Tejovati, Tejovatī: 10 definitions


Tejovati means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Tejovati in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Tejovatī (तेजोवती) is the city city of Agni, guardian (dikpāla) of the south-eastern direction, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 76.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Tejovatī (तेजोवती).—The capital city of Agni. This is situated on the south-east corner of Mahāmeru. In the centre is Manovatī, capital city of Brahmā. To the east of it is Amarāvatī, capital city of Indra. In the south-east corner is Tejovatī. In the south is Saṃyamanī, city of Yama. In the south-west is Kṛṣṇāñjanī of Nirṛti. In the west is Śraddhāvatī of Varuṇa. In the north west is Gandhavatī of Vāyu. In the north is Mahodayā of Kubera. In the north east corner is Yaśovatī of Īśāna. (8th Skandha, Devī Bhāgavata).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Tejovatī (तेजोवती).—A Śakti.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 73.

1b) The name of the Agni sabhā on the second inner slope of Meru, throwing effulgence on all sides; there live sages and seers bowing down to Agni.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 34. 78-85.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Tejovatī (तेजोवती) refers to the city of Agni, situated on the south-eastern lower slope of mount Meru, according to Parākhyatantra 5.66. Meru is the name of a golden mountained situated in the middle of nine landmasses (navakhaṇḍa): Bhārata, Hari, Kimpuruṣa, Ramyaka, Ramaṇa, Kuru, Bhadrāśva, Ketumāla and Ilāvṛta. Together these khaṇḍas make up the continent known as Jambūdvīpa.

Tejovatī is also known by the name Sutejaskā or Sutejovatī and is mentioned in various other sources, eg., the Svacchanda-tantra 10.132-136, Kiraṇa-āgama 8.51-54, Mṛgendra-āgama vidyāpāda 13.47-54, Sarvajñānottara-tantra adhvaprakaraṇa 34-36 and Mataṅga-āgama vidyāpāda 23.60-63

The Parākhyatantra is an old Śaiva-siddhānta tantra dating from before the 10th century.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Tejovati in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Tejovatī (तेजोवती) is the name of the wife of king Vihitasena, living in the city of Timirā, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 17. Their story was told by Yaugandharāyaṇa to king Udayana in order to settle the mind of queen Vāsavadattā.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Tejovatī, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Tejovatī (तेजोवती) is the Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant similar to Jyotiṣmatī (Celastrus paniculatus, black oil plant or intellect tree) from the Celastraceae or “staff vine” or “bittersweet family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.83-86 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The Raj Nighantu reads Jyotiṣmatī and Tejovatī together while Bāpālāl identifies Tejovatī with Zanthoxylum budrunga (cape yellowwood or Indian ivy-rue) from the Rutaceae or “rue” or “citrus” family.

Tejovatī is mentioned as having thirty-one synonyms: Bahurasā, Kanakaprabhā, Tīkṣṇā, Suvarṇanakulī, Lavaṇāgnidīptā, Tejasvinī, Suralatā, Agniphalā, Agnigarbhā, Kaṅguṇī, Śailasutā, Sutailā, Suvegā, Vāyasī, Tīvrā, Kākāṇḍī, Vāyasādanī, Gīrlatā, Śrīphalī, Saumyā, Brāhmī, Lavaṇakiṃśukā, Pārāvatapadī, Pītā, Pītatailā, Yaśasvinī, Medhyā, Dhīrā, Latā and Medhāvinī.

Properties and characteristics: “Jyotiṣmatī is bitter in rasa (tikta) dry (rūkṣa) and slightly pungent (kaṭu). It quells vāta and kapha. While Tejovatī gives burning sensations. It stimulates digestion and enhances the function of the brain i.e. mental power (medhā) and wisdom (prajñā)”.

Kalpa (Formulas, Drug prescriptions and other Medicinal preparations)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Tejovatī (तेजोवती) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Zanthoxylum budrunga Wall. ex DC” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning tejovatī] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Tejovati in India is the name of a plant defined with Cardiospermum halicacabum in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Cardiospermum acuminatum Miq. (among others).

2) Tejovati is also identified with Zanthoxylum acanthopodium It has the synonym Zanthoxylum alatum Wall. (etc.).

3) Tejovati is also identified with Zanthoxylum armatum It has the synonym Zanthoxylum alatum Roxb..

4) Tejovati is also identified with Zanthoxylum budrunga It has the synonym Zanthoxylum budrunga DC..

5) Tejovati is also identified with Zanthoxylum rhetsa It has the synonym Fagara budrunga Roxb. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Biochemical Systematics and Ecology (2007)
· Biochemical Systematics and Ecology (2005)
· The Gardeners Dictionary (1754)
· Bulletin of Botanical Research (1989)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2003)
· Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis (1824)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Tejovati, for example chemical composition, extract dosage, health benefits, side effects, pregnancy safety, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Tejovatī (तेजोवती).—(1) name of a samādhi: Mahāvyutpatti 549; Śatasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā 1418.17; (2) name of a dhāraṇī: Gaṇḍavyūha 66.16.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tejovatī (तेजोवती):—[=tejo-vatī] [from tejo-vat > tejo > teja] f. Scindapsus officinalis (ja-v, [Bhāvaprakāśa v, 1, 170]), [Suśruta iv, 2; 8; 15]

2) [v.s. ...] Piper Chaba, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] mahā-jyotiṣmatī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a root (also jinī), [Nighaṇṭuprakāśa]

5) [v.s. ...] of a princess, [Kathāsaritsāgara xvii, 34.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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