Saubhagya, Saubhāgya, Saubhāgyā: 21 definitions


Saubhagya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Saubhagy.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Saubhāgya (सौभाग्य) refers to classification of a temple/buidling (prāsāda), according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 60. The temple is mentioned in a list of thirty-six Prāsādas having activities of the townsmen entailing Sādhārās. The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Saubhagya in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Saubhāgya (सौभाग्य) refers to “one who is fortunate”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.26 (“Pārvatī-Jaṭila dialogue”).—Accordingly, as Śiva (in guise of a Brahmacārin) said to Pārvatī: “[...] O gentle lady, are you the wife of an ascetic who does not provide you with food and shelter and so leaving you has gone to another place? Tell me, in which family are you born? Who is your father? What are your undertakings? You are very fortunate [i.e., mahā-saubhāgya-rūpā]. Futile is your interest in penance. Are you the mother of the Vedas? Are you Lakṣmī or Sarasvatī? I dare not guess who you are?”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Saubhāgya (सौभाग्य).—When pralaya went up to the maharlokam and when the whole world was overwhelmed by ahaṅkāra there was a dispute between Brahmā and Kṛṣṇa when out of the latter's chest a light in the shape of a Linga came out. It was drunk by Dakṣa son of Brahmā and the result was the birth of Satī. The rest of rasa became eightfold, seven substances bringing fortune and salt.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 60. 6-10.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Saubhagya in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Saubhāgya (सौभाग्य) refers to “good fortune”, according to the Śrīmatottara-tantra, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “He who has the vidyā within (his) body by recollecting (it) attracts (towards himself) with the vidyā the supreme goal (of life), the best of women (parastrī) endowed with divine ornaments, the supreme nature, good fortune [i.e., saubhāgya], the supreme scripture, the supreme Command, the supreme knowledge, and the alchemical mercury”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Saubhagya in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Google Books: Studies in the History of the Exact Sciences (Astronomy)

Saubhāgya (सौभाग्य) refers to “good fortune”, according to the Ghaṭikāyantraghaṭanāvidhi, an unpublished manuscript describing the ritual connected with the setting up of the water clock and its invocation.—Accordingly, “[...] Now he tells the fruit of the rotation of the bowl, starting from the east etc., and ending in the middle. According as the bowl rotates in cardinal directions from the east up to the middle of the basin, it causes respectively the good fortune of having the husband alive and devoted (saubhāgya), death, near death of the bride (vadhūmṛtisama), the body full of diseases, the girl becomes the favourite [of all], resembles a courtesan, (?) virtuous, endowed wit h sons, wealth and relatives. Staying in the middle, [the bowl] grants noble [sons]. If the bowl becomes full (pūrṇā)[ and sinks] in the north, northeast, or in the east, it bestows auspiciousness; if it sinks (magnā) in the remaining directions, it is said to inflict widowhood on the girl”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Saubhagya in Shaivism glossary
Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Saubhāgya (सौभाग्य) refers to “(unequalled) prosperity”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 15.12-16ab, while describing the symbolic significance of mustard (seeds)]—“[...] Indeed, he should offer the highest red mustard together with black sesame sprinkled with three kinds of oils. Instantly, [this] produces the fruit of universal tranquility. Indeed, he should offer the highest red mustard together with black sesame sprinkled with three kinds of oils. Instantly, [this] produces the fruit of universal tranquility. If it is empowered by the [Mantrin] and placed in his hand, that person shall attain unequalled prosperity (saubhāgyasaubhāgyam atulaṃ tasya); there is no doubt. After [the Mantrin] chants the mantra over [the mustard seed] seven times, he should drop it on the head of [the beneficiary], who then is released from all faults”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Saubhāgyā (सौभाग्या) is the name of a Ḍākinī who, together with the Vīra (hero) named Saubhāgya forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Jñānacakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the jñānacakra refers to one of the three divisions of the saṃbhoga-puṭa (‘enjoyment layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs [viz., Saubhāgyā] and Vīras are white in color; the shapes of their faces are in accordance with their names; they have four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Saubhagya in Jainism glossary
Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Saubhāgya (सौभाग्य) refers to “good fortune”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Here in the world a whole multitude of objects, and the supremacy that is desired by the chiefs of snakes, men and gods, and other than [that], family, power, prosperity [com.—prosperity (subhagatvam) is good fortune (saubhāgyam)], and wanton women, etc. is easily obtained. On the contrary, that very same jewel of enlightenment alone is difficult to obtain. [Thus ends the reflection on] enlightenment”.

Synonyms: Subhagatva.

Source: Tessitori Collection I

Saubhāgya (सौभाग्य) or “Saubhāgya Muni” is the author of the Ādijinastavana (dealing with classical hymns and stotras from Jain literature), which is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Saubhagya in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

saubhāgya (सौभाग्य).—n (S subhaga) corruptly saubhāga n Good fortune or fortunateness; possession of favorable destinies. 2 The word is applied to anything considered as the cause, ground, seat, subject of good fortune, prosperity, excellence &c.--as learning, wisdom, rank, office, patronage of the great. 3 The happy and joyous state of wifehood, as opposed to widowhood; consisting in the privileges of using pigments, wearing ornaments &c.: also the auspiciousness, or excellent and blessed quality supposed to inhere in the husband-having dame. 4 The fourth of the twenty-seven yōga. 5 Minium or red lead. gaura rusalī sau0 ghēūna basalī (Amongst females.) Said of or to a sulky woman by one who disregards her humors and airs. sau0 miraviṇēṃ or lāvaṇēṃ To strut or act loftily; to play off conceits and high fancies; to give herself airs;--used of a (husband-having) woman. saubhāgyācā ṭikā The forehead-mark of a female indicating her happy state as married and unwidowed.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

saubhāgya (सौभाग्य).—n Good fortune; the happy and joyous state of wifehood.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Saubhagya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saubhāgya (सौभाग्य).—[subhagāyāḥ subhagasya vā bhāvaḥ ṣyañ dvipadavṛddhiḥ]

1) Good fortune or luck, fortunateness (chiefly consisting in a man's and woman's securing the favour and firm devotion of each other); प्रियेषु सौभाग्यफला हि चारुता (priyeṣu saubhāgyaphalā hi cārutā) Ku. 5.1; सौभाग्यं ते सुभग विरहावस्थया व्यञ्जयन्ती (saubhāgyaṃ te subhaga virahāvasthayā vyañjayantī) Meghadūta 29; (see Malli.'s remarks on saubhāgya in both places); युज्यत आत्मनः सौभाग्यं प्रच्छादयितुम् (yujyata ātmanaḥ saubhāgyaṃ pracchādayitum) V.2.

2) Blessedness, auspiciousness; समृद्धं सौभाग्यं सकलवसुधायाः किमपि तत् (samṛddhaṃ saubhāgyaṃ sakalavasudhāyāḥ kimapi tat) G. L.1.

3) Beauty, charm, grace; (yasya) हिमं न सौभाग्यविलोपि जातम् (himaṃ na saubhāgyavilopi jātam) Kumārasambhava 1.3;2.53;5.49; R.18.19; Uttararāmacarita 6.27.

4) Grandeur, sublimity.

5) The auspicious state of wifehood (opp. widowhood).

6) Congratulation; good wishes.

7) Affection, favour.

8) Red-lead.

9) Borax.

Derivable forms: saubhāgyam (सौभाग्यम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saubhāgya (सौभाग्य).—n.

(-gyaṃ) 1. Auspiciousness, good fortune. 2. Blessednes. 3. Beauty, grace, charm. 4. Auspicious state of wife-hood, (as opposed to widow-hood.) 5. Congratulation. 6. The fourth of the astronomical Yogas. 7. Borax. 8. Red-lead. E. subhaga auspicious, ṣyañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saubhāgya (सौभाग्य).—i. e. su-bhaga + ya, n. 1. Good fortune, auspiciousness, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 30; [Nala] 1, 10; [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 230; 282. 2. Beauty, charm, [Ṛtusaṃhāra] 6, 3; [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 155, 4. 3. Red lead.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saubhāgya (सौभाग्य).—[neuter] = saubhaga.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saubhāgya (सौभाग्य):—[from saubhaga] a n. ([from] su-bhaga) welfare, good luck, good fortune, success, prosperity, happiness ([especially] conjugal felicity), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] beauty, charm, grace, loveliness, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] affection, favour, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

4) [v.s. ...] congratulation, good wishes, [ib.]

5) [v.s. ...] red lead, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] borax, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] a kind of plant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] the fourth of the astronomical, [Yoga-sūtra; cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) b etc. See [column]2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saubhāgya (सौभाग्य):—(gyaṃ) 1. n. Auspiciousness, good fortune; 4th astronomical yoga; red lead.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Saubhāgya (सौभाग्य) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Sohagga.

[Sanskrit to German]

Saubhagya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Saubhagya in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Saubhāgya (सौभाग्य) [Also spelled saubhagy]:—(nm) good luck, fortune; -[cihna] sign of a woman whose husband is alive (as [siṃdūra, mahāvara], etc.); ~[vatī] see [saubhāginī; ~vān] fortunate; ~[śālinī] see [saubhāginī], fortunate (fem.); ~[śālī] fortunate.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Saubhagya in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Saubhāgya (ಸೌಭಾಗ್ಯ):—

1) [noun] that which is auspicious, causes or brings prosperity, welfare, etc.

2) [noun] good fortune; good luck.

3) [noun] the state of a woman whose husband is alive (as opp. to widowhood).

4) [noun] wealth; riches.

5) [noun] loveliness; comeliness; fairness; attractiveness.

6) [noun] a bright-red or slightly orange powder applied by women on their foreheads, as an auspicious sign and also used in worshipping a deity.

7) [noun] (yoga.) one of the twenty seven yogas.

8) [noun] (phil.) one of the forty kinds of qualities in the nature of things.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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