मलग्न (janmalagna).

-trau (du.) A son and daughter.

Derivable forms: putraḥ (पुत्रः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Putra (पुत्र) or Puttra.—m.

(-ttraḥ) 1. A son. 2. A child, in the language of the Vedas. 3. The fifth mansion from the point of conjunction of the sun, and a zodiacal sign. f. (-ttrī) A daughter. du. always, (-ttrī) Son and daughter. E. put, and trā to preserve, the hell, (from,) aff. ka; or pūj to purify, aff. ttra; one ta may be rejected in writing this word, and its derivatives, leaving putra. The word is thus derived by Manu. viz:— “punnāmno narakādyasmāt pitaraṃ trāyate sutaḥ . tasmātputra iti proktaḥ khayameva svayaṃbhūvā ..”

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Putra (पुत्र).—perhaps pū + tra, I. m. 1. A son, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 138. 2. du. Two sons. 3. A son and a daughter, [Nala] 23, 26. 4. pl. Children, young ones, Mahābhārata 12, 3306. Ii. f. trī, A daughter, [Pañcatantra] 190, 1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Putra (पुत्र).—[masculine] son, child, the young of an animal; [feminine] ī daughter.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Putra (पुत्र):—m. ([etymology] doubtful, perhaps [from] √2. puṣ; traditionally said to be a [compound] put-tra, ‘preserving from the hell called Put’ [Manu-smṛti ix, 138]) a son, child, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. (also the young of an animal; cf. [Pāṇini 8-1, 15 [Scholiast or Commentator]]; ifc. it forms diminutives cf. dṛṣat-p and śilā-p; [vocative case] sg. [dual number] [plural] often used to address young persons, ‘my son, my children etc.’; [dual number] ‘two sons’ or, ‘a son and a daughter’; cf. [Pāṇini 1-2, 68])

2) a species of small venomous animal (= putraka), [Catalogue(s)]

3) (in [astrology]) Name of the fifth house, [Varāha-mihira]

4) Name of a son of Brahmiṣṭha, [Raghuvaṃśa]

5) of a son of Priya-vrata, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa] etc. etc.

6) mfn. ifc. used to form diminutives (See asi-putrī)

7) a species of plant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]; Name of Pārvati, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) cf. [Zend] puthra; [Greek] παῖς and [Latin] puer (?).

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Putra (पुत्र):—[Uṇādisūtra 4, 164.]

1) m. a) Sohn, Kind [Amarakoṣa 2, 6, 1, 27.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 2, 6, 7.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 542.] [Halāyudha 2, 342.] Etym. [Yāska’s Nirukta 2, 11.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 9, 138.] [Mahābhārata 1, 3026. 8344. 14, 2752. 2760.] [Brāhmaṇavilāpa 3, 5.] [Harivaṃśa 317. 4252. 14420. fg.] [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 107, 12.] Euphonisches Verhalten eines vorangehenden gen. im Veda [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 8, 3, 53. fg.] Veränderung eines im comp. vorangehenden patron. fem. [6, 1, 13.] mit einem gen. comp. [3, 22.] Accent eines auf putra ausgehenden comp. [6,2, 132. 133.] Ableitungen von compp. auf putra [4, 1, 159.] wann nur putra (nicht puttra) zu schreiben ist [8, 4, 48] und Vārtt. vastrā pu.rāya mā.aro vayanti [Ṛgveda 5, 47, 6. 6, 9, 2.] ru.rasya.ye santi pu.rāḥ [66, 3.] ba.vī.āṃ pi.ā ba.urasya pu.raḥ [75, 5.] mā mādhi pu.re vimiva abhīṣṭa [2, 29, 5. 7, 54, 2.] a.ruvaḥ [4, 19, 9.] iṣṭeḥ [1, 125, 3.] sahasaḥ Agni [3, 14, 1. 4. 6. 5, 11, 6.] śavasaḥ Indra [8, 79, 2.] divaḥ [4, 2, 15. 7, 102, 1.] [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 8, 7, 20.] amṛtasya [Ṛgveda 10, 13, 1.] pṛśneḥ [5, 58, 5.] [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 3, 30, 2. 6, 116, 3. 16, 7, 8.] putrasya nāma gṛhṇāti [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 1, 9, 3, 21. 6, 1, 3, 9. 14, 4, 3, 24. fgg. 5, 4, 5. 6, 10, 5.] [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa 7, 13. fgg.] putranaptāraḥ [3, 48.] putrapaśūn gaṇa rājadantādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 2, 2, 31.] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 14, 9, 4, 11.] — yugmāsu putrā jāyante striyo yugmāsu rātriṣu . tasmādyugmāsu putrārthī saṃviśedārtave striyam .. [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 4, 48.] putrāndvādaśa yānāha nṝṇāṃ svāyaṃbhuvo manuḥ . teṣāṃ ṣaḍbandhudāyādāḥ ṣaḍadāyādabāndhavāḥ .. [9, 158. fgg.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 1, 33. 58, 7.] putradāram [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 4, 239. 8, 114. 10, 99.] [Brāhmaṇavilāpa 1, 19.] putrapatī gaṇa rājadantādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 2, 2, 31.] mātā putreṇa mithunaṃ gacchati (bei den Thieren) [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 8, 1, 15,] [Scholiast] vyāghrī yathā haretputrāndaṃṣṭrābhyāṃ na ca pīḍayet ihre Jungen [ŚIKṢĀ 25.] [Mahābhārata 12, 3306.] vyāghryāstaruṇaputrāyāḥ [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 53, 51.] Am Ende eines adj. comp. f. ā [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 5, 160. 8, 28.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 2, 142.] [Mahābhārata 1, 379. 2998. 3000. 15, 290.] [Nalopākhyāna 26, 34.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 46, 2. 2, 21, 56. 53, 24. 74, 25.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 9, 88. 10, 205. 23, 25.] Eigennamen auf putra mit dem Namen der Mutter [Weber’s Indische Studien 3, 157. 485. fg. 4, 380. 5, 63.] putrau Sohn und Tochter (natürlich auch zwei Söhne) [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 1, 2, 68.] [Amarakoṣa 2, 6, 1, 37.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 560.] [Nalopākhyāna 22, 14. 23, 24.] Sohn, Kind als Anrede einer jüngeren Person [Kathāsaritsāgara 3, 57. 18, 257. 275.] he putrau [2, 37.] Vgl. indraputrā (nicht Tochter, sondern Mutter Indra's), grāmaputra, deva, niṣ, pitā, mātā, rāja, vṛtra, śūra, sapta, somaputrā, hataputra u. s. w. — b) bildet Deminutiva; s. dṛṣat, śilā. — c) in der Astrol. (wie alle Wörter für Sohn) Bez. des 5ten Hauses [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka 1, 15. 9, 6.] — d) Nomen proprium eines Sohnes des Brahmiṣṭha [Raghuvaṃśa 18, 29.] des Priyavrata [Viṣṇupurāṇa 162.] eines Brahmanen [Hiouen-Thsang I, 279.] —

2) f. ī a) Tochter [Amarakoṣa 2, 6, 1, 28.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 542.] [Halāyudha 2, 350.] [Yāska’s Nirukta 5, 2.] [Sāvitryupākhyāna 1, 29.] [Harivaṃśa 9958.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 17, 28.] [Pañcatantra 190, 1.] [Hitopadeśa 28, 3.] Als Suffix betrachtet [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 3, 70, Vārttika von Kātyāyana. 10.] — b) Puppe; s. dāruputrī. — c) in comp. mit leblosen Dingen zur Bildung von Deminutiven; s. asiputrī und vgl. putrikā. — d) Beiname der Pārvatī [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 59]; vgl. pautrī. — e) eine best. Pflanze [Śabdacandrikā im Śabdakalpadruma] — putra steht vielleicht in etymologischem Zusammenhange mit pitar; oder ist es auf puṣ zurückzuführen? — Vgl. a, pautra.

--- OR ---

Putra (पुत्र):—

1) e) = putraka

1) d) [Oxforder Handschriften 309,a,18.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Putra (पुत्र):——

1) m. — a) Sohn , Kind , das Junge eines Thieres. Du. zwei Söhne und auch Sohn and Tochter. Im Voc. aller drei Zahlen als Anrede einer jüngern Person. Am Ende eines adj. Comp. f. ā. — b) bildet am Ende eines Comp. Deminutiva. — c) ein best. kleines , zu den Mäusen gezähltes , giftiges Thier. — d) in der Astrol. das Fünfte Haus. Nomen proprium verschiedener Männer. —

2) f. ī — a) Tochter. — b) *Puppe. — c) *bildet am Ende eines Comp. Deminutiva. — d) *eine best. Pflanze. — e) *Beiname der Pārvatī.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Putra (पुत्र):—(nm) a son; ~[tulya] just like a son, -[pautra] sons and grandsons; ~[lābha] begetting a son, ~[vatī] a woman blessed with a son or sons; ~[vat] just like a son; ~[vadhū] son’s wife, daughter-in law; ~[hīna] sonless, without a son; ~[hīnā] (a woman) without a son, sonless.

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