Kshaya, aka: Kṣaya; 8 Definition(s)


Kshaya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kṣaya can be transliterated into English as Ksaya or Kshaya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Kṣaya (क्षय) is a Sanskrit technical term denoting a “residence” in general, according to the lists of synonyms given in the Mayamata XIX.10-12, the Mānasāra XIX.108-12 and the Samarāṅgaṇa-sūtradhāra XVIII.8-9, all populair treatises on Vāstuśāstra literature.

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Kṣaya (क्षय) is a Sanskrit technical term, used in warfare, referring to the “fall” (of the king). The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (See the Nītiprakāśikā 8.86)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Kshaya in Purana glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Kṣaya (क्षय).—A son of Bṛhadkṣaya.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 281.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Kṣaya (क्षय, “deficiency”).—In the medieval period, Vāgbhaṭa has described the following 18 types of kṣaya or deficiency:

  1. Vātakṣaya (general depression),
  2. Pittakṣaya (sensation of cold),
  3. Kaphakṣaya (looseness of the joints),
  4. Rasakṣaya (dryness in the body),
  5. Raktakṣaya (dryness of the skin),
  6. Māṃsakṣaya (pain in joints),
  7. Medakṣaya (spleenomegaly),
  8. Asthikṣaya (pain in bones),
  9. Majjākṣaya (dizziness and darkness),
  10. Śukrakṣaya (pain in testicles),
  11. Puriṣakṣaya (pain in chest),
  12. Mūtrakṣaya (burning micturition),
  13. Svedakṣaya (falling of hair follicles),
  14. Netrakṣaya (mala of the eyes),
  15. Nāsikākṣaya (mala of the nose),
  16. Karṇakṣaya (mala of the ears),
  17. Mukhakṣaya, (mala of the mouth)
  18. and Ojakṣaya (emotional disturbances).
Source: India National Science Academy: Diseases due to deficiencies of Vital Principles in the Body

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Kṣaya (क्षय) or Kṣayajñāna refers to the “knowledge of destruction” and represents one of the “ten knowledges” (jñāna) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 93). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., kṣaya). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

kṣaya (क्षय).—m (S) Waste, decline, decay, consumption. Pr. sukhānēṃ puṇyācā kṣaya duḥkhānēṃ pāpācā kṣaya. 2 Destruction, extinction, annihilation, loss, cessation of being or of present good quality. Ex. of comp. pāpakṣaya, puṇyakṣaya, kulakṣaya, dharmakṣaya, rājyakṣaya. 3 Consumption, Phthisis pulmonalis. 4 Decrease of the digits of the sun or moon. 5 A destruction of the universe. 6 In algebra. Negative quantity, minus: opp. to vṛddhi.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kṣaya (क्षय).—m Consumption. Destruction. Minus in algebra.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kṣaya (क्षय).—See under [kṣi].

--- OR ---

Kṣaya (क्षय).—[kṣi-ac]

1) A house, residence, abode; यातनाश्च यमक्षये (yātanāśca yamakṣaye) Ms.6.61; निर्जगाम पुनस्तस्मात्क्षयान्नारायणस्य ह (nirjagāma punastasmātkṣayānnārāyaṇasya ha) Mb.

2) Loss, decline, waste, wane, decay, diminution; आयुषः क्षयः (āyuṣaḥ kṣayaḥ) R.3.69; धनक्षये वर्धति जाठराग्निः (dhanakṣaye vardhati jāṭharāgniḥ) Pt.2.186; so चन्द्रक्षयः, क्षयपक्षः (candrakṣayaḥ, kṣayapakṣaḥ) &c.

3) Destruction, end, termination; निशाक्षये याति ह्रियैव पाण्डुताम् (niśākṣaye yāti hriyaiva pāṇḍutām) Ṛs.1.9; Amaru.6.

4) Pecuniary loss; Ms.8.41.

5) Fall (as of prices.)

6) Removal.

7) Universal destruction (pralaya).

8) Consumption.

9) A disease in general.

1) The negative sign or quantity, minus (in algebra).

11) Family, race.

12) The house of Yama.

13) A part of the elephant's knee (gajajānubhāgaviśeṣaḥ); Mātaṅga L.5.15.

14) Power (kṣī kṣayaiśvaryayorityaiśvaryārthasya kṣidhāto rūpam -Com. on Mb.12.33.2); उपपद्यति संयोगाद् गुणैः सह गुणक्षयात् (upapadyati saṃyogād guṇaiḥ saha guṇakṣayāt) ibid.

-yam Name of the last year in the sixty years cycle.

Derivable forms: kṣayaḥ (क्षयः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 92 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

kaphakṣaya (कफक्षय).—m Pulmonary consumption.
Kṣayamāsa (क्षयमास).—(or aṃhaspatimāsa) A candramāsa lost in the process of intercalation. Note...
Kṣayapakṣa (क्षयपक्ष).—the dark fortnight. क्षयपक्ष इवैन्दवीः कलाः सकला हन्ति स शक्तिसंपदः (kṣa...
Kṣayatithi (क्षयतिथि).—f. Derivable forms: kṣayatithiḥ (क्षयतिथिः).Kṣayatithi is a Sanskrit com...
Kulakṣaya (कुलक्षय).—1) ruin of a family. 2) extinction of a family; कुलक्षयकृतं दोषं मित्रद्रो...
Kṣayaroga (क्षयरोग).—consumption. Derivable forms: kṣayarogaḥ (क्षयरोगः).Kṣayaroga is a Sanskri...
1) Kṣayajñāna (क्षयज्ञान) refers to the “knowledge of cessation” according to the 2nd century M...
Māṃsakṣaya (मांसक्षय).—the body. Derivable forms: māṃsakṣayaḥ (मांसक्षयः).Māṃsakṣaya is a Sansk...
Mūtrakṣaya (मूत्रक्षय).—insufficient secretion of urine. Derivable forms: mūtrakṣayaḥ (मूत्रक्ष...
Urukṣaya (उरुक्षय).—a. having spacious dwellings. -yaḥ a spacious dwelling. उरुक्षयेषु दीद्यत् ...
Tithikṣaya (तिथिक्षय).—1) the day of new moon. 2) the day on which a tithi begins and ends with...
Dinakṣaya (दिनक्षय).—evening. Derivable forms: dinakṣayaḥ (दिनक्षयः).Dinakṣaya is a Sanskrit co...
Kṣayakāsa (क्षयकास).—consumptive cough. Derivable forms: kṣayakāsaḥ (क्षयकासः).Kṣayakāsa is a S...
Vaṃśakṣaya (वंशक्षय).—family decay. Derivable forms: vaṃśakṣayaḥ (वंशक्षयः).Vaṃśakṣaya is a San...
Pittakṣaya (पित्तक्षय, “pitta deficiency”).—The Sanskrit name for one of the eighteen ...

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