Sima, Sīmā, Shima: 26 definitions

Introduction:

Sima means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Sīmā (सीमा) refers to “boundary” (of neighbouring villages). The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (See the Manubhāṣya, verse 8.261)

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Sīmā (सीमा) refers to the “bounds” (of the Vedas), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.19 (“Kāma’s destruction by Śiva”).—Accordingly, as Śiva thought to himself: “How is it that obstacles have cropped up while I am performing the great penance? Who can be that wicked person who has made my mind highly perturbed? With love I have described in bad taste another man’s woman. I have contravened rules of virtue and transgressed the bounds of the Vedas [i.e., śruti-sīmā]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Access to Insight: A Glossary of Pali and Buddhist Terms

Sima (‘boundary’ or ‘territory’) within which the monastic sanghas formal acts (upasampada, patimokkha recitation, settling of disputes, etc.) must be performed in order to be valid.

Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary

F Building compound found within a monastery and which is designed spot for the performance of certain duties, such as the integration of a new bhikkhu into the sangha or the reading of the rules of the patimokkha, which is made twice a month.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Sīmā (सीमा) refers to the “limits” (i.e., (rules for the inner and outer limits), according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 41).—Accordingly, “[The eighteen āveṇika-dharmas (‘special attributes’)]—[...] (1-2). The Buddha has no bodily or vocal defect.—[Question].—Why does the Buddha have no bodily defect (skhalita) or vocal defect (ravita)? [Answer].—[...] Furthermore, the Buddha has uprooted all the root causes of the wrongdoings: this is why he is faultless. [...] Those who do not know them [thus] commit faults. Thus, Śāriputra while walking with five Bhikṣus came to an empty house where he spent the night. It was a day when the pratimokṣa is recited. Śāriputra was not familiar with the rules for the inner limits (antar-sīmā) and the outer limits (bāhya-sīmā). This was reported to the Buddha who said: When one leaves the residence (āvāsa) at the end of one night, there are no determined limits. [...]”.

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Sīmā (सीमा) refers to the “boundaries” (for all Nāgas), according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [As the Bhagavān gives instructions for protection of crops]: “[...] They will be well protected. There will be a sealing of the boundaries (sīmā-bandha) for all Nāgas: the slopes of the great fire-mountain will completely cover the four directions and the great fire blaze mass cloud that is the expanded [wings] of the Garuḍa speed bird, called a great mass, will cover the sky. It is there for the protection of all flowers and fruits. All Nāgas and so on will be burnt by that. All harmful Nāgas will be destroyed”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Amaravati: Glossary

a bounded area, within which official Sangha acts may take place. The main use of a sima is for upasampada, the ceremony of acceptance into the Bhikkhu?Sangha (ordination).

India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Sīma.—(IA 18), used for ‘country’ in the areas on the banks of the Kṛṣṇā and the Godāvarī. Cf. Kona-sīma (EI 32), also called a deśa, maṇḍala, sthala, etc. Note: sīma is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Sīmā.—(EI 11), five types enumerated by Nārada: Dhvajinī matsyinī c = aiva naidhānī bhaya-varjitā | rājaśāsana-nītā ca sīmā pañca- vidhā smṛtā (i. e. big trees or hills, rivers or tanks, under- ground signs and artificial marks made by men and by the king's order). Cf. Tamil śīrmai, śīmai (SITI), a territorial division; also called sīman. Note: sīmā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Sima in India is the name of a plant defined with Lophira alata in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Lophira simplex G. Don (among others).

2) Sima in Thailand is also identified with Rhus chinensis It has the synonym Schinus indicus Burm.f. (etc.).

3) Sima in West Africa is also identified with Morinda lucida It has the synonym Morinda lucida A. Gray, nom. illeg..

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2003)
· Comm. Doc. Goetting. (1784)
· The Gardeners Dictionary (1768)
· Journal of Wuhan Botanical Research (1990)
· Planta Medica (2007)
· Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1860)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Sima, for example chemical composition, extract dosage, pregnancy safety, side effects, health benefits, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sīmā : (f.) a boundary; a limit; a chapter house for Buddhist monks.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sīmā, (f.) (cp. Sk. sīmā) boundary, limit, parish Vin. I, 106 sq. , 309, 340; Nd1 99 (four); DhA. IV, 115 (mālaka°); antosīmaṃ within the boundary Vin. I, 132, 167; ekasīmāya within one boundary, in the same parish J. I, 425; nissīmaṃ outside the boundary Vin. I, 122, 132; bahisīmagata gone outside the boundary Vin. I, 255. bhinnasīma transgressing the bounds (of decency) Miln. 122.—In compn sīma° & sīmā°.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śimā (शिमा).—f (sīmā S) A boundary or limit.

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śīma (शीम).—f (sīmā S) A boundary, a border, a limit.

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sīma (सीम).—a ( P Third.) Of the third class or grade;--used esp. of soil.

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sīmā (सीमा).—f (S) A boundary, border, bound, limit (of time, space, action, conduct, procedure). 2 Freely. Excess, extravagance, exorbitance, outrageousness, superlative vehemence of action: also superabundance, exuberance, overflowing copiousness, wild profuseness. Ex. tyā varṣīṃ pāva- sānēṃ mōṭhī sīmā kēlī; pāvasācī sīmā jhālī; āṃ- byāñcī yandā sīmā jhālī. See parākāṣṭhā.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

śimā (शिमा).—f A boundary or limit.

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śīma (शीम).—f A boundary, a limit

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sīmā (सीमा).—f A boundary, limit. Excess.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sima (सिम).—a. Every, all, whole, entire.

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Sīmā (सीमा).—1 Boundary, limit, border, margin, frontier.

2) A mound or ridge serving to mark the boundary of a field, village &c.; सीमां प्रति समुत्पन्ने विवादे (sīmāṃ prati samutpanne vivāde) Manusmṛti 8.245; Y.2.152.

3) A mark, land-mark.

4) A bank, shore, coast.

5) The horizon.

6) A suture (as of a skull).

7) The bounds of morality or decorum, limits of propriety.

8) The highest or utmost limit, highest point, climax; सीमेव पद्मासनकौशलस्य (sīmeva padmāsanakauśalasya) Bhaṭṭikāvya 1.6.

9) A field.

1) The nape of the neck.

11) The scrotum.

12) An ornament of the hair; L. D. B.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sīma (सीम).—nt.; also sīman, m. or f., or sīmā, f., a mod-erately high number: sīmaṃ Mahāvyutpatti 7836, cited from Gaṇḍavyūha 133.2; in Gaṇḍavyūha 105.20 gen. sattvāsīnasya, read sattva-sīma- sya; sīmā, n. sg., Mahāvyutpatti 7710.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sima (सिम).—m.

(-maḥ) All, entire. f.

(-mā) Adj. Every. E. ṣi to bind, man Unadi aff.

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Sīmā (सीमा).—f.

(-mā) 1. A boundary, a limit. 2. A field. 3. A bank, a shore. 4. Rectitude observance of due bounds in morals, &c. 5. The nape of the neck. 6. The scrotum. 7. A mound or ridge serving to mark the boundary of a field. village, &c. 8. A landmark. 9. The horizon. 10. A suture, (of a skull.) 11. The utmost limit, last degree, (fig.) E. sīman + ḍhāp: see sīman .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sima (सिम).— (akin to sama), adj. Every, all, entire.

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Sīmā (सीमा).—see sīman.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śima (शिम).—[masculine] distributer of the sacrificial meat.

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Sima (सिम).—[adjective] all, every; simā [adverb] everywhere.

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Sīmā (सीमा).—[feminine] boundary, limit.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śima (शिम):—[from śim] m. a cutter up or preparer (of sacrificial food), [Taittirīya-saṃhitā]

2) Śīma (शीम):—See duḥand su-śīma.

3) Sima (सिम):—1 mfn. ([probably] connected with 1. sama; [ablative] simasmāt [dative case] simasmai; [vocative case] simā [Padapāṭha] sima, [Ṛg-veda viii, 41]; n. [plural] sime) all, every, whole, entire ([according to] to some = śreṣṭha; [according to] to others = ātman, ‘one’s self’), [Ṛg-veda]

4) 2. sima m. = śima, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā] ([according to] to [Mahīdhara] = sīmā, rekhā).

5) Simā (सिमा):—f. [plural] a [particular] Sāman (consisting of the Mahā-nāmnī verses; -tva n.), [Brāhmaṇa]

6) Sīma (सीम):—[from sīman] 1. sīma (only in [locative case] sīme) a boundary, limit, [Inscriptions]

7) [v.s. ...] 2. sīma in [compound] for sīman (or sometimes a mere shortened form of 1. sīmā).

8) Sīmā (सीमा):—[from sīman] 1. sīmā f. (ifc. f(ā). ) parting of the hair (See susīma)

9) [v.s. ...] a boundary, landmark, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] rule of morality (See [compound]).

11) 2. sīmā f. [plural] = simā, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa [Scholiast or Commentator]]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sima (सिम):—(maḥ) 1. m. All, entire.

2) Sīmā (सीमा):—(mā) 1. f. A boundary; field; bank; rectitude; nape of the neck; scrotum.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Sima (सिम) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Sima, Sīmā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sima in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Sīma (सीम):—(nf) silver; see [sīmā; ~tana] silver-coloured, fair-complexioned; —[cāṃpanā] to usurp or capture another’s territory.

2) Sīmā (सीमा):—(nf) a border, boundary/bounds; frontier; range; limit, extent; verge; -[kara] terminal tax; -[cihna] a landmark; -[caukī] terminal post; -[nirdhāraṇa] demarcation; delimitation of the boundary; -[rekhā] border-line; line of demarcation; -[vivāda] a boundary dispute; —[meṃ rahanā] to be confined within limits; —[se bāhara jānā] to cross the limit.

3) (nm) lead.

context information

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Sima (सिम) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Sima.

2) Sīmā (सीमा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Sīmā.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Sima (ಸಿಮ):—[noun] the quality or condition or being colder (than usual); absence of normal warmth; coldness.

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Sīma (ಸೀಮ):—

1) [noun] = ಸೀಮೆ - [sime -] 1 & 2.

2) [noun] he who is subject to certain limit or limits.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

1) Sima (सिम):—n. marsh; bog; morass; wetlands; adj. one of the four categories (अब्बल, दोयं, सिम, चहर [abbala, doyaṃ, sima, cahara] ) of land; not so productive land; of the third category;

2) Sīmā (सीमा):—n. 1. limit; boundary; frontier; border; 2. bounds; limit;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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