Saukhya: 18 definitions

Introduction:

Saukhya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Saukhya (सौख्य) refers to “happiness”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 11), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Generally, if the luminous body or comet be small, clear, glossy, straight, transient, white and visible either immediately after their appearance or some time afterwards, there will be health and happiness in the land [i.e., subhikṣa-saukhya-avaha]. If it be the opposite of these, or of the shape of the rainbow or with two or three tails, mankind will not be happy”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Saukhya (सौख्य) refers to “unequalled happiness” (which is obtained when karma is destroyed, after attaining indifference), according to the Vārāṇasīmāhātmya verse 1.99ff.—Pulastya also reports that there is a pond there called Kālodaka, which arose when Kālarudra was playing on the cremation ground. At that time the Lord taught the observance of the skull (kapālavrata). He chopped off the fifth head of Brahmā, as a consequence of which there arose the holy Pāśupata pond. Mahādeva subsequently carries Brahmā’s skull around the world and unites with the cremation grounds. There he teaches that transmigration results from attachment (sneha), that attachment comes from desire (rāga), and that attachment is destroyed by indifference (vairāgya). When people attain indifference, their karma is destroyed and they attain unequalled happiness (saukhya). [...]

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (architecture)

Saukhya (सौख्य) refers to “pleasures”, according to the Devyāmata (chapter 105).—Accordingly, [while describing the consequences of a doorway]—“[...] The fourth one, named Māhendra, fulfills every desire for the householder. The fourth one in the house facing south, Gṛhakṣata, increases food, drink and sons for householders. The sixth one, called Gandhārva, brings glory, pleasures (saukhya) and contentment. [...]

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Saukhya in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Saukhya (सौख्य) refers to “happiness (the highest state)”, according to the Yogabīja 150cd-151.—Accordingly: “Then, O goddess, when the union [of the individual self with the supreme self] has been accomplished, the mind dissolves. The breath becomes steady upon the arising of union in absorption (i.e., Layayoga). Because of the absorption, [transcendental] happiness (saukhya), the highest state, whose bliss is of one’s own self, is obtained”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Saukhya (सौख्य) refers to the “pleasures of (the heaven)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.54 (“Description of the duties of the chaste wife”).—Accordingly, as a Brahmin lady said to Pārvatī: “[...] The three families—that of the father, that of the mother and that of the husband—enjoy the pleasures (saukhya) of heaven [svarge saukhyāni bhuṃjate] due to the merit of the chaste woman. Disloyal women cause the downfall of the three families, that of the father, mother and husband and become distressed here and hereafter. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Saukhya (सौख्य) refers to “happiness”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Also, the fool who seeks happiness (saukhya) in sense objects, enters a fire in order to be cool [and] he would drink poison in order to live”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

saukhya (सौख्य).—n S (sukha) Felicity, happiness; pleased or happy state: also ease, pleasure, delight &c. abstractly.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

saukhya (सौख्य).—n Felicity, happiness; ease ab- stractly.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saukhya (सौख्य).—Pleasure, happiness, satisfaction, felicity, enjoyment.

Derivable forms: saukhyam (सौख्यम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saukhya (सौख्य).—n.

(-khyaṃ) Pleasure, happiness, felicity. E. sukha happiness, ṣyañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saukhya (सौख्य).—i. e. sukha + ya, n. Pleasure, [Pañcatantra] 3, 15; happiness, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 17.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saukhya (सौख्य).—[neuter] welfare, comfort, joy, bliss.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saukhya (सौख्य):—[from saukha] n. (ifc. f(ā). ) welfare, comfort, health, happiness, felicity, enjoyment, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saukhya (सौख्य):—(khyaṃ) 1. n. Pleasure, happiness.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Saukhya (सौख्य) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Sukkha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Saukhya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Saukhya (ಸೌಖ್ಯ):—

1) [noun] freedom from disagreement or quarrels; harmony; concord; peace.

2) [noun] happiness; pleasure.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Saukhya (सौख्य):—n. 1. happiness; pleasure; 2. state of good health; freedom from anxiety;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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