Bharadvaja, Bharadvāja, Bhāradvāja: 37 definitions


Bharadvaja means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Bharadvaja in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Bharadvāja (भरद्वाज):—Bṛhaspati forcely made his brother’s (Utathya) wife Manmatā pregnant. Because both Bṛhaspati and Mamatā did not want to take care of him (because of his illicit birth), the child was called Bharadvāja. Eventually he was given to Bharata (son of Duṣmanta) by the demigods because he desired a son. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.20.36)

Bharadvāja was delivered by the Marut demigods, he was known as Vitatha. He had a son who was named Manyu. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.21.1)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Bharadvāja (भरद्वाज).—Another name of Dīrghatamas.**

**) Dīrghatamas is also called Bharadvāja. But the Bharadvāja of purāṇic fame is not Dīrghatamas. Dīrghatamas is the son whom Bṛhaspati illegitimately got of Mamatā, his brother’s wife. There was then another legitimate child in the womb of Mamatā. Knowing this the devas told her 'Bharadvāja' meaning 'bear the brunt of two' and so the son of Bṛhaspati got the name of Bharadvāja also. The real name of this son was Dīrghatamas or Vitatha. Dīrghatamas is not the Bharadvāja who was the father of Droṇa. The famous Bharadvāja was the son of Atri. Dīrghatamas or Vitatha was the adopted son of Bharata, son of Duṣyanta. (Bhāgavata and Kamparāmāyaṇa. For details see under Bharata I and Dīrghatamas. (See full article at Story of Bharadvāja from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Bharadvāja (भरद्वाज).—The sage Bharadvāja of Purāṇic fame. General information. Ayodhyā Kāṇḍa of Kampa Rāmāyaṇa states that this sage was the son of Atri Maharṣi. He lived for many thousands of years. He is connected with Vālmīki and the story of Śrī Rāma. Bharadvāja was for many years a disciple of Vālmīki. He was present with Vālmīki when the hunter killed one of the couple of Krauñca. When Vālmīki and Bharadvāja reached the shores of the river, Tamasā, that day Vālmīki told Bharadvāja thus: "Look, Bharadvāja, what a clean ghat this is. The water is pure and clear. Place your water-jug here and give me my valkala. We will get down here in this sacred water". Then Vālmīki taking the valkala from the disciple walked along the shore admiring the beauty of the forest trees and found on his way the historic Krauñca couple. (Sarga 2, Bāla Kāṇḍa, Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa).

3) Bharadvāja (भरद्वाज).—The eldest son of the Agni, Śamyu. (Śloka 5, Chapter 219, Vana Parva, Mahābhārata).

4) Bharadvāja (भरद्वाज).—A renowned sage. Bharata, a King of the Pūru line of kings, had no sons and as he was spending his days in sorrow Marutta gave Bharata this Bharadvāja as a son. Bharadvāja who was by birth a brahmin from then onwards became a Kṣatriya. (Matsya Purāṇa 49. 27-39 and Vāyu Purāṇa 99. 152158).

5) Bharadvāja (भरद्वाज).—A maharṣi born of the line of Aṅgiras. He was the father of Yavakrīta and a friend of Raibhya, son of Viśvāmitra.

Once Raibhya created a Kritya and that Kritya killed Bharadvāja’s son Yavakrīta. Unable to bear the loss of his son Bharadvāja was preparing to give up his own life by jumping into the fire when Arvāvasu brought to life Yavakrīta and gave him to the sage. Immensely pleased at the regain of his son Bharadvāja ended his life on earth and went to heaven. (Mahābhārata, Vana Parva, 165-168)

6) Bharadvāja (भरद्वाज).—A brahmarṣi who lived in the Pūrvamanvantara. He was living on the shore of Gaṅgā doing rigorous penance. One day desirous of conducting a special type of Yajña he went to bathe in the river along with other sages. There he saw the celestial beauty, Ghṛtācī, standing in all splendour after her bath. Bharadvāja had seminal emission and from that was born a daughter, Śrutavatī, to him. (Chapter 47, Śalya Parva, Mahābhārata).

7) Bharadvāja (भरद्वाज).—A great scholar well-versed in all the Śāstras. He is the author of 'Dharmasūtra' and 'Śrautasūtra'. (The Viśvavidyālaya of Bombay keeps a hand written copy of his work Śrautasūtra written in Pāṇḍu script).

8) Bhāradvāja (भारद्वाज).—A Maharṣi. It was he who convinced Dyumatsena, father of Satyavān that he (Satyavān) would be endowed with long life. (Vana Parva, Chapter 288, Verse 16).

9) Bhāradvāja (भारद्वाज).—The collective name of a particular sect of preceptors mentioned in the Upaniṣads. The Bṛhadāraṇyaka Upaniṣad refers to this sect of preceptors as disciples of Bhāradvāja, Pārāśarya, Valāka, Kauśika, Aitareya, Āsurāyaṇa and Baijavāpāyana.

10) Bhāradvāja (भारद्वाज).—A grammarian. According to the Ṛktantra, prātiśākhya of Sāmaveda, it was Brahmā, who first composed the science of grammar. This science was taught by Brahmā to others in the following order: Brahmā to Bṛhaspati, he to Indra, Indra to Bhāradvāja and he to his disciples.

Pāṇini has discussed the grammatical concepts of Bhāradvāja. Ṛkprātiśākhya and Taittirīya have quoted the opinions of this grammarian.

11) Bharadvaja (भरद्वज).—A place of habitation in ancient Bhārata. (Śloka 68, Chapter 9, Bhīṣma Parva, Mahābhārata).

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Bharadvāja (भरद्वाज) is the name of a Sage (Muni) who once attended a great sacrifice by Dakṣa, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.27. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] once a great sacrifice was started by Dakṣa, O sage. To partake in that sacrifice, the celestial and terrestrial sages and devas were invited by Śiva and they reached the place being deluded by Śiva’s Māyā. [Bharadvāja, ...] and many others along with their sons and wives arrived at the sacrifice of Dakṣa—my son”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Bharadvāja (भरद्वाज).—Also called Vitatha: a Siddha;1 became a son of Bharata; when Mamatā, the wife of the brother of Bṛhaspati was pregnant, Bṛhaspati had sexual intercourse with her; the foetus obstructing him, he cursed the child in embryo; fearing divorce by her husband, Mamatā abandoned the child when Gods said “bhara dvājam” i.e. ‘rear the child born of two’, and hence he became Bharadvāja; still she abandoned him; nourished by the Maruts he was given over to Bharata;2 father of Manyu;3 a sage of the Vaivasvata epoch;4 invited for the Rājasūya of Yudhiṣṭhira;5 called on the dying Bhīṣma;6 came to Syamantapañcaka to see Kṛṣṇa;7 came to see Parīkṣit practising Prāyopaveśa;8 officiated in Paraśurāma's sacrifice. Heard the Purāṇa from Sṛñjaya and narrated it to Gautama.9

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 15 [14].
  • 2) Ib. IX. 20. 35-39.
  • 3) Ib. X. 21. 1.
  • 4) Ib. VIII. 13. 5.
  • 5) Ib. X. 74. 7.
  • 6) Ib. I. 9. 6.
  • 7) Ib. X. 84. 3.
  • 8) Ib. I. 19. 10.
  • 9) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 47. 46; IV. 4. 63.

1b) A sage of the Vaivasvata epoch; a yogi; son of Bṛhaspati arisen out of the sexual fluid at the refusal of Mamatā to receive it; abandoned by his parents, was brought up by the Maruts who gave him to Bharata who wanted him; hence two castes Brahmanas and Vaiśyas sprang from him; became a Kṣatriya;1 residence at Govardhana where he planted flowers and trees; lives with the sun for part of the year;2 a Ṛṣika; a Mantrakṛt;3 a Pañcārṣeya; dvayāmuṣyāyana gotra;4 no marital relations among the Bṛhaspati, Gārga and Bharadvāja lines.5 Praised Śiva for burning Tripuram;6 the 19th Veda-Vyāsa; Jaṭāmāli, the avatār of the Lord.7

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 9. 27; 49. 15-33; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 38. 27; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 137, 148, 150, 169.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 114. 39; 126. 13; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 45.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 145. 95, 101; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 32. 101 and 107.
  • 4) Matsya-purāṇa 196. 50, 52.
  • 5) Ib. 196. 20, 24.
  • 6) Ib. 133. 67.
  • 7) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 33. 7; 35. 121; Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 185; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 3. 16.

1c) A son of Bṛhaspati and Maruttā; born when Dīrghatamas was already in the womb; brought by the Maruts to Bharata and became his son Vitatha;1 father of Manyu.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 140-156; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 16-19.
  • 2) Ib. IV. 19. 20.

1d) Son of Bṛhaspati; a branch of Angiras;1 a Mantrakṛt of the Angirasa branch;2 the father of Āyurveda which he compiled in eight parts and imparted them to his pupils;3 one of the seven sages.4

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 103, 107.
  • 2) Ib. 59. 101.
  • 3) Ib. 92. 22.
  • 4) Ib. 100. 12; 103. 63.

1e) A sage presiding over the month of Tapasya;1 in the sun's chariot in the month of Kārttika.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 11. 40. Vāyu-purāṇa 52. 12.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 10. 12.

1f) A northern kingdom; a tribe.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 50; Matsya-purāṇa 114. 43.

1g) A son of Amitrajit and father of Dharmi.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 286.

1h) The Veda-Vyāsa of the 12th dvāpara.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 3. 14.

2a) Bhāradvāja (भारद्वाज).—With the sun in the Śarat season.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 23. 12; 35. 64.

2b) A son of Bṛhaspati;1 a branch of Angirasa;2 a sage by Garbha;3 a Mantrakṛt; a Mantra Brāhmāṇa kāraka.4

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 1 and 2, 55; 64. 26.
  • 2) Ib. 65. 97 and 106.
  • 3) Ib. 59. 92.
  • 4) Ib. 59. 98, 131.

2c) Performed śrāddha at Kaśyapapada and found two hands black and white protruding, and feeling a doubt asked his mother who said the black hand was his father; but the white hand contested that he was the Procreator; the black said, that he was the owner of kṣetra; Bhāradvāja found her of bad character.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 111. 58-63.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Bharadvāja (भरद्वाज) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.63.89, I.63, I.61.63) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Bharadvāja) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Bharadvāja (भरद्वाज) is the name of one of the seven sages (saptarṣi) in the Vaivasvatamanvantara: one of the fourteen Manvantaras, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, “The present, the seventh manvantara is Vaivasvata [viz., vaivasvatamanvantara]. In this manvantara, Purandara is the Indra who is the Subduer of the pride of the Asuras; The gods are the Ādityas, the Rudras, the Vasus and the Maruts. The seven seers are Vasiṣṭha, Kaśyapa, Atri, Jamadagni, Gautama, Viśvāmitra and Bharadvāja.”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

[«previous next»] — Bharadvaja in Vyakarana glossary
Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

1) Bhāradvāja (भारद्वाज).—An ancient grammarian quoted by Panini in his rules to show differences of opinion; cf. ऋतो भारद्वाजस्य (ṛto bhāradvājasya) VII. 2.63;

2) Bhāradvāja.—Name of a country in the days of Panini cf. कृकणपर्णाद्भारद्वाजे (kṛkaṇaparṇādbhāradvāje) P. IV. 2.145,

Vyakarana book cover
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Bharadvāja (भरद्वाज) is the name of a sage who was in the company of Bharata when he recited the Nāṭyaveda them, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 35. Accordingly, they asked the following questions, “O the best Brahmin (lit. the bull of the twice-born), tell us about the character of the god who appears in the Preliminaries (pūrvaraṅga). Why is the sound [of musical instruments] applied there? What purpose does it serve when applied? What god is pleased with this, and what does he do on being pleased? Why does the Director being himself clean, perform ablution again on the stage? How, O sir, the drama has come (lit. dropped) down to the earth from heaven? Why have your descendants come to be known as Śūdras?”.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Wisdom Library: Pancaratra (Samhita list)

1) Bharadvāja (भरद्वाज) is the name of an ancient Pāñcarātra Saṃhitā mentioned in the Kapiñjalasaṃhitā: a Pāñcarātra work consisting of 1550 verses dealing with a variety of topics such as worship in a temple, choosing an Ācārya, architecture, town-planning and iconography.—For the list of works, see chapter 1, verses 14b-27. The list [including Bharadvāja-saṃhitā] was said to have comprised “108” titles, these, different saṃhitās named after different manifestations of the Lord or different teachers. They are all said to be authoritative as the ultimate promulgator of all these is the same Nārāyaṇa.

2) Bhāradvāja (भारद्वाज) is the name of an ancient Pāñcarātra Saṃhitā mentioned in the Padmasaṃhitā: the most widely followed of Saṃhitā covering the entire range of concerns of Pāñcarātra doctrine and practice (i.e., the four-fold formulation of subject matter—jñāna, yoga, kriyā and caryā) consisting of roughly 9000 verses.—[Cf. Jñānapāda chapter 1, verses 99-114]—First is explained the folly of following more than one Saṃhitā for a single series of rituals. Then the names of the 108 Tantras of the Pāñcarātra corpus are named [e.g., Bhāradvāja]. Even those who repeat these 108 titles will gain salvation.

3) Bhāradvāja (भारद्वाज) or Bhāradvājasaṃhitā is classified as a Sāttvika (=Munivākya) type of Pāñcarātra text, according to the Pārameśvarasaṃhitā: an important Pāñcarātra text of 8700 verses followed closely by the Ranganathaswamy temple at Srirangam—dealing with priestly concerns such as their daily routines, occasional liturgies and expiatory services.—[Cf. chapter 10 verses 374-386a].

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (pancaratra)

Bhāradvāja (भारद्वाज) or Bhāradvājasaṃhitā is the name of a Vaiṣṇava Āgama scripture, classified as a sāttvika type of the Muniprokta group of Pāñcarātra Āgamas. The vaiṣṇavāgamas represent one of the three classes of āgamas (traditionally communicated wisdom).—Texts of the Pāñcara Āgamas are divided in to two sects. It is believed that Lord Vāsudeva revealed the first group of texts which are called Divya and the next group is called Muniprokta which are further divided in to three viz. a. Sāttvika (e.g., Bhāradvāja-saṃhitā). b. Rājasa. c. Tāmasa.

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa (p)

Bharadvāja (भरद्वाज) refers to one of the five preceptors mentioned in the Īśvarasaṃhitā of the Pāñcarātra division of the Vaiṣṇava Āgamas.—The Īśvarasaṃhitā is said to be a derivative of the Sāttvatasaṃhitā which is the very essence of the Bhāgavata Purāṇa. [...] The Īśvarasaṃhitā (I.21) states that Śāṇḍilya, Aupagāyana, Mauṃjāyana, Kauśika and Bharadvāja were the important preceptors who preached the Pāñcaratra doctrine to the people individually for five days and nights.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Prācyā: Animals and animal products as reflected in Smṛti texts

Bhāradvāja (भारद्वाज) refers to the bird “Skylark” (Alauda gulgula).—Birds have been described in several ancient Sanskrit texts that they have been treated elaborately by eminent scholars. These birds [viz., Bhāradvāja] are enumerated in almost several Smṛtis in context of specifying the expiations for killing them and their flesh being used as a dietary article to give satisfaction to the manes (Pitṛs) in Śrāddha rites. These are elaborated especially in the Manusmṛti, Parāśarasmṛti [chapter VI], Gautamasmṛti [chapter 23], Śātātapasmṛti [II.54-56], Uśānasmṛti [IX.10-IX.12], Yājñavalkyasmṛti [I.172-I.175], Viṣṇusmṛti [51.28-51.29], Uttarāṅgirasasmṛti [X.16].

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Bharadvaja in Ayurveda glossary

Rasashastra (Alchemy and Herbo-Mineral preparations)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Bhāradvāja (भारद्वाज) or Bhāradvājarasa is the name of a Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fifth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 13, Pandu: anaemia and Kamala: jaundice). These remedies are classified as Iatrochemistry and form part of the ancient Indian science known as Rasaśāstra (medical alchemy). However, since it is an ayurveda treatment it should be taken with caution and in accordance with rules laid down in the texts.

Accordingly, when using such recipes (e.g., bhāradvāja-rasa): “the minerals (uparasa), poisons (viṣa), and other drugs (except herbs), referred to as ingredients of medicines, are to be duly purified and incinerated, as the case may be, in accordance with the processes laid out in the texts.” (see introduction to Iatro chemical medicines)

Veterinary Medicine (The study and treatment of Animals)

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

Bharadvāja (भरद्वाज) refers to the Greater Coucal (Centropus Sinensis), according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Bharadvaja in Yoga glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (yoga)

Bharadvāja (भरद्वाज) refers to one of the seven Sages, according to the 17th-century Haṭhayogasaṃhitā: a compilation on Haṭhayoga that borrows extensively from the Haṭhapradīpikā. The opening verses (1.2–3) acknowledge the seven sages, namely Mārkaṇḍeya, Bharadvāja, Marīci, Jaimini, Parāśara, Bhṛgu and Viśvāmitra, for spreading Haṭhayoga in the world. [...] The Haṭhayogasaṃhitā appears to have been the basis of the Gheraṇḍasaṃhitā (eighteenth century), [...]

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Bharadvaja in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Bhāradvāja (भारद्वाज) is the father of Bhairavīśa: one of the Nine Nāthas according to the Kulakaulinīmata.—The Nine Nāthas propagated the Western Transmission noted in the Kubjikā Tantras. Although each Siddha has a consort with which he shares some part of his spiritual discipline, she is not considered to be his wife. Thus, from the perspective of his identity as an initiate, he is not a householder.—According to the Kubjikānityāhnikatilaka, Trivikrama is the name at birth (i.e., the original names of the Siddhas) of Bhairavīśa. Alternatively, according to the Kulakaulinīmata, his birth-name is Śrīdhara and his father is Bhāradvāja.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Bharadvaja in Hinduism glossary
Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Bhageeratha is a King of the Solar dynasty, the son of Dilipa, and an ancestor of Rama. He is the father of Kakutstha.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Bharadvāja was one of the greatest Hindu sages (Maharṣis) descendant of Sage (Ṛṣi) Aṅgirasā, whose accomplishments are detailed in the Purāṇas. He is one of the Saptaṛṣis (Seven Great Sages or Rishis) in the present Manvantara; with others being Atri, Vasiṣṭha, Visvamitra, Gautama, Jamdagni, Kaśyapa.

Sage Bharadvāja was a sage of the Vedic times. He attained extraordinary scholarship. He had the great power of meditation. He is also the author of Āyurveda. His Āśrama still exists at the holy Prayag (Allahabad).

Bharadwaja was also the father of Guru Droṇācārya and grandfather of Aśvatthāma from the epic Mahābhārata. Bharadvaja is one of the most exalted gotras of Brahmins in India.

etymology: Bharadwaja also spelled Bhardwaj (Sanskrit: भारद्वाज, IAST: Bharadvāja)

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Bharadvaja in Theravada glossary
Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Bharadvaja. One of the two chief disciples of Kassapa Buddha. J.i.43; Bu.xxv.39; SNA.i.293.

2. Bharadvaja Thera. He belonged to the Bharadvajagotta and was a brahmin of Rajagaha. He sent his son Kanhadinna to Takkasila, to study under a certain teacher, but, on the way there, the boy met a Thera, entered the Order, and became an arahant. Bharadvaja, too, heard the Buddha preach at Veluvana, became a monk, and attained arahantship. Later, when Kanhadinna visited the Buddha at Rajagaha, he met his father and learnt from him of his attainments.

Thirty one kappas ago, Bharadvaja met the Pacceka Buddha Sumana and gave him a vallikara fruit (Thag.vss.177 8; ThagA.i.302f). He is, perhaps, identical with Vallikaraphaladayaka of the Apadana. Ap.ii.416; but the same Apadana verses are given under Bhalliya (ThagA.i.49).

3. Bharadvaja Thera. He was the eldest of a clan of Bharadvajas living in Rajagaha and his wife was a Dhananjani brahminee. The wife was a devout follower of the Buddha, and constantly sang the praises of the Buddha, of his teachings, and of the Order. Annoyed at this, Bharadvaja went to the Buddha and asked a question. He was so pleased with the answer that he joined the Order and not long after became an arahant (S.i.160f), several of his brothers following his example. (See Bharadvaja 5)

4. Bharadvaja. A young brahmin, pupil of Tarukkha. A discussion between him and Vasettha led to the preaching of the Tevijja Sutta (D.i.235), and also the Vasettha Sutta (SN., p.115ff.; M.ii.197f).

Bharadvaja later became the Buddhas follower (D.i.252; SN., p. 123). The Agganna Sutta was preached to him and to Vasettha when they were undergoing the probationary period prior to their becoming fully ordained monks (D.iii.80).

Buddhaghosa says (DA.iii.860) that they accepted the Buddha as their teacher at the conclusion of the Vasettha Sutta and entered the Order at the end of the Tevijja Sutta. Later, while meditating on the teachings of the Agganna Sutta, they became arahants (DA.iii.872). According to Buddhaghosa, Bharadvaja belonged to a noble family worth forty five crores (DA.iii.860).

5. Bharadvaja. The name of a brahmin clan; about twenty individuals belonging to this clan are mentioned in the Pitakas. In one family, living at Rajagaha, the eldest was married to a Dhananjani brahmince and later became an arahant. (See Bharadvaja 3)

His brothers:

Akkosaka Bharadvaja, Asurindaka Bharadvaja, Bilangika Bharadvaja and Sangarava Bharadvaja, followed him (S.i.160ff.; SA.i.175ff.; MA.ii.808).

Several other Bharadvajas living in Savatthi visited the Buddha there, and joined the Order and became arahants; viz.,

Ahimsaka Bharadvaja,

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Bharadvaja in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Bhāradvāja (भारद्वाज) is the name of a Brahmin from Śrāvastī, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 36.—Accordingly, “the Buddha was begging his food one day in Śrāvastī. There was a Brahmin from the P’o-lo-to-che clan (Bhāradvāja) who lived there. Several times the Buddha went to his him to beg alms. The Brahmin had the following thought: ‘Why does this śramaṇa come repeatedly as if he were a creditor (ṛṇa)?’”

Note: here the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra is apparently combining two sūtras from the Saṃyukta: 1) the Udayasutta of the Saṃyutta, and 2) the Sundarikasutta of the Saṃyutta.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhist Teachers, Deities and other Spiritual beings

1) Bhāradvāja (भारद्वाज) or Piṇḍolabhāradvāja refers to one of the Sixteen Arhats (known in Tibetan as gnas brtan bcu drug) who were chosen by Buddha Shakyamuni to remain in the world and protect the Dharma until the arrival of the future Buddha Maitreya. They vowed to maintain the Dharma for as long as beings could benefit from it. These legendary Arhats [e.g., Piṇḍola-Bhāradvāja] were revered in countries such as China, Japan, India and Tibet—a tradition which continues up until this day, for example in Zen Buddhism and Tibetan art.

2) Bharadvāja (भरद्वाज) is the name of a Śrāvaka mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Bharadvāja).

3) Bharadvāja (भरद्वाज) is also the name of a Garuḍa mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geography

Source: Wisdom Library: Teachers, Saints and Sages

Bharadvaja is another name for Parathuvasar refers to one of the Siddhars (Siddhas) and Rishis mentioned by Rangarasa Desiga Swamigal in his Siddhargal Potri Thoguppu. Each name in the list starts with prefix ‘Om’ followed by the Siddhar’s names and ends with refrain ‘Thiruvadigal Potri’. For example for Bharadvaja: ஓம் பரத்துவாசர் திருவடிகள் போற்றி [ōm parattuvācar tiruvaṭikaḷ pōṟṟi].—These Siddhas experienced union with the ultimate reality and witnessed a spiritual transformation of their intellectual, mental, vital and ultimately, physical bodies.

Source: What is India: Epigraphia Indica volume XXIX (1951-1952)

Bhāradvāja (भारद्वाज) is the name of a hero and an early ancestor of the Śulkī royal family possibly identified with the Eastern Chālukya dynasty according to Chakravarti.—Accordingly, the Maser inscription of a Śulkī chief states that “a certain hero, adorned by the granthi-trika, Bhāradvāja by name, emanating from a drop of water that fell out of the hand of Dhātā (Brahmā) adorned the Śulkīvaṃśa and was a veritable death to hostile kings. In the family of Śulka of the lunar race there arose king Narasiṃha. He was the lord of Viḍa-dvādaśa and had his permanent abode at his Kulagrāma, called Golahaṭṭī-Chāṇakī in the vicinity of Elāpura. ”

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bharadvaja in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bharadvāja (भरद्वाज).—m (S) A bird, otherwise called sōna- kāvaḷā & kukkaṭakumbhā q. v.

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bhāradvāja (भारद्वाज).—m (S) The bird described under kukkuḍa- kumbhā. 2 A tribe, or an individual of it, of Brahmans about Ratnagiri.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bhāradvāja (भारद्वाज).—m A lark.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bharadvaja in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bharadvāja (भरद्वाज).—

1) Name of one of the seven sages; भरे सुतान् भरे शिष्यान् भरे देवान् भरे द्विजान् । भरे भार्यां भरद्वाजां भरद्वाजेऽस्मि शोभने (bhare sutān bhare śiṣyān bhare devān bhare dvijān | bhare bhāryāṃ bharadvājāṃ bharadvāje'smi śobhane) || Mb.

2) A sky-lark.

Derivable forms: bharadvājaḥ (भरद्वाजः).

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Bhāradvāja (भारद्वाज).—[bharadvājasyāpatyam aṇ]

1) Name of Droṇa, the military preceptor of the Kauravas and Pāṇḍavas; यदाश्रौषं व्यूहमभेद्यमन्यैर्भारद्वाजेनात्तशस्त्रेण गुप्तम् (yadāśrauṣaṃ vyūhamabhedyamanyairbhāradvājenāttaśastreṇa guptam) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 1.1.19.

2) Of Agastya.

3) The planet Mars.

4) One of the seven Ṛiṣis.

5) A sky-lark.

6) Name of the author on the science of Government mentioned by Kauṭilya; Kau. A.1.15.

-jam A bone.

-jī The wild cotton shrub.

-jāḥ One of the अर्थशास्त्र (arthaśāstra) schools mentioned by Kauṭilya in connection with राजपुत्ररक्षण (rājaputrarakṣaṇa); Kau. A.1.17.

Derivable forms: bhāradvājaḥ (भारद्वाजः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Bharadvāja (भरद्वाज).—(compare Bhāra°, the only form recorded for Pali in Malalasekara (Dictionary of Pali Proper Names)), (1) name of a disciple of Śākyamuni (in lists of names; not clear which of the several Pali disciples named Bhāra° is meant): Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 2.6; Sukhāvatīvyūha 92.8, see also Piṇḍola Bhara°; (2) gotra-name of the Buddha Candra- sūryapradīpa: Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 18.5; (3) name of a yakṣa: Mahā-Māyūrī 236.26; (4) name of a monk, former incarnation of Śākyamuni: Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya i.211.3 ff.

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Bhāradvāja (भारद्वाज).—(= Pali id.; see also Bhara°), (1) name of one of the two leading disciples of the Buddha Kāśyapa (= Pali id. 1 in Malalasekara (Dictionary of Pali Proper Names)): Mahāvastu i.307.4, 17; (2) name of a brah- man convert to Buddhism, associated with Vasiṣṭha 1 (= id. 4 in Malalasekara (Dictionary of Pali Proper Names)): Karmavibhaṅga (and Karmavibhaṅgopadeśa) 157.6. See also Piṇḍola Bhara°.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bharadvāja (भरद्वाज).—m. (jaḥ) 1. A sky lark. 2. The name of a Muni. 3. The son of Vrihaspati. E. bharat upholding and vāja a wing: also bhāradvāja .

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Bhāradvāja (भारद्वाज).—m.

(-jaḥ) 1. A name of Dro4Na, the military preceptor of the Kurus and Pandus. 2. One of the seven Rishis. 3. A name of the Muni Agastya. 4. The son of Vrihaspati. 5. A sky-lark. n.

(-jaṃ) A bone. f. (-jī) Wild-cotton. E. bharadvāja a lark, and aṇ pleonastic or derivative aff.; in the latter case it refers to a legend of the Rishi Bharadwaja having been nursed by a lark, in consequence of being abandoned at his birth by his natural parents.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bharadvāja (भरद्वाज).—i. e. bharant, ptcple. pres. of bhṛ, -vāja, m. The name of a Muni, [Johnson's Selections from the Mahābhārata.] 1, 1.

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Bhāradvāja (भारद्वाज).—i. e. bharadvāja + a, I. patronym., m. 1. Epithet of Droṇa. 2. One of the seven Ṛṣis. 3. Agastya. 4. The son of Vṛhaspati. Ii. m. A skylark, [Pañcatantra] 157, Wild cotton. Iv. n. A bone.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bharadvāja (भरद्वाज).—[masculine] field-lark, [Name] of a Ṛṣi.

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Bhāradvāja (भारद्वाज).—[feminine] ī belonging to or descended from Bharadvāja; [masculine] [plural] [Name] of a people or = seq.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Bharadvāja (भरद्वाज) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—See Bhāradvāja.

2) Bharadvāja (भरद्वाज):—Kāleyakutūhalaprahasana. Report. Viii.

3) Bharadvāja (भरद्वाज):—Vāstutattva.

4) Bharadvāja (भरद्वाज):—Vedapādastotra.

5) Bhāradvāja (भारद्वाज):—Compare Bharadvāja.

6) Bhāradvāja (भारद्वाज):—Quoted in Kātyāyanaśrautasūtra 1, 6, 21, in Taittirīyaprātiśākhya 17, 3, by Pāṇini 7, 2, 63.

7) Bhāradvāja (भारद्वाज):—astronomer. Quoted by Varāhamihira in Bṛhatsaṃhitā. W. p. 249.

8) Bhāradvāja (भारद्वाज):—1. Śrautasūtra. B. 1, 186. Haug. 26. Oppert. 6522. 8136. Ii, 1878. 1916. 1936. Rice. 210. W. 1448.
—[commentary] by Gopālabhaṭṭa. Oppert. Ii, 1917. Paribhāṣāsūtra L. 1368. K. 10. Pariśeṣasūtra. B. 1, 186. Haug. 26. Pavitreṣṭisūtra. Np. Vii, 8. Pavitreṣṭihautra. Np. Ix, 4. Paitṛmedhikasūtra. Burnell. 20^b (and—[commentary]). 2. Gṛhyasūtra. L. 1395 ([fragmentary]). Peters. 3, 362. Bühler 553.
—[commentary] by Kapardisvāmin. Bühler 553.
—[commentary] Gṛhyaprayogavṛtti by Bhaṭṭa Raṅga. Brl. 32.
—[commentary] Bhāradvājīyabhāṣyakṛt. Quoted by Bhāskaramiśra Bp. 28.

9) Bhāradvāja (भारद्वाज):—Upalekhapañjikā. W. p. 8. B. 1, 198.

10) Bhāradvāja (भारद्वाज):—Śrautasūtra. Peters. 4, 3. Rgb. 79 (9 Praśna and a part of the tenth).

11) Bhāradvāja (भारद्वाज):—Vṛttasāra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bharadvāja (भरद्वाज):—[=bharad-vāja] [from bharad > bhara] m. (bharad-) ‘bearing speed or strength (of flight)’, a skylark, [Rāmāyaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a Ṛṣi (with the [patronymic] Bārhaspatya, supposed author of [Ṛg-veda vi, 1-30; 37-43; 53-74; ix, 67. 1-3; x, 137, 1], and Purohita of Diva-dāsa, with whom he is perhaps identical; Bh° is also considered as one of the 7 sages and the author of a law-book), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. (jasya a-dāra-sṛt and a-dāra-sṛtau, arkau, upahavau, gādham, nakāni, priśninī, prāsāham, bṛhat, maukṣe, yajñāyajñīyam, lomanī, vāja-karmīyam, vāja-bhṛt, viṣamāṇi, vratam, sundhyuḥ and saindhukṣitāni Name of Sāmans, [Ārṣeya-brāhmaṇa])

3) [v.s. ...] of an Arhat, [Buddhist literature]

4) [v.s. ...] of a district, [Pāṇini 4-2, 145]

5) [v.s. ...] of an Agni, [Mahābhārata]

6) [v.s. ...] of various authors, [Catalogue(s)]

7) [v.s. ...] [plural] the race or family of Bharad-vāja, [Ṛg-veda]

8) Bhāradvāja (भारद्वाज):—mf(ī)n. coming from or relating to Bharad-vāja, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc.

9) m. [patronymic] [from] bharad-vāja [gana] bidādi

10) Name of various men ([especially] of supposed authors of hymns, viz. of Ṛjiśvan, Garga, Nara, Pāyu, Vasu, Śāsa, Śirimbiṭha, Śuṇahotra, Sapratha, Su-hotra q.v.; but also of others e.g. of Droṇa, of Agastya, of Śaunya, of Sukeśan, of Satya-vāha, of Śūṣa Vāhneya, of one of the 7 Ṛṣis, of a son of Bṛhas-pati etc., and of many writers and teachers [plural] of a Vedic school), [Ṛgveda-anukramaṇikā; Mahābhārata; Catalogue(s); Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 146, 161 etc.]

11) the planet Mars, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) a skylark, [Pañcatantra]

13) [plural] Name of a people, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

14) n. a bone, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) Name of various Sāmans, [Ārṣeya-brāhmaṇa]

16) of a place, [Pāṇini 4-2, 145] ([varia lectio] for bhar).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bharadvāja (भरद्वाज):—[bhara-dvāja] (jaḥ) 1. m. A skylark; a sage; son of Vrihashapati.

2) Bhāradvāja (भारद्वाज):—(jaḥ) 1. m. A name of Drona, Agastya or Vrihashpati; a lark. f. Wild cotton. n. A bone.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Bhāradvāja (भारद्वाज) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Bhāradāye, Bhāraddāya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Bharadvaja in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bharadvaja in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Bharadvāja (ಭರದ್ವಾಜ):—

1) [noun] = ಭರತಪಕ್ಷಿ [bharatapakshi]–1.

2) [noun] name of a celebrated sage whose clan is known as ಭಾರದ್ವಾಜ [bharadvaja].

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Bhāradvāja (ಭಾರದ್ವಾಜ):—

1) [noun] that which is relating to, ascribed to, the sage Bhāradvāja.

2) [noun] a descendent in the family of this sage.

3) [noun] Drōṇa, the famous teacher of martial arts, in Mahābhārata, one of the two great epics of India.

4) [noun] another great mythological sage, considered as one of the seven celebrated sages.

5) [noun] the lark Mirafra cantillans of Alaudidae family, smaller in size than house sparrow, with light bown body, light brown wings with dark brown spots, dull white breast, white brow, short, somewhat forked tail, brown legs and bill, that nests on the ground; singing bush-lark.

6) [noun] the planet Mars.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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