Yogini, Yoginī: 10 definitions
Yogini means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Images (photo gallery)
(+1 more images available)
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: academia.edu: Women in Early Śākta Tantras
Yoginī (योगिनी).—Women endowed with supernatural powers (yoginī).—Human yoginīs form a subtype of the general category of yoginī. Yoginīs or female spirits possessing superhuman powers are said to be divine or human (Siddhayogeśvarīmata 22.5), but, as I argued elsewhere, one could in fact distinguish between three subcategories of yoginīs:
- Divine yoginīs who are identified with mantra syllables;
- Witch-like semi-divine yoginīs who are invoked and appear flying in the cremation ground;
- Human yoginīs who are said to belong to lineages or clans.
The basic typology lists seven types of human yoginīs, who must be recognized and identified through particular features. The seven types, called lineages or clans (kula), are based on the names and traits of the seven mother goddesses:
- Cāmuṇḍā (or Mātṛnāyikā),
After identifying a yoginī as belonging to one of these seven clans, she must be shown certain hand gestures that represent the divine attributes of her male counterpart (such as the disc, cakra, for Vaiṣṇavī), to which she will react in her particular way. On certain days of the lunar month, her attributes must be drawn on her/the practitioner’s house (there is some ambiguity on this point) and she must be worshipped on these days. These human yoginīs are then said to bestow the ability to fly and other supernatural powers, just as other yoginīs or goddesses do, as well as to transmit the traditional teaching, sampradāya.
All seven types are described in Brahmayāmala 74.41–80 as well as in a long chapter on various yoginīs in the somewhat later Tantrasadbhāva (16.247–285). The Siddhayogeśvarīmata (29.21–51) includes only the first five types. The same yoginī types appear in later texts too, such as in the Jayadrathayāmala (3.38.35ff).
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Yoginī (योगिनी) refers to a group of deities who together with the nine Durgās participated in Vīrabhadra’s campaign against Dakṣa, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.33. Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“Mahākālī went ahead for the destruction of Dakṣa accompanied by nine Durgās [...]. The host of Yoginīs with their sixty-four groups set out angrily and hurriedly to destroy Dakṣa’s sacrifice”.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Yoginī (योगिनी).—A Varṇa śakti: an attendant on Śiva.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 59 and 105; III. 41. 30.
1b) The goddess who stands in Kanakhalatīrtha and dances with Śiva.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 193. 70.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)Source: Devotees Vaishnavas: Śrī Garga Saṃhitā
Yoginī (योगिनी) refers to the fifteenth of twenty-six ekādaśīs according to the Garga-saṃhitā 4.8.9. Accordingly, “to attain Lord Kṛṣṇa’s mercy you should follow the vow of fasting on ekādaśī. In that way You will make Lord Kṛṣṇa into your submissive servant. Of this there is no doubt”. A person who chants the names of these twenty-six ekādaśīs (e.g., Yoginī) attains the result of following ekādaśī for one year.
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: archive.org: Indian Historical Quarterly Vol. 7 (shaivism)
Yoginī (योगिनी) refers to one of the twenty-four names of the Lāmās, according to the 8th-centry Jayadratha-yāmala.—While describing the special practices of the Lāmās mentions the special language to be used with them. This language is described as monosyllabic (ekākṣara-samullāpa) and may thus be considered to have belonged to the Sino-Tibetan family as the Lamas themselves belonged to the Tibetan group of mystics. The Lāmās [viz., Yoginī], according to this language, had 24 different names.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: jaimaa: Hinduism
64 Yoginīs (sixty-four yoginīs) according to Kālikāpurāṇa.
- and several gupta yoginis
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: The Jaina Iconography
Yoginī (योगिनी) refers to a class of deities found in certain Jaina manuscripts, possibly serving as attendents of Kṣetrapāla.—Some of the names are in common with the Brahmanic names of Yoginīs but majority of them are quite original to Jainism. How the cult of the Tantrik Yoginīs originated among the vegetarian Jainas is unknown. The Yoginīs are known as attendants on Śiva or Pārvatī. But in the case of Jainism, we may suppose, as seen before that they are subordinates to Kṣetrapāla, the chief of the Bhairavas.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
yōginī (योगिनी).—f (S) A female fiend or sprite attendant on and created by Durga. Sixty-four are enumerated. 2 A female devotee or performer of yōga.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
yōginī (योगिनी).—f A female devotee. A female sprite.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Yoginī (योगिनी):—[from yogin > yoga] a f. See next.
2) [v.s. ...] b f. a female demon or any being endowed with magical power, a fairy, witch, sorceress (represented as eight in number and as created by Durgā and attendant on her or on Śiva; sometimes 60, 64 or 65 are enumerated), [Harivaṃśa; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc. (cf. [Religious Thought and Life in India 188, 189])
3) [v.s. ...] Name of Durgā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
4) [v.s. ...] (with Tāntrikas) a [particular] Śakti
5) [v.s. ...] (with Buddhists) a woman representing any goddess who is the object of adoration.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+10): Yogini ashadhakrishna, Yoginibhairavatantra, Yoginicakra, Yoginicakrapujana, Yoginichakra, Yoginidasha, Yoginidashacintamani, Yoginidashadhyaya, Yoginidashajnana, Yoginidashakathana, Yoginidashakrama, Yoginidashantardashopadashavidashavibhaga, Yoginidashaphala, Yoginidashaprakarana, Yoginidashavicara, Yoginidra, Yoginihridaya, Yoginihridayadipika, Yoginihridayasetubandha, Yoginijalashambara.
Ends with: Akashayogini, Ashtayogini, Gitayogini, Nairatmyayogini, Nakshatrayogini, Paramayogini, Rahasyayogini, Sangitayogini, Shadyogini, Siddhayogini, Siddhiyogini, Vajrayogini, Variyogini, Vidhirasayanasukhopayogini, Viyogini.
Full-text (+323): Yamini, Candika, Samtrasani, Vajrayogini, Shadyogini, Vajra, Samcarani, Samcalani, Six Yoginis, Shadyoginimantra, Mohani, Kaulini, Vashini, Sadhaki, Varahi, Santrasani, Yoginidashadhyaya, Yoginidashajnana, Yoginidashakrama, Yoginidashacintamani.
Search found 29 books and stories containing Yogini, Yoginī, Yōginī; (plurals include: Yoginis, Yoginīs, Yōginīs). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 45 - The Arrival of Sixty-four Yoginīs < [Section 1 - Pūrvārdha]
Chapter 64 - The Pilgrimage to Kālabhairava Tīrtha < [Section 1 - Avantīkṣetra-māhātmya]
Chapter 186 - The Greatness of Kanakhaleśvara (kanakhala-īśvara-tīrtha) < [Section 3 - Revā-khaṇḍa]
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 2 - Menā and others incur the imprecation of Sanaka etc. < [Section 2.3 - Rudra-saṃhitā (3): Pārvatī-khaṇḍa]
Chapter 33 - The March of Vīrabhadra < [Section 2.2 - Rudra-saṃhitā (2): Satī-khaṇḍa]
Chapter 21 - Description of the Special War < [Section 2.5 - Rudra-saṃhitā (5): Yuddha-khaṇḍa]
Middle Chola Temples (by S. R. Balasubrahmanyam)
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)
Chapter 52 - Yoginī Ekādaśī < [Section 6 - Uttara-Khaṇḍa (Concluding Section)]
Chapter 18 - Jālandhara Is Killed < [Section 6 - Uttara-Khaṇḍa (Concluding Section)]
Chapter 23 - Damana Fights with Pratāpāgrya < [Section 5 - Pātāla-Khaṇḍa (Section on the Nether World)]
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter LIX - Discourses on Astrology < [Agastya Samhita]
Chapter XXVI - The mode of performing the rites of Karanyasa < [Agastya Samhita]
Chapter XXIV - The worship of Ganapati < [Agastya Samhita]