Gargya, Gārgya: 18 definitions


Gargya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vedanta (school of philosophy)

Source: Google Books: The Call of the Upanishads

In the Brṛhadāraṇyaka Upaniṣad, Gārgya is a Brahmin, receiving instruction about Brahman from Ajātaśatru of Kāśī, a Kṣatriya by birth and by profession. The story says that Gārgya went to Ajātaśatru for imparting to him instruction in Brahman, but all his exposition were of no avail. When he found that his explanations were ineffective, then he approached Ajātaśatru asking him for enlightenment on the nature of Brahman. the instructor was ready to become a disciple—such was the humility of an inquirer and such was the eagerness to know.

Vedanta book cover
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Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Gārgya (गार्ग्य):—Son of Śini (son of Garga). Although Gārgya was a kṣatriya, there came from him a generation of brahmaṇas. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.21.19-20)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Gārgya (गार्ग्य).—(TRIJAṬA) GĀRGA. A famous sage. Birth. He was one of the sons of Viśvāmitra. (Śloka 55, Chapter 4, Anuśāsana Parva). (For genealogy see under Viśvāmitra). He became gradually the priest of Gudavas. He has written a famous book called Gargasmṛti. Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa mentions that Gārgya is known as Trijaṭa also. (See full article at Story of Gārgya from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Gārgya (गार्ग्य).—See under Bālāki.

3) Gārgya (गार्ग्य).—A place of habitation of ancient Bhārata. This place was captured by Śrī Kṛṣṇa. (Chapter 11, Droṇa Parva).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Gārgya (गार्ग्य).—A son of Śini. From Kṣatriyas, Brāhmaṇa lines came into being.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 21. 19.

1b) A son of Veṇuhotra and father of Gargabhūmi, Vaṃśa and Vatsa—cursed Janamejaya;1 the curse led to the destruction of the chariot presented to Rudra by Yayāti; his son Lokagandha was put to trouble by the wicked king Janamejaya;2 a sage.3

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 67. 77-8; 68. 21. Vāyu-purāṇa 92. 73-4.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 93. 21.
  • 3) Ib. 34. 63.

1c) An ārṣeya pravara of Bhārgavas.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 195. 38.

1d) A mantrakṛt.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 196. 23 and 48. Vāyu-purāṇa 59. 98; 65. 106.

1e) A son of Ṛṣabha, the avatar of the lord.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 144.

1f) A son of the avatar of the 28th dvāpara.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 223.

1g) A pupil of Bhāṣkala; was childless and hence was ridiculed as impotent by Syāla; was engaged in penance for Mahādeva for a son by living on iron ore; was appointed to produce a child on the Yavana queen and the son was Kālayavana.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 4. 25; V. 23. 1-5.

1h) Kṣatriya-Brahmans.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 161. Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 23.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Gārgya (गार्ग्य) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIII.4.54, XIII.4) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Gārgya) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Gārgya (गार्ग्य).—An ancient reputed grammarian and possibly a writer of a Nirukta work, whose views, especially in.connection with accents are given in the Pratisakhya works, the Nirukta and Panini's Astadhyayi. Although belonging to the Nirukta school, he upheld the view of the Vaiyakaranas that all words cannot be derived, but only some of them: cf Nir. I. 12.3. cf, also V. Pr. IV. 167, Nir. I. 3.5, III. 14.22: R. Pr. I. 13; XIII. 12: P. VII. 3.99, VIII. 3.20, VIII. 4.69.

Vyakarana book cover
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (pancaratra)

Gārgya (गार्ग्य) or Gārgyasaṃhitā is the name of a Vaiṣṇava Āgama scripture, classified as a rājasa type of the Muniprokta group of Pāñcarātra Āgamas. The vaiṣṇavāgamas represent one of the three classes of āgamas (traditionally communicated wisdom).—Texts of the Pāñcara Āgamas are divided in to two sects. It is believed that Lord Vāsudeva revealed the first group of texts which are called Divya and the next group is called Muniprokta which are further divided in to three viz. a. Sāttvika. b. Rājasa (e.g., Gārgya-saṃhitā). c. Tāmasa.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Bharatiya vastu-sastra

Gārgya (गार्ग्य) or Gārgyatantra is the name of a Tantra authored by Vibhava: an ancient teacher (ācārya) of Vāstuśāsta (science of architecture) according to the Vibhava.—All these great teachers cannot be said to be legendary. Some used to be propagated in ancient India. No nation can flourish without its care for its material prosperity. All this technique and training and their systematic and successful teaching and transmission were of equal importance. Most of the treatises of Vāstuśāstra carry many of these names [i.e., Garga—Gārgya-tantra], yet a good many of them are quoted as authorities, yet still others are honoured with actual passages being quoted from their works.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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India history and geography

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Early Gupta Kings

Gārgya (गार्ग्य) or Garga refers to one of the four disciples of Lakulī (the last incarnation of Maheśvara).—Lakulī had four ascetic pupils, namely, Kuśika, Garga, Mitra and Kauruṣya. The same information is contained in a stone slab inscription, which originally belonged to a temple at Somanātha [= Somnath] in Kathiawad [Kathiyawadi?]. [...] The order and names of his pupils are, however, slightly different in this epigraphic record, being Kuśika, Gārgya, Kauruṣa and Maitreya. [...] The Cintra praśasti, however, tells us one thing more, namely, that these four disciples of Lakulī were the founders of four lines amongst the Pāśupatas.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gārgya (गार्ग्य).—m A tribe of Brahmans or an individual of it.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gārgya (गार्ग्य).—a. Descended from Garga.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gārgya (गार्ग्य).—i. e. garga + ya, 1. patronym., f. , Offspring of Garga, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 32, 28; [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 10243 (a surname of Durgā). 2. The name of a tribe, Mahābhārata 7, 396.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gārgya (गार्ग्य).—[masculine] patr. from garga; [Name] of [several] men, [plural] of a people.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Gārgya (गार्ग्य) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—grammarian. Quoted by Yāska 1, 3, 12. 3, 13; by Pāṇini 7, 3, 99. 8, 3, 20. 4, 67. Durga on Nirukta 4, 4 mentions him as the author of the pada text of the Sv.

2) Gārgya (गार्ग्य):—astronomer. Quoted by Hemādri, Raghunandana, Kamalākara, Nīlakaṇṭha, and others. See Gārgyasaṃhitā. Bṛhadgārgya and Vṛddhagārgya quoted by Mādhavācārya Oxf. 278^a, Raghunandana, Kamalākara. Nīlakaṇṭha, and others.

3) Gārgya (गार्ग्य):—grammarian. Quoted in Ṛkprātiśākhya 1, 3. 6, 10. 11, 14. 13, 12, in Vājasaneyiprātiśākhya 4, 164.

4) Gārgya (गार्ग्य):—astronomer. read quoted by Kamalākara instead of Mādhava.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gārgya (गार्ग्य):—[from gārga] mfn. [from] garga, [Atharva-veda.Pariś. lxxi, 23]

2) [v.s. ...] ifc. (after numerals) for rgī cf. daśa-, pañca-

3) [v.s. ...] m. ([Pāṇini 4-1, 105]) [patronymic] [from] garga Name of several teachers of [grammar], of the ritual etc. (one is said to be the author of the Pada-pāṭha of the [Sāma-veda; Nirukta, by Yāska iv, 4 [Scholiast or Commentator]]), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xiv, 5, 1, 1; Bṛhad-āraṇyaka-upaniṣad; Lāṭyāyana; Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra; Śāṅkhāyana-gṛhya-sūtra; Prātiśākhya; Kauśika-sūtra] etc. (vṛddha-g, ‘the old Gārgya’ [Mahābhārata xiii etc.])

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a king of the Gandharvas, [Rāmāyaṇa vi, 92, 70]

5) [from gārga] m. [plural] Name of a people, [Mahābhārata vii, 396.]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Gārgya (गार्ग्य) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Gagga.

[Sanskrit to German]

Gargya in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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