Saura, aka: Śaura, Shaura; 5 Definition(s)


Saura means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śaura can be transliterated into English as Saura or Shaura, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism


1) Śaura (शौर).—A name for Śuci Agni.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 29. 2.

2a) Saura (सौर).—The fire originating in waters; light and heat produced from;1 is Śuci agni;2 the Sun god.3

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 24. 12, 18; Vāyu-purāṇa 53. 8, 13.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 12. 3.
  • 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 1. 97.

2b) Belonging to Ārṣeya pravara of Bhārgavas.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 195. 38

2c) Śanaiscara born of Revatī in Cākṣuṣa epoch; (3/4) of Bṛhaspati in extent.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 53. 67, 109.

2d) The sthānam of the sun in the maṇḍalam.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 53. 59.

2e) One of the six darśanas.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 104. 16.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geogprahy

Saura (sun worship) in Rājasthān.—Like Brahmā the Sun was also an object of worship in our early period. His images belonging to post-Gupta and later period at Mandor, Bedā, Pokharaṇ, Kirādu, Bithu and Pāli in Mārwār and Mugad, Kaṇbā, Sarodā, Thākdā in Dungarpur as well as splendid temples of Sirohi, Chitor and Bhinmāl dedicated to the Sun remind us that the Sun-worship was prevalent up to the 11th century A D., in western and south-western parts of Rājasthān.

Saura worship was pre-eminent during the period when many Rājput-clans, especially the Guhilots, traced their origin from the Sun and claimed to be ‘Suryavanshi' or clans progenerated from the Sun. It is also evidenced that many of them were the worshippers of the Sun. The Dastari Records give us some details of rituals of the Sun-worship as it was practised on the occasionof the birth of a son. It was customary, as it is now, for the mother toworship the Sun on the 11th day of the birth of her child.

Source: Social Life In Medieval Rajasthan
India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

saura (सौर).—m A large tree, Bombax Malabaricum.Grah.

--- OR ---

saura (सौर).—a S (sūrya or sūra) Belonging or relating to the sun;--as worship, worshiper, fast, festival, observance &c. 2 Measured by the sun, solar;--a day, a year, time. 3 as s m A solar month. 4 The planet Saturn or the Regent of it.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

saura (सौर).—a Belonging to the sun; solar. m A solar month.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saura (सौर).—a. (- f.) [सूरस्य इदं सूरो देवतास्य वा अण् (sūrasya idaṃ sūro devatāsya vā aṇ)]

1) Relating to the sun, solar.

2) Sacred or dedicated to the sun.

3) Worshipping the sun.

4) Celestial, divine.

5) Relating to spirituous liquor.

-raḥ 1 A worshipper of the sun; Mb.7.82.16.

2) The planet Saturn.

3) A solar month.

4) A solar day.

5) The plant called Tumburu.

6) Name of Yama, the god of death.

-ram 1 Name of a collection of hymns (extracted from the Ṛigveda) addressed to Sūrya.

2) The right eye.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Sauramāsa (सौरमास).—1. Time taken by the Sun to traverse each of the zodiacal constellations (r...
Saurasaṃvatsara (सौरसंवत्सर).—Solar year. Note: Saura-saṃvatsara is a Sanskrit technical term u...
Sauraloka (सौरलोक).—the sun's sphere.Derivable forms: sauralokaḥ (सौरलोकः).Sauraloka is a Sansk...
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Saura Varsha
saura varṣa (सौर वर्ष).—n S Sidereal year.
Saurasaṃvarṣa (सौरसंवर्ष).—Solar year. Note: Saura-saṃvarṣa is a Sanskrit technical term used i...
Sauragaṇa (सौरगण).—A group of seven in relation to Sūrya, changing every month. While the...
Sauramāna (सौरमान).—See Saumya mānam.** Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 21. 137.
Sauravrata (सौरव्रत).—Leads to the world of the Sun.** Matsya-purāṇa 101. 63.
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Śuka (शुक) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as menti...
Māna (“conceit”) in Buddhism refers to one of the sixteen upakilesa (subtle defilements).
Sūcī (सूची) or Sūcīhasta refers to “point” and represents one of the twenty-four gestures with ...
Brahmapurāṇa (ब्रह्मपुराण).—(brāhmapurāṇa) This is a great book of twenty-five thousand verses...
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