Sim, Shim: 5 definitions



Sim means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Sim (सिम्).—A technical term used in the Vajasaneyi-Pratisakhya for the first eight vowels of the alphabet, viz. अ, आ, इ, ई, उ, ऊ, ऋ (a, ā, i, ī, u, ū, ) and ॠ; cf. सिमादितोष्टौ स्वराणाम् (simāditoṣṭau svarāṇām) V. Pr.. I.44.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṣim (षिम्).—[(u)ṣimu] r. 1st cl. (semati) To hurt or kill.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śim (शिम्).—śimyati = 1 śam.

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Sīm (सीम्).—([enclitic]) lays stress upon a [preceding] pronoun or preposition.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śim (शिम्):—(= √1. śam) [class] 4. [Parasmaipada] śimyati, to cut up, prepare (a sacrificial victim), [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Kāṭhaka]

2) Sim (सिम्):—1. sim ind. [gana] cādi.

3) 2. sim (in Vedic gram.) a technical term for the eight simple vowels (viz. a, ā, i, ī, u, ū, , ).

4) Sīm (सीम्):—ind. (originally [accusative] of a [pronoun] base and connected with sa as kīm with ka) him, her, it, them (employed for all genders, numbers and persons cf. id; īm, and [Greek] μιν, νιν; and often weakened into a generalizing and emphasizing particle, which may become an enclitic particle after a pronoun or preposition, = περ or cunque, often translatable by ‘ever’), [Ṛg-veda]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Śim (शिम्):—, śimyati Nebenform zu 1. śam; s. daselbst unter

2) am Ende. Vgl. śik in śikva u. s. w. neben śak, śip neben śās .

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Sim (सिम्):—indecl. gaṇa cādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 1, 4, 57.]

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Sīm (सीम्):—enklitische Partikel gaṇa cādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 1, 4, 57.] meist nach Pronomina und Präpositionen mit kaum hervortretender Bedeutung, etwa wie — περ, — cumque. Nach [Yāska’s Nirukta 1, 7] verallgemeinernd oder expletiv. Nach yad [Ṛgveda 1, 37, 6. 9. 179, 8. 3, 30, 14 u.s.w.] pari yadvajreṇa sī.ayacchat [1, 61, 11.] yam [36, 1. 4, 13, 3. 38, 3.] yān [8, 40, 8.] tvam [6, 1, 1.] abhi [3, 54, 6. 4, 38, 8.] ā [3, 7, 3.] ni [38, 3. 8, 89, 7.] nis [5, 31, 9.] pari [1, 95, 2. 3, 56, 4.] pra [2, 28, 4.] prati [7, 78, 2.] sam [3, 2, 10.] na [8, 59, 7.] [69, 8.] nach viśvatas am Versende [1, 33, 9. 116, 20. 5, 47, 2.] viśvasmāt [4, 2, 6.] pūrvyam [3, 23, 3.] selten nach Verbis [1, 117, 19. 2, 36, 1. 3, 1, 6.] Fehlt bereits im [Atharvavedasaṃhitā]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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