Sima, Sīmā, Shima: 18 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Sima means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Sīmā (सीमा) refers to “boundary” (of neighbouring villages). The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (See the Manubhāṣya, verse 8.261)

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Access to Insight: A Glossary of Pali and Buddhist TermsBoundary or territory within which the monastic sanghas formal acts (upasampada, patimokkha recitation, settling of disputes, etc.) must be performed in order to be valid.Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary

F Building compound found within a monastery and which is designed spot for the performance of certain duties, such as the integration of a new bhikkhu into the sangha or the reading of the rules of the patimokkha, which is made twice a month.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Amaravati: Glossary

a bounded area, within which official Sangha acts may take place. The main use of a sima is for upasampada, the ceremony of acceptance into the Bhikkhu?Sangha (ordination).

India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Sīma.—(IA 18), used for ‘country’ in the areas on the banks of the Kṛṣṇā and the Godāvarī. Cf. Kona-sīma (EI 32), also called a deśa, maṇḍala, sthala, etc. Note: sīma is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Sīmā.—(EI 11), five types enumerated by Nārada: Dhvajinī matsyinī c = aiva naidhānī bhaya-varjitā | rājaśāsana-nītā ca sīmā pañca- vidhā smṛtā (i. e. big trees or hills, rivers or tanks, under- ground signs and artificial marks made by men and by the king's order). Cf. Tamil śīrmai, śīmai (SITI), a territorial division; also called sīman. Note: sīmā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sīmā : (f.) a boundary; a limit; a chapter house for Buddhist monks.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sīmā, (f.) (cp. Sk. sīmā) boundary, limit, parish Vin. I, 106 sq. , 309, 340; Nd1 99 (four); DhA. IV, 115 (mālaka°); antosīmaṃ within the boundary Vin. I, 132, 167; ekasīmāya within one boundary, in the same parish J. I, 425; nissīmaṃ outside the boundary Vin. I, 122, 132; bahisīmagata gone outside the boundary Vin. I, 255. bhinnasīma transgressing the bounds (of decency) Miln. 122.—In compn sīma° & sīmā°.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śimā (शिमा).—f (sīmā S) A boundary or limit.

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śīma (शीम).—f (sīmā S) A boundary, a border, a limit.

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sīma (सीम).—a ( P Third.) Of the third class or grade;--used esp. of soil.

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sīmā (सीमा).—f (S) A boundary, border, bound, limit (of time, space, action, conduct, procedure). 2 Freely. Excess, extravagance, exorbitance, outrageousness, superlative vehemence of action: also superabundance, exuberance, overflowing copiousness, wild profuseness. Ex. tyā varṣīṃ pāva- sānēṃ mōṭhī sīmā kēlī; pāvasācī sīmā jhālī; āṃ- byāñcī yandā sīmā jhālī. See parākāṣṭhā.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

śimā (शिमा).—f A boundary or limit.

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śīma (शीम).—f A boundary, a limit

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sīmā (सीमा).—f A boundary, limit. Excess.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sima (सिम).—a. Every, all, whole, entire.

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Sīmā (सीमा).—1 Boundary, limit, border, margin, frontier.

2) A mound or ridge serving to mark the boundary of a field, village &c.; सीमां प्रति समुत्पन्ने विवादे (sīmāṃ prati samutpanne vivāde) Ms.8.245; Y.2.152.

3) A mark, land-mark.

4) A bank, shore, coast.

5) The horizon.

6) A suture (as of a skull).

7) The bounds of morality or decorum, limits of propriety.

8) The highest or utmost limit, highest point, climax; सीमेव पद्मासनकौशलस्य (sīmeva padmāsanakauśalasya) Bk.1.6.

9) A field.

1) The nape of the neck.

11) The scrotum.

12) An ornament of the hair; L. D. B.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sīma (सीम).—nt.; also sīman, m. or f., or sīmā, f., a mod-erately high number: sīmaṃ Mahāvyutpatti 7836, cited from Gaṇḍavyūha 133.2; in Gaṇḍavyūha 105.20 gen. sattvāsīnasya, read sattva-sīma- sya; sīmā, n. sg., Mahāvyutpatti 7710.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sima (सिम).—m.

(-maḥ) All, entire. f.

(-mā) Adj. Every. E. ṣi to bind, man Unadi aff.

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Sīmā (सीमा).—f.

(-mā) 1. A boundary, a limit. 2. A field. 3. A bank, a shore. 4. Rectitude observance of due bounds in morals, &c. 5. The nape of the neck. 6. The scrotum. 7. A mound or ridge serving to mark the boundary of a field. village, &c. 8. A landmark. 9. The horizon. 10. A suture, (of a skull.) 11. The utmost limit, last degree, (fig.) E. sīman + ḍhāp: see sīman .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sima (सिम).— (akin to sama), adj. Every, all, entire.

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Sīmā (सीमा).—see sīman.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śima (शिम).—[masculine] distributer of the sacrificial meat.

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Sima (सिम).—[adjective] all, every; simā [adverb] everywhere.

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Sīmā (सीमा).—[feminine] boundary, limit.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śima (शिम):—[from śim] m. a cutter up or preparer (of sacrificial food), [Taittirīya-saṃhitā]

2) Śīma (शीम):—See duḥand su-śīma.

3) Sima (सिम):—1 mfn. ([probably] connected with 1. sama; [ablative] simasmāt [dative case] simasmai; [vocative case] simā [Padapāṭha] sima, [Ṛg-veda viii, 41]; n. [plural] sime) all, every, whole, entire ([according to] to some = śreṣṭha; [according to] to others = ātman, ‘one’s self’), [Ṛg-veda]

4) 2. sima m. = śima, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā] ([according to] to [Mahīdhara] = sīmā, rekhā).

5) Simā (सिमा):—f. [plural] a [particular] Sāman (consisting of the Mahā-nāmnī verses; -tva n.), [Brāhmaṇa]

6) Sīma (सीम):—[from sīman] 1. sīma (only in [locative case] sīme) a boundary, limit, [Inscriptions]

7) [v.s. ...] 2. sīma in [compound] for sīman (or sometimes a mere shortened form of 1. sīmā).

8) Sīmā (सीमा):—[from sīman] 1. sīmā f. (ifc. f(ā). ) parting of the hair (See susīma)

9) [v.s. ...] a boundary, landmark, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] rule of morality (See [compound]).

11) 2. sīmā f. [plural] = simā, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa [Scholiast or Commentator]]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Sīma (सीम):—(nf) silver; see [sīmā; ~tana] silver-coloured, fair-complexioned; —[cāṃpanā] to usurp or capture another’s territory.

2) Sīmā (सीमा):—(nf) a border, boundary/bounds; frontier; range; limit, extent; verge; -[kara] terminal tax; -[cihna] a landmark; -[caukī] terminal post; -[nirdhāraṇa] demarcation; delimitation of the boundary; -[rekhā] border-line; line of demarcation; -[vivāda] a boundary dispute; —[meṃ rahanā] to be confined within limits; —[se bāhara jānā] to cross the limit.

3) (nm) lead.

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