Bharadvaja, aka: Bharadvāja, Bhāradvāja; 16 Definition(s)

Introduction

Bharadvaja means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

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1) Bhāradvāja (भारद्वाज).—An ancient grammarian quoted by Panini in his rules to show differences of opinion; cf. ऋतो भारद्वाजस्य (ṛto bhāradvājasya) VII. 2.63;

2) Bhāradvāja.—Name of a country in the days of Panini cf. कृकणपर्णाद्भारद्वाजे (kṛkaṇaparṇādbhāradvāje) P. IV. 2.145,

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

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Bharadvāja (भरद्वाज):—Bṛhaspati forcely made his brother’s (Utathya) wife Manmatā pregnant. Because both Bṛhaspati and Mamatā did not want to take care of him (because of his illicit birth), the child was called Bharadvāja. Eventually he was given to Bharata (son of Duṣmanta) by the demigods because he desired a son. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.20.36)

Bharadvāja was delivered by the Marut demigods, he was known as Vitatha. He had a son who was named Manyu. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.21.1)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

1) Bharadvāja (भरद्वाज).—Another name of Dīrghatamas.**

**) Dīrghatamas is also called Bharadvāja. But the Bharadvāja of purāṇic fame is not Dīrghatamas. Dīrghatamas is the son whom Bṛhaspati illegitimately got of Mamatā, his brother’s wife. There was then another legitimate child in the womb of Mamatā. Knowing this the devas told her 'Bharadvāja' meaning 'bear the brunt of two' and so the son of Bṛhaspati got the name of Bharadvāja also. The real name of this son was Dīrghatamas or Vitatha. Dīrghatamas is not the Bharadvāja who was the father of Droṇa. The famous Bharadvāja was the son of Atri. Dīrghatamas or Vitatha was the adopted son of Bharata, son of Duṣyanta. (Bhāgavata and Kamparāmāyaṇa. For details see under Bharata I and Dīrghatamas. (See full article at Story of Bharadvāja from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Bharadvāja (भरद्वाज).—The sage Bharadvāja of Purāṇic fame. General information. Ayodhyā Kāṇḍa of Kampa Rāmāyaṇa states that this sage was the son of Atri Maharṣi. He lived for many thousands of years. He is connected with Vālmīki and the story of Śrī Rāma. Bharadvāja was for many years a disciple of Vālmīki. He was present with Vālmīki when the hunter killed one of the couple of Krauñca. When Vālmīki and Bharadvāja reached the shores of the river, Tamasā, that day Vālmīki told Bharadvāja thus: "Look, Bharadvāja, what a clean ghat this is. The water is pure and clear. Place your water-jug here and give me my valkala. We will get down here in this sacred water". Then Vālmīki taking the valkala from the disciple walked along the shore admiring the beauty of the forest trees and found on his way the historic Krauñca couple. (Sarga 2, Bāla Kāṇḍa, Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa).

3) Bharadvāja (भरद्वाज).—The eldest son of the Agni, Śamyu. (Śloka 5, Chapter 219, Vana Parva, Mahābhārata).

4) Bharadvāja (भरद्वाज).—A renowned sage. Bharata, a King of the Pūru line of kings, had no sons and as he was spending his days in sorrow Marutta gave Bharata this Bharadvāja as a son. Bharadvāja who was by birth a brahmin from then onwards became a Kṣatriya. (Matsya Purāṇa 49. 27-39 and Vāyu Purāṇa 99. 152158).

5) Bharadvāja (भरद्वाज).—A maharṣi born of the line of Aṅgiras. He was the father of Yavakrīta and a friend of Raibhya, son of Viśvāmitra.

Once Raibhya created a Kritya and that Kritya killed Bharadvāja’s son Yavakrīta. Unable to bear the loss of his son Bharadvāja was preparing to give up his own life by jumping into the fire when Arvāvasu brought to life Yavakrīta and gave him to the sage. Immensely pleased at the regain of his son Bharadvāja ended his life on earth and went to heaven. (Mahābhārata, Vana Parva, 165-168)

6) Bharadvāja (भरद्वाज).—A brahmarṣi who lived in the Pūrvamanvantara. He was living on the shore of Gaṅgā doing rigorous penance. One day desirous of conducting a special type of Yajña he went to bathe in the river along with other sages. There he saw the celestial beauty, Ghṛtācī, standing in all splendour after her bath. Bharadvāja had seminal emission and from that was born a daughter, Śrutavatī, to him. (Chapter 47, Śalya Parva, Mahābhārata).

7) Bharadvāja (भरद्वाज).—A great scholar well-versed in all the Śāstras. He is the author of 'Dharmasūtra' and 'Śrautasūtra'. (The Viśvavidyālaya of Bombay keeps a hand written copy of his work Śrautasūtra written in Pāṇḍu script).

8) Bhāradvāja (भारद्वाज).—A Maharṣi. It was he who convinced Dyumatsena, father of Satyavān that he (Satyavān) would be endowed with long life. (Vana Parva, Chapter 288, Verse 16).

9) Bhāradvāja (भारद्वाज).—The collective name of a particular sect of preceptors mentioned in the Upaniṣads. The Bṛhadāraṇyaka Upaniṣad refers to this sect of preceptors as disciples of Bhāradvāja, Pārāśarya, Valāka, Kauśika, Aitareya, Āsurāyaṇa and Baijavāpāyana.

10) Bhāradvāja (भारद्वाज).—A grammarian. According to the Ṛktantra, prātiśākhya of Sāmaveda, it was Brahmā, who first composed the science of grammar. This science was taught by Brahmā to others in the following order: Brahmā to Bṛhaspati, he to Indra, Indra to Bhāradvāja and he to his disciples.

Pāṇini has discussed the grammatical concepts of Bhāradvāja. Ṛkprātiśākhya and Taittirīya have quoted the opinions of this grammarian.

11) Bharadvaja (भरद्वज).—A place of habitation in ancient Bhārata. (Śloka 68, Chapter 9, Bhīṣma Parva, Mahābhārata).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Bharadvāja (भरद्वाज).—Also called Vitatha: a Siddha;1 became a son of Bharata; when Mamatā, the wife of the brother of Bṛhaspati was pregnant, Bṛhaspati had sexual intercourse with her; the foetus obstructing him, he cursed the child in embryo; fearing divorce by her husband, Mamatā abandoned the child when Gods said “bhara dvājam” i.e. ‘rear the child born of two’, and hence he became Bharadvāja; still she abandoned him; nourished by the Maruts he was given over to Bharata;2 father of Manyu;3 a sage of the Vaivasvata epoch;4 invited for the Rājasūya of Yudhiṣṭhira;5 called on the dying Bhīṣma;6 came to Syamantapañcaka to see Kṛṣṇa;7 came to see Parīkṣit practising Prāyopaveśa;8 officiated in Paraśurāma's sacrifice. Heard the Purāṇa from Sṛñjaya and narrated it to Gautama.9

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 15 [14].
  • 2) Ib. IX. 20. 35-39.
  • 3) Ib. X. 21. 1.
  • 4) Ib. VIII. 13. 5.
  • 5) Ib. X. 74. 7.
  • 6) Ib. I. 9. 6.
  • 7) Ib. X. 84. 3.
  • 8) Ib. I. 19. 10.
  • 9) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 47. 46; IV. 4. 63.

1b) A sage of the Vaivasvata epoch; a yogi; son of Bṛhaspati arisen out of the sexual fluid at the refusal of Mamatā to receive it; abandoned by his parents, was brought up by the Maruts who gave him to Bharata who wanted him; hence two castes Brahmanas and Vaiśyas sprang from him; became a Kṣatriya;1 residence at Govardhana where he planted flowers and trees; lives with the sun for part of the year;2 a Ṛṣika; a Mantrakṛt;3 a Pañcārṣeya; dvayāmuṣyāyana gotra;4 no marital relations among the Bṛhaspati, Gārga and Bharadvāja lines.5 Praised Śiva for burning Tripuram;6 the 19th Veda-Vyāsa; Jaṭāmāli, the avatār of the Lord.7

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 9. 27; 49. 15-33; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 38. 27; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 137, 148, 150, 169.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 114. 39; 126. 13; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 45.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 145. 95, 101; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 32. 101 and 107.
  • 4) Matsya-purāṇa 196. 50, 52.
  • 5) Ib. 196. 20, 24.
  • 6) Ib. 133. 67.
  • 7) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 33. 7; 35. 121; Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 185; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 3. 16.

1c) A son of Bṛhaspati and Maruttā; born when Dīrghatamas was already in the womb; brought by the Maruts to Bharata and became his son Vitatha;1 father of Manyu.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 140-156; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 16-19.
  • 2) Ib. IV. 19. 20.

1d) Son of Bṛhaspati; a branch of Angiras;1 a Mantrakṛt of the Angirasa branch;2 the father of Āyurveda which he compiled in eight parts and imparted them to his pupils;3 one of the seven sages.4

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 103, 107.
  • 2) Ib. 59. 101.
  • 3) Ib. 92. 22.
  • 4) Ib. 100. 12; 103. 63.

1e) A sage presiding over the month of Tapasya;1 in the sun's chariot in the month of Kārttika.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 11. 40. Vāyu-purāṇa 52. 12.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 10. 12.

1f) A northern kingdom; a tribe.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 50; Matsya-purāṇa 114. 43.

1g) A son of Amitrajit and father of Dharmi.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 286.

1h) The Veda-Vyāsa of the 12th dvāpara.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 3. 14.

2a) Bhāradvāja (भारद्वाज).—With the sun in the Śarat season.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 23. 12; 35. 64.

2b) A son of Bṛhaspati;1 a branch of Angirasa;2 a sage by Garbha;3 a Mantrakṛt; a Mantra Brāhmāṇa kāraka.4

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 1 and 2, 55; 64. 26.
  • 2) Ib. 65. 97 and 106.
  • 3) Ib. 59. 92.
  • 4) Ib. 59. 98, 131.

2c) Performed śrāddha at Kaśyapapada and found two hands black and white protruding, and feeling a doubt asked his mother who said the black hand was his father; but the white hand contested that he was the Procreator; the black said, that he was the owner of kṣetra; Bhāradvāja found her of bad character.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 111. 58-63.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Bharadvāja (भरद्वाज) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.63.89, I.63, I.61.63) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Bharadvāja) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

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Bharadvāja (भरद्वाज) is the name of a sage who was in the company of Bharata when he recited the Nāṭyaveda them, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 35. Accordingly, they asked the following questions, “O the best Brahmin (lit. the bull of the twice-born), tell us about the character of the god who appears in the Preliminaries (pūrvaraṅga). Why is the sound [of musical instruments] applied there? What purpose does it serve when applied? What god is pleased with this, and what does he do on being pleased? Why does the Director being himself clean, perform ablution again on the stage? How, O sir, the drama has come (lit. dropped) down to the earth from heaven? Why have your descendants come to be known as Śūdras?”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

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Bhāradvāja (भारद्वाज) or Bhāradvājasaṃhitā is the name of a Vaiṣṇava Āgama scripture, classified as a sāttvika type of the Muniprokta group of Pāñcarātra Āgamas. The vaiṣṇavāgamas represent one of the three classes of āgamas (traditionally communicated wisdom).—Texts of the Pāñcara Āgamas are divided in to two sects. It is believed that Lord Vāsudeva revealed the first group of texts which are called Divya and the next group is called Muniprokta which are further divided in to three viz. a. Sāttvika (eg., Bhāradvāja-saṃhitā). b. Rājasa. c. Tāmasa.

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (pancaratra)
Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

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Bhageeratha is a King of the Solar dynasty, the son of Dilipa, and an ancestor of Rama. He is the father of Kakutstha.

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Bharadvāja was one of the greatest Hindu sages (Maharṣis) descendant of Sage (Ṛṣi) Aṅgirasā, whose accomplishments are detailed in the Purāṇas. He is one of the Saptaṛṣis (Seven Great Sages or Rishis) in the present Manvantara; with others being Atri, Vasiṣṭha, Visvamitra, Gautama, Jamdagni, Kaśyapa.

Sage Bharadvāja was a sage of the Vedic times. He attained extraordinary scholarship. He had the great power of meditation. He is also the author of Āyurveda. His Āśrama still exists at the holy Prayag (Allahabad).

Bharadwaja was also the father of Guru Droṇācārya and grandfather of Aśvatthāma from the epic Mahābhārata. Bharadvaja is one of the most exalted gotras of Brahmins in India.

etymology: Bharadwaja also spelled Bhardwaj (Sanskrit: भारद्वाज, IAST: Bharadvāja)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

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1. Bharadvaja. One of the two chief disciples of Kassapa Buddha. J.i.43; Bu.xxv.39; SNA.i.293.

2. Bharadvaja Thera. He belonged to the Bharadvajagotta and was a brahmin of Rajagaha. He sent his son Kanhadinna to Takkasila, to study under a certain teacher, but, on the way there, the boy met a Thera, entered the Order, and became an arahant. Bharadvaja, too, heard the Buddha preach at Veluvana, became a monk, and attained arahantship. Later, when Kanhadinna visited the Buddha at Rajagaha, he met his father and learnt from him of his attainments.

Thirty one kappas ago, Bharadvaja met the Pacceka Buddha Sumana and gave him a vallikara fruit (Thag.vss.177 8; ThagA.i.302f). He is, perhaps, identical with Vallikaraphaladayaka of the Apadana. Ap.ii.416; but the same Apadana verses are given under Bhalliya (ThagA.i.49).

3. Bharadvaja Thera. He was the eldest of a clan of Bharadvajas living in Rajagaha and his wife was a Dhananjani brahminee. The wife was a devout follower of the Buddha, and constantly sang the praises of the Buddha, of his teachings, and of the Order. Annoyed at this, Bharadvaja went to the Buddha and asked a question. He was so pleased with the answer that he joined the Order and not long after became an arahant (S.i.160f), several of his brothers following his example. (See Bharadvaja 5)

4. Bharadvaja. A young brahmin, pupil of Tarukkha. A discussion between him and Vasettha led to the preaching of the Tevijja Sutta (D.i.235), and also the Vasettha Sutta (SN., p.115ff.; M.ii.197f).

Bharadvaja later became the Buddhas follower (D.i.252; SN., p. 123). The Agganna Sutta was preached to him and to Vasettha when they were undergoing the probationary period prior to their becoming fully ordained monks (D.iii.80).

Buddhaghosa says (DA.iii.860) that they accepted the Buddha as their teacher at the conclusion of the Vasettha Sutta and entered the Order at the end of the Tevijja Sutta. Later, while meditating on the teachings of the Agganna Sutta, they became arahants (DA.iii.872). According to Buddhaghosa, Bharadvaja belonged to a noble family worth forty five crores (DA.iii.860).

5. Bharadvaja. The name of a brahmin clan; about twenty individuals belonging to this clan are mentioned in the Pitakas. In one family, living at Rajagaha, the eldest was married to a Dhananjani brahmince and later became an arahant. (See Bharadvaja 3)

His brothers:

Akkosaka Bharadvaja, Asurindaka Bharadvaja, Bilangika Bharadvaja and Sangarava Bharadvaja, followed him (S.i.160ff.; SA.i.175ff.; MA.ii.808).

Several other Bharadvajas living in Savatthi visited the Buddha there, and joined the Order and became arahants; viz.,

Ahimsaka Bharadvaja,

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

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Bhāradvāja (भारद्वाज) is the name of a Brahmin from Śrāvastī, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 36.—Accordingly, “the Buddha was begging his food one day in Śrāvastī. There was a Brahmin from the P’o-lo-to-che clan (Bhāradvāja) who lived there. Several times the Buddha went to his him to beg alms. The Brahmin had the following thought: ‘Why does this śramaṇa come repeatedly as if he were a creditor (ṛṇa)?’”

Note: here the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra is apparently combining two sūtras from the Saṃyukta: 1) the Udayasutta of the Saṃyutta, and 2) the Sundarikasutta of the Saṃyutta.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

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bharadvāja (भरद्वाज).—m (S) A bird, otherwise called sōna- kāvaḷā & kukkaṭakumbhā q. v.

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bhāradvāja (भारद्वाज).—m (S) The bird described under kukkuḍa- kumbhā. 2 A tribe, or an individual of it, of Brahmans about Ratnagiri.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhāradvāja (भारद्वाज).—m A lark.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

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Bharadvāja (भरद्वाज).—

1) Name of one of the seven sages; भरे सुतान् भरे शिष्यान् भरे देवान् भरे द्विजान् । भरे भार्यां भरद्वाजां भरद्वाजेऽस्मि शोभने (bhare sutān bhare śiṣyān bhare devān bhare dvijān | bhare bhāryāṃ bharadvājāṃ bharadvāje'smi śobhane) || Mb.

2) A sky-lark.

Derivable forms: bharadvājaḥ (भरद्वाजः).

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Bhāradvāja (भारद्वाज).—[bharadvājasyāpatyam aṇ]

1) Name of Droṇa, the military preceptor of the Kauravas and Pāṇḍavas; यदाश्रौषं व्यूहमभेद्यमन्यैर्भारद्वाजेनात्तशस्त्रेण गुप्तम् (yadāśrauṣaṃ vyūhamabhedyamanyairbhāradvājenāttaśastreṇa guptam) Mb.1.1.19.

2) Of Agastya.

3) The planet Mars.

4) One of the seven Ṛiṣis.

5) A sky-lark.

6) Name of the author on the science of Government mentioned by Kauṭilya; Kau. A.1.15.

-jam A bone.

-jī The wild cotton shrub.

-jāḥ One of the अर्थशास्त्र (arthaśāstra) schools mentioned by Kauṭilya in connection with राजपुत्ररक्षण (rājaputrarakṣaṇa); Kau. A.1.17.

Derivable forms: bhāradvājaḥ (भारद्वाजः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bharadvāja (भरद्वाज).—(compare Bhāra°, the only form recorded for Pali in DPPN), (1) n. of a disciple of Śākyamuni (in lists of names; not clear which of the several Pali disciples named Bhāra° is meant): SP 2.6; Sukh 92.8, see also Piṇḍola Bhara°; (2) gotra-name of the Buddha Candra- sūryapradīpa: SP 18.5; (3) n. of a yakṣa: Māy 236.26; (4) n. of a monk, former incarnation of Śākyamuni: MSV i.211.3 ff.

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Bhāradvāja (भारद्वाज).—(= Pali id.; see also Bhara°), (1) n. of one of the two leading disciples of the Buddha Kāśyapa (= Pali id. 1 in DPPN): Mv i.307.4, 17; (2) n. of a brah- man convert to Buddhism, associated with Vasiṣṭha 1 (= id. 4 in DPPN): Karmav 157.6. See also Piṇḍola Bhara°.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Bharadvāja (भरद्वाज).—m. (jaḥ) 1. A sky lark. 2. The name of a Muni. 3. The son of Vrihaspati. E. bharat upholding and vāja a wing: also bhāradvāja .

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Bhāradvāja (भारद्वाज).—m.

(-jaḥ) 1. A name of Dro4Na, the military preceptor of the Kurus and Pandus. 2. One of the seven Rishis. 3. A name of the Muni Agastya. 4. The son of Vrihaspati. 5. A sky-lark. n.

(-jaṃ) A bone. f. (-jī) Wild-cotton. E. bharadvāja a lark, and aṇ pleonastic or derivative aff.; in the latter case it refers to a legend of the Rishi Bharadwaja having been nursed by a lark, in consequence of being abandoned at his birth by his natural parents.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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