Gargya, aka: Gārgya; 9 Definition(s)


Gargya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vedanta (school of philosophy)

[Gargya in Vedanta glossaries]

In the Brṛhadāraṇyaka Upaniṣad, Gārgya is a Brahmin, receiving instruction about Brahman from Ajātaśatru of Kāśī, a Kṣatriya by birth and by profession. The story says that Gārgya went to Ajātaśatru for imparting to him instruction in Brahman, but all his exposition were of no avail. When he found that his explanations were ineffective, then he approached Ajātaśatru asking him for enlightenment on the nature of Brahman. the instructor was ready to become a disciple—such was the humility of an inquirer and such was the eagerness to know.

(Source): Google Books: The Call of the Upanishads
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Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).

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[Gargya in Purana glossaries]

Gārgya (गार्ग्य):—Son of Śini (son of Garga). Although Gārgya was a kṣatriya, there came from him a generation of brahmaṇas. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.21.19-20)

(Source): Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

1) Gārgya (गार्ग्य).—(TRIJAṬA) GĀRGA. A famous sage. Birth. He was one of the sons of Viśvāmitra. (Śloka 55, Chapter 4, Anuśāsana Parva). (For genealogy see under Viśvāmitra). He became gradually the priest of Gudavas. He has written a famous book called Gargasmṛti. Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa mentions that Gārgya is known as Trijaṭa also. (See full article at Story of Gārgya from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Gārgya (गार्ग्य).—See under Bālāki.

3) Gārgya (गार्ग्य).—A place of habitation of ancient Bhārata. This place was captured by Śrī Kṛṣṇa. (Chapter 11, Droṇa Parva).

(Source): Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Gārgya (गार्ग्य).—A son of Śini. From Kṣatriyas, Brāhmaṇa lines came into being.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 21. 19.

1b) A son of Veṇuhotra and father of Gargabhūmi, Vaṃśa and Vatsa—cursed Janamejaya;1 the curse led to the destruction of the chariot presented to Rudra by Yayāti; his son Lokagandha was put to trouble by the wicked king Janamejaya;2 a sage.3

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 67. 77-8; 68. 21. Vāyu-purāṇa 92. 73-4.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 93. 21.
  • 3) Ib. 34. 63.

1c) An ārṣeya pravara of Bhārgavas.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 195. 38.

1d) A mantrakṛt.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 196. 23 and 48. Vāyu-purāṇa 59. 98; 65. 106.

1e) A son of Ṛṣabha, the avatar of the lord.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 144.

1f) A son of the avatar of the 28th dvāpara.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 223.

1g) A pupil of Bhāṣkala; was childless and hence was ridiculed as impotent by Syāla; was engaged in penance for Mahādeva for a son by living on iron ore; was appointed to produce a child on the Yavana queen and the son was Kālayavana.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 4. 25; V. 23. 1-5.

1h) Kṣatriya-Brahmans.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 161. Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 23.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

[Gargya in Vyakarana glossaries]

Gārgya (गार्ग्य).—An ancient reputed grammarian and possibly a writer of a Nirukta work, whose views, especially in.connection with accents are given in the Pratisakhya works, the Nirukta and Panini's Astadhyayi. Although belonging to the Nirukta school, he upheld the view of the Vaiyakaranas that all words cannot be derived, but only some of them: cf Nir. I. 12.3. cf, also V. Pr. IV. 167, Nir. I. 3.5, III. 14.22: R. Pr. I. 13; XIII. 12: P. VII. 3.99, VIII. 3.20, VIII. 4.69.

(Source): Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

[Gargya in Itihasa glossaries]

Gārgya (गार्ग्य) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIII.4.54, XIII.4) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Gārgya) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

[Gargya in Pancaratra glossaries]

Gārgya (गार्ग्य) or Gārgyasaṃhitā is the name of a Vaiṣṇava Āgama scripture, classified as a rājasa type of the Muniprokta group of Pāñcarātra Āgamas. The vaiṣṇavāgamas represent one of the three classes of āgamas (traditionally communicated wisdom).—Texts of the Pāñcara Āgamas are divided in to two sects. It is believed that Lord Vāsudeva revealed the first group of texts which are called Divya and the next group is called Muniprokta which are further divided in to three viz. a. Sāttvika. b. Rājasa (eg., Gārgya-saṃhitā). c. Tāmasa.

(Source): Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (pancaratra)
Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[Gargya in Marathi glossaries]

gārgya (गार्ग्य).—m A tribe of Brahmans or an individual of it.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Gargya in Sanskrit glossaries]

Gārgya (गार्ग्य).—a. Descended from Garga.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 32 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Gārgyasaṃhitā (गार्ग्यसंहिता) or simply Gārgya is the name of a Vaiṣṇava Āgama scripture, class...
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Gārgya Nārāyaṇa: Author of a commentary on the Śrauta sūtra of Āśvalāyana.
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1) Janamejaya (जनमेजय).—A famous King of the Solar dynasty Genealogy. Descended from Viṣṇu thus...
Brāhmaṇa (ब्राह्मण) according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 32.—The Buddh...
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Vatsa (वत्स) or Vaṃsa refers to one of the sixteen Mahājanapadas of the Majjhimadesa (Middle Co...
Vyākaraṇa (व्याकरण, “grammar”) refers to one of the six divisions of the Vedāṅga texts, a type ...
1) Balāki (बलाकि).—(VALĀKI). One of the hundred sons of Dhṛtarāṣṭra. Mention is made in the Mah...
Upasarga (उपसर्ग, “prefixes”) represents one of the four classes of words according to Pāṇini (...
Karṇikā (कर्णिका).—One of the eleven Devakanyakās who sang and danced in the Janmotsava of Arju...
Bāṣkala is the name of an ancient king, as mentioned in the “Ghūmlī plates of Bāṣkaladeva” (989...
Garga (गर्ग).—Genealogy. Descended from Viṣṇu thus;—Brahmā-Atri-Candra-Budha-Purūravas-Āyus-Nah...
Pāṇini (पाणिनि) (7th century BCE) is the name of an author on vyākaraṇa (grammar).—The traditio...

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