Kshetrapala, aka: Kṣetrapāla, Kshetra-pala; 6 Definition(s)
Kshetrapala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Kṣetrapāla can be transliterated into English as Ksetrapala or Kshetrapala, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Kṣetrapāla (क्षेत्रपाल).—Kṣetrapāla is consecrated on the South East corner of the temple, for protecting the villages and cities. This is a large image with three eyes. There are figures which are Sāttvika, Rājasa and Tāmasa (having the attributes goodness, ostentatiousness and sloth). In some places figures having two or four or eight hands are seen. It is presumed that this deity is a portion of Śiva. It is stated in Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 51 that Kṣetrapālas should be figures having trident in the hand.Source: archive.org: Puranic EncyclopaediaSource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Arthashastra (politics and welfare)
Kṣetrapāla (क्षेत्रपाल) refers to a “superintendents of cultivated lands” and represents an official title used in the political management of townships in ancient India. Officers, ministers, and sovereigns bearing such titles [eg., Kṣetrapāla] were often present in ancient inscriptions when, for example, the king wanted to address his subjects or make an important announcement.Source: Wisdom Library: Arthaśāstra
Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.
India history and geogprahy
Kṣetrapāla.—(IE 8-3; EI 17; HD), same as Kṣetrapa. Cf. Ep. Ind., Vol. XVII, p. 321. Note: kṣetrapāla is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
kṣētrapāla (क्षेत्रपाल) [or ळ, ḷa].—m (kṣētrapāla S) The tutelar divinity of a place; the local and guardian deity of.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) a man employed to guard a field.
2) a deity protecting fields.
3) an epithet of Śiva.
Derivable forms: kṣetrapālaḥ (क्षेत्रपालः).
Kṣetrapāla is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kṣetra and pāla (पाल).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Starts with: Kshetrapaleshvara.
Full-text (+95): Jvalamukhi, Gajakarna, Ghantarava, Karala, Lokamatri, Vidyunmukhi, Putana, Mahaghanta, Prasannasya, Mahameru, Ambika, Anala, Mahabala, Kramani, Mahalakshmi, Shankari, Elapura, Kshirika, Sopara, Maru.
Search found 10 books and stories containing Kshetrapala, Kṣetrapāla, Ksetrapala, Kṣētrapāla, Kshetra-pala, Kṣetra-pāla, Ksetra-pala; (plurals include: Kshetrapalas, Kṣetrapālas, Ksetrapalas, Kṣētrapālas, palas, pālas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 62 - The Practice of Mahāvidyā < [Section 2 - Kaumārikā-khaṇḍa]
Chapter 26 - The Marriage Celebration of Śiva and Pārvatī: Auspicious Festivities < [Section 1 - Kedāra-khaṇḍa]
Chapter 36 - Description of the Five Liṅgas Concluded < [Section 2 - Kaumārikā-khaṇḍa]
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 39 - The annihilation of the army of Śaṅkhacūḍa < [Section 2.5 - Rudra-saṃhitā (5): Yuddha-khaṇḍa]
Chapter 33 - The March of Vīrabhadra < [Section 2.2 - Rudra-saṃhitā (2): Satī-khaṇḍa]
Chapter 37 - Destruction of Dakṣa’s sacrifice < [Section 2.2 - Rudra-saṃhitā (2): Satī-khaṇḍa]
Lalitopakhyana (Lalita Mahatmya) (by G.V. Tagare)
Early Chola Temples (by S. R. Balasubrahmanyam)
Devakoshta < [Chapter XIII - Prasada: Component Parts]
Temples in Tiruvalanjuli < [Chapter X - Historical Survey]
Temples in Konerirajapuram < [Chapter VIII - Temples of Uttama Chola’s Time]
Middle Chola Temples (by S. R. Balasubrahmanyam)
Temples In Tiruvalanjuli < [Chapter II - Temples of Rajaraja I’s Time]
Appendix on Rajarajesvaram: Later History < [Tanjavur/Thanjavur (Rajarajesvaram temple)]
Temples in Sitibeta < [Chapter IV - Temples of Rajendra I’s Time]
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter CCXXIII - The Tripura Vidya < [Dhanvantari Samhita]
Chapter CXXVI - Visvedeva Puja < [Brihaspati (Nitisara) Samhita]