Saumya, Saumyā: 49 definitions
Saumya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, biology, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Saumy.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Saumya (सौम्य, “pleasing one”) refers to a specific “mode of address” (nāman) used in drama (nāṭya), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 19. Saumya is used to address inferior persons. A similair address to be used in this situation would be Bhadramukha.Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)
One of the Twenty-four Heads. Saumya: motionless. Usage: when the dance (nṛtya) is to be begun.Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (natya)
Saumyā (सौम्या) refers to one of the Thirty six kinds of Glances (dṛṣṭi) or “proper accomplishment of glances” (in Indian Dramas), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—Dṛṣṭi is very important in a dance form. The appropriate movements of eyes, eyeballs and eyebrows of an artist make the performance more charming. There are thirty six kinds of glances (dṛṣṭi) accepted in the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, for example saumyā, belonging to the sthāyībhāvadṛṣṭi division.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra
1) Saumyā (सौम्या):—One of the twelve guṇas associated with Dhvaja, the fourth seat of the Svādhiṣṭhāna-chakra. According to tantric sources such as the Śrīmatottara-tantra and the Gorakṣasaṃhitā (Kādiprakaraṇa), these twelve guṇas are represented as female deities. According to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā however, they are explained as particular syllables. They (e.g. Saumyā) only seem to play an minor role with regard to the interpretation of the Devīcakra (first of five chakras, as taught in the Kubjikāmata-tantra).
2) Saumyā (सौम्या):—One of the sixteen yoginīs representing the sixteen petals of the Dūtīcakra. The sixteen petals comprise the outer furnishment, whereupon the abode of the Dūtīs is situated. The Dūtīs refer to the eighty-one “female messengers/deties” of the Dūtīcakra.
3) Saumyā (सौम्या):—Sanskrit name of one of the twenty-four goddesses of the Sūryamaṇḍala (first maṇḍala of the Khecarīcakra) according to the kubjikāmata-tantra. The Khecarīcakra is the fifth cakra (‘internal mystic center’) of the five (pañcacakra) and is located on or above the head. She presides over the pītha (‘sacred site’) called Aṭṭahāsa. She is also known as Saumyāsyā (according to Kubjikāmata-tantra) or Kadambā (according to Śrīmatottara-tantra).
4) Saumyā (सौम्या):—Sanskrit name of one of the thirty-two female deities of the Somamaṇḍala (second maṇḍala of the Khecarīcakra) according to the kubjikāmata-tantra. These goddesses are situated on a ring of sixteen petals and represent the thirty-two syllables of the Aghoramantra. Each deity (including Saumyā) is small, plump and large-bellied. They can assume any form at will, have sixteen arms each, and are all mounted on a different animal.Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva
Saumya (सौम्य) or Saumyāgama refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the Vijayāgama which is one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The purpose of revealing upāgamas (e.g., Saumya Āgama) is to explain more elaborately than that of mūlāgamas (e.g., Vijaya-āgama) and to include any new idea if not dealt in mūlāgamas.Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions
Saumya (सौम्य) or Saumyabhairava refers to one of the “seven Bhairavas”, according to the Vārāṇasīmāhātmya 1.53-54.—Cf. The “eight Bhairavas” (originating from the blood of Andhaka when Śiva strikes him correspond with a set of eight Bhairavas), according to the Vāmanapurāṇa 44.23-38ff.Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra
Saumya (सौम्य) refers to “auspicious” and is used to describe Brahmā, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 13.29-36, while describing the appearance and worship of Rudra]—“The auspicious (saumya) Brahmā [has] four faces, four arms, beautiful eyes, and a red complexion. [He holds] a bundle of very sharp grass [that] hangs down [from his hands]. [Brahmā is] mounted on Haṃsa, holds a stick and rudrākṣa, carries a water jar for protection, [and] the four Vedas. [He] gives the fruits of all siddhis”.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Saumyā (सौम्या) is another name (synonym) for Śaṭī, which is a Sanskrit name for the plant Hedychium spicatum (spiked ginger lily). This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 6.226-227), which is an Ayurvedic medicinal thesaurus.Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)
Saumya (सौम्य) refers to “soma-like” and is mentioned in verse 3.3 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] pre-spring etc.—by these three (seasons) one shall know the northern course (of the sun), and this (is named) ‘absorption’ (as) it absorbs strength from man every day. [...] For in this (period) the sun and winds, being exceedingly violent, hot, and rough because of the nature of the (solar) path, destroy the soma-like [viz., saumya] qualities of the earth”.
Note: Saumya (“soma-like”) has been rendered by zla-ba (“moon-like”), either term meaning as much as “cool and moist”. This agrees with the practice current in post-Vedic mythology of equating Soma, the god of the soma plant and the divine intoxicant made of it, with the moon, the lord of plants and the receptacle of the other divine beverage called “nectar” (amṛta).—Perhaps [the soma plant refers to] Sareostemma brevistigma W. & A. The attempts of identifying soma are legion; some have been recorded by Müller, Asiatica p. 436 sq.Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
1) Saumya (सौम्य) is another name for Svarṇajīvantī, a plant similar to Jīvantī, a medicinal plant identified with Leptadenia reticulata (cork swallow-wort) from the Apocynaceae, or “dogbane family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.42-44 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Saumya and Svarṇajīvantī, there are a total of fourteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.
2) Saumyā (सौम्या) is also mentioned as a synonym for Rudrajaṭā, a medicinal plant identified with Aristolochia indica (Indian birthwort or duck flower) from the Aristolochiaceae or “birthwort family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.79-81.
3) Saumyā (सौम्या) is also mentioned as a synonym for Tejovatī, a medicinal plant similar to Jyotiṣmatī Celastrus paniculatus (black oil plant or intellect tree) from the Celastraceae or “staff vine” or “bittersweet family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.82. The Raj Nighantu reads Jyotiṣmatī and Tejovatī together while Bāpālāl identifies Tejovatī with Zanthoxylum budrunga (cape yellowwood or Indian ivy-rue) from the Rutaceae or “rue” or “citrus” family.
4) Saumyā (सौम्या) is also mentioned as a synonym for Mahiṣavallī, a medicinal plant identified with Sarcostemma brevistigma (synonym of Sarcostemma acidum or leafless east-Indian vine) from the Apocynaceae or “dog-away” family of flowering plants, according to verse 3.100-101.
5) Saumyā (सौम्या) is also mentioned as a synonym for Raktaguñjā, one of the two varieties of Guñjā: a medicinal plants identified with Abrus precatorius (Indian licorice or rosary pea) from the Fabaceae or “legume family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.113-116.
6) Saumyā (सौम्या) is also mentioned as a synonym for Śāliparṇī, a medicinal plant identified with Desmodium gangeticum (sal leaved desmodium), from the Fabaceae or “legume” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.17-20. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa).
7) Saumyā (सौम्या) is also mentioned as a synonym for Brāhmī, a medicinal plant identified with two possibly species verse, according to verse 5.63-66. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Sarasvatī and Brāhmī, there are a total of twenty-four Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant. Note: Chopra identifies Brāhmī with 1) Centella asiatica (Linn.) Urban. while Bāpālāl and Th. B.S. et al identify it with 2) Bacopa monnieri (Linn.) Pennell.Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms
Saumya (सौम्य):—Cool, Gentle, Mild; 2. A synonym of Ficus glomerulata
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa
Saumya (सौम्य).—One of the nine divisions of Bhārata, a region south of mount Meru, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 74. Saumya is surrounded by an ocean (sāgara) and is one thousand yojanas in extent. Meru is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, which is ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa
Saumyā (सौम्या) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (e.g., Saumyā) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”
The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Saumya (सौम्य).—The town of Soma visited by Arjuna in search of the dead child of the Dvārakā Brahman.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 89. 44.
1b) One of the nine divisions of Bhāratavarṣa.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 9; Matsya-purāṇa 114. 8; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 79; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 3. 7.
1c) A muhūrta of the night.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 43; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 44.
1d) A son of Purindrasena (Āndhra).*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 273. 10.
1e) Budha, the son of Rohiṇī; born in Naimiṣa.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 2. 9.
1f) (Sauram Ucānam)—solar measurements.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 21. 137; Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 188.
1g) Sūkta of the Yajurvedins; to be recited in tank rituals.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 58. 35; 93. 132.
1h) A sāma.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 9. 48.
1i) The place of the moon in the maṇḍalam.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 53. 59.
1j) A class of sacred fire.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 1. 63.
1k) A class of Pitṛs who drink Soma's svadha; deities of Ṛtus and hence Ṛtvas; Pitṛs born of Soma.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 23. 39, 75; 28. 4, 15, 18, 70; Matsya-purāṇa 102. 20; 126. 69; 141. 4, 13, 16. Vāyu-purāṇa 52. 67; 56. 13, 16, 66; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 12. 13.
2) Saumyā (सौम्या).—A mind-born mother.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 10.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira
Saumya (सौम्य) refers to “happiness”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 3), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The dark spots, also known as ketus, the sons of Rāhu are Tāmasa, Kīlaka and the like, and are 33 in number. How they affect the earth depends upon their color, position and shape. If these spots should appear on the solar disc, mankind will suffer miseries; if on the lunar disc mankind will be happy [i.e., saumya]; but if they take the shape of a crow, a headless human body, or a weapon, mankind will suffer even though the spots should appear on the moon”.
2) Saumya (सौम्य) refers to the “moon”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5).—Accordingly, “[...] Commencing from the time of creation, ... Brahmā is the lord over the new and full moon periods of the first six months; the Moon is the lord over those of the second six months; [...] If Brahmā should be lord as stated above, cows and Brāhmins will prosper; there will be health and happiness in the land; and crops will thrive. If the moon [i.e., saumya] should be the lord, the effects will be those described above; also, learned men will suffer and there will be drought”.
3) Saumya (सौम्य) refers to the planet Mercury, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5).—Accordingly, “If Mercury [i.e., Saumya] should see the eclipsed disc, honey and oil will become scarce; princes will suffer. If Mars should see the eclipsed disc, there will be war in the land and fear from fire and robbers. If Venus should see the eclipsed disc, crops will be injured and there will be drought and famine in the land and the mankind will have fear from robbers”.
4) Saumya (सौम्य) refers to the forty-third of the sixty-year cycle of Jupiter, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 8).—Accordingly, “The first year of the ninth yuga is Plavaṅga, the next year is known as Kīlaka, the third is known as Saumya and the last two years are known as Sādhāraṇa and Rodhakṛt respectively; of these, during the years Kīlaka and Saumya mankind will be happy. In the year Plavaṅga mankind will suffer much; in Sādhāraṇa there will be slight rain and crops will suffer; in the fifth year there will be a variety of rainfall and crops will thrive”.Source: The effect of Samvatsaras: Satvargas
Saumya (सौम्य) refers to the forty-third saṃvatsara (“jovian year)” in Vedic astrology.—If the birth is there in the ‘samvatsara’ of ‘saumya’, the native is destined to be a pandit or learned-man, wealthy, very sensual (or given to worldly pleasures) has love for his deity or god and his guest, is pure, is endowed with Sattwika habits and a weak body, reputation through the medium of trade.
According with Jataka Parijata, the person born in the year saumya (2029-2030 AD) will be tranquil, universally popular, exceedingly wealthy and firm-minded.Source: academia.edu: Tithikarmaguṇa in Gārgīyajyotiṣa
Saumyā (सौम्या) or Saumyatithi is the name of the last of fifteen tithis (cycle of time) according to the Gārgīyajyotiṣa while the Śārdūlakarṇāvadāna considers Siddhā to be the fifteenth. The associated deity for Saumyā or Siddhā according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā are the Pitṛs. A tithi was defined as one thirtieth of a synodic month (c. 29.5 days), resulting in an average tithi being slightly less than a day.
Accordingly, “(39) The New Moon is Siddhārthā. The worship of ancestors is praised on this tithi. One should enter sanctuaries (gokulāni) where there are holy rites and fire rites. (40) One should appoint a Purohita and perform sacrificial rites, make offerings and occasional oblations. The ancestors are the deity on this tithi”.
Also, “(41) The Full Moon is Kalyāṇī. One should engage in duties for the gods, acts for the Brahmans and kindle the sacrificial fire. One should devote to the sounds of the cattle. (42) One should appoint Purohitas and perform various rites for the kings. Auspicious acts should be performed. One should know Soma as the deity”.Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Saumya (सौम्य).—1. North. The northern (hemisphere). 2. Mercury. Note: Saumya is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Kavya (poetry)Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara
Saumya (सौम्य) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—One of the nine parts of Bhāratavarṣa. It is seems to be a region situated in the North-west part of India.
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Saumyā (सौम्या) refers to one of the thirty mātrāvṛtta (quantitative verse) mentioned in the 331st chapter of the Agnipurāṇa. The Agnipurāṇa deals with various subjects viz. literature, poetics, grammar, architecture in its 383 chapters and deals with the entire science of prosody (e.g., the saumyā metre) in 8 chapters (328-335) in 101 verses in total.Source: Journal of the University of Bombay Volume V: Apabhramsa metres (2)
Saumyā (सौम्या) (also called Ramaṇīyaka or Saṃpiṇḍitāgalitā) is the name of a catuṣpadi metre (as popularly employed by the Apabhraṃśa bards), as discussed in books such as the Chandonuśāsana, Kavidarpaṇa, Vṛttajātisamuccaya and Svayambhūchandas.—Saumyā has 21 mātrās in each of its four lines, divided into the groups of 5, 5, 4, 4 and [IS] mātrās.—Saumyā is almost identical with the Galitaka of Kavidarpaṇa II.23 and Hemacandra (p. 30a).
Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.
Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (pancaratra)
Saumya (सौम्य) or Saumyasaṃhitā is the name of a Vaiṣṇava Āgama scripture, classified as a rājasa type of the Muniprokta group of Pāñcarātra Āgamas. The vaiṣṇavāgamas represent one of the three classes of āgamas (traditionally communicated wisdom).—Texts of the Pāñcara Āgamas are divided in to two sects. It is believed that Lord Vāsudeva revealed the first group of texts which are called Divya and the next group is called Muniprokta which are further divided in to three viz. a. Sāttvika. b. Rājasa (e.g., Saumya-saṃhitā). c. Tāmasa.
Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition
Saumya (सौम्य) is the forty-third of sixty years (saṃvatsara) in the Vedic lunar calendar according to the Arcana-dīpikā by Vāmana Mahārāja (cf. Appendix).—Accordingl, There are sixty different names for each year in the Vedic lunar calendar, which begins on the new moon day (Amāvasyā) after the appearance day of Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu (Gaura-pūrṇimā), in February or March. The Vedic year [viz., Saumya], therefore, does not correspond exactly with the Christian solar calendar year.
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
Saumya (सौम्य) refers to “(places that are) tranquil”, according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “One should institute a great sacrifice at times of great fear, [...]. This (great sacrifice) brings every success and is the sure means of getting (whatever) one thinks about. I will tell (you) that clearly as it (truly) is. One should make a level canopy measuring sixteen (handspans) in a frightening forest, or (beside) a solitary tree or a single beautiful Liṅga, in a temple dedicated to the Mothers, on a battle ground, on a threshing floor, in a house, or (places) that are tranquil [i.e., saumya], terrifying, or romantic as one pleases. Beautiful with flags and garlands, (it is erected) to (win) victory in battle with the enemy and for other purposes as they arise, each separately”.Source: Kamakoti Mandali: The Yoginis of Narasimha Vyuha
Saumyā (सौम्या) is the name of a Mātṛkā-Śakti created by Mahārudra in order to control the plague of demons created by Andhakāsura.—Accordingly, Andhaka-Asura tried to kidnap Umā (Devī Pārvatī), and was fiercely attacked by Mahārudra who shot arrows at him from his mahāpināka. when the arrows pierced the body of Andhakāsura, drops of blood fell to earth and from those drops, thousands of Andhakas arose. To control this plague of demons, Mahārudra created Mātṛkā-Śaktis [viz., Saumyā] and ordered them to drink the blood of the demons and drain them dry.Source: Kamakoti Mandali: Nrisimha matrika-mandala
Saumyā (सौम्या) refers to one of the various Mātṛkā-Śaktis created by Rudra in order to destroy the clones that spawned from Andhaka’s body.—Accordingly, [...] Andhakāsura attempted to abduct Girājanandinī (Pārvatī) and thus ensued a fierce battle between Andhakāsura and the great Rudra, the Lord of Umā. Like raktabīja, every drop of blood that fell from the body of Andhaka created another Asura like him and in no time, the entire world was filled with Andhakas. To destroy the growing number of Andhakas, Rudra created innumerable Mātṛkā-Śaktis [viz., Saumyā]. These Śaktis of immense power at once began to drink every drop of blood that flowed from the body of Andhaka, but they could still not effectively contain the emergence of more and more demons.Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)
Saumya (सौम्य) refers to a “beautiful appearance”, according to the King Vatsarāja’s Pūjāstuti called the Kāmasiddhistuti (also Vāmakeśvarīstuti), guiding one through the worship of the Goddess Nityā.—Accordingly, “[...] O goddess, I praise you with mind and speech. [...] Dwelling originally in the abode of Śiva, you multiply yourself sixfold and prepare the path of existence where you nurture wonderful and manifold creation with your own six forms. You shed moonlight on the path of Suṣumṇā that is charming due to the beautiful appearance (vilāsa-saumya) of the six lotuses serving as [your] bases”.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Vastushastra (architecture)Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (vastu)
Saumya (सौम्य) [=somya?] refers to one of the hundred types of Temples (in ancient Indian architecture), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—It is quite difficult to say about a definite number of varieties of Hindu temples but in the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa hundred varieties of temples have been enumerated. For example, Saumya. These temples are classified according to the particular shape, amount of storeys and other common elements, such as the number of pavilions, doors and roofs.
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
Mantrashastra (the science of Mantras)Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa (mantra)
Saumya (सौम्य) refers to a particular classification of mantras (“that which is chanted by people to obtain their spiritual aspirations”).—All mantras contain in their vibrations, a certain power which assists the aspirant in realising his/her objectives.—[...] Mantras are threefold: Saumya, like the Viṣṇugāyatrī, Aṣṭākṣara and Dvādaśākṣara-mantras; Āgneya like the Narasimha and Sudarśana-mantras; Saumyāgneya to which belong the Mudrā-mantras, and Varāhamūrti-mantras.
Mantrashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, mantraśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mantras—chants, incantations, spells, magical hymns, etc. Mantra Sastra literature includes many ancient books dealing with the methods reciting mantras, identifying and purifying its defects and the science behind uttering or chanting syllables.
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism
1) Saumya (सौम्य) is the name of a Bodhisattva mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Saumya).
2) Saumya (सौम्य) is also the name of Vidyārāja (i.e., “wisdom king”) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa.
3) Saumyā (सौम्या) is also the name of a Yakṣiṇī mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa.Source: De Gruyter: A Fragment of the Vajrāmṛtamahātantra
Saumyā (सौम्या) refers to one of the eight wisdoms (vidyās) described in the ‘guhyamaṇḍala-karaṇābhinaya’ chapter of the 9th-century Vajrāmṛtatantra or Vajrāmṛtamahātantra: one of the main and earliest Buddhist Yoginītantras. The first chapter begins, in the fashion of the ‘explanatory tantras’ (vyākhyātantra), by stating that the actual teachings have already been imparted; the Goddess (Devī) Māmakī then asks for insights on the means to achieve (sādhana) the supreme Nectar of the Vajra (vajrāmṛta) [...] Afterwards, the text describes the door-guardians (dvārapāla) and the eight Wisdoms (vidyā) [viz., Saumyā, etc.] which are located in the eight leaves of the lotus.
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 4: The celestial beings (deva)
Saumya (सौम्य) is one of the nine anudiśas: a subclasses of kalpātītas (born beyond heaven), itself a division of empyrean celestial beings (vaimānika) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 4.19. The living beings residing in the vimānas are called the empyrean gods (vaimānika) and represents one of the four classes of Devas.
The nava-anudiśas (e.g., Saumya) are called so because they have nine heavenly abodes one in each of the eight directions. Which thought-colourations are there in Graivaiyaka, Anudiśa and Anuttara gods? They have pure white thought-colouration.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geographySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Saumya.—(EI 27), lunar or auspicious. Note: saumya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Biology (plants and animals)Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs
Saumya [ସୌମ୍ଯା] in the Odia language is the name of a plant identified with Trichosanthes tricuspidata Lour. from the Cucurbitaceae (Pumpkin) family having the following synonyms: Trichosanthes palmata, Trichosanthes bracteata, Modecca bracteata. For the possible medicinal usage of saumya, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)
1) Saumya in India is the name of a plant defined with Abrus precatorius in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Abrus abrus (L.) W. Wight, nom. illeg. (among others).
2) Saumya is also identified with Desmodium gangeticum It has the synonym Aeschynomene maculata Poir. (etc.).
3) Saumya is also identified with Ephedra major It has the synonym Chaetocladus monostachys J. Nelson (etc.).
4) Saumya is also identified with Ficus racemosa It has the synonym Covellia glomerata (Roxburgh) Miquel (etc.).
5) Saumya is also identified with Hedychium spicatum It has the synonym Gandasulium sieboldii Kuntze (etc.).
6) Saumya is also identified with Jasminum sambac It has the synonym Mogorium undulatum (L.) Lam. (etc.).
Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):
· Commentariorum de Plantis Africae Australioris (1836)
· Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club (1946)
· A General History of the Dichlamydeous Plants (1837)
· Familles des Plantes (1763)
· Journal of Cytology and Genetics (1989)
· Kew Bulletin (1970)
If you are looking for specific details regarding Saumya, for example health benefits, side effects, pregnancy safety, chemical composition, extract dosage, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.
This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
saumya (सौम्य).—a (S) Mild, gentle, clement, soft;--as a person or a disposition: mild or gentle; not acrid, acrimonious, harsh, rough, violent &c.;--as a medicine, an operation, a measure, an act. 2 Quiet, still, calm, composed. 3 Belonging or relating to sōma or the moon, lunar.
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saumya (सौम्य).—m S The planet Mercury or the Regent of it. He is the same with Buddh and the son of Som the moon. 2 One of the nine khaṇḍa or divisions of the continent as known to or feigned by the Hindus.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
saumya (सौम्य).—a Mild; quiet. Lunar.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Saumya (सौम्य).—a. (-myā or -myī f.) [सोमो देवतास्य तस्येदं वा अण् (somo devatāsya tasyedaṃ vā aṇ)]
1) Relating or sacred to the moon.
2) Having the properties of Soma.
3) Handsome, lovely, charming; pleasing, agreeable.
4) Gentle, soft, mild, placid; संरंम्भं मैथिलीहासः क्षणसौम्यां निनाय ताम् (saṃraṃmbhaṃ maithilīhāsaḥ kṣaṇasaumyāṃ nināya tām) R.12.36; सौम्यस्व- भावोऽपि पृथुप्रतापः (saumyasva- bhāvo'pi pṛthupratāpaḥ) (where saumya means both 'gentle' and 'lunar') Bu. Ch.1.1; (the voc. saumya is often used in the sense of 'good sir', 'gentle sir', 'good man'; prītāsmi te saumya cirāya jīva R.14.59; saumyeti cābhāṃṣya yathārthavādī 14. 44; Meghadūta 51; Kumārasambhava 4.35; Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 9.25).
6) Bright, brilliant.
7) Cool, moist.
-myaḥ 1 Name of Budha or the planet Mercury.
2) A proper epithet by which a Brāhmaṇa should be addressed; आयुष्मान् भव सौम्येति वाच्यो विप्रोऽभिवादने (āyuṣmān bhava saumyeti vācyo vipro'bhivādane) Manusmṛti 2.125.
3) A Brāhmaṇa.
4) The Udumbara tree.
5) Blood before it becomes red, serum.
6) The gastric juice.
7) Name of one of the nine divisions of the earth.
8) An auspicious planet.
9) A Brāhmaṇa drinking the Soma juice.
1) A kind of penance (saumyakṛcchra).
11) An adherent, worshipper; पपुर्ज्ञानमयं सौम्या यन्मुखाम्बुरुहासवम् (papurjñānamayaṃ saumyā yanmukhāmburuhāsavam) Bhāg. 2.4.24.
12) The left hand.
13) The month मार्गशीर्ष (mārgaśīrṣa).
-myam 1 Gentleness.
2) The मृगशिरस् (mṛgaśiras) constellation.
3) The left eye.
4) The middle of the hand.
-myā 1 Name of Durgā.
2) The moon-plant.
3) A pearl.
4) The मृगशिरस् (mṛgaśiras) constellation.
-myī Moon-shine. -m. pl.
1) Name of the five stars in Orion's head.
2) A particular class of Pitṛs or Manes; अग्निष्वात्तांश्च सौम्यांश्च विप्राणामेव निर्दिशेत् (agniṣvāttāṃśca saumyāṃśca viprāṇāmeva nirdiśet) Meghadūta 3.199.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-myaḥ-myā or -mī-myaṃ) 1. Handsome, pleasing. 2. Mild, gentle, placid. 3. Sacred or belonging to So4Ma or the moon, 4. Auspi- cious. m.
(-myaḥ) 1. Budha, regent of Mercury, and son of So4Ma or the moon. 2. One of the nine K'hand'as or divisions of the known continent. 3. A term applied to a pupil when addressing instruction to one. 4. (In anatomy,) The blood before it receives the red particles, the serum. 5. The gastric juice. m. plu.
(-myāḥ) 1. Name of a class of Pitris or Manes. 2. Name of the five stars in Orion's head. f.
(-myā) 1. A shrub, (Hedysarum gangeticum.) 2. Heart-pea. 3. The Abrus precatorius. 4. The moon-plant, (Sarcostema acida.) 5. Zedoary, Curcuma zerumbet.) 6. Arabian jasmine. E. soma the moon, ṇyat or yat aff., or ḍyaṇ aff., when the word takes ṅīp in the feminine form.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Saumya (सौम्य).—i. e. soma + ya, I. adj., f. mī. 1. Handsome, [Sāvitryupākhyāna] 1, 14; pleasing, excellent, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 125; used in addressing, Dear, [Daśakumāracarita] in
Saumya (सौम्य).—([feminine] saumī & saumyā) relating or consecrated to Soma, consisting of [Simple], i.[grammar] Soma-; Somaor moon-like, auspicious, gentle, dear ([especially] [vocative] saumya my dear); [masculine] [plural] a class of Manes.
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Saumya (सौम्य).—([feminine] saumī & saumyā) relating or consecrated to Soma, consisting of [Simple], i.[grammar] Soma-; Somaor moon-like, auspicious, gentle, dear ([especially] [vocative] saumya my dear); [masculine] [plural] a class of Manes.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
Saumya (सौम्य) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—śr. Oppert. Ii, 10201.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Saumya (सौम्य):—[from sauma] a mf(ī or ā)n. mf(ī later ā; once in [Ṛg-veda] saumyā)n. (once in [Atharva-veda] saumya) relating or belonging to Soma (the juice or the sacrifice or the moon-god), connected or dealing with Soma, having his nature or qualities etc., [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.
2) [v.s. ...] cool and moist (opp. to āgneya, ‘hot and dry’), [Brāhmaṇa; Harivaṃśa; Suśruta]
3) [v.s. ...] northern (ena, ‘to the north’), [Harivaṃśa; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]
4) [v.s. ...] ‘resembling the moon’, placid, gentle, mild (saumya [vocative case] = ‘O gentle Sir!’ ‘O good Sir!’ ‘O excellent man!’ as the proper mode of addressing a Brāhman, [Manu-smṛti ii, 125]), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc.
5) [v.s. ...] auspicious (said of birds, planets etc.; [especially] of the Nakṣatras Mṛga-śiras, Citrā, Anurādhā, and Revatī), [Rāmāyaṇa; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Harivaṃśa; Śārṅgadhara-saṃhitā]
6) [v.s. ...] happy, pleasant, cheerful, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]
7) [v.s. ...] m. a Soma sacrifice, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
8) [v.s. ...] an adherent, worshipper, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]
9) [v.s. ...] a Brāhman, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
10) [v.s. ...] [patronymic] of Budha or the planet Mercury, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]
11) [v.s. ...] of the Vedic Ṛṣi Budha (author of [Ṛg-veda x, 1]), [Ṛgveda-anukramaṇikā]
12) [v.s. ...] the left hand, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]
13) [v.s. ...] Ficus Glomerata, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
14) [v.s. ...] the fifteenth cubit (aratni) from the bottom or the third from the top of the sacrificial post, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
15) [v.s. ...] (in [anatomy]) the blood before it becomes red, serum, [Horace H. Wilson]
16) [v.s. ...] the gastric juice, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]
17) [v.s. ...] the month Mārgaśīrṣa, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]
18) [v.s. ...] Name of the 43rd (or 17th) year in the 60 years' cycle of Jupiter, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]
19) [v.s. ...] ([plural]) the people of Soma, [Śāṅkhāyana-gṛhya-sūtra]
20) [v.s. ...] a [particular] class of deceased ancestors, [Manu-smṛti iii, 199]
21) [v.s. ...] m. n. a [particular] penance (See -kṛcchra), [Yājñavalkya; Gāruḍa-purāṇa]
22) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a Dvīpa of the earth or of Bharatavarṣa, [Purāṇa]
23) [v.s. ...] of the 7th [astrology] Yuga, [Jyotiṣa]
24) Saumyā (सौम्या):—[from saumya > sauma] f. Name of various plants (Abrus Precatorius; Glycine Debilis; Ruta Graveolens etc.), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
25) [v.s. ...] a pearl, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
26) [v.s. ...] the Nakṣatra Mṛga-śiras, [Harivaṃśa]
27) [v.s. ...] Name of the five stars in Orion’s head (also called ilvala q.v.), [Horace H. Wilson]
28) [v.s. ...] a species of the Āryā metre, [Colebrooke]
29) [v.s. ...] Name of Durgā, [Catalogue(s)]
30) Saumya (सौम्य):—[from sauma] n. the nature or condition of Soma, [Atharva-veda]
31) [v.s. ...] gentleness, [Mahābhārata; Pañcatantra] the Nakṣatra Mṛga-śiras (presided over by the Moon), [Maitrī-upaniṣad; Harivaṃśa] ([according to] to [Nīlakaṇṭha] ‘Wednesday’)
32) [v.s. ...] the left eye, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
33) [v.s. ...] the middle of the hand, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
34) [v.s. ...] Name of the fifth Muhūrta, [Catalogue(s)]
35) [v.s. ...] ([scilicet] adbhuta) a [particular] kind of omen or prodigy (occurring in the Diva or sky), [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]
36) b etc. See [column]1.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Saumya (सौम्य):—(myaḥ) 1. m. Buddha; one of the nine divisions of the known continent. pl. Five stars in Orion’s head. 1. f. Hedysarum, heart pea, moon-plant; jasmine, &c. a. Handsome, pleasing, mild; sacred to the moon.
2) kṛcchra (cchraṃ) 1. n. A religious penance, living low five days and fasting the sixth.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Saumya (सौम्य) [Also spelled saumy]:—(a) amiable, gentle; ~[tā/tva] amiability, gentility.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [adjective] of or relating to the moon.
2) [adjective] lovely; comely; beautiful.
3) [adjective] gentle or kind in disposition, action or effect; not severe, harsh, bitter, etc.; mild.
4) [adjective] not extreme in any way; moderate; temperate.
5) [adjective] tending to reduce discomfort in warm or hot weather.
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1) [noun] loveliness; comeliness; beauty.
2) [noun] a handsome man.
3) [noun] a mild, gentle or patient man.
4) [noun] an auspicious, lucky thing, event or moment.
5) [noun] name of the fortythird in the cycle of the sixty years.
6) [noun] the plant Glycine debilis.
7) [noun] the plant Ruta Graveolens ( = R. angustifolia) of Rutaceae family; common rue.
8) [noun] the plant Abrus precatorius of Papilionaceae family.
9) [noun] (astrol.) the planet Mercury personified as the son of Candra, the moon.
10) [noun] (astrol.) any propitious planet.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+30): Saumya Graha, Saumya Kricachra, Saumyabhairava, Saumyacchanda, Saumyachchhanda, Saumyadarshana, Saumyadhatu, Saumyagandha, Saumyagandhi, Saumyagiri, Saumyagneya, Saumyagola, Saumyagraha, Saumyajamatar, Saumyajamatri, Saumyajamatri muni, Saumyajamatrimuni, Saumyajamatrimunindrastotra, Saumyajamatriyogindrastuti, Saumyaka.
Full-text (+127): Saumyadhatu, Saumyakricchra, Saumyagola, Asaumya, Saumyatva, Saumyata, Saumyopacara, Saumyam, Saumyadarshana, Saumyavara, Saumi, Saumyavasara, Saumyagandhi, Saumyanaman, Saumyagraha, Somma, Soma, Saumyajamatriyogindrastuti, Saumyajamatrimunindrastotra, Saumyashanti.
Search found 80 books and stories containing Saumya, Saumyā; (plurals include: Saumyas, Saumyās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Sahitya-kaumudi by Baladeva Vidyabhushana (by Gaurapada Dāsa)
Rig Veda (translation and commentary) (by H. H. Wilson)
Rig Veda 8.59.4 < [Sukta 59]
Rig Veda 10.101.11 < [Sukta 101]
Rig Veda 10.101.12 < [Sukta 101]
Shrimad Bhagavad-gita (by Narayana Gosvami)
Verse 11.51 < [Chapter 11 - Viśvarūpa-darśana-yoga (beholding the Lord’s Universal Form)]
Verse 11.50 < [Chapter 11 - Viśvarūpa-darśana-yoga (beholding the Lord’s Universal Form)]
Verse 17.26 < [Chapter 17 - Śraddhā-traya-vibhāga-yoga]
Garga Samhita (English) (by Danavir Goswami)
Verse 5.6.20 < [Chapter 6 - Seeing Śrī Mathurā]
Verse 8.13.43 < [Chapter 13 - A Thousand Names of Lord Balarāma]
The Brahmanda Purana (by G.V. Tagare)
Chapter 28 - Meeting of Purūravas and Pitṛs < [Section 2 - Anuṣaṅga-pāda]
Chapter 23 - Information about Heavenly bodies (stars, planets etc.) < [Section 2 - Anuṣaṅga-pāda]
Chapter 65 - The Nativity of Soma and Saumya < [Section 3 - Upodghāta-pāda]
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)