Garga, Gārga: 16 definitions



Garga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Garga (गर्ग):—One of the five sons of Manyu (son of Vitatha, another name for Bharadvāja). He had a son named Śini. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.21.1, 9.21.19-20)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Garga (गर्ग).—Genealogy. Descended from Viṣṇu thus;—Brahmā-Atri-Candra-Budha-Purūravas-Āyus-Nahuṣa-Puru-Janamejaya-Prācīnvān-Pravīra-Namasyu-Vītabhaya-Śuṇḍu-Bahuvidha-Saṃyāti-Rahovādi-Raudrāśva-Matināra-Santurodha-Duṣyanta-Bharata-Suhotra-Suhotā-Gala-Garda-Suketu-Bṛhatkṣatra-Garga. (See full article at Story of Garga from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Garga (गर्ग) is the name of a Sage (Muni) who once attended a great sacrifice by Dakṣa, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.27. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] once a great sacrifice was started by Dakṣa, O sage. To partake in that sacrifice, the celestial and terrestrial sages and devas were invited by Śiva and they reached the place being deluded by Śiva’s Māyā. [Garga, ...] and many others along with their sons and wives arrived at the sacrifice of Dakṣa—my son”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Garga (गर्ग).—A son of (Bhuva) Manyu and father of Śini, (Chini).*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 49. 36: Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 21-23.

1b) The Purohita of Yādavas. Urged by Vasudeva, he went to the Vraja of Nanda who welcomed him as befitted a Guru, praising him as the great author of Jyotiṣa śāstra. Requested by Nanda to do nāma saṃskāra to Kṛṣṇa and Rāma without Kaṃśa's knowledge, he did so and returned to his place.1 He held Kṛṣṇa and Rāma to be divine incarnations.2 He informed Nanda that Kṛṣṇa was the son of Vasudeva and an aṃśa of Nārāyaṇa.3 He officiated at upanayana saṃskāras of the two brothers.4 He had also informed Mucukunda that Nārāyaṇa was to be born on the earth as Kṛṣṇa.5 He was invited for the Rājasūya of Yudhiṣṭhira.6

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 8. 1-20. Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 5. 26: V. 6. 8. 9.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 46. 23.
  • 3) Ib. 26. 15-23.
  • 4) Ib. 45. 26-29.
  • 5) Ib. 51. 45.
  • 6) Ib. 74. 8.

1c) An Angirasa and a mantrakṛt.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 32. 107: Matsya-purāṇa 145. 101.

1d) The Purohita of Haiha.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 28. 39.

1e) A son of Pratardana.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 67. 69: Vāyu-purāṇa 92. 65.

1f) The preceptor of the seven sons of Kauśika who tended his cow, killed and made a meal of it in a famine. For this sin they were cursed to have five rebirths; no marriage alliance with Bṛhaspati.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 20. 3: 196. 24.

1g) An author of architecture.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 252. 3.

1h) A ṛtvik at Brahmā's sacrifice.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 106. 35.

2) Gārga (गार्ग).—A son of Bhuvamanyu.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 159.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Garga (गर्ग) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.36.15) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Garga) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Tithikarmaguṇa in Gārgīyajyotiṣa

Garga (गर्ग).—Within the jyotiṣa tradition of India, Garga has long been considered one of the most important, if not the earliest authorities on a variety of subjects in the astral science. The oldest materials attributed to Garga were dated to around the first century CE and possibly older. References to Garga are found in Mīnarāja’s Vṛddhayavanajātaka (fourth century CE?) and Varāhamihira’s works (sixth century CE). According to Pingree’s survey, there are no less than thirty-four distinct works of the jyotiṣa genre bearing a title associated with Garga.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Garga (गर्ग).—

1) Name of an old sage, one of the sons of Brahmā.

2) A bull.

3) An earth-worm. (-pl.) The descendants of Garga.

4) A kind of musical pause or time.

Derivable forms: gargaḥ (गर्गः).

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Gārga (गार्ग).—a.

1) Coming from or connected with Gārgya.

2) Composed by Garga.

-rgaḥ A kind of measure (in music).

-rgī Name of the learned woman वाचक्नवी (vācaknavī).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Gargā (गर्गा).—(corresp. to Pali Gaggarā), name of a pool at Campā where Buddha stayed: Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya ii.202.12; 203.1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Garga (गर्ग).—m.

(-rgaḥ) One of the ten principal Munis or saints, a son of Brahma. f. (gārgī) Wife of Garga. E. gṛ to sprinkle, ga Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Garga (गर्ग).—I. m. The name of an old Ṛṣi, Mahābhārata 9, 2132, and other persons. Ii. f. , A proper name, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 250.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Garga (गर्ग).—[masculine] a man’s name; [feminine] ā & ī a woman’s name.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Garga (गर्ग) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—poet, contemporary of Maṅkha. Śrīkaṇṭhacarita 25, 56.

2) Garga (गर्ग):—Aśvāyurveda. K. 210. Kātyāyanasūtrabhāṣya. Peters. 2, 173. Keralapraśna jy. Oudh. Xv, 68. Keralapāśāvalī, divination. Np. V, 86. Gargapaddhati or Pāraskaragṛhyapaddhati. L. 1916 (follows Bhartṛyajña, and is called here Stha- pati Garga). B. 4, 124. Peters. 2, 172. 3, 385. Gargamanoramā or Lokamanoramā jy. Gargasaṃhitā jy. Gomukhaprasavaprayoga. B. 1, 220. Pallīśaraṭavidhāna, augury. B. 4, 154. Pāśakakevalī, attributed to a Jaina author Praśnamanoramā jy. Praśnavidyā jy. B. 4, 160. Lagnapañcāṅgabhāṣya. B. 4, 188. Lomaśaśikṣā. Haug. 30. Shodaśapraśna jy. Oudh. Xix, 68. Jyotirgarga quoted in Nirṇayasindhu, Vṛddhagarga, quoted by the same, Raghunandana, and others.

3) Garga (गर्ग):—Pallīśaraṭalakṣaṇa. Praśnagarga. Svarapraśna.

4) Garga (गर्ग):—Pāśakāvalī and Pāśakakevalī jy.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Garga (गर्ग):—m. Name of an old sage (descendant of Bharad-vāja and Aṅgiras, author of the hymn, [Ṛg-veda vi, 47])

2) of an astronomer, [Atharva-veda.Pariś.] (called ‘the old one’, vṛddha-), [Mahābhārata ix, 2132 ff.; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

3) of a physician

4) of a teacher of law

5) of a son ([Harivaṃśa 1732; Brahma-purāṇa]; or of a grandson, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa; Matsya-purāṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa ix, 21, 1 and 19]) of king Vitatha

6) a bull, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) an earth-worm, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) (in music) a kind of measure

9) = -try-aha, [Vaitāna-sūtra xli, 2]

10) m. [plural] ([Pāṇini 2-4, 64]) the descendants of Garga, [Kāṭhaka xiii, 12; Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra] etc.

11) Gargā (गर्गा):—[from garga] f. Name of a woman, [Rājataraṅgiṇī v, 250]

12) Gārga (गार्ग):—mfn. [from] gārgya (with saṅgha, aṅka, and lakṣaṇa), [Pāṇini 4-3, 127]

13) (with ghoṣa) [vArttika] 1

14) m. contemptuous [metronymic] [from] gārgī, [1, 147 [Scholiast or Commentator]] (gārgya, [6; Kāśikā-vṛtti])

15) mf(ī)n. composed by Garga (the astronomical Saṃhitā)

16) m. (in music) a kind of measure

17) Gārgā (गार्गा):—[from gārga] f. of ga, [iv, 1, 147], [vArttika] 6 [feminine], [Patañjali]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Garga (गर्ग):—[Die Uṇādi-Affixe 1, 127.] [Kāśikīvṛtti] zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 1, 1, 63.]

1) m. Nomen proprium verschiedener Personen: eines alten Weisen [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 31.] [Pravarādhyāya] in [Weber’s Verzeichniss 61.] [Akademische Vorlesungen 148.] bhāradvāja und āṅgirasa [Weber’s Indische Studien 3, 214.] Astronom [Lassen’s Indische Alterthumskunde I, 829. fg.] [Akademische Vorlesungen 225. fg.] [Mahābhārata 9, 2132. fgg.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 21, 2. 5. 23, 4 u.s.w.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 206.] [Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 17.] Mediciner [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 944.] Jurist [1017. 1046.] kuṇirgargaḥ [Mahābhārata 9, 2981. fg.] catuḥṣaṣṭyaṅgamadadatkalājñānaṃ mamādbhutam (maheśvaraḥ) sagt Garga [13, 1334.] Sohn des Königs Vitatha [Harivaṃśa 1732.] Enkel dieses Königs (seine Enkel werden Brahmanen) [Viṣṇupurāṇa 450.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 21, 1. 19.] vṛddhagarga [Akademische Vorlesungen 148.] pl. die Nachkommen des Garga (s. gārgya) [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 2, 4, 64.] [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 7, 14.] [Aśvalāyana’s Śrautasūtrāni 12, 12.] [Pravarādhyāya] in [Weber’s Verzeichniss 62.] [Mahābhārata 7, 8728.] gargāḥ prāvareyāḥ [Kāṭhaka-Recension 13, 12] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 3, 475.] Am Anf. eines comp., als gen. aufgefasst, = gārgya, z. B. gargakulam oder gārgyakulam = gārgyasya oder gārgyayoḥ kulam; gargāṇāṃ kulam nur = gargakulam [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 2, 4, 64, Vārttika von Kātyāyana.,] [Scholiast] gargatrirātra (gaṇa yuktārohyādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 2, 81]), garga ( [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 2, 97,] [Scholiast]) oder gargatryaha Name einer Feier [Aśvalāyana’s Śrautasūtrāni 10, 2.] [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 23, 2, 8.] [Śāṅkhāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 16, 22, 2.] [Maśaka’s Kalpasūtrāni] in [Weber’s Verzeichniss 73.] [Scholiast] zu [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 4, 3, 7.] — b) Stier. — c) Regenwurm [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 31.] Die beiden appell. Bedd. kennen weder [WILSON] noch [Śabdakalpadruma] garga in der Bed. Regenwurm könnte ein verlesenes gaḍu sein. —

2) f. gargā Nomen proprium einer Frau [Rājataraṅgiṇī 5, 250.] —

3) gargī Nomen proprium einer Frau: gargī vācaknavī [ĀŚV. GṚHY. 3, 4.] — Vgl. gārgī, gārgya .

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Gārga (गार्ग):—

1) adj. von gārgya in Verbindung mit saṃgha, aṅka und lakṣaṇa [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 3, 127,] [Scholiast] —

2) verächtliches metron. von gārgī [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 147,] [Scholiast]

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Garga (गर्ग):—

1) a) (dieses [Z. 1] nach m. hinzuzufügen) Bhāradvāja Verfasser von [Ṛgveda 6, 47.] — d) Bez. eines best. Tactes [SAM̃GĪTADĀM. im Śabdakalpadruma]

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Gārga (गार्ग):—

2) gārgasya (fehlerhaft für gārgyasya, wie die v.l. hat) kāṇvasya [Scholiast] zu [Prātiśākhya zur Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 4, 174.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Garga (गर्ग):——

1) m. — a) Nomen proprium verschiedener Personen. Pl. ihr Geschlecht. — b) ein best. Tryaha [Vaitānasūtra] — c) ein best. Tact. — d) *Stier. — e) *Regenwurm.

2) f. ā und ī ein Frauenname.

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Gārga (गार्ग):——

1) *Adj. von gārgya. —

2) m. — a) ein best. Tact [Saṃgitasārasaṃgraha 236.] — b) *verächtliches Metron. von gārgī. — c) fehlerhaft für gārgya Patron. —

3) f. ī — a) f. zum Patron. gārgya. — b) Beiname der Durgā.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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