Drishti, aka: Dṛṣṭi; 8 Definition(s)


Drishti means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Dṛṣṭi can be transliterated into English as Drsti or Drishti, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Jyotiṣa (astronomy and astrology)

Drishti (Sanskrit: Dṛṣṭi, 'sight') is an aspect to an entire house. Grahas cast only forward aspects, with the furthest aspect being considered the strongest. For example, Mars aspects the 4th, 7th, and 8th houses from its position, and its 8th house aspect is considered more powerful than its 7th aspect, which is in turn more powerful than its 4th aspect.

The principle of Dristi (aspect) was devised on the basis of the aspect of an army of planets as deity and demon in a war field. Thus the Sun, a Deity King with only one full aspect, is more powerful then the Demon King Saturn, which has three full aspects.

Aspects can be cast both by the planets (Graha Dṛṣṭi) and by the signs (Rāśi Dṛṣṭi). Planetary aspects are a function of desire, while sign aspects are a function of awareness and cognizance.

(Source): WikiPedia: Hindu Astrology
Jyotiṣa book cover
context information

Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or ‘astrology’. It is one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

Āyurveda (science of life)

Drishti (the central part of Retina—‘Macula Lutea’) is a Sanskrit technical term as explained in the Sushruta Samhita (Uttara Tantra)

(Source): Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Āyurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Dṛṣṭi (दृष्टि) refers to “glance”, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. There are thirty-six glances (dṛṣṭi) defined:

Glances expressing the sentiments (rasa):

  1. Kāntā,
  2. Bhayānakā,
  3. Hāsyā,
  4. Karuṇā,
  5. Adbhutā,
  6. Raudrī,
  7. Vīrā,
  8. Bībhatsā

Glances to be used in the dominant states (sthāyibhāva):

  1. Snigdhā,
  2. Hṛṣṭā,
  3. Dīnā,
  4. Kruddhā,
  5. Dṛptā,
  6. Bhayānvitā,
  7. Jugupsitā,
  8. Vismitā.

Glances to be used in the transitory states (saṃcāribhāva):

  1. Śūnyā,
  2. Malinā,
  3. Śrāntā,
  4. Lajjānvitā,
  5. Glānā,
  6. Śaṅkitā,
  7. Viṣaṇṇā,
  8. Muktā,
  9. Kuñcitā,
  10. Abhitaptā,
  11. Jihmā,
  12. Lalitā,
  13. Vitarkitā,
  14. Ardhamukulā,
  15. Vibhrāntā,
  16. Viplutā,
  17. Ākekarā,
  18. Vikośā,
  19. Trastā,
  20. Madira.
(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Nāṭyaśāstra book cover
context information

Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

General definition (in Hinduism)

Drishti (दृष्टि, “focused gaze”) is a means for developing concentrated intention. It relates to the fifth limb of yoga (pratyahara) concerning sense withdrawal, as well as the sixth limb dharana relating to concentration.

Each yoga-āsana is associated with a particular dṛṣṭi. There are nine dṛṣṭis (when you count both pārśvadṛṣṭi, left and right sides, as one):

  1. Aṅguṣṭhamadhye-dṛṣṭi; meaning "to the middle of the thumb"
  2. Bhrūmadhye-dṛṣṭi; meaning "to the middle of the eyebrows/brow"
  3. Nāsāgre-dṛṣṭi; meaning "to the tip of the nose"
  4. Hastagrahe-dṛṣṭi; meaning "the taking of the hand"
  5. Pārśva-dṛṣṭi; meaning "the side"
  6. Ūrdhva-dṛṣṭi; meaning "above" or "rising"
  7. Nābhicakre-dṛṣṭi meaning "to the (magical) navel-circle"
  8. Pādayoragre-dṛṣṭi; meaning "to the tips of the feet"
(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Dṛṣṭi (दृष्टि, “wrong views ”).—The Bodhisattvas (accompanying the Buddha at Rājagṛha on the Gṛdhrakūṭaparvata) excelled in destroying various wrong views (dṛṣṭi), entanglements and afflictions according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 13. There are many kinds of wrong views (dṛṣṭi). These various views increase in number up to 62 dṛṣṭigata. These views are brought about by various causes and conditions (hetupratyaya), are discovered by various sciences (jñānaparyāya), are understood by various teachers (ācārya); they constitute all kinds of fetters (saṃyojana) under various characteristics and cause diverse sufferings to beings. This is why they are called ‘various views’ (nānādṛṣṭi).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

General definition (in Buddhism)

Dṛṣṭi (दृष्टि) or Pañcadṛṣṭi refers to the “five views” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 68):

  1. satkāyadṛṣṭi (embodiment view),
  2. antagrāhadṛṣṭi (holding extreme views),
  3. mithyādṛṣṭi (wrong view),
  4. dṛṣṭiparāmarśa (grasping at view),
  5. śīlavrataparāmarśa (grasping at virtue and practice).

The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., dṛṣṭi). The work is attributed to Nagarguna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

dṛṣṭi (दृष्टि).—a (S) That sees. In comp. as sūkṣmadṛṣṭi, sthūladṛṣṭi, dōṣadṛṣṭi, guṇadṛṣṭi &c. See under darśī.

--- OR ---

dṛṣṭi (दृष्टि).—f (S) Sight or seeing,--the faculty, the exercise of it, or the apprehension by it. 2 Aim or attention. 3 Regard, countenance, favorable look. Ex. alīkaḍē tyācī dṛṣṭi phiralī. 4 An eye. 5 A blast from an evil eye. v hō, kāḍha. dṛṣṭi ōḷakhaṇēṃ g. of o. To know, discern, or judge by the countenance. dṛṣṭi kāḍhaṇēṃ-utaraṇēṃ ōvāḷūna ṭākaṇēṃ To remove (by charms &c.) the blast of an evil eye. dṛṣṭi ghālaṇēṃ To wink. 2 To pay attention to. dṛṣṭi caḍhaṇēṃ g. of s. To become disdainful, ambitious, lofty-looking. dṛṣṭi cukaṇēṃ To forget or become confused; to lose self-possession. dṛṣṭi cōraṇēṃ or cukaviṇēṃ To elude the observation of. dṛṣṭi dēkhaṇēṃ (Poetry.) To behold. dṛṣṭi dēṇēṃ or ṭhēvaṇēṃ or rākhaṇēṃ To mind or pay attention to. dṛṣṭi nivaḷaṇēṃ g. of s. To have one's bad eyes or dull vision cleared. dṛṣṭi paḍaṇēṃ or lāgaṇēṃ or hōṇēṃ To alight upon--the influence of a malignant eye. dṛṣṭi phāṅkaṇēṃ g. of s. To be bewildered; or to get a wild and roving vision. dṛṣṭi banda karaṇēṃ To blind, bewitch, fascinate. dṛṣṭibhara pāhaṇēṃ To take a good look at; to feast the eyes with. dṛṣṭīcā Relating to the sight. dṛṣṭīcā pāpī or -khōṭā That is pained at seeing the good of others, envious. dṛṣṭīcī muravata rākhaṇēṃ To be tender of the feelings of. dṛṣṭīsa paḍaṇēṃ To fall under observation or experience. cāra dṛṣṭi hōṇēṃ g. of s. & o. To have an interview. To the above add--aḍavyā dṛṣṭīnēṃ pāhaṇēṃ To look askance or aside. dṛṣṭīāḍa sṛṣṭi The world is behind the sight or vision; i. e. we know but as far as we see. Pr. dṛṣṭīāḍa sṛṣṭi āṇi vastrāāḍa jaga nāgavēṃ. dṛṣṭīcēṃ pāraṇēṃ phiṭaṇēṃ (To have the fasting, i. e. refraining of one's eyes pass away.) To obtain the sight of (some desired object). dṛṣṭi phāṭaṇēṃ g. of s. To have one's expectations, ambition, or aims enlarged or expanded. dṛṣṭi maraṇēṃ g. of s. To become familiar with, and therefore unaffected by, the sight of. Ex. bhaṇḍāṛyāñcī māḍāvara caḍhūna caḍhūna dṛṣṭi mēlē- lī asatī. dṛṣṭīnēṃ With, by, in the view or regard of. See ex. under dṛṣṭyā. dṛṣṭīsa pāḍaṇēṃ To show.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Relevant definitions

Search found 121 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Śivadṛṣṭi (शिवदृष्टि):—Somānanda’s Śivadṛṣṭi expounds a form of absolute idealism: the...
Antagrāhadṛṣṭi (अन्तग्राहदृष्टि) refers to “holding extreme views” and represents one of the “f...
Dṛṣṭiparāmarśa (दृष्टिपरामर्श) refers to “grasping at view” and represents one of the “five vie...
1) Mithyādṛṣṭi (मिथ्यादृष्टि, “wrong view”) refers to one of the “ten unwholesome things” (kuśa...
Satkāyadṛṣṭi (सत्कायदृष्टि) refers to “embodiment view” and represents one of the “five views” ...
Samyagdṛṣṭi (सम्यग्दृष्टि, “right view”) refers to the first of the “noble eightfold path” (āry...
Amūḍhadṛṣṭi (अमूढदृष्टि) refers to “freedom from inclination for the wrong path” and represents...
Bhavadṛṣṭi (भवदृष्टि) refers to the “view of existence” and represents a type of dṛṣṭi (wrong v...
Śāśvatadṛṣṭi (शाश्वतदृष्टि) refers to the “view of eternalism” and represents a type of dṛṣṭi (...
The eight glances (aṣṭa-dṛṣṭi)—In Bharataśāstra the following eight sorts of Eye or Gl...
Vibhavadṛṣṭi (विभवदृष्टि) refers to the “view of non-existence” and represents a type of dṛṣṭi ...
Prakrita Drishti
prākṛta dṛṣṭi (प्राकृत दृष्टि).—f S The common way of regarding or judging; popular or vulgar e...
Mūḍhadṛṣṭi (मूढदृष्टि) refers to an aspect of mithyātva (false belief) as defined by Amitagati ...
Ucchedadṛṣṭi (उच्छेददृष्टि) refers to the “view of nihilism” and represents a type of dṛṣṭi (wr...
Vankadi Drishti
vāṅkaḍī dṛṣṭi (वांकडी दृष्टि).—f vāṅkaḍī najara f sometimes vāṅkaḍā- ḍōḷā m Eye, view, or regar...

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