Pravartaka: 11 definitions


Pravartaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Pravartaka in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Pravartaka (प्रवर्तक) refers to an “initiator” (i.e., of enterprises), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.41.—Accordingly, as Viṣṇu and others eulogized Śiva:—“[...] obeisance to Thee the blue-necked, the creator, the supreme soul, the universe, the seed of the universe and the cause of the bliss of the universe. You are Oṃkāra, Vaṣaṭkāra, the initiator of enterprises (i.e., sarvāraṃbha-pravartaka), Hantakāra, Svadhākāra and the partaker of Havya and Kavya offerings always”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Pravartaka in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Pravartaka (प्रवर्तक) refers to “one who impells” or “initates” (a command), according to the Kularatnoddyota, one of the earliest Kubjikā Tantras.—Accordingly: “[...] O mistress of Kula, this Kulakrama was brought down (to earth) by these two through the ages as I have told (you before). He is a certain one who, by virtue of (his) association with the (primal) cause, is sanctified with the name ‘Mitranātha’. He impells (pravartaka) the unfailing Command [amoghājñāpravartakaḥ] and (so) should be worshipped in the venerable lineage of Siddhas. Oḍunātha and the rest who bestow the supreme accomplishment are his disciples. He is born from my terrifying creation with the name Ṣaṣṭhācārya. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Pravartaka in Mahayana glossary
Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Pravartaka (प्रवर्तक) refers to a “reciter (of mantras)”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, “Now there lived a Brahmin called Viṣṇudatta in Navanagara. He was wealthy with great riches, great revenues; he was endowed with copious acquisitions and means of subsistence. He had mastered the Vedas and Vedāṅgas. He was a mantra-reciter (mantra-pravartaka) and mantra-practitioner. He summoned Nāgas again and again. He sacrificed fire oblations. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pravartaka in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pravartaka (प्रवर्तक).—a That promotes. That instigates, prompts.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pravartaka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pravartaka (प्रवर्तक).—a. (-rtikā f.)

1) Setting on foot, founding.

2) Advancing, promoting, furthering.

3) Producing, causing, ...... कृतिसाध्यताज्ञानं वा प्रवर्तकमिति जरन्नैयायिकाः (kṛtisādhyatājñānaṃ vā pravartakamiti jarannaiyāyikāḥ).

4) Prompting, urging, inducing, instigating (in a bad sense).

-kaḥ 1 An originator, founder, author.

2) A prompter, instigator.

3) An arbiter, umpire.

-kam The entrance of a character on the stage.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pravartaka (प्रवर्तक).—i. e. pra-vṛt + aka, I. adj. 1. Inciting, stimulating. 2. One who causes. Ii. m. 1. An instigator, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 12, 4. 2. An author, a founder, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 9, 17, 4; [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 4135. Iii. n. The entrance of the first person of the drama at the close of the introdaction.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pravartaka (प्रवर्तक).—[adjective] proceeding (—°); setting in motion or activity, causing, effecting, promoting, furthering; [masculine] promoter, prompter, instigator.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pravartaka (प्रवर्तक):—[=pra-vartaka] [from pra-varta > pra-vṛt] mf(ikā)n. acting, proceeding, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] setting in motion or action, setting on foot, advancing, promoting, forwarding, [Upaniṣad; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] producing, causing, effecting, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] m. a founder, author, originator of anything, [ib.]

5) [v.s. ...] an arbiter, judge, [Horace H. Wilson]

6) [v.s. ...] n. (in [dramatic language]) the entrance of a previously announced person on the stage (at the end of the introduction), [Sāhitya-darpaṇa; Pratāparudrīya] (cf. pra-vṛttaka and prā-varta)

7) Prāvartaka (प्रावर्तक):—[=prā-vartaka] [from prā] a See under prā- √vṛt, p.709.

8) [=prā-vartaka] [from prā-vṛt] b mf(ikā)n. producing, founding (a race), [Harivaṃśa]

[Sanskrit to German]

Pravartaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pravartaka in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Pravartaka (ಪ್ರವರ್ತಕ):—

1) [adjective] beginning organising to begin or promoting (a business, undertaking, enterprise, etc.).

2) [adjective] inciting (another) to some evil action.

--- OR ---

Pravartaka (ಪ್ರವರ್ತಕ):—

1) [noun] a man who begins, secures financing for, and helps to organise an undertaking, as a business, venture, undertaking, etc.; a promoter.

2) [noun] a man who incites another person to some evil action; an instigator.

3) [noun] the fact of being engaged, employed in or occupied with (something).

4) [noun] a pioneer or founder.

5) [noun] he who decides, adjudges a litigation or law-suit; an arbitrator; a judge.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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