Garga, Gārga: 22 definitions


Garga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Garga (गर्ग):—One of the five sons of Manyu (son of Vitatha, another name for Bharadvāja). He had a son named Śini. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.21.1, 9.21.19-20)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Garga (गर्ग).—Genealogy. Descended from Viṣṇu thus;—Brahmā-Atri-Candra-Budha-Purūravas-Āyus-Nahuṣa-Puru-Janamejaya-Prācīnvān-Pravīra-Namasyu-Vītabhaya-Śuṇḍu-Bahuvidha-Saṃyāti-Rahovādi-Raudrāśva-Matināra-Santurodha-Duṣyanta-Bharata-Suhotra-Suhotā-Gala-Garda-Suketu-Bṛhatkṣatra-Garga. (See full article at Story of Garga from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Garga (गर्ग) is the name of a Sage (Muni) who once attended a great sacrifice by Dakṣa, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.27. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] once a great sacrifice was started by Dakṣa, O sage. To partake in that sacrifice, the celestial and terrestrial sages and devas were invited by Śiva and they reached the place being deluded by Śiva’s Māyā. [Garga, ...] and many others along with their sons and wives arrived at the sacrifice of Dakṣa—my son”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Garga (गर्ग).—A son of (Bhuva) Manyu and father of Śini, (Chini).*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 49. 36: Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 21-23.

1b) The Purohita of Yādavas. Urged by Vasudeva, he went to the Vraja of Nanda who welcomed him as befitted a Guru, praising him as the great author of Jyotiṣa śāstra. Requested by Nanda to do nāma saṃskāra to Kṛṣṇa and Rāma without Kaṃśa's knowledge, he did so and returned to his place.1 He held Kṛṣṇa and Rāma to be divine incarnations.2 He informed Nanda that Kṛṣṇa was the son of Vasudeva and an aṃśa of Nārāyaṇa.3 He officiated at upanayana saṃskāras of the two brothers.4 He had also informed Mucukunda that Nārāyaṇa was to be born on the earth as Kṛṣṇa.5 He was invited for the Rājasūya of Yudhiṣṭhira.6

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 8. 1-20. Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 5. 26: V. 6. 8. 9.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 46. 23.
  • 3) Ib. 26. 15-23.
  • 4) Ib. 45. 26-29.
  • 5) Ib. 51. 45.
  • 6) Ib. 74. 8.

1c) An Angirasa and a mantrakṛt.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 32. 107: Matsya-purāṇa 145. 101.

1d) The Purohita of Haiha.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 28. 39.

1e) A son of Pratardana.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 67. 69: Vāyu-purāṇa 92. 65.

1f) The preceptor of the seven sons of Kauśika who tended his cow, killed and made a meal of it in a famine. For this sin they were cursed to have five rebirths; no marriage alliance with Bṛhaspati.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 20. 3: 196. 24.

1g) An author of architecture.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 252. 3.

1h) A ṛtvik at Brahmā's sacrifice.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 106. 35.

2) Gārga (गार्ग).—A son of Bhuvamanyu.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 159.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Garga (गर्ग) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.36.15) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Garga) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Tithikarmaguṇa in Gārgīyajyotiṣa

Garga (गर्ग).—Within the jyotiṣa tradition of India, Garga has long been considered one of the most important, if not the earliest authorities on a variety of subjects in the astral science. The oldest materials attributed to Garga were dated to around the first century CE and possibly older. References to Garga are found in Mīnarāja’s Vṛddhayavanajātaka (fourth century CE?) and Varāhamihira’s works (sixth century CE). According to Pingree’s survey, there are no less than thirty-four distinct works of the jyotiṣa genre bearing a title associated with Garga.

Source: Tessitori Collection I (astronomy)

Garga (गर्ग) or Gargācārya is the author of the Pāśakakevalī (or Akṣakevalī) (classified as literature dealing with astronomy, astrology, divination, medicine), which is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—The initial homage to Mahādeva could explain the Śaiva ascription of this work, but this word can also be a designation of the Jinas. The wish to consider this work a part of the Jain tradition is underlined by the final verse introducing Garga as a Jain monk, who, on the other hand, can be identified ‘with the Guru named by Siddharṣi in 905’ (Pingree p. 75), and the reference to kevalajñāna, which, however, is here applied to divination. The initial reference to Kuṣmaṇḍinī underlines a connection with the Jain tantric tradition, an area where boundaries with Śaivism are rather thin.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Bharatiya vastu-sastra

Garga (गर्ग) is the name of an ancient teacher (ācārya) of Vāstuśāsta (science of architecture) according to the Matsyapurāṇa.—All these great teachers cannot be said to be legendary. Some used to be propagated in ancient India. No nation can flourish without its care for its material prosperity. All this technique and training and their systematic and successful teaching and transmission were of equal importance. Most of the treatises of Vāstuśāstra carry many of these names [i.e., Garga], yet a good many of them are quoted as authorities, yet still others are honoured with actual passages being quoted from their works.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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India history and geography

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Early Gupta Kings

Garga (गर्ग) or Gārgya refers to one of the four disciples of Lakulī (the last incarnation of Maheśvara).—Lakulī had four ascetic pupils, namely, Kuśika, Garga, Mitra and Kauruṣya. The same information is contained in a stone slab inscription, which originally belonged to a temple at Somanātha [= Somnath] in Kathiawad [Kathiyawadi?]. [...] The order and names of his pupils are, however, slightly different in this epigraphic record, being Kuśika, Gārgya, Kauruṣa and Maitreya. [...] The Cintra praśasti, however, tells us one thing more, namely, that these four disciples of Lakulī were the founders of four lines amongst the Pāśupatas.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Garga in Burkina Faso is the name of a plant defined with Indigofera tinctoria in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Indigofera tinctoria Hook. (among others).

2) Garga is also identified with Philenoptera cyanescens It has the synonym Lonchocarpus cyanescens (Schumach. & Thonn.) Benth. (etc.).

3) Garga in India is also identified with Eclipta prostrata It has the synonym Wiborgia oblongifolia Hook. (etc.).

4) Garga is also identified with Gardenia gummifera It has the synonym Genipa arborea Baill. (etc.).

5) Garga is also identified with Garuga pinnata.

6) Garga in Upper Volta is also identified with Eleusine indica It has the synonym Cynosurus indicus L. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Systema Naturae, Editio Decima (1759)
· Histoire des Plantes (1880)
· Pl. Corom. (1811)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2009)
· Ceylon J. Sci., Biol. Sci. (1959)
· Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society (1981)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Garga, for example pregnancy safety, side effects, chemical composition, health benefits, diet and recipes, extract dosage, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Garga (गर्ग).—

1) Name of an old sage, one of the sons of Brahmā.

2) A bull.

3) An earth-worm. (-pl.) The descendants of Garga.

4) A kind of musical pause or time.

Derivable forms: gargaḥ (गर्गः).

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Gārga (गार्ग).—a.

1) Coming from or connected with Gārgya.

2) Composed by Garga.

-rgaḥ A kind of measure (in music).

-rgī Name of the learned woman वाचक्नवी (vācaknavī).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Gargā (गर्गा).—(corresp. to Pali Gaggarā), name of a pool at Campā where Buddha stayed: Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya ii.202.12; 203.1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Garga (गर्ग).—m.

(-rgaḥ) One of the ten principal Munis or saints, a son of Brahma. f. (gārgī) Wife of Garga. E. gṛ to sprinkle, ga Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Garga (गर्ग).—I. m. The name of an old Ṛṣi, Mahābhārata 9, 2132, and other persons. Ii. f. , A proper name, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 250.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Garga (गर्ग).—[masculine] a man’s name; [feminine] ā & ī a woman’s name.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Garga (गर्ग) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—poet, contemporary of Maṅkha. Śrīkaṇṭhacarita 25, 56.

2) Garga (गर्ग):—Aśvāyurveda. K. 210. Kātyāyanasūtrabhāṣya. Peters. 2, 173. Keralapraśna jy. Oudh. Xv, 68. Keralapāśāvalī, divination. Np. V, 86. Gargapaddhati or Pāraskaragṛhyapaddhati. L. 1916 (follows Bhartṛyajña, and is called here Stha- pati Garga). B. 4, 124. Peters. 2, 172. 3, 385. Gargamanoramā or Lokamanoramā jy. Gargasaṃhitā jy. Gomukhaprasavaprayoga. B. 1, 220. Pallīśaraṭavidhāna, augury. B. 4, 154. Pāśakakevalī, attributed to a Jaina author Praśnamanoramā jy. Praśnavidyā jy. B. 4, 160. Lagnapañcāṅgabhāṣya. B. 4, 188. Lomaśaśikṣā. Haug. 30. Shodaśapraśna jy. Oudh. Xix, 68. Jyotirgarga quoted in Nirṇayasindhu, Vṛddhagarga, quoted by the same, Raghunandana, and others.

3) Garga (गर्ग):—Pallīśaraṭalakṣaṇa. Praśnagarga. Svarapraśna.

4) Garga (गर्ग):—Pāśakāvalī and Pāśakakevalī jy.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Garga (गर्ग):—m. Name of an old sage (descendant of Bharad-vāja and Aṅgiras, author of the hymn, [Ṛg-veda vi, 47])

2) of an astronomer, [Atharva-veda.Pariś.] (called ‘the old one’, vṛddha-), [Mahābhārata ix, 2132 ff.; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

3) of a physician

4) of a teacher of law

5) of a son ([Harivaṃśa 1732; Brahma-purāṇa]; or of a grandson, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa; Matsya-purāṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa ix, 21, 1 and 19]) of king Vitatha

6) a bull, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) an earth-worm, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) (in music) a kind of measure

9) = -try-aha, [Vaitāna-sūtra xli, 2]

10) m. [plural] ([Pāṇini 2-4, 64]) the descendants of Garga, [Kāṭhaka xiii, 12; Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra] etc.

11) Gargā (गर्गा):—[from garga] f. Name of a woman, [Rājataraṅgiṇī v, 250]

12) Gārga (गार्ग):—mfn. [from] gārgya (with saṅgha, aṅka, and lakṣaṇa), [Pāṇini 4-3, 127]

13) (with ghoṣa) [vArttika] 1

14) m. contemptuous [metronymic] [from] gārgī, [1, 147 [Scholiast or Commentator]] (gārgya, [6; Kāśikā-vṛtti])

15) mf(ī)n. composed by Garga (the astronomical Saṃhitā)

16) m. (in music) a kind of measure

17) Gārgā (गार्गा):—[from gārga] f. of ga, [iv, 1, 147], [vArttika] 6 [feminine], [Patañjali]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Garga (गर्ग):—(rgaṃ) 1. m. A sage, the son of Brahmā. gāgī 3. f. His wife.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Garga (गर्ग) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Gagga.

[Sanskrit to German]

Garga in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Garga (ಗರ್ಗ):—

1) [noun] the adult male of cattle; an ox; a bull.

2) [noun] any of a number of oligochaetous worms that burrow in the soil, esp. any of a genus (Lumbricus) very important in aerating and fertilising the soil; an earthworm.

3) [noun] (myth.) name of a sage.

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Garga (ಗರ್ಗ):—[noun] the plant Eclipta prostrata ( = E. alba) of Asteraceae family; weed-ham.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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