Haritaka, Harītaka, Hārītaka, Hāritaka: 13 definitions



Haritaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Haritaka in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Haritaka (हरितक).—Belonging to Tripravara.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 196. 33.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Harītaka.—cf. a-harītaka-śāka-puṣpa-grahaṇa (IE 8-5); myro- balan [which the villagers were obliged to supply to the king or landlord on occasions or to the touring officers]. Note: harītaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Haritaka in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

harītaka : (nt.) yellow myrobalan.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Haritaka, (nt.) (harita+ka) a pot-herb D.II, 342. (Page 730)

— or —

Harītaka, (cp. Epic Sk. harītaka) yellow myrobalan (Terminalia citrina or chebula) Vin.I, 201, 206; J.I, 80; IV, 363; Miln.11; DhsA.320 (T. harīṭaka); VvA.5 (ṭ); °-kī (f.) the myrobalan tree Vin.I, 30; M.III, 127. pūtiharīṭakī Vism.40; °paṇṇika all kinds of greens Vin.II, 267. (Page 730)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

harītaka (हरीतक).—m A grain.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Haritaka (हरितक).—1 A pot-herb, green grass; अन्नन् पुरो हरितकं मुदमादधानः (annan puro haritakaṃ mudamādadhānaḥ) Śi.5.58.

Derivable forms: haritakam (हरितकम्).

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Hāritaka (हारितक).—A green vegetable.

Derivable forms: hāritakaḥ (हारितकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Hāritaka (हारितक).—m. pl. °kā(ḥ), name of a class of gods or supernatural beings (yakṣas ?): Mahāsamājasūtra, Waldschmidt, Kl. Sanskrit Texte 4, 187.5; so more likely than as n. sg. f., name of a yakṣiṇī (altho such names occur in prec. lines); follows Sadāmattā(ḥ), q.v.; in corresp. Pali (Dīghanikāya (Pali) ii.260.24) Hāragajā; Pali knows Hārita as name of a mahā-brahmā (Malalasekara (Dictionary of Pali Proper Names)).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Haritaka (हरितक).—m.

(-kaḥ) A potherb. E. harita green, and kan added.

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Hāritaka (हारितक).—n.

(-kaṃ) A potherb. E. harita the same, ṭhan aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Harītaka (हरीतक).— (derived from harit), m., f. , Yellow or chebulic myrobalan, Terminalia Chebula, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 2. ed. 51, 33 (ka).

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Hārītaka (हारीतक).—[hārīta + ka], m. The green pigeon (ŚKd.), [Pañcatantra] 158, 21.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Harītaka (हरीतक).—[masculine] ī [feminine] [Name] of a tree.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Haritaka (हरितक):—[from hari] mfn. greenish (applied to the 6th unknown quantity), [Colebrooke]

2) [v.s. ...] m. or n. a green herb, [Caraka]

3) [from hari] n. grass, [Śiśupāla-vadha]

4) Hāritaka (हारितक):—[from hari] n. = haritaka, a green vegetable, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) Hārītaka (हारीतक):—[from hari] m. the Haritāla pigeon, [Pañcatantra]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of an author, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Haritaka (हरितक):—(von harita)

1) n. Gemüse [Amarakoṣa 2, 9, 34]; vgl. hāritaka . —

2) f. ī v. l. für harītakī im gaṇa gaurādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 41.] Terminalia Chebula [Oxforder Handschriften 17,b, No. 63,] [Śloka 6.]

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Harītaka (हरीतक):—(von harit) m. f. (ī) und n. [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 5, 23.]

1) m. Terminalia Chebula [Mahābhārata 3, 2405. 11570.] [Harivaṃśa 12681] (nach der Lesart der neueren Ausg.). [Brahmapurāṇa] in [Lassen’s Anthologie (III) 51, 20.] überall des Metrums wegen. —

2) f. ī gaṇa gaurādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 41.] dass. [Amarakoṣa 2, 4, 2, 40.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 193] (= gaurī, śuklavacā und haimavatī). [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1146.] [Halāyudha 2, 463.] [Ratnamālā 89.] [Rājanirghaṇṭa 11, 221. fgg.] (sieben Arten). Frucht (ebenfalls harītakī [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 3, 167. 1, 2, 52], Vārtt. [1.] [Amarakoṣa 2, 4, 1, 18]) und Galläpfel des Baumes zum Gelbfärben gebraucht; unter den Früchten das beste Purgativ. [Suśruta 1, 142, 3. 14. 144, 18. 160, 16. 2, 174, 20. 417, 12.] [Śārṅgadhara SAṂH. 1, 4, 3.] harasya bhavane jātā haritā ca svabhāvataḥ . harayetsarvarogāṃśca tena proktā harītakī .. [MADAN. 1, 8.] [Harivaṃśa 12681] (besser harītakāḥ die neuere Ausg.). [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 76, 11. 77, 10.] cūrṇa 31. dṛṣṭaṃ hi loke harītakīṃ bhakṣayatostadrasābhijñetarayorvirecanam [] zu [Chāndogyopaniṣad] [S. 22.] guṇa [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 957.] [Oxforder Handschriften 311,b,9.] [Rgva tch’er rol pa ed. Calc. 201,1.] — Vgl. paśu .

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Hāritaka (हारितक):—n. = haritaka Gemüse [Śabdaratnāvalī im Śabdakalpadruma]

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Hārītaka (हारीतक):—m. = hārīta

1) a) [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] [Pañcatantra 158, 21.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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