Kshetrapala, aka: Kṣetrapāla, Kshetra-pala; 6 Definition(s)


Kshetrapala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kṣetrapāla can be transliterated into English as Ksetrapala or Kshetrapala, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Kshetrapala in Purana glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Kṣetrapāla (क्षेत्रपाल).—Kṣetrapāla is consecrated on the South East corner of the temple, for protecting the villages and cities. This is a large image with three eyes. There are figures which are Sāttvika, Rājasa and Tāmasa (having the attributes goodness, ostentatiousness and sloth). In some places figures having two or four or eight hands are seen. It is presumed that this deity is a portion of Śiva. It is stated in Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 51 that Kṣetrapālas should be figures having trident in the hand.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Kṣetrapāla (क्षेत्रपाल).—Attendants to Śiva;1 Kārtavīrya known as.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 41. 33; IV. 14. 7.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 43. 27; Vāyu-purāṇa 94. 24.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Arthashastra (politics and welfare)

Kshetrapala in Arthashastra glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Kṣetrapāla (क्षेत्रपाल) refers to a “superintendents of cultivated lands” and represents an official title used in the political management of townships in ancient India. Officers, ministers, and sovereigns bearing such titles [eg., Kṣetrapāla] were often present in ancient inscriptions when, for example, the king wanted to address his subjects or make an important announcement.

Source: Wisdom Library: Arthaśāstra
Arthashastra book cover
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Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

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India history and geogprahy

Kshetrapala in India history glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Kṣetrapāla.—(IE 8-3; EI 17; HD), same as Kṣetrapa. Cf. Ep. Ind., Vol. XVII, p. 321. Note: kṣetrapāla is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Kshetrapala in Marathi glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

kṣētrapāla (क्षेत्रपाल) [or ळ, ḷa].—m (kṣētrapāla S) The tutelar divinity of a place; the local and guardian deity of.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kshetrapala in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Kṣetrapāla (क्षेत्रपाल).—

1) a man employed to guard a field.

2) a deity protecting fields.

3) an epithet of Śiva.

Derivable forms: kṣetrapālaḥ (क्षेत्रपालः).

Kṣetrapāla is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kṣetra and pāla (पाल).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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