Sautramani, Sautrāmaṇi, Sautrāmaṇī: 12 definitions


Sautramani means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Sautrāmaṇi (सौत्रामणि).—A particular Vedic fire sacrifice offered to Lord Indra.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Sautramani in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Sautrāmaṇi (सौत्रामणि).—A Yāga, the fruit of which is attained by one fasting oneself, and feeding a number of Brahmans at Benares.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 23. 8; Matsya-purāṇa 183. 75.
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Sacred Texts: The Grihya Sutras, Part 2 (SBE30)

Sautrāmaṇī (सौत्रामणी) refers to one of the seven Haviḥsaṃsthās or Haviryajñas (groups of seven sacrifices).—Hārīta says: “Let a man offer the Pākayajñas always, always also the Haviryajñas, and the Somayajñas (Soma sacrifices), according to rule, if he wishes for eternal merit”.—The object of these sacrifices [viz., Sautrāmaṇī] is eternal happiness, and hence they have to be performed during life at certain seasons, without any special occasion (nimitta), and without any special object (kāma). According to most authorities, however, they have to be performed during thirty years only. After that the Agnihotra only has to be kept up.

Source: Shodhganga: Vaikhanasa Grhyasutra Bhasya (Critical Edition and Study)

Sautrāmaṇi (सौत्रामणि) refers to a “sacrifice performed in order to please Indra” and represents one of the various rituals mentioned in the Vaikhānasagṛhyasūtra (viz., vaikhānasa-gṛhya-sūtra) which belongs to the Taittirīya school of the Black Yajurveda (kṛṣṇayajurveda).—The original Gṛhyasūtra of Vaikhanāsa consists of eleven chapters or “praśnas”. Each praśna is subdivided into sub-divisions called “khaṇḍa”. But only the first seven chapters deal with actual Gṛhyasūtra section. Sautrāmaṇi is one of the seven haviryajñas.

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Sautramani in Kavya glossary
Source: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Sautrāmaṇī (सौत्रामणी) refers to a Vedic sacrifice involving the use of wine, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 17.182.—Sautrāmaṇī is so called because one of the Gods invoked in this sacrifice is Sutrāman or Indra. The wine is mixed with sprouts of barley, rice and other herbs, and addressed thus—“aśvibhyāṃ pacyasva sarasvatyai pacyasvendrāya sutrāmṇe pacyasva”. Flour made from various plums is one of the oblations offered in this rite, and a bull is sacrificed  in honour of Indra.

A mare is prescribed as the Dakṣiṇā of Sautrāmaṇī (Taittirīyasaṃhitā, Ānandāśrama edition, 1.8.21 and Sāyaṇa thereon).

The wine is drunk with the following mantra:

yamaśvinā namucāvāsure dadhi sarasvatyasunodindriyāya |
imaṃ taṃ śukraṃ madhumantaminduṃ somaṃ rājānamiha bhakṣayāmi ||

(Śāṃkhāyanaśrautasūtra 15.15)

Māṭharavṛtti on Sāṃkhyakārikā (2) refers to the drinking of wine in the Sautrāmaṇī sacrifice and to the fact that the priests engage in free conversation with a whore.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Sautramani in Jainism glossary
Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

1) Sautrāmaṇī (सौत्रामणी) refers to one of the four Dikkumārīs living on the intermediate points of the compass of the Rucaka Mountains, according to chapter 1.2 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, “[...] Four Dikkumārīs [viz., Sautrāmaṇī], came from the intermediate points of the compass of the Rucaka Mountains. When they had bowed to the Jina and the Jina’s mother and had introduced themselves in the same way, they stood in the northeast, etc., directions, holding lights, singing. [...]”.

2) Sautrāmaṇī (सौत्रामणी) refers to a sacrifice in honor of Indra, according to chapter 4.2 [vāsupūjya-caritra].—Note: Sautrāmaṇī is both an iṣṭi and animal sacrifice. (An iṣṭi is the offering of milk, butter, grain, etc., as distinguished from animal and soma sacrifices.) Spirituous liquor is drunk.—(cf. Śatapathabrāhmaṇa, Kāṇḍa V. 5. 4 f. and XII. 7 ff. SBE XLI and XLIV)

Accordingly, as Vāsupūjya said:—“[...] Truthful speech never emanates from persons whose minds are impure from the faults, love, etc. Likewise, what dharma is there of those who perform sacrificial rites of offerings and oblations of ghī, etc, and who build many pious works, such as tanks, wells, and pools; of those [...] who drink wine in the Sautrāmaṇī sacrifice [...] and of others whose minds are untouched by the teaching of the Jina—what dharma is there of these? Where is its fruit? How can there be good proclamation of it?”.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sautramani in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sautrāmaṇī (सौत्रामणी).—

1) The east; चकोरनयनारुणा भवति दिक् च सौत्रामणी (cakoranayanāruṇā bhavati dik ca sautrāmaṇī) Vb.4.1.

2) A kind of sacrifice involving the use of wine; मुमुदे मदिरादानं वदन्नेष द्विजन्मनः । दृष्ट्वा सौत्रामणीमिष्टिं तं कुर्वन्तमदूयत (mumude madirādānaṃ vadanneṣa dvijanmanaḥ | dṛṣṭvā sautrāmaṇīmiṣṭiṃ taṃ kurvantamadūyata) || N.17.182; Bhāgavata 1.23.8.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sautrāmaṇī (सौत्रामणी).—f. (-ṇī) The east.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sautrāmaṇī (सौत्रामणी).—i. e. sū-trāman + a, f. A kind of sacrifice, Journ. of the German Oriental Society, vii. 527.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Sautrāmaṇī (सौत्रामणी) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—śr. Oppert. Ii, 5370. Proceed. Asb. 1869, 143.
—by Devabhadra. Oppert. 2118. Ii, 7465. 10200. 10389.

2) Sautrāmaṇī (सौत्रामणी):—śr. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 110.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sautrāmaṇī (सौत्रामणी):—[from sautrāmaṇa] a f. See below.

2) Sautrāmaṇi (सौत्रामणि):—[from sautrāmaṇa] m. = sautrāmaṇī, [Mahābhārata; Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of [work]

4) Sautrāmaṇī (सौत्रामणी):—[from sautrāmaṇa] b f. a [particular] sacrifice in honour of Indra (su-trāman; described as the 6th or 7th; of the 7 Havir-yajña-saṃsthās q.v.; in the [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] it is said that every one consecrated by the Sautrāmaṇi enters among the gods and is born sarva-tanūḥ id est. with his entire body; -tva n., [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]), [Atharva-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Brāhmaṇa; ???; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of [work] by Deva-bhadra.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sautramani in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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