Drishti, aka: Dṛṣṭi; 13 Definition(s)

Introduction

Drishti means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Dṛṣṭi can be transliterated into English as Drsti or Drishti, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Drishti (Sanskrit: Dṛṣṭi, 'sight') is an aspect to an entire house. Grahas cast only forward aspects, with the furthest aspect being considered the strongest. For example, Mars aspects the 4th, 7th, and 8th houses from its position, and its 8th house aspect is considered more powerful than its 7th aspect, which is in turn more powerful than its 4th aspect.

The principle of Dristi (aspect) was devised on the basis of the aspect of an army of planets as deity and demon in a war field. Thus the Sun, a Deity King with only one full aspect, is more powerful then the Demon King Saturn, which has three full aspects.

Aspects can be cast both by the planets (Graha Dṛṣṭi) and by the signs (Rāśi Dṛṣṭi). Planetary aspects are a function of desire, while sign aspects are a function of awareness and cognizance.

Source: WikiPedia: Hindu Astrology
Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Drishti (the central part of Retina—‘Macula Lutea’) is a Sanskrit technical term as explained in the Sushruta Samhita (Uttara Tantra)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Dṛṣṭi (दृष्टि) refers to “glance”, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. There are thirty-six glances (dṛṣṭi) defined:

Glances expressing the sentiments (rasa):

  1. Kāntā,
  2. Bhayānakā,
  3. Hāsyā,
  4. Karuṇā,
  5. Adbhutā,
  6. Raudrī,
  7. Vīrā,
  8. Bībhatsā

Glances to be used in the dominant states (sthāyibhāva):

  1. Snigdhā,
  2. Hṛṣṭā,
  3. Dīnā,
  4. Kruddhā,
  5. Dṛptā,
  6. Bhayānvitā,
  7. Jugupsitā,
  8. Vismitā.

Glances to be used in the transitory states (saṃcāribhāva):

  1. Śūnyā,
  2. Malinā,
  3. Śrāntā,
  4. Lajjānvitā,
  5. Glānā,
  6. Śaṅkitā,
  7. Viṣaṇṇā,
  8. Muktā,
  9. Kuñcitā,
  10. Abhitaptā,
  11. Jihmā,
  12. Lalitā,
  13. Vitarkitā,
  14. Ardhamukulā,
  15. Vibhrāntā,
  16. Viplutā,
  17. Ākekarā,
  18. Vikośā,
  19. Trastā,
  20. Madira.
Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Dṛṣṭi (दृष्टि, “eyes”) refers to one of the twelve “subsidiary limbs” (upāṅga), which represents a division of Āṅgikābhinaya (gesture language of the limbs) as used within the classical tradition of Indian dance and performance, also known as Bharatanatyam.—Āṅgika-abhinaya is the gesture language of the limbs. Dance is an art that expresses itself through the medium of body, and therefore, āṅgikābhinaya is essential for any dance and especially for any classical dance of India. Upāṅgas or the subsidiary limbs consist of the eyes [viz., Dṛṣṭi], the eye-brows, pupils, cheeks, nose, jaws, lips, teeth, tongue, chin, face, and the head.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (natya)
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Drishti (दृष्टि, “focused gaze”) is a means for developing concentrated intention. It relates to the fifth limb of yoga (pratyahara) concerning sense withdrawal, as well as the sixth limb dharana relating to concentration.

Each yoga-āsana is associated with a particular dṛṣṭi. There are nine dṛṣṭis (when you count both pārśvadṛṣṭi, left and right sides, as one):

  1. Aṅguṣṭhamadhye-dṛṣṭi; meaning "to the middle of the thumb"
  2. Bhrūmadhye-dṛṣṭi; meaning "to the middle of the eyebrows/brow"
  3. Nāsāgre-dṛṣṭi; meaning "to the tip of the nose"
  4. Hastagrahe-dṛṣṭi; meaning "the taking of the hand"
  5. Pārśva-dṛṣṭi; meaning "the side"
  6. Ūrdhva-dṛṣṭi; meaning "above" or "rising"
  7. Nābhicakre-dṛṣṭi meaning "to the (magical) navel-circle"
  8. Pādayoragre-dṛṣṭi; meaning "to the tips of the feet"
Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Dṛṣṭi (दृष्टि, “wrong views ”).—The Bodhisattvas (accompanying the Buddha at Rājagṛha on the Gṛdhrakūṭaparvata) excelled in destroying various wrong views (dṛṣṭi), entanglements and afflictions according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 13. There are many kinds of wrong views (dṛṣṭi). These various views increase in number up to 62 dṛṣṭigata. These views are brought about by various causes and conditions (hetupratyaya), are discovered by various sciences (jñānaparyāya), are understood by various teachers (ācārya); they constitute all kinds of fetters (saṃyojana) under various characteristics and cause diverse sufferings to beings. This is why they are called ‘various views’ (nānādṛṣṭi).

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Dṛṣṭi (दृष्टि) or Pañcadṛṣṭi refers to the “five views” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 68):

  1. satkāyadṛṣṭi (embodiment view),
  2. antagrāhadṛṣṭi (holding extreme views),
  3. mithyādṛṣṭi (wrong view),
  4. dṛṣṭiparāmarśa (grasping at view),
  5. śīlavrataparāmarśa (grasping at virtue and practice).

The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., dṛṣṭi). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Drishti in Marathi glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

dṛṣṭi (दृष्टि).—a (S) That sees. In comp. as sūkṣmadṛṣṭi, sthūladṛṣṭi, dōṣadṛṣṭi, guṇadṛṣṭi &c. See under darśī.

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dṛṣṭi (दृष्टि).—f (S) Sight or seeing,--the faculty, the exercise of it, or the apprehension by it. 2 Aim or attention. 3 Regard, countenance, favorable look. Ex. alīkaḍē tyācī dṛṣṭi phiralī. 4 An eye. 5 A blast from an evil eye. v hō, kāḍha. dṛṣṭi ōḷakhaṇēṃ g. of o. To know, discern, or judge by the countenance. dṛṣṭi kāḍhaṇēṃ-utaraṇēṃ ōvāḷūna ṭākaṇēṃ To remove (by charms &c.) the blast of an evil eye. dṛṣṭi ghālaṇēṃ To wink. 2 To pay attention to. dṛṣṭi caḍhaṇēṃ g. of s. To become disdainful, ambitious, lofty-looking. dṛṣṭi cukaṇēṃ To forget or become confused; to lose self-possession. dṛṣṭi cōraṇēṃ or cukaviṇēṃ To elude the observation of. dṛṣṭi dēkhaṇēṃ (Poetry.) To behold. dṛṣṭi dēṇēṃ or ṭhēvaṇēṃ or rākhaṇēṃ To mind or pay attention to. dṛṣṭi nivaḷaṇēṃ g. of s. To have one's bad eyes or dull vision cleared. dṛṣṭi paḍaṇēṃ or lāgaṇēṃ or hōṇēṃ To alight upon--the influence of a malignant eye. dṛṣṭi phāṅkaṇēṃ g. of s. To be bewildered; or to get a wild and roving vision. dṛṣṭi banda karaṇēṃ To blind, bewitch, fascinate. dṛṣṭibhara pāhaṇēṃ To take a good look at; to feast the eyes with. dṛṣṭīcā Relating to the sight. dṛṣṭīcā pāpī or -khōṭā That is pained at seeing the good of others, envious. dṛṣṭīcī muravata rākhaṇēṃ To be tender of the feelings of. dṛṣṭīsa paḍaṇēṃ To fall under observation or experience. cāra dṛṣṭi hōṇēṃ g. of s. & o. To have an interview. To the above add--aḍavyā dṛṣṭīnēṃ pāhaṇēṃ To look askance or aside. dṛṣṭīāḍa sṛṣṭi The world is behind the sight or vision; i. e. we know but as far as we see. Pr. dṛṣṭīāḍa sṛṣṭi āṇi vastrāāḍa jaga nāgavēṃ. dṛṣṭīcēṃ pāraṇēṃ phiṭaṇēṃ (To have the fasting, i. e. refraining of one's eyes pass away.) To obtain the sight of (some desired object). dṛṣṭi phāṭaṇēṃ g. of s. To have one's expectations, ambition, or aims enlarged or expanded. dṛṣṭi maraṇēṃ g. of s. To become familiar with, and therefore unaffected by, the sight of. Ex. bhaṇḍāṛyāñcī māḍāvara caḍhūna caḍhūna dṛṣṭi mēlē- lī asatī. dṛṣṭīnēṃ With, by, in the view or regard of. See ex. under dṛṣṭyā. dṛṣṭīsa pāḍaṇēṃ To show.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dṛṣṭi (दृष्टि).—f Sight or seeing, -the faculty, the exercise of it, or the apprehension by it. Aim or attention. Regard, count- enance. An eye. A blast from an evil eye. v hō, kāḍha. dṛṣṭi ōḷakhaṇēṃ To know, discern, or judge by the countenance. dṛṣṭi kāḍhaṇēṃ-utaraṇēṃ, ōvāḷūna ṭākaṇēṃ To remove (by charms &c.) the blast of an evil eye. dṛṣṭi caḍhaṇēṃ To become disdainful. dṛṣṭi cōraṇēṃ or cukaviṇēṃ To elude the observation of. dṛṣṭi phāṅkaṇēṃ To be bewildered; or to get wild and roving vision. dṛṣṭibhara pāhaṇēṃ To take a good look at; to feast the eyes with. dṛṣṭīcā pāpī or -khōṭā Envious. dṛṣṭīsa paḍaṇēṃ To fall under observation or ex- perience. dṛṣṭīāḍa sṛṣṭi The world is be- bind the sight or vision; i. e. we know but as far as we see. dṛṣṭīñcē pāraṇēṃ phiṭaṇēṃ To obtain the sight of (some desired object). dṛṣṭi phāṭaṇēṃ To have one's ex- pectations, ambition, or aims enlarged or expanded. dṛṣṭi maraṇēṃ To become familiar with.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dṛṣṭi (दृष्टि).—f. [dṛś-bhāve-ktin]

1) Seeing, viewing.

2) Seeing with the mental eye.

3) Knowing, knowledge; सम्यग्- दृष्टिस्तस्य परं पश्यति यस्त्वाम् (samyag- dṛṣṭistasya paraṃ paśyati yastvām) Ki.18.28.

4) The eye, the faculty of seeing, sight; केनेदानीं दृष्टिं विलोभयामि (kenedānīṃ dṛṣṭiṃ vilobhayāmi) V.2; चलापाङ्गं दृष्टिं स्पृशसि (calāpāṅgaṃ dṛṣṭiṃ spṛśasi) Ś.1.23.; दृष्टिस्तृणीकृतजगत्त्रयसत्त्वसारा (dṛṣṭistṛṇīkṛtajagattrayasattvasārā) U.6.19; R.2.28; Ś.4.2; देव दृष्टिप्रसादं कुरु (deva dṛṣṭiprasādaṃ kuru) H.1.

5) A look, glance.

6) View, notion; क्षुद्रदृष्टिरेषा (kṣudradṛṣṭireṣā) K.173; एतां दृष्टिमवष्टभ्य (etāṃ dṛṣṭimavaṣṭabhya) Bg. 16.9.

7) Consideration, regard.

8) Intellect, wisdom; तुभ्यं नमस्तेऽस्त्वविषक्तदृष्टये (tubhyaṃ namaste'stvaviṣaktadṛṣṭaye) Bhāg.1.4.12.

9) (In Astrol.) Aspect of the stars.

1) Light (prakāśa).

11) A theory, doctrine, notion; याश्च काश्च कृदृष्टयः (yāśca kāśca kṛdṛṣṭayaḥ) (sarvāstā niṣphalāḥ) Ms. 12.95.

Derivable forms: dṛṣṭiḥ (दृष्टिः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dṛṣṭi (दृष्टि).—f. (= Pali diṭṭhi), view, opinion; rarely in a good sense, (tena, sc. by Buddha, dṛṣṭam acalaṃ paraṃ sukhaṃ, mss. sukha) dṛṣṭibhiḥ paramasādhudṛṣṭibhiḥ Mv i.73.17 (verse), he has seen immovable supreme bliss by views characterized by supremely good insight; but, as in Pali, almost always wrong opinion, heresy: SP 71.2; (sattveṣu …nānā-)-dṛṣṭi-praskanneṣu LV 248.15, attacked by various heresies; Mv i.179.2, 3; prahīna-d° Mv iii.61.7; 62.12, having abandoned heresy; dṛṣṭiṃ kurvāmi ujjukām SP 125.14 (verse), I make a heretical view straight (correct it); five dṛṣṭi listed Dharmas 68 and Mvy 1955—59, satkāya-d°, antagrāha-d°, mithyā-d°, dṛṣṭi-parāmarśa, śīlavrata- parāmarśa, qq.v.; these same five under other designa- tions AbhidhK. LaV-P. v.15, as explained in the sequel; there are also, as in Pali, 62 dṛṣṭi, see s.v. dṛṣṭikṛta; see the following items, and upalambha (-dṛṣṭi).

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Dṛṣṭī (दृष्टी).—(°-) (in cpds.), see dṛṣṭi-.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 218 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Samyagdrishti
Samyagdṛṣṭi (सम्यग्दृष्टि, “right view”) refers to the first of the Āryāṣṭāṅgamārga, or “eight ...
Mithyadrishti
Mithyādṛṣṭi (मिथ्यादृष्टि).—f. (compare prec. and next; = Pali micchā-diṭṭhi), false view, here...
Dirghadrishti
Dīrghadṛṣṭi (दीर्घदृष्टि).—m. (-ṣṭiḥ) A wise or provident man; also mfn. Wise, provident, far-s...
Vakradrishti
Vakradṛṣṭi (वक्रदृष्टि).—Adj. 1. Envious. 2. Having an evil eye. 3. Squinting. f. (-ṣṭiḥ) An ob...
Samadrishti
Samadṛṣṭi (समदृष्टि).—a. impartial. Samadṛṣṭi is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sa...
Shivadrishti
Śivadṛṣṭi (शिवदृष्टि):—Somānanda’s Śivadṛṣṭi expounds a form of absolute idealism: the...
Drishtipata
Dṛṣṭipāta (दृष्टिपात).—m. (-taḥ) A look, a glance. E. dṛṣṭi, and pāta falling.
Drishtivisha
Dṛṣṭiviṣa (दृष्टिविष).—(subst.; in Sanskrit as adj. with nouns for snake, so also here, LV 317....
Doshadrishti
Doṣadṛṣṭi (दोषदृष्टि).—a. looking at faults, censorious, Doṣadṛṣṭi is a Sanskrit compound consi...
Papadrishti
Pāpadṛṣṭi (पापदृष्टि).—a. evileyed. Pāpadṛṣṭi is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pā...
Antardrishti
Antardṛṣṭi (अन्तर्दृष्टि).—f. examining one's own soul, insight into oneself. Derivable forms: ...
Alpadrishti
Alpadṛṣṭi (अल्पदृष्टि).—a. narrow-minded, short-sighted. Alpadṛṣṭi is a Sanskrit compound consi...
Drishtimandala
Dṛṣṭimaṇḍala (दृष्टिमण्डल).—1) the pupil of the eye. 2) the circle of sight. Derivable forms: d...
Duradrishti
Dūradṛṣṭi (दूरदृष्टि).—1) longsightedness. 2) prudence, foresight. Derivable forms: dūradṛṣṭiḥ ...
Amudhadrishti
Amūḍhadṛṣṭi (अमूढदृष्टि) refers to “un-deluded vision” and represents one of the eight limbs of...

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