Angira, aka: Aṅgira, Aṅgirā; 3 Definition(s)

Introduction

Angira means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Angira in Purana glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

1a) Aṅgira (अङ्गिर).—A mānasa son of Brahmā, born of his mouth.1 Married Śraddhā, (Pitrī, Viṣṇu-purāṇa) a daughter of Kardama.2 Father of four daughters. His two sons were Utathya and Bṛhaspati.3 Had not yet realised the Supreme Being.4 With his pupils visited Bhīṣma lying on his bed of arrows.5 Came to see Parīkṣit practising prāyopaveśa.6 Married two of the daughters of Dakṣa. These were Svadhā and Satī. His sons were Pitṛ and AtharvĀṅgiras. A Prajāpati.7 Once called on Citraketu, the king of Śūrasenas, who was childless and blessed his first queen with a son. The jealous co-wives of the king administered poison to the baby and it died. Finding the king and queen weeping bitterly, Aṅgiras accompanied by Nārada came to the palace. These two sages appeared there in avadhūta form. Aṅgiras consoled the king and cited the story of King Bhoja.8 Went back to brahmaloka with Nārada.9 Was appointed by King Rathikara to produce sons on his wife.10 The sage presiding over the month of nabha.11 Was present at the anointing of Vāmana.12 Came to see Kṛṣṇa at Syamantapañcaka.13 Went to Dvārakā to ask Kṛṣṇa to go back to Vaikuṇṭha.14 Had another son named Samvarta (s.v.).15 Cursed Vidyādhara Sudarśana (s.v.) to become a reptile for mocking at him.16 Performed a sacrifice when Śarayāti explained on the rituals of the second day.17 Stood near the wheel of the chariot Tripurāri in defence; served Prayāga and lived in Benares; a mahaṛṣi and mantrakṛt.18

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 12. 22, 24; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 32. 96; Matsya-purāṇa 3. 6; 5. 14; 15. 16.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 24. 22; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 7. 5, 7; 15. 136.
  • 3) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 1. 34-5; Matsya-purāṇa 102. 19; 106. 17.
  • 4) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 29. 43.
  • 5) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 9. 8.
  • 6) Ib. I. 19. 9.
  • 7) Ib. VI. 6. 2, 19; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 37. 45; Matsya-purāṇa 167. 43; 171. 27; Vāyu-purāṇa 1. 137; 3. 3; 25. 82; 30. 48; 65. 97-101.
  • 8) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 14. 14-30, 37-61; 15. 10; 12, 17-26 [1-4].
  • 9) Ib. VI. 16. 26.
  • 10) Ib. IX. 6. 2.
  • 11) Ib. XII. 11. 37; Matsya-purāṇa 126. 10.
  • 12) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 23. 20.
  • 13) Ib. X. 84. 5.
  • 14) Ib. XI. 6. 2.
  • 15) Ib. IX. 2. 26.
  • 16) Ib. X. 34. 13-15.
  • 17) Ib. IX. 3. 1.
  • 18) Matsya-purāṇa 133. 20, 61, 67; 145. 90, 101; 146. 17; 184. 15; 192. 10; Vāyu-purāṇa 59. 98.

1b) A son of Ulmuka.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 13. 17.

1c) Author of aṅgiras kalpa; a master of atharva saṃhitā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 7. 4.

1d) One of the sages who left for Piṇḍāraka.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XI. 1. 12.

1e) Born in vāruṇi yajña by an oblation in the aṅgāra (fuel) from it, and hence the name. Agni therefore claimed him to be his son, and so Aṅgirasas became Āgneyas. Bhāradvājas and Gautamas belong to this line; performed penance at Amarakaṇṭaka, praised Soma and spoke on the śrāddha kalpa to his son Śaṃyu at Dāruvana.1 Married Surūpā, daughter of Marīci and had ten sons.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 9. 18, 23; III. 1. 21, 39-40, 101; 13. 5; 20. 19; IV. 2. 33 and 47; Vāyu-purāṇa 64. 2; 73, 63; 75. 56; 77. 5; 88. 7; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 27. 103.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 105-8; Matsya-purāṇa 195. 9; 196. 1; 245. 86.

1f) A son of Kaśyapa; married Smṛti and had two sons and four daughters;1 flourished in Svāyambhuva antara; a Devaṛṣi.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 11. 17; 9. 55; Vāyu-purāṇa 28. 14.
  • 2) Ib. 31. 16; 30. 86; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 11. 17; 13. 53.

1g) With the sun for the months Nabhonabha (Nabha, Viṣṇu-purāṇa).*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 23. 9; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 10. 9.

1h) The name of Vyāsa in the fourth dvāpara; avatār of the lord Suhotri.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 126.

1i) One of the Ātreyas of the Raivata antara.1 Sprung out of charcoal in which Brahmā offered a second oblation: adopted by Agni as his son and hence Aṅgiras called Āgneyas.2 See aṅgiras. V.

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 62.
  • 2) Ib. III. 1. 40-42.

1j) A son of Ṛṣabha, the ninth avatār of Maheśvara.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 144.

1k) A son of Atharva:1 known as Atharvan.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 29. 9.
  • 2) Ib. 65. 97; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 5. 70.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Aṅgirā (अङ्गिरा) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.10, I.65, I.60.4) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Aṅgirā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aṅgira (अङ्गिर).—m. [aṅgati-aṅg gatau asi iruṭ; Uṇ 4. 235; according to Ait. Br. aṅgiras is from aṅgāra; ye aṅgārā āsaṃste'ṅgiraso'bhavan; so Nir.; aṅgāreṣu yo babhūva so'ṅgirāḥ] Name of a celebrated sage to whom many hymns of the Rigveda (ix) are ascribed. Etymologically Aṅgira is connected with the word Agni and is often regarded as its synonym (śivo bhava prajābhyo mānuṣībhyastva- maṅgiraḥ; aṅgirobhiḥ ṛṣibhiḥ saṃpāditatvāt aṅgasauṣṭhavādvā aṅgirā agnirūpaḥ) According to Bhārata he was son of Agni. When Agni began to practise penance, Aṅgiras himself became Agni and surpassed him in power and lustre, seeing which Agni came to the sage and said:- निक्षिपाम्यहमग्नित्वं त्वमग्निः प्रथमो भव । भविष्यामि द्वितीयोऽहं प्राजा- पत्यक एव च (nikṣipāmyahamagnitvaṃ tvamagniḥ prathamo bhava | bhaviṣyāmi dvitīyo'haṃ prājā- patyaka eva ca) || Aṅgiras said :कुरु पुण्यं प्रजासर्गं भवाग्निस्तिमि- रापहः । मां च देव कुरुष्वाग्ने प्रथमं पुत्रमञ्जसा ॥ तत्श्रुत्वाङ्गिरसो वाक्यं जातवेदास्तथाऽकरोत् (kuru puṇyaṃ prajāsargaṃ bhavāgnistimi- rāpahaḥ | māṃ ca deva kuruṣvāgne prathamaṃ putramañjasā || tatśrutvāṅgiraso vākyaṃ jātavedāstathā'karot). He was one of the 1 mind-born sons of Brahmā. His wife was Śraddhā, daughter of Kardama and bore him three sons, Bṛhaspati, Utathya and Saṃvarta, and 4 daughters Kuhū, Sinīvālī, Rākā and Anumati. The Matsya Purāṇa says that Aṅgiras was one of the three sages produced from the sacrifice of Varuṇa and that he was adopted by Agni as his son and acted for some time as his regent. Another account, however, makes him father of Agni. He was one of the seven great sages and also one of the 1 Prajāpatis or progenitors of mankind. In latter times Aṅgiras was one of the inspired lawgivers, and also a writer on Astronomy. As an astronomical personification he is Bṛhaspati, regent of Jupiter or Jupiter itself. शिष्यैरुपेता आजग्मु (śiṣyairupetā ājagmu): कश्यपाङ्गिरसादयः (kaśyapāṅgirasādayaḥ) (Bhāg. 1.9.8.) He is also regarded as the priest of the gods and the lord of sacrifices. Besides Śraddhā his wives were Smṛti, two daughters of Maitreya, some daughters of Dakṣa, Svadhā and Satī. He is also regarded as teacher of Brahmavidyā. The Vedic hymns are also said to be his daughters. According to the Bhāgavata Purāṇa, Aṅgiras begot sons possessing Brahmanical glory on the wife of Rāthītara, a Kṣatriya who was childless and these persons were afterwards called descendants of Aṅgiras. The principal authors of vedic hymns in the family of Aṅgiras were 33. His family has three distinct branches केवलाङ्गिरस, गौतमाङ्गिरस (kevalāṅgirasa, gautamāṅgirasa) and भारद्वाजाङ्गिरस (bhāradvājāṅgirasa) each branch having a number of subdivisions. (pl.)

1) Descendants of Aṅgiras, [Aṅgiras being father of Agni they are considered as descendants of Agni himself who is called the first of the Aṅgirasas. Like Aṅgiras they occur in hymns addressed to luminous objects, and at a later period they became for the most part personifications of light, of luminous bodies, of divisions of time, celestial phenomena and fires adapted to peculiar occasions, as the full moon and change of the moon, or to particular rites, as the अश्वमेध, राजसूय (aśvamedha, rājasūya) &c.]

2) Hymns of the Atharvaveda.

3) Priests, who, by using magical formulas of the Atharvaveda, protect the sacrifice against the effects of inauspicious accidents.

Derivable forms: aṅgiraḥ (अङ्गिरः).

See also (synonyms): aṅgiras.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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