Sauna, Shauna, Śauna, Sāuna: 11 definitions

Introduction:

Sauna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Jainism, Prakrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śauna can be transliterated into English as Sauna or Shauna, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Sauna (सौन) is a Sanskrit word referring to “that which is got from the slaughter-house”, where slaughter-house refers to the Sanskrit word sūnā. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (also see the Manubhāṣya verse 5.13)

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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India history and geography

Source: Project Gutenberg: Castes and Tribes of Southern India, Volume 1

Sauna is one of the exogamous septs (divisions) among the Komatis (a trading caste of the Madras Presidency). Sauna refers to the plant Samanthi (Chrysanthemum indicum). The Komatis are said to have originally lived, and still live in large numbers on the banks of the Godavari river. One of the local names thereof is Gomati or Gomti, and the Sanskrit Gomati would, in Telugu, become corrupted into Komati. The sub-divisions are split up into septs (viz., Sauna), which are of a strictly exogamous character.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Sauna in Nepal is the name of a plant defined with Oroxylum indicum in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Spathodea indica (L.) Pers. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Flora Cochinchinensis (1790)
· Decas Generum Novorum (1808)
· For. Fl. Punj. (1918)
· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Ind. Trees (1906)
· Forest Flora of British Burma (1877)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Sauna, for example extract dosage, health benefits, pregnancy safety, chemical composition, side effects, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śauna (शौन).—Meat kept at a slaughter-house; निमज्जतश्च मत्स्यादाञ्शौनं वल्लूरमेव च (nimajjataśca matsyādāñśaunaṃ vallūrameva ca) Manusmṛti 5.13. -a. Relating or belonging to a dog; जानेऽहं धर्मतोऽऽत्मानं शौनीमुत्सृज जाघनीम् (jāne'haṃ dharmato''tmānaṃ śaunīmutsṛja jāghanīm) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.141.84.

Derivable forms: śaunam (शौनम्).

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Sauna (सौन).—a. (- f.) Relating to butchery or a slaughter-house.

-nam Butcher's meat.

-naḥ A butcher. °पाल (pāla) a. having a butcher for a keeper; कंसे जीवति दाशार्ह सौनपाला इवावयः (kaṃse jīvati dāśārha saunapālā ivāvayaḥ) Bhāgavata 1.38.41.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sauna (सौन).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nī-naṃ) Belonging or relating to a slaughter-house., &c. n.

(-naṃ) Butcher's meat. E. sanā, and aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śauna (शौन).—i. e. śūnā + a (n.), Meat kept at a slaughter-house, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 13.

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Sauna (सौन).—i. e. sūnā + a, I. Relating to a slaughter-house. Ii. n. Butcers' meat.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śauna (शौन).—[feminine] ī belonging to a dog.

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Sauna (सौन).—[masculine] butcher; [neuter] (±māṃsa) butcher’s meat.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śauna (शौन):—mf(ī)n. ([from] śvan) relating or belonging to a dog, [Mahābhārata]

2) [wrong reading] for sauna q.v.

3) Sauna (सौन):—mfn. ([from] sūnā; also written śauna) belonging or relating to a slaughter-house or to butchery etc., [Horace H. Wilson]

4) m. a butcher, [Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

5) n. (with or [scilicet] māṃsa) fresh butcher’s meat, [Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sauna (सौन):—[(naḥ-nī-naṃ) a.] Of a slaughterhouse. n. Butcher’s meat.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sauna in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Sauṇa (सौण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Śakuna.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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