Saundarya, Shaundarya, Saumdarya: 15 definitions


Saundarya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

1) Saundarya (elegance): looking up and down, the trunk also bent. Usage: expressing a cause (kāraṇa), in dances showing the “bee” hand, yoga-practice.

2) One of the Twenty-four Heads. Saundarya (elegance): looking up and down, the trunk also bent. Usage: expressing a cause (kāraṇa), in dances showing the “bee” hand, yoga-practice.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Saundarya in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Saundarya (सौन्दर्य) refers to “great beauty”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.18 (“Description of the perturbation caused by Kāma”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated: “[...] In the mean time Pārvatī came there along with her two maids and brought various kinds of flowers for Śiva’s worship. Certainly Pārvatī had a greater beauty [i.e., saundarya] than the most exquisite lady described by people on the earth. When she wore pretty flowers of the season how could her beauty be described even in a hundred years? No sooner did she enter within the proximity of Śiva than He came out of his meditation for a short while. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Saundarya in Shaivism glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Saundarya (सौन्दर्य) refers to “(natural) beauty”, according to the Halāyudhastotra verse 34-35.—Accordingly, “The visitation of the wives of the distinguished sages in the Pine Park, the oblation with seed in Fire, the twilight dance: Your behaviour is not reprehensible. O Three-eyed one! The doctrines of the world do not touch those who have left worldly life, having passed far beyond the path of those whose minds are afflicted by false knowledge. The gods all wear gold and jewels as an ornament on their body. You do not even wear gold the size of a berry on your ear or on your hand. The one whose natural beauty (saundaryasahajaṃ yasya saundaryam), surpassing the path [of the world], flashes on his own body, has no regard for the extraneous ornaments of ordinary men”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Saundarya in Jainism glossary
Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Saundarya (सौन्दर्य) refers to “gracefulness”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “A line of waves in a river that has gone somewhere also returns but not for men the handsome form, strength, charm [and] gracefulness (saundaryana rūpabalalāvaṇyaṃ saundaryaṃ) that has gone”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Saundarya in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

saundarya (सौंदर्य).—n (S sundara) Handsomeness, loveliness,beauteousness, beauty.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

saundarya (सौंदर्य).—n Handsomeness, loveliness, beauty.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Saundarya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saundarya (सौन्दर्य).—[sundarasya bhāvaḥ ṣyañ] Beauty, loveliness, gracefulness, elegance; सुधासौन्दर्यं ते सलिलमशिवं नः शमयतु (sudhāsaundaryaṃ te salilamaśivaṃ naḥ śamayatu) G. L.1; सौन्दर्यसारसमुदायनिकेतनं वा (saundaryasārasamudāyaniketanaṃ vā) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 1.21; Kumārasambhava 1. 49;5.41.

Derivable forms: saundaryam (सौन्दर्यम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saundarya (सौन्दर्य) or Saundaryya.—n.

(-ryaṃ) Beauty, loveliness. E. sundara handsome, ṣyañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saundarya (सौन्दर्य).—i. e. sundara + ya, n. Beauty, loveliness, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 155, 17; [Hitopadeśa] ii. [distich] 148; [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 148; 381.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saundarya (सौन्दर्य).—[neuter] beauty, splendour, nobility.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śauṇḍarya (शौण्डर्य):—[from śauḍ] n. = śauṭīrya, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) Saundarya (सौन्दर्य):—n. ([from] sundara) beauty, loveliness, gracefulness, elegance, [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

3) noble conduct, generosity, [Rāmāyaṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śauṇḍarya (शौण्डर्य):—(ryyaṃ) 1. n. Pride, arrogance.

2) Saundarya (सौन्दर्य):—(ryyaṃ) 1. n. Beauty, loveliness.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Saundarya (सौन्दर्य) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Suṃdera, Suṃderima, Sauṃaria.

[Sanskrit to German]

Saundarya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Saundarya in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Sauṃdarya (ಸೌಂದರ್ಯ):—[noun] beauty; loveliness; gracefulness; elegance.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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