Shatarupa, Śatarūpā, Śatarūpa, Shata-rupa: 10 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Shatarupa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śatarūpā and Śatarūpa can be transliterated into English as Satarupa or Shatarupa, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shatarupa in Shaktism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam

Śatarūpā (शतरूपा):—The daughter of Brahmā who sprang forth out of the left hand side of his body, according to the Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa (chapter on the Devī-yajña). She bore two sons (named Priyavrata and Uttānapāda) and three daughters by Svāyambhava-manu

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Śatarūpā (शतरूपा).—The wife of Svāyambhuva Manu and mother of Devahūti.

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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shatarupa in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Śatarūpā (शतरूपा) refers to the female (nārī) form of Brahmā after he split his body into two forms (dvirūpa), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.16:—“[...] then I [viz., Brahmā] created from the different parts of my body innumerable sons, Suras (devas) and Asuras (demons) and many others after assigning them different bodies, O sage. I was then prompted by Śiva present within me and hence, O sage, I split myself into two having assumed two forms (dvirūpa). One half had the form of a woman (nārī) and the other half that of a man (puruṣa). He then created in her a couple (dvandva), the means of excellent nature. The man was Svāyambhuva Manu, the greatest of the means (of creation). The woman was Śatarūpā, a Yoginī, an ascetic woman. The auspicious lady was accepted by Manu with due matrimonial rites, O dear one, he created beings through her by the process of sexual intercourse”.

He (Svāyambhuva Manu) begot of her (Śatarūpā) two sons Priyavrata and Uttānapāda and three daughters Ākūti, Devahūti and Prasūti, all of them very famous. [...] Their sons and progeny are spread over the world both mobile and immobile. [...] Thus according to their own actions and at the bidding of Śiva innumerable famous brahmins were born out of the various living beings.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Śatarūpā (शतरूपा).—Wife of Svāyambhuva Manu, who took his sister Śatarūpā herself as his wife. The couple had two sons called Priyavrata a?n?d Uttānapāda and two daughters Prasūti and Ākūti. Prasūti was married to Dakṣaprajāpati and Ākūti to Ruciprajāpati. (Viṣṇu Purāṇa, Part I, Chapter 7).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Śatarūpa (शतरूप).—A son of Sutāra, the lord of the II dvāpara.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 121.

2a) Śatarūpā (शतरूपा).—The female half of Brahmā's body—spread over all the worlds; performed austerities for a lakh of years and became queen of Svāyambhuva Manu as Rati; gave marriage presents to her daughter Devahūtī; mother of three daughters,1 and of sons Priyavrata and Uttānapāda;2 a tapasvinī.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 12. 54; 21. 26; 22. 23; IV. 1. 1; 8. 7; VIII. 1. 7; XI. 16. 25; Vāyu-purāṇa 10. 8-13; 57. 57; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 9. 15 and 33.
  • 2) Ib. II. 1. 57; II. 29. 62-3.
  • 3) Vi I. 7. 17.

2b) Daughter of Brahmā whom the father married and brought forth Svāyambhuva Manu; other sons, seven in number.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 3. 31, 43; 4. 24-5.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Śatarūpā (शतरूपा) refers to the female portion of Brahmā after he split himself into two, according to the Vaṃśa (‘genealogical description’) of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, “Brahmā was ordered by Śiva to create. After mental creation Brahmā desired to have progeny by sexual union (maithuna prabhava). He divides himself in two—male portion and female portion. The male portion is known as Manu-svāyaṃbhuva and the female portion became Śatarūpā. By penance Śatarūpā got Manu as her husband. As a result two sons—Priyavrata and Uttānapāda and two daughters—Ākūti and Prasūti were born. [...]

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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Shatarupa in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śatarūpā (शतरूपा).—Name of a daughter of Brahman (who is supposed to be also his wife, from whose incestuous connection with her father is said to have sprung Manu Svāyambhuva).

Śatarūpā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śata and rūpā (रूपा).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śatarūpā (शतरूपा).—f.

(-pā) 1. Name of the wife of Brahma. 2. An epithet of Savitri, the daughter of Brahma.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śatarūpa (शतरूप):—[=śata-rūpa] [from śata] mfn. having a h° forms, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a Muni, [Catalogue(s)]

3) Śatarūpā (शतरूपा):—[=śata-rūpā] [from śata-rūpa > śata] f. Name of the daughter and wife of Brahmā (her incestuous intercourse with her father produced Manu Svāyambhuva, but some Purāṇas make Śata-rūpā the wife not mother of the first Manu), [Harivaṃśa; Bṛhad-āraṇyaka-upaniṣad [Scholiast or Commentator]; Purāṇa]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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