Kshaya, Kṣaya: 34 definitions

Introduction:

Kshaya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kṣaya can be transliterated into English as Ksaya or Kshaya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Kshay.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Kṣaya (क्षय) is a Sanskrit technical term denoting a “residence” in general, according to the lists of synonyms given in the Mayamata XIX.10-12, the Mānasāra XIX.108-12 and the Samarāṅgaṇa-sūtradhāra XVIII.8-9, all populair treatises on Vāstuśāstra literature.

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (architecture)

Kṣaya (क्षय) refers to a “loss” (of wealth), according to the Devyāmata (chapter 105).—Accordingly, [while describing the consequences of a doorway]—“[...] There is loss of wealth (dhana-kṣaya) at Śoṣa and disease at Pāpayakṣman. Eight deities have been listed, in the house facing west. Those facing north are listed next, in sequence, from the northwest on. At Roga is bondage. At Nāga (Vāsuki) is an enemy.  [...]

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Kṣaya (क्षय) is a Sanskrit technical term, used in warfare, referring to the “fall” (of the king). The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (See the Nītiprakāśikā 8.86)

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Kṣaya (क्षय).—A son of Bṛhadkṣaya.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 281.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Kṣaya (क्षय) refers to “consumption”, and is mentioned in verse 2.12 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Kṣaya (“consumption”) has been reproduced by gcon-can, lit. “consumptive”, which makes no sense in this connection. The suffix can is likely to be corrupt for daṅ.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Vaidyavallabha: An Authoritative Work on Ayurveda Therapeutics

Kṣaya (क्षय) is mentioned as a disease that can be treated with metallic drugs including ingredients such as Tāmrabhasma (calcified copper), as mentioned in the 17th-century Vaidyavallabha (chapter 3) written by Hastiruci.—The Vaidyavallabha is a work which deals with the treatment and useful for all 8 branches of Ayurveda. The text Vaidyavallabha (mentioning kṣaya) has been designed based on the need of the period of the author, availability of drugs during that time, disease manifesting in that era, socio-economical-cultural-familial-spiritual-aspects of that period Vaidyavallabha.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Kṣaya (क्षय) refers to “tuberculosis” and is one of the various diseases mentioned in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning kṣaya] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Kṣaya (क्षय):—Loss; a state of loss of any body constituent resulting in a negative balance. |

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

1) Kṣaya (क्षय) refers to the “waning” (of the moon), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 4), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the disc of the moon that regularly waxes and wanes [i.e., kṣayatithiniyamāt kṣayam eti varddhate vā] should appear white resembling the colour of the Kumuda flower or that of the stem of the lotus or if the moon’s course or disc or rays should suffer no irregular change there will be prosperity in the land. During the waxing moon, the Brāhmins, the Kṣatriyas and mankind at large will prosper; and during the waning moon, they will suffer miseries. The increase of prosperity will commence after the new-moon and of adversity after the full moon”.

2) Kṣaya (क्षय) refers to the sixtieth of the sixty-year cycle of Jupiter, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 8).—Accordingly, “In the twelvth yuga sacred to god Bhāga (Sun), the first year is known as Dundubhi; the crops will thrive well. [...] The last year of the last yuga is Kṣaya; there will then be much rain in the land; the Brāhmins will be afflicted with fear and farmers will prosper. The Vaiśyas and Śūdras will be happy as also persons that deprive others of their property. Thus have been described briefly the effects of the sixty years of Jupiter’s cycle”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

1) Kṣaya (क्षय) refers to “destruction (of both past and future demerit)”, according to the Svacchandatantra verse 4.141-145.—Accordingly, “[...] The other form [of bubhukṣu initiation] is the lokadharmiṇī, which destroys (kṣaya-kāriṇī) both past and future demerit. That lokadharmiṇī-dīkṣā is known to exclude the obligation to propitiate mantras [by means of purvasevā etc.]. However, when the current body breaks, [the candidate] experiences [the series of eight supernatural natural powers] starting with becoming very small. Having experienced [these] enjoyments he moves upwards to whichever [cosmic level] the Guru has joined him [by yojanikā]. Whether this is at the sakala or niṣkala level [of Śiva] depends on [the preference of] the candidate and Guru”.

2) Kṣaya (क्षय) refers to “deterioration” (of the semen), according to the 13th-century Matsyendrasaṃhitā: a Kubjikā-Tripurā oriented Tantric Yoga text of the Ṣaḍanvayaśāmbhava tradition from South India.—Accordingly, “[The intercourse (saṃga)]:—[...] He should dry brahmamaṇḍūkī together with its roots in the shade. He should mix it with grape-juice, candied sugar and ghee. He should have it three times [a day] for three months in portions measuring a dice as food and drink and he should drink milk. His semen will not deteriorate (kṣaya) in millions of years if he practises sex [with Māyā]. His [semen] will never ever wane. It is for the rejuvenation of the body, O Priyā. [...]”.

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Kṣaya (क्षय) refers to “wasting away” and represents one of the worldly ailments, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—The Netratantra’s Second Chapter begins with the goddess Pārvatī’s request that Śiva reveal to her the remedy for the ailments that afflict divine and worldly beings. Among these maladies she lists [e.g, wasting away (kṣaya)], [...]. Śiva responds that no one has ever before asked such a question and therefore he has never before revealed the answer. He emphasizes the importance of the mṛtyuñjaya-mantra and the Netra-tantra’s tripartite approaches of mantra, yoga, and jñāna (knowledge).

Accordingly to verse 10.7cd-17ab [while describing the worship of Bhairavī and Bhairava], it is mentioned that sickness and vice are the root cause of wasting away (kṣaya-hetukṣayahetave).

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: archive.org: Hindu Mathematics

1) Kṣaya (क्षय) or “killing” / “destroying” is another name for Guṇana (“multiplication”) which represents one of the the twenty operations (logistics) of pāṭīgaṇita (“science of calculation which requires the use of writing material—the board”), according to Pṛthudakasvāmī’s commentary on the Brāhmasphuṭasiddhānta by Brahmagupta, a Sanskrit treatise on ancient Indian mathematics (gaṇita-śāstra) and astronomy from the 7th century.—The common Hindu name for multiplication is guṇana. This term appears to be the oldest as it occurs in Vedic literature. The terms hanana, vadha, kṣaya, etc. which mean “killing” or “destroying” have been also used for multiplication. These terms [e.g., kṣaya] came into use after the invention of the new method of multiplication with the decimal place-value numerals; for in the new method the figures of the multiplicand were successively rubbed out (destroyed) and in their places were written the figures of the product. Synonyms of hanana (killing) have been used by Āryabhaṭa I (499), Brahmagupta (628), Śrīdhara (c. 750) and later writers.

2) Kṣaya (क्षय) refers to “diminished” whereas its abbreviation (kṣa) possibly refers to the “operation of subtraction” [i.e., the plus-sign, +], according to the principles of Bījagaṇita (“algebra” or ‘science of calculation’).—There are no special symbols for the fundamental operations in the Bakhshali work. Any particular operation intended is ordinarily indicated by placing the tachygraphic abbreviation, the initial syllable of a Sanskrit word of that import, after, occasionally before, the quantity affected. Thus the operation of addition is indicated by yu (an abbreviation from yuta, meaning added), subtraction by + which is very probably from kṣa (abbreviated from kṣaya, diminished), multiplication by gu (from gum or guṇita, multiplied) and division by bhā (from bhāga or bhājita, divided).

Ganitashastra book cover
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Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: India National Science Academy: Diseases due to deficiencies of Vital Principles in the Body

Kṣaya (क्षय, “deficiency”).—In the medieval period, Vāgbhaṭa has described the following 18 types of kṣaya or deficiency:

  1. Vātakṣaya (general depression),
  2. Pittakṣaya (sensation of cold),
  3. Kaphakṣaya (looseness of the joints),
  4. Rasakṣaya (dryness in the body),
  5. Raktakṣaya (dryness of the skin),
  6. Māṃsakṣaya (pain in joints),
  7. Medakṣaya (spleenomegaly),
  8. Asthikṣaya (pain in bones),
  9. Majjākṣaya (dizziness and darkness),
  10. Śukrakṣaya (pain in testicles),
  11. Puriṣakṣaya (pain in chest),
  12. Mūtrakṣaya (burning micturition),
  13. Svedakṣaya (falling of hair follicles),
  14. Netrakṣaya (mala of the eyes),
  15. Nāsikākṣaya (mala of the nose),
  16. Karṇakṣaya (mala of the ears),
  17. Mukhakṣaya, (mala of the mouth)
  18. and Ojakṣaya (emotional disturbances).

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Kṣaya (क्षय) refers to “(that which is) destructible” (as opposed to Akṣaya—‘indestructible’), according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 39).—Accordingly, “[The knowledge of the retribution of actions (karmavipāka-jñānabala)].—[...] Those are the various retributions of sinful and meritorious actions as well as their functioning (pravṛtti). The Śrāvakas know only that bad action is punished and good action rewarded, but they are unable to analyze the problem with such clarity. The Buddha himself understands fully and completely both action and the retribution of action. The power of his knowledge (jñānaprabhāva) is without obstacle (avyāhata), is indestructible (akṣaya) and invincible (ajeya): this is why it is described as the second ‘power’”.

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Kṣaya (क्षय) (Cf. Akṣaya) refers to “(that which is) perishable”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly as The Lord said: “O Śāriputra, in the buddha-field of the Tathāgata Ekaratnavyūha, there is a Bodhisattva, the great being Gaganagañja who is resplendent by the splendor of merit (puṇya-tejas), [...] who is purified in the realm of five eyes adorned with the [divine] sight (cakṣus), is endowed with the essence of understanding of all meaning with sound as adorned with the [divine] hearing, teaches the imperishable knowledge of the meaning (akṣaya-artha), dharmas, interpretation, and eloquence as adorned with special knowledge (pratisaṃvid), [...]”.

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Kṣaya (क्षय) refers to a “lack (of water)”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, “Now there lived a Brahmin called Viṣṇudatta in Navanagara. [...] In the crop-growing season he experienced a lack of water (udaka-kṣaya-mati). With words of self-conceit, [possessing] approval [to use] mantrapadas he said, ‘I am going to send forth rain showers and summon Nāgas’. He sacrificed the prescribed fire oblation with sesame seed, rice grain and mustard seed anointed with pungent oil. He prepared an image-form of a certain harmful Nāga. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Kṣaya (क्षय) refers to one of the various Grahas and Mahāgrahas mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Kṣaya).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Kṣaya (क्षय) or Kṣayajñāna refers to the “knowledge of destruction” and represents one of the “ten knowledges” (jñāna) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 93). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., kṣaya). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Kṣaya (क्षय) refers to the “destruction (of karma)”, according to chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly,

“[...] Vajranābha instantly became completely acquainted with the ocean of scriptures, just as if the twelve aṅgas visible to the eye had become combined in one living body. Bāhu and the others were learned in eleven aṅgas. For the wealth of merit is varied in accordance with the variation in destruction (kṣaya) and subsidence (upaśama) of karma”.

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Kṣaya (क्षय) refers to the “destruction (of karmas)”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “[com.—Next [the author speaks about how] the living soul (jīvaḥ) becomes pure (śudhyati) from the destruction of karmas (karmakṣayāt)]—A corporeal [soul] becomes pure like gold immediately karma, whose existence is without a beginning and which is completely consumed by the fire of meditation, is destroyed”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kṣaya (क्षय).—m (S) Waste, decline, decay, consumption. Pr. sukhānēṃ puṇyācā kṣaya duḥkhānēṃ pāpācā kṣaya. 2 Destruction, extinction, annihilation, loss, cessation of being or of present good quality. Ex. of comp. pāpakṣaya, puṇyakṣaya, kulakṣaya, dharmakṣaya, rājyakṣaya. 3 Consumption, Phthisis pulmonalis. 4 Decrease of the digits of the sun or moon. 5 A destruction of the universe. 6 In algebra. Negative quantity, minus: opp. to vṛddhi.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kṣaya (क्षय).—m Consumption. Destruction. Minus in algebra.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kṣaya (क्षय).—See under [kṣi].

--- OR ---

Kṣaya (क्षय).—[kṣi-ac]

1) A house, residence, abode; यातनाश्च यमक्षये (yātanāśca yamakṣaye) Manusmṛti 6.61; निर्जगाम पुनस्तस्मात्क्षयान्नारायणस्य ह (nirjagāma punastasmātkṣayānnārāyaṇasya ha) Mb.

2) Loss, decline, waste, wane, decay, diminution; आयुषः क्षयः (āyuṣaḥ kṣayaḥ) R.3.69; धनक्षये वर्धति जाठराग्निः (dhanakṣaye vardhati jāṭharāgniḥ) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 2.186; so चन्द्रक्षयः, क्षयपक्षः (candrakṣayaḥ, kṣayapakṣaḥ) &c.

3) Destruction, end, termination; निशाक्षये याति ह्रियैव पाण्डुताम् (niśākṣaye yāti hriyaiva pāṇḍutām) Ṛtusaṃhāra 1.9; Amaruśataka 6.

4) Pecuniary loss; Manusmṛti 8.41.

5) Fall (as of prices.)

6) Removal.

7) Universal destruction (pralaya).

8) Consumption.

9) A disease in general.

1) The negative sign or quantity, minus (in algebra).

11) Family, race.

12) The house of Yama.

13) A part of the elephant's knee (gajajānubhāgaviśeṣaḥ); Mātaṅga L.5.15.

14) Power (kṣī kṣayaiśvaryayorityaiśvaryārthasya kṣidhāto rūpam -Com. on Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.33.2); उपपद्यति संयोगाद् गुणैः सह गुणक्षयात् (upapadyati saṃyogād guṇaiḥ saha guṇakṣayāt) ibid.

-yam Name of the last year in the sixty years cycle.

Derivable forms: kṣayaḥ (क्षयः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Kṣaya (क्षय).—m. (as in Sanskrit, and Pali khaya), exhaustion, perishing, decay; (special uses, 1) āyuḥ-kṣayāya Mahāvastu i.52.6, āyuḥkṣayāya ca karmakṣayāya ca i.338.17, (beings fall from heaven to earth) in order to ‘exhaust’ (work out, finish) their (destined) life (and the force of their past deeds); so, I agree with Senart, the text seems to mean; but in the Pali form of the same passage Dīghanikāya (Pali) i.17.27 we find ablatives, āyukkhayā vā puññakkhayā vā, because of the exhaustion of their lives (in heaven) or of their merits (entitling them to live there, they fall to earth); (2) kṣaya- jñāna (= Pali khayañāṇa), knowledge of (the fact of) decay, perishability, in °na-lābhikaṃ kuśalamūlam Mahāvyutpatti 1209; a-śuddha-kṣayajñāna-viṣayiṇāṃ Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 17.6—7, that do not belong to the sphere of pure knowledge of perishability(?) [(3) in Gaṇḍavyūha 106.5 and 18 read akṣaya, q.v., for kṣaya, a high number.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣaya (क्षय).—m.

(-yaḥ) 1. Loss, waste, destruction, removal, &c. 2. A destruction of the universe. 3. Consumption, Phthisis pulmonalis. 4. A house, an abode. 5. Sickness in general. 6. Decay, wasting away. 7. In algebra, negative quantity, minus. E. kṣi to waste or destroy, affix ac.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣaya (क्षय).—i. e. 1. and 3. kṣi + a, m. 1. An abode, Mahābhārata 1, 2510. 2. Decrease, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 122. 3. Diminution of price, [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 2, 258. 4. Loss, [Brāhmaṇavilāpa] 2, 20. 5. End, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 105, 14. 6. Destruction, [Hiḍimbavadha] 4, 84. 7. Consumption, phthisis, [Suśruta] 2, 445, 6.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣaya (क्षय).—1. [adjective] dwelling; [masculine] dwelling-place, abode, seat; tribe, people.

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Kṣaya (क्षय).—2. [masculine] decrease, waste, loss, destruction, consumption (also as a sickness); decay, ruin, fall, end; kṣayaṃ gam, i, or come to an end, perish; kṣayaṃ nī bring to an end, destroy.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kṣaya (क्षय):—a See √1. 2. and 4. kṣi.

2) [from kṣi] 1. kṣaya m. ‘dominion’ [Sāyaṇa] (on, [Ṛg-veda vii, 46, 2]).

3) [from kṣi] 2. kṣaya mfn. dwelling, residing, [Ṛg-veda iii, 2, 13; viii, 64, 4]

4) [v.s. ...] m. an abode, dwelling-place, seat, house (cf. uruand su-kṣaya, ratha-, divikṣaya), [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā v, 38; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Pāṇini; Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] the house of Yama (cf. yama-kṣ, vaivasvata-kṣ)

6) [v.s. ...] abode in Yama’s dominion [commentator or commentary] on [Rāmāyaṇa ([edition] [Bombay edition]) ii, 109, 11]

7) [v.s. ...] (= kṣiti) family, race, [Ṛg-veda i, 123, 1.]

8) [from kṣi] 3. kṣaya m. ([Pāṇini 6-1, 201]) loss, waste, wane, diminution, destruction, decay, wasting or wearing away (often ifc.), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

9) [v.s. ...] the accent is on the last syllable in the sense ‘destruction’, accord, to, [Pāṇini iii, 3, 56 ]and vi, 1, 63.

10) [v.s. ...] fall (as of prices, opposed to vṛddhi e.g. kṣayo vṛddhiś ca paṇyānām, ‘the fall and rise in the price of commodities’), [Yājñavalkya ii, 258]

11) [v.s. ...] removal, [Horace H. Wilson]

12) [v.s. ...] end, termination (e.g. nidrā-kṣ, the end of sleep, [Rāmāyaṇa vi, 105, 14]; dina-kṣaye, at the end of day, [Mahābhārata i, 699; Rāmāyaṇa iv, 3, 10]; jīvita-kṣaye, at the end of life, [Daśakumāra-carita]; āyuṣaḥ kṣ idem, [Raghuvaṃśa]; kṣayaṃgam, √, √i, or upa√i, to become less, be diminished, go to destruction, come to an end, perish, [Nalopākhyāna; Rāmāyaṇa; Suśruta; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Daśakumāra-carita; Amaru-śataka; Hitopadeśa]; kṣayaṃ√nī, to destroy, [Rāmāyaṇa v, 36, 51])

13) [v.s. ...] consumption, phthisis pulmonalis, [Suśruta; Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

14) [v.s. ...] sickness in general, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) [v.s. ...] the destruction of the universe, [Pañcatantra]

16) [v.s. ...] (in [algebra]) a negative quantity, minus, [Āryabhaṭa]

17) [v.s. ...] = -māsa, [Jyotiṣa]

18) [v.s. ...] = kṣayāha, [Gaṇitādhyāya]

19) [v.s. ...] Name of a prince, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

20) Kṣayā (क्षया):—[from kṣaya > kṣi] f. Name of a Yoginī, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

21) Kṣaya (क्षय):—[from kṣi] n. Name of the last year in the sixty years' Bṛhaspati cycle, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣaya (क्षय):—(yaḥ) 1. m. Loss, destruction, consumption; a house; minus.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kṣaya (क्षय) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Khaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kshaya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Kṣaya (क्षय) [Also spelled kshay]:—(nm) decay, decadence, loss; waste; tuberculosis; —[roga] tuberculosis; ~[śīla] decadent prone to wane away, dwindling.

context information

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kṣaya (ಕ್ಷಯ):—

1) [noun] a becoming worse in quality, strength, etc.; a gradual decline in power, importance, intensity, etc.; deterioration.

2) [noun] the end of something in space or time; limit, bound, conclusion or finish; termination; destruction.

3) [noun] destruction of the universe.

4) [noun] an infectious disease caused by the tubercle bacillus and characterised by the formation of tubercles in various tissues of the body; tuberculosis; consumption.

5) [noun] a lunar calendar month which has two transitions of the sun from one zodiac to another.

6) [noun] name of the sixtieth year in the Hindu cycle of the sixty years.

7) [noun] the state of (a king) being lower in power, esteem, etc. (to another king).

8) [noun] a place where one normally resides; a house; a residence.

9) [noun] the religious defilement caused by the death of a relative.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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