Garga, aka: Gārga; 6 Definition(s)

Introduction

Garga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

Garga (गर्ग):—One of the five sons of Manyu (son of Vitatha, another name for Bharadvāja). He had a son named Śini. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.21.1, 9.21.19-20)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Garga (गर्ग).—Genealogy. Descended from Viṣṇu thus;—Brahmā-Atri-Candra-Budha-Purūravas-Āyus-Nahuṣa-Puru-Janamejaya-Prācīnvān-Pravīra-Namasyu-Vītabhaya-Śuṇḍu-Bahuvidha-Saṃyāti-Rahovādi-Raudrāśva-Matināra-Santurodha-Duṣyanta-Bharata-Suhotra-Suhotā-Gala-Garda-Suketu-Bṛhatkṣatra-Garga. (See full article at Story of Garga from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Garga (गर्ग).—A son of (Bhuva) Manyu and father of Śini, (Chini).*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 49. 36: Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 21-23.

1b) The Purohita of Yādavas. Urged by Vasudeva, he went to the Vraja of Nanda who welcomed him as befitted a Guru, praising him as the great author of Jyotiṣa śāstra. Requested by Nanda to do nāma saṃskāra to Kṛṣṇa and Rāma without Kaṃśa's knowledge, he did so and returned to his place.1 He held Kṛṣṇa and Rāma to be divine incarnations.2 He informed Nanda that Kṛṣṇa was the son of Vasudeva and an aṃśa of Nārāyaṇa.3 He officiated at upanayana saṃskāras of the two brothers.4 He had also informed Mucukunda that Nārāyaṇa was to be born on the earth as Kṛṣṇa.5 He was invited for the Rājasūya of Yudhiṣṭhira.6

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 8. 1-20. Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 5. 26: V. 6. 8. 9.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 46. 23.
  • 3) Ib. 26. 15-23.
  • 4) Ib. 45. 26-29.
  • 5) Ib. 51. 45.
  • 6) Ib. 74. 8.

1c) An Angirasa and a mantrakṛt.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 32. 107: Matsya-purāṇa 145. 101.

1d) The Purohita of Haiha.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 28. 39.

1e) A son of Pratardana.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 67. 69: Vāyu-purāṇa 92. 65.

1f) The preceptor of the seven sons of Kauśika who tended his cow, killed and made a meal of it in a famine. For this sin they were cursed to have five rebirths; no marriage alliance with Bṛhaspati.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 20. 3: 196. 24.

1g) An author of architecture.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 252. 3.

1h) A ṛtvik at Brahmā's sacrifice.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 106. 35.

2) Gārga (गार्ग).—A son of Bhuvamanyu.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 159.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Garga (गर्ग).—Within the jyotiṣa tradition of India, Garga has long been considered one of the most important, if not the earliest authorities on a variety of subjects in the astral science. The oldest materials attributed to Garga were dated to around the first century CE and possibly older. References to Garga are found in Mīnarāja’s Vṛddhayavanajātaka (fourth century CE?) and Varāhamihira’s works (sixth century CE). According to Pingree’s survey, there are no less than thirty-four distinct works of the jyotiṣa genre bearing a title associated with Garga.

Source: academia.edu: Tithikarmaguṇa in Gārgīyajyotiṣa
Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

Garga (गर्ग) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.36.15) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Garga) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
context information

Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Garga (गर्ग).—

1) Name of an old sage, one of the sons of Brahmā.

2) A bull.

3) An earth-worm. (-pl.) The descendants of Garga.

4) A kind of musical pause or time.

Derivable forms: gargaḥ (गर्गः).

--- OR ---

Gārga (गार्ग).—a.

1) Coming from or connected with Gārgya.

2) Composed by Garga.

-rgaḥ A kind of measure (in music).

-rgī Name of the learned woman वाचक्नवी (vācaknavī).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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