Shravana, Śravaṇā, Sravana, Śravaṇa, Śrāvaṇa: 32 definitions
Shravana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Śravaṇā and Śravaṇa and Śrāvaṇa can be transliterated into English as Sravana or Shravana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Alternative spellings of this word include Sravan.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)
Sravaṇa (स्रवण) refers to “outflow” (e.g., of sperm), mentioned in verse 4.20-22 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] from (suppressed) sperm (result) its outflow [viz., sravaṇa], pubic pain, cutaneous swelling, fever, throbbing of the heart, retention of urine, racking in the limbs, swelling of the testicles, gravel, and impotence. Cock, arrack, rice, enema, inunction, bathing, milk prepared with bladder-cleansing (substances, and) lovely women one shall turn to in this case”.Source: WikiPedia: Ayurveda
Sravana (blood-letting) is to be carried out in skin diseases, vidradhis, localised swelling, etc. (described in the Sushruta Samhita)Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
Śravaṇā (श्रवणा) is another name for Śrāvaṇī, an unidentified medicinal plant, according to verse 5.17-18 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Śravaṇā and Śrāvaṇī, there are a total of eight Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)Source: Wisdom Library: Jyotiṣa
Śravaṇa (श्रवण):—Name for a particular section of the ecliptic. It is also known as Śravaṇa-nakṣatra. Nakṣatra means “Lunar mansion” and corresponds to a specific region of the sky through which the moon passes each day. Śravaṇa means “hearing, reception” and is associated with the deity known as Viṣṇu (God of existence). The presiding Lord of this lunar house is Chandra (Moon).
Indian zodiac: |10°| – |23°20' Makara|
Makara (मकर, “sea-monster”) corresponds with Capricorn.
Western zodiac: |6°| – |19°20' Aquarius|
Aquarius corresponds with Kumbha (कुम्भ, “pitcher”).
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Śravaṇā (श्रवणा) is a Sanskrit word referring to the asterism Aquilae. According to the Nāṭyaśāstra 2.43-45, the ceremony of “raising the pillars” within the playhouse (nāṭyamaṇḍapa) should be performed during an auspicious tithi and karaṇa under either the asterism Rohiṇī or Śravaṇā. Accordingly, “the master [of dramatic art], after he has fasted for three [days and] nights, is to raise the pillars in an auspicious moment at dawn”. These two asterisms are considered auspicious for this purpose.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa
Śravaṇa (श्रवण).—Name of a settlement (janapada) situated near the seven great mountains on the western side of mount Naiṣadha, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 83. These settlements consume the water flowing from these seven great mountains (Viśākha, Kambala, Jayanta, Kṛṣṇa, Harita, Aśoka and Vardhamāna). Niṣadha (Naiṣadha) is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Śravaṇa (श्रवण).—A son of Murāsura. Murāsura had seven sons. They were: Tāmra, Antarīkṣa, Śravaṇa, Vasu, Vibhāvasu, Nabhasvān and Aruṇa. They were all killed by Śrī Kṛṣṇa. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 10).
2) Śravaṇa (श्रवण).—One of the twentyseven stars (nakṣatras). Those who perform Śrāddha on the day of this star will attain heaven. (Mahābhārata Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 39, Verse 11).
3) Śrāvaṇa (श्रावण).—See 3rd Para under Daśaratha.Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study
Śravaṇa (श्रवण) or Śravaṇa Dvādaśī is the name of a festival that once existed in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Śravaṇa Dvādaśī proceeds as follows: Fasting and the worship of Viṣṇu are prescribed on the dark 12th of Phālguṇa conjoined with Śravaṇa constellation.Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Śravaṇa (श्रवण, “listening”) refers to one of the three rites mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 1.3. Accordingly, “[...] Rites mentioned in the Vedas should be performed with the fruits thereof dedicated to Him. Thence, through Sālokya he attains the feet of the great Lord. [...] Regarding visible things people see with their eyes and begin their activity. Concerning the invisible everywhere, they know through the ears and activise themselves. Hence Śravaṇa (listening) is the first rite. The intelligent scholar must listen to the oral explanation of the preceptor and then practise the other rites.—Kīrtana (glorifying) and Manana ( deliberation)”.
According to Śivapurāṇa 1.4, “Śravaṇa (listening) is effected when one associates with good men. Then the Kīrtana of Paśupati becomes steady. In the end is the Manana which is the most excellent. All these take place as a result of benevolent surveillance of Lord Śiva”.
Śravaṇa (“listening”) represents one of the nine-fold (navadhā) devotion (bhakti), as explained in the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.23, as Śiva said to Satī:—“[...] O Goddess Satī, listen, I shall explain the great principle whereby the remorseful creature becomes a liberated soul (mukta). [...] Devotion (bhakti) to me is considered as the bestower of worldly pleasures and salvation. It is achievable only by my grace. It is nine-fold (navadhā) [viz., śravaṇa]. There is no difference between devotion and perfect knowledge. A person who is engrossed in devotion enjoys perpetual happiness. Perfect knowledge never descends in a vicious person averse to devotion. [...] According to scholars O Goddess, the nine ancillary adjuncts are:—[viz., śravaṇa, ‘listening’...]. O Śiva, its further subdivisions too have been explained”.
Śravaṇa (‘listening’) detailed explanation: “by listening is meant the imbibing of my stories that bestow worldly pleasures and salvation, with great devotion, in steady posture”.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 12. 48; Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 127; 53. 116; 66. 51; 82. 11.
- 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 18. 11.
1b) A son of Mura.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 59. 12.
1c) A son of Aśvinī and Akrūra.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 45. 33.
1d) A Janapada of the Ketumālā.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 44. 15.
2) Śravaṇā (श्रवणा).—A daughter of Citraka.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 115; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 114.
3b) A son of Gautama, an avatār of the 14th dvāpara.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 23, 164.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Vastushastra (architecture)Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Śravaṇa (श्रवण) refers to the twenty-third of twenty-seven constellations (ṛkṣa), according to the Mānasāra. Ṛkṣa is the third of the āyādiṣaḍvarga, or “six principles” that constitute the “horoscope” of an architectural or iconographic object. Their application is intended to “verify” the measurements of the architectural and iconographic object against the dictates of astrology that lay out the conditions of auspiciousness.
The particular nakṣatra, also known as ṛkṣa (e.g., śravaṇa) of all architectural and iconographic objects (settlement, building, image) must be calculated and ascertained. This process is based on the principle of the remainder. An arithmetical formula to be used in each case is stipulated, which engages one of the basic dimensions of the object (breadth, length, or perimeter/circumference). In the context of village planning and measurement, the text sates that among the stars (ṛkṣa), the ones that are pūrṇa (odd), are auspicious and the ones that are karṇa (even), inauspicious.
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
Śravaṇa (श्रवण).—Hearing of a phonetic element or a word in the actual speech; audition; cf. तस्य चोदात्तस्वरितपरत्वे श्रवणं स्पष्टम् (tasya codāttasvaritaparatve śravaṇaṃ spaṣṭam) S. K. on P.I.2.32. In many technical grammatical terms, affixes and substitutes, there is sometimes a portion of them which is not a vital part of the word, but it is for the sake of causing certain prescribed grammatical operations. The letters or syllables which form such a portion are called इत् (it) and they are only for the sake of grammatical operations (कार्यार्थ (kāryārtha)), as contrasted with the other ones which are actually heard (श्रुत्यर्थ (śrutyartha) or श्रवणार्थ (śravaṇārtha)).
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
Dharmashastra (religious law)Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Education: Systems & Practices
Śravaṇa (श्रवण) refers to the first of three stages of learning according to the Bṛhadāraṇyaka Upaniṣad, forming part of the ancient Indian education system, which aimed at both the inner and the outer dimension of a person. In the first stage, śravaṇa, students listened intently to the teacher.
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition
Śrāvaṇa (श्रावण), corresponding to “July-August”, refers to one of the months (māsa) in the Vedic calendar.—There are twelve months in a Vedic lunar calendar, and approximately every three years, there is a thirteenth month. Each month has a predominating deity and approximately corresponds with the solar christian months. [...] In accordance with the month of the year, one would utter the Vedic month, for example, śrāvaṇa-māsi.
The presiding deity of Śrāvaṇa is Śrīdhara.Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam
Śravaṇa (श्रवण) refers to:—Hearing the transcendental descriptions of Bhagavān’s names, forms, qualities, pastimes, and associates from the mouths of advanced bhaktas; one of the three most important limbs of bhakti. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism
1a) Śravaṇā (श्रवणा) is the name of Vidyārājñī (i.e., “wisdom queen”) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Śravaṇā).
1b) Śravaṇā (श्रवणा) also refers to one of the various Nakṣatras mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa.
2) Śravaṇa (श्रवण) is the name of a Śrāvaka mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa.Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography
1) Śravaṇā (श्रवणा) refers to the twenty-second of the 28 nakṣatras (“constellations”) of the zodiac, as commonly depicted in Buddhist Iconography, and mentioned in the 11th-century Niṣpannayogāvalī of Mahāpaṇḍita Abhayākara.—The nakṣatras are described collectively in the dharmadhātuvāgīśvara-maṇḍala of the Niṣpannayogāvalī. In this maṇḍala the nakṣatras are given one face and two arms, which are clasped against the chest in the añjalimudrā:—“the deities [viz., Śravaṇā] are decked in bejewelled jackets and they all show the añjali-mudrā”.—In colour, however, they differ. [viz., Śravaṇā is given the colour white].
2) Śrāvaṇa (श्रावण) (presided over by Samudra) also refers to the tenth of twelve months, according to the Niṣpannayogāvalī.—Accordingly, there are altogether twelve months [viz., Śrāvaṇa] having twelve deities as given in the kālacakra-maṇḍala.—“here they are all accompanied with their Śaktis, mostly four-armed and have their distinctive vehicles”.Source: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)
Śravaṇa (श्रवण) is the name of a Vākchomā (‘verbal secrect sign’) which has its meaning defined as ‘karṇa’ according to chapter 8 of the 9th-century Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja, a scripture belonging to the Buddhist Cakrasaṃvara (or Saṃvara) scriptural cycle. These Vākchomās (viz., śravaṇa) are meant for verbal communication and can be regarded as popular signs, since they can be found in the three biggest works of the Cakrasaṃvara literature.
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
Śravaṇa (श्रवण) refers to “hearing” and represents one of the eight dhīguṇas (eight qualities), named in the Yogaśāstra, comentary p. 53a (Bhavnagar ed.).Source: archive.org: The Jaina Iconography
Śravaṇa (श्रवण) refers to one of the various attendants of Kubera (king of the Yakṣas).—Kubera was the treasurer of Śiva and lord of the Alakā is several times referred to in early Hindu literature. His attendants were many and several of them are mentioned in a canonical text of the Jainas thus, [viz., Śravaṇa].
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geogprahySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Śrāvaṇa.—(SITI), also called śrāvaṇa-patra (q. v.), sale deed; a document; cf. śālāvaṇam (SITI), a sale deed (āvaṇa-śālāvaṇam). Note: śrāvaṇa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
śravaṇa (श्रवण).—n S The hypotenuse of a right-angled triangle.
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śravaṇa (श्रवण).—n (S) Hearing. 2 n m The sense or the organ of hearing. 3 n The twenty-second nakshatra or lunar asterism. śravaṇamanananididhyāsa Hearkening or hearing, mentally revolving, and intently contemplating or considering. These three are the appointed exercises of all derived intelligencies towards the apprehension of Knowledge or Truth, i. e. Spirit or the Deity. Ex. sadā āvaḍē haribhajana || śravaṇamanananidi- dhyāsana || tēthēṃ vikalpa pravēśē nā ||.
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śrāvaṇa (श्रावण).—m (S) The fifth month of the Hindu year,--July-August.
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śrāvaṇā (श्रावणा).—a śrāvaṇī a Relating to the month Shrawan̤.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
śravaṇa (श्रवण).—n Hearing. n m The sense of hear- ing. n The 22nd nakṣatra.
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śrāvaṇa (श्रावण).—m The 5th month of the Hindu year.
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sravaṇa (स्रवण).—n Dripping. Urine. Sweat.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Śravaṇa (श्रवण).—[śṛṇotyanena śru-karaṇe lyuṭ]
1) The ear; ध्वनति मधुपसमूहे श्रवणमपिदधाति (dhvanati madhupasamūhe śravaṇamapidadhāti) Gīt.5; श्रवणाञ्जलिपुटपेयं विरचितवान् भारताख्यममृतं यः (śravaṇāñjalipuṭapeyaṃ viracitavān bhāratākhyamamṛtaṃ yaḥ) Ve.1.4.
2) The hypotenuse of a triangle.
-ṇaḥ, -ṇā 1 Name of a lunar mansion containing three stars.
-ṇam 1 The act of hearing; श्रवणसुभगम् (śravaṇasubhagam) Me.11.
3) Fame, glory.
4) That which is heard or revealed, the Veda; इति श्रवणात् (iti śravaṇāt) 'because of such a Vedic text'.
6) Flowing, oozing.
7) (In phil.) The determining by means of the six signs the true doctrine of the Vedānta.
Derivable forms: śravaṇaḥ (श्रवणः), śravaṇam (श्रवणम्).
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Śrāvaṇa (श्रावण).—a. (-ṇī f.) [श्रवण-अण् (śravaṇa-aṇ)]
1) Relating to the ear.
2) Born under the asterism Śravaṇa.
3) Enjoined in the Veda; विधिना श्रावणेनैव कुर्यात् कर्माण्यतन्द्रितः (vidhinā śrāvaṇenaiva kuryāt karmāṇyatandritaḥ) Mb.12. 21.16.
-ṇaḥ 1 Name of a lunar month (corresponding to July-August).
2) A heretic.
3) An impostor.
4) Name of a Vaiśya ascetic unwittingly shot dead by king Daśaratha who was in consequence cursed by his old parents that he would die of broken-heart separated from his sons.
-ṇam 1 Causing to be heard.
2) Knowledge derived from hearing.
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1) Flowing, trickling, oozing.
4) Premature abortion.
Derivable forms: sravaṇam (स्रवणम्).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Śrāvaṇa (श्रावण) or Pariśrāvaṇa or Parisrāvaṇa.—strainer: pātra-°ṇam (dvandva) ekānta upanikṣipya Divyāvadāna 582.21; in 24 below pātra-pariśrāvaṇaṃ.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ṇaḥ-ṇā-ṇaṃ) Produced in or under the sign Shravana. mn.
(-ṇaḥ-ṇaṃ) 1. The ear. 2. Hearing. 3. The hypotenuse of a triangle. n.
(-ṇaṃ) 1. Service. 2. Dripping, oozing. mf.
(-ṇaḥ-ṇā) The twentythird of the lunar asterisms, represented by three footsteps, and containing three stars or Acquilæ. n.
(-ṇaṃ) 1. The act of hearing. 2. Studying. 3. Fame, glory. 4. Wealth. 5. That which is heard, i. e. The Veda. E. śru to hear, &c., aff. lyuṭ or yuc; or śravaṇā the asterism, aṇ aff. of derivation, and the effect rejected.
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(-ṇaḥ-ṇī-ṇaṃ) 1. Produced in or under the asterism Shravana. 2. Relating to the ear or hearing. m.
(-ṇaḥ) 1. The month Shravana or Shravan, (July-August.) 2. A heretic, an impostor. 3. Name of a Vaisya devotee killed by Dasaratha through mistake, and for which he was cursed by Shravana's old parents, to die of a broken heart at the separation of his sons. n. (-ṇa) Causing to be heard. f.
(-ṇā) A plant, commonly Katuki. f. (-ṇī) 1. Day of full-moon in the month Shravana. 2. A religious rite peformed in this day. E. śravaṇā the asterism, &c., aff. aṇ .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Śravaṇa (श्रवण).—i. e. śru + ana, I. m. and n. The ear, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 193, M.M. Ii. m., and f. ṇā, The twenty-third lunar asterism. Iii. n. 1. Hearing, [Pañcatantra] 188, 10. 2. Study, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in
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Śrāvaṇa (श्रावण).—i. e. A. śravaṇa + a, I. adj. Born or produced under the asterism Śravanā. Ii. m. The name of a month (July
— August). Iii. f. ṇī. 1. The day of full moon in the month Śrāvaṇa, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 95. 2. The name of one of the domestic sacrifices (pāka-yajña), Journ. of the German Oriental Society, vii. 527. B. śru, [Causal.], + ana, n. Causing to hear.
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Sravaṇa (स्रवण).—i. e. sru + ana, n. 1. Oozing, flowing. 2. Sweat. 3. Urine.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Śravaṇa (श्रवण).—1. [neuter] hearing, learning; fame, (good) reputation; ear (also [masculine]).
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Śravaṇa (श्रवण).—2. [adjective] lame; [masculine] (& [feminine] ā) [Name] of a lunar mansion.
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Śrāvaṇa (श्रावण).—1. [adjective] perceived by the ear, audible; [neuter] causing to be heard, communicating, announcing.
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Śrāvaṇa (श्रावण).—2. [feminine] ī relating to the lunar mansion Śravaṇa; [masculine] a cert. month in the rainy season.
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Sravaṇa (स्रवण).—[neuter] sravatha [masculine] flowing, streaming.
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Srāvaṇa (स्रावण).—[adjective] & [neuter] making flow.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Śravaṇa (श्रवण):—[from śrava] 1. śravaṇa n. the act of hearing (also ‘that which is heard’ = śruti q.v.; iti śravaṇāt, ‘because it is so heard or revealed’ id est. ‘according to a Vedic text’), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.
2) [v.s. ...] acquiring knowledge by hearing, learning, study (cf. a-śravaṇāt), [Kāmandakīya-nītisāra; Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]
3) [v.s. ...] (in [philosophy]) the determining by means of the six signs the true doctrine of the Vedānta (in regard to the only really existing Being), [Vedāntasāra]
4) [v.s. ...] fame, reputation, [Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Nirukta, by Yāska]
5) [v.s. ...] wealth, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]
6) [v.s. ...] m. (rarely n.) the ear, [Maitrī-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata] etc.
7) [v.s. ...] m. (= śramaṇa) a Buddhist or Jain monk (cf. śrāvaka), [Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan]
8) [v.s. ...] the hypotenuse of a triangle or the diagonal of a tetragon etc., [Golādhyāya]
9) Śravaṇā (श्रवणा):—[from śravaṇa > śrava] a f. a female monk or nun or ascetic, [Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan]
10) Śrāvaṇa (श्रावण):—[from śrava] 1. śrāvaṇa mfn. relating to or perceived by the ear, audible, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa] (cf. [Pāṇini 2-2, 92 [Scholiast or Commentator]])
11) [v.s. ...] taught or enjoined in the Veda (cf. śrauta), [Mahābhārata iii, 100, 75]
12) [v.s. ...] m. a heretic, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
13) [v.s. ...] Name of a Muni, [Catalogue(s)]
14) [v.s. ...] f(ā and ī). Name of various plants, [Suśruta]
15) [v.s. ...] n. causing to be heard, announcing, proclaiming, [Mahābhārata; Pañcatantra]
16) [v.s. ...] knowledge derived from hearing, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]
17) Śravaṇa (श्रवण):—2a mfn. ([from] √2. śru; for 1. śravaṇa See p.1096; cf. sravaṇa) limping, lame, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra]
18) m. Name of the 20th (or 23rd) Nakṣatra (presided over by Viṣṇu, and containing the three stars, α, β, and γ Aquilae, supposed to represent three footsteps; cf. tri-vikrama), [Atharva-veda; Gṛhya-sūtra; Mahābhārata] etc.
19) a sort of disease (= śroṇa), [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]
20) Name of a son of Naraka, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]
21) (with bhaṭṭa) Name of a teacher, [Catalogue(s)]
22) Śravaṇā (श्रवणा):—[from śravaṇa] b f. See below
23) Śravaṇa (श्रवण):—n. = śravaṇā-karman, [Śāṅkhāyana-gṛhya-sūtra]
24) Śravaṇā (श्रवणा):—[from śravaṇa] c f. Name of a Nakṣatra (= 2. śravaṇa), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Purāṇa]
25) [v.s. ...] the night of full-moon in the month Śrāvaṇa, [Gṛhya-sūtra and śrauta-sūtra] (cf. [Pāṇini 4-2, 5])
26) [v.s. ...] Name of a daughter of Citraka or Rājādhideva (cf. śraviṣṭhā), [Harivaṃśa]
27) Śrāvaṇa (श्रावण):—[from śravaṇa] 2. śrāvaṇa mf(ī)n. relating to or produced under the Nakṣatra Śravaṇa
28) [v.s. ...] m. (with or [scilicet] mās or māsa) Name of one of the twelve Hindū months (generally rainy and corresponding to July-August), [Suśruta; Gṛhya-sūtra; Yājñavalkya] etc.
29) [from śravaṇa] n. = next, [Gṛhya-sūtra]
30) Śravaṇa (श्रवण):—3. śravaṇa m. a kind of plant used for colouring white, [Suśruta]
31) Śravaṇā (श्रवणा):—[from śravaṇa] d f. = muṇḍīrikā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
32) Śravaṇa (श्रवण):—4. śravaṇa n. = śrapaṇa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
33) 5. śravaṇa [wrong reading] for sravaṇa.
34) [from śru] a etc. See 1. śrava, p. 1096, col. 3.
35) [from śru] 2b etc. See p. 1097, col. 2.
36) Sravaṇa (स्रवण):—[from sru] n. streaming, flowing, flowing off (also [plural]; cf. aśva-sr), [Rāmāyaṇa]
37) [v.s. ...] premature abortion, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]
38) [v.s. ...] sweat, perspiration, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
39) [v.s. ...] urine, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
40) Srāvaṇa (स्रावण):—[from sru] mfn. causing to flow, shedding (rudhira-srāvaṇaṃ-√kṛ, ‘to shed any one’s blood’), [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Suśruta; Manvarthamuktāvalī, kullūka bhaṭṭa’s Commentary on manu-smṛti]
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
Śravaṇa (श्रवण):—1. (von 1. śru)
1) m. (seltener n.) Ohr [Amarakoṣa 2, 6, 2, 45.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 139.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 574.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 227] (śravaṇaṃ st. śrāvaṇaṃ zu lesen). [Medinīkoṣa ṇ. 79.] [Halāyudha 2, 361.] [MAITRYUP. 6, 22.] [Spr. (II) 4992.] [Mahābhārata 12, 7397.] [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 91, 27] (n.). [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 2, 100, 24. 3, 50, 17. 52, 30. 5, 14, 19.] [Suśruta 1, 125, 8. 126, 4. 2, 363, 3.] [GṚHYAS. 2, 98. ad] [Śākuntala 54.] Schol. zu [8.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 28, 9. 51, 8.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 13, 160. 48, 38.] [Caurapañcāśikā 6.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 34, 71. 82, 17.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 2, 2, 37. 7, 9, 40] (n.). [9, 2, 7. 11, 23.] —
2) m. (wie alle Wörter für Ohr) Hypotenuse, Diagonale eines Tetragons u.s.w. [Algebra 59.] [GOLĀDHY.] [TRIPRAŚN. 48.] —
3) n. das Hören [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 14, 5, 4, 5. 7, 3, 6.] [Pāraskara’s Gṛhyasūtrāṇi 3, 10.] [Chāndogyopaniṣad 8, 12, 4.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 8, 74.] [Mahābhārata 1, 865. 2, 277. 7, 2128.] [Harivaṃśa 12243.] [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 102] in der Unterschr. [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 1, 3, 38. 4, 140. 71, 19. 4, 17, 20. 58, 3. 7, 20, 6.] dūrācchravaṇāni darśanāni cāsya bhavanti [Suśruta.1,158,11.] [Śākuntala 15,15. fg. 59.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 90,8.] [Spr. 2871.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa.1,2,17.8,35.2,4,3.7,15.3,7,14. 16,6.9,3,34. 10,6,3. 41,16.] [Oxforder Handschriften 85,b,13. 225,a,20.] [Pañcatantra 188,10.] [SARVADARŚANAS.4,6. 76,6. 8. 157,9. 22.] subhaga angenehm zu hören [Meghadūta 11.] paruṣa 62. ugraśravaṇadarśana adj. [Mahābhārata 3, 15856.] dūra weithörig [PAÑCAR. 1, 1, 50.] ṇico śravaṇaṃ chāndasam so v. a. das Fehlen des Causalsuffixes  zu [Bṛhadāranyakopaniṣad] [S. 102.] das Hören so v. a. das Lernen, Lesen: śuśrūṣā śravaṇaṃ caiva grahaṇaṃ dhāraṇaṃ tathā . ūho poho rthavijñānaṃ tattvajñānaṃ ca dhīguṇāḥ .. [KĀM. NĪTIS. 4, 22] [?= Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 310. fg.] manananididhyāsanasamādhyanuṣṭhāna [Vedānta lecture No. 113. fg.] [Nīlakaṇṭha 26.] [Scholiast] zu [Kapila 1, 60.] [SARVADARŚANAS. 46, 13. 58, 12. fgg. 85, 4. 103, 20. 124, 22. 139, 10. 159, 5.] aśravaṇāt weil man es nicht lernt, weil es nicht gelehrt wird [LĀṬY. 10, 11, 5.] —
4) n. Leumund, guter Ruf [Aśvalāyana’s Śrautasūtrāni 1, 10, 8.] [Yāska’s Nirukta 11, 33.] — Vgl. kuru, pitṛ, vi .
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Śravaṇa (श्रवण):—2. (von 2. śru)
1) adj. a) lahm [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 23, 4, 16.] — b) leck [GOBH. 3, 2, 43.] —
2) m. a) N. des 20ten 21ten, 22ten) Nakṣatra, das unter der Figur von drei Fusstapfen gedacht wird, [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 113.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 227.] [Medinīkoṣa ṇ. 79.] [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 19, 7, 4.] [Scholiast] zu [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 335, 1.] [ĀŚV. GṚHY. 3, 5, 2.] [Śāṅkhāyana’s Gṛhyasūtrāṇi 1, 20.] [Pāraskara’s Gṛhyasūtrāṇi 2, 10. 14.] [WEBER, Jyotiṣa 95.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 1, 142.] [Mahābhārata 6, 81.85. 13, 3279. 4265. 14, 1213.] [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 55, 1.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 6, 7. 11. 7, 2. 11] (v. l. n.). [9, 3. 33 10, 1. 15. 11, 60. 15, 20. 30. 23, 6. 32, 16. 43, 38. 47, 6. 55, 31. 81, 20. 97, 16. 98, 11.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 33, 14.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 4, 12, 48. 7, 14, 20] (pl.). [23.] [WEBER, KṚṢṆAJ. 230. fg.] fem. ā [Medinīkoṣa] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 98, 15] [?(v. l. masc.). Bhāgavatapurāṇa 5, 23, 6 (ed. Bomb. masc.). Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 58, 41.] — b) Nomen proprium eines Sohnes des Naraka [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 10, 59, 12.] —
3) f. ā a) Name eines Nakṣatra, s. u.
2) a). — b) die Vollmondsnacht im Monat Śrāvaṇa [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 2, 5. 23.] [GOBH. 3, 3, 11.] [Śāṅkhāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 3, 14, 2.] cintā [Verz. d. Cambr. K. 64.] karman die an diesem Tage übliche Ceremonie [ĀŚV. GṚHY. 2, 1, 1.] [GOBH. 3, 7, 1. 4, 8, 1.] [Pāraskara’s Gṛhyasūtrāṇi 2, 14.] [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 206.] — c) (neben Śraviṣṭhā) Nomen proprium einer Tochter Citraka's [Harivaṃśa 1921. 2089.] Rājādhideva’s [2034.] —
4) n. = śravaṇākarman (s. u.
3) b) [Śāṅkhāyana’s Gṛhyasūtrāṇi 4, 15.] — Vgl. śroṇa, ślavaṇa, 2. śrāvaṇa, śrāvaṇika .
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Śravaṇa (श्रवण):—3. m. eine best. zum Weissfärben dienende Pflanze [Suśruta 2, 175, 4.] f. ā = muṇḍīrikāvṛkṣa (vgl. śrāvaṇā unter 1. śrāvaṇa) [Ratnamālā im Śabdakalpadruma] śravaṇāhvayā f. eine best. Pflanze [Suśruta 1, 134, 2.]
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Śravaṇa (श्रवण):—4. m. fehlerhaft für śramaṇa Buddhist [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 87, 9 ] (v. l. śramaṇa). [36.] [Oxforder Handschriften 51], b, [?11. f.] ā eine Bettelnonne [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 532.] [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 76, 20.] Hierher vielleicht śravaṇa m. als N. Viṣṇu’s [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 63.]
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Śravaṇa (श्रवण):—5. n. s. sravaṇa .
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Śravaṇa (श्रवण):—6. n. = śrapaṇa Randglosse im Comm. zu [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 75.]
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Śravaṇa (श्रवण):—7. fehlerhaft für 2. śrāvaṇa .
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Śrāvaṇa (श्रावण):—1. (von 1. śravaṇa)
1) adj. durch das Gehör vermittelt, durch’s Ohr wahrgenommen u.s.w.: śabda (= śravaṇena gṛhyate) [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 2, 92, Scholiast] upasarga [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 40, 7. 10.] sc. jñāna [Oxforder Handschriften 231], a, [22. fg.] yadā punaḥ kāśyapo vai jagāma phalānyāhartuṃ vidhinā śrāvaṇena so v. a. in der heiligen Schrift vorgeschrieben (vgl. śrauta) [Mahābhārata 3, 10075.] [Nīlakaṇṭha] verbindet vidhināśrāvaṇena und sucht darin aśrāvaṇa (= apākhaṇḍa, vaidika) oder āśravaṇa = iṣṭyādyarthaṃ tatrāśrāvayetyādiśabdaprayogāt). —
2) m. Ketzer (vgl. śrāvaka
2) [Medinīkoṣa ṇ. 81.] —
3) f. ā eine best. Pflanze, = dadhyālī (vgl. dadhyānī) [Medinīkoṣa] = śrāvaṇī [Ratnamālā 39.] —
4) f. ī Sphaeranthus mollis, gewöhnlich muṇḍī (nach der Blüthe, die einem mit kurzen Haaren besetzten Kopfe verglichen wird) und bhikṣu genannt, [Ratnamālā 39.] [MAD. 1, 104.] [Suśruta 2, 170, 13. 173, 8.] = mahāśrāvaṇikā [Śabdakalpadruma] Suppl. unter dem letzten W.; vgl. mahā .
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Śrāvaṇa (श्रावण):—2. (von 2. śravaṇa
1) adj. (f. ī) zum Nakṣatra Śravaṇa in Beziehung stehend: in Verbindung mit mās, māsa oder m. mit Ergänzung dieser Wörter Bez. eines Monats der Regenzeit [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 2, 23.] [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 3, 16. 3, 4, 30, 234.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 154.] [Medinīkoṣa ṇ. 81.] prathamo vārṣiko māsaḥ śrāvaṇaḥ [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 25, 12. 7, 70, 8.] āṣāḍhaśrāvaṇau prāvṛṭ [Suśruta.1,20,5.] [ĀŚV. GṚHY.3,5,2.] [WEBER, Jyotiṣa 28. 30. fg. 35. 98.] [PADDH.] zu [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 355,4.] [Weber’s Indische Studien.9,51. 10,286. 294.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch.1,142.] [WEBER, KṚṢṆAJ. 221. fgg. 309.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S.5,78.7,17. 21,9. 10. 22,2. 24,26. 86,27.] [Oxforder Handschriften 34,b,13] (śravaṇa gedr.). , a, [13. 46], b,  (śravaṇa gedr.). , a, [2. 284,a,40.b,7. 8. 16. 18. 20. fg. 32.] [Hiouen-Thsang 1,63. 492.] rātri, paurṇamāsī oder f. mit Ergänzung dieser Worte der Vollmondstag im Monat Śrāvaṇa [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 2, 5, Scholiast] [ĀŚV. GṚHY. 2, 1, 1.] [Pāraskara’s Gṛhyasūtrāṇi 2, 10. 14.] [Kauśika’s Sūtra zum Atuarvaveda 141.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 4, 95.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 1, 142.] vyatītā vārṣikī rātriḥ śrāvaṇī laghuvikramā [Rāmāyaṇa 7, 66, 13.] [Weber’s Indische Studien 3, 391.] [Scholiast] zu [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 15, 9, 25.] karman (daneben śravaṇākarman) [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 206.] pūjana (śravaṇī die Hdschr.) [1122.] madhuparka [Kauśika’s Sūtra zum Atuarvaveda 92.] f. sc. pākasaṃsthā oder pākayajñasaṃsthā [Scholiast] zu [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 34,9.] [Oxforder Handschriften 30,b,5] (in 6 wohl yajñasaṃsthāḥ sapta zu lesen). , b, [37.] neutr. mit Ergänzung von karman so v. a. śravaṇākarman [GOBH.] und [Śāṅkhāyana’s Gṛhyasūtrāṇi] (śravaṇa Hdschr.) bei [WEBER, Nakṣ. 2, 330. 332.] —
2) m. Nomen proprium eines Muni [Oxforder Handschriften 52,b,34.]
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Śrāvaṇa (श्रावण):—3. (vom caus. von 1. śru) n. das Hörenlassen, Verkünden: asyetihāsasya sadā śravaṇaṃ śrāvaṇaṃ tathā [Mahābhārata 7, 2128.] satya [Pañcatantra 97, 17.] asaddoṣa ed. orn. [38, 22.]
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Śrāvaṇa (श्रावण):—4. n. [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 227] fehlerhaft für śravaṇa .
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Sravaṇa (स्रवण):—(wie eben) n.
1) das Fliessen [Yāska’s Nirukta 5, 27.] = syandana [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 269.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 429] (an beiden Orten śravaṇa). rudhirasravaṇaiḥ [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 83, 12.] aśva das Abfliessen des Wassers von einem nass gewordenen Pferde [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 20, 2, 5.] —
2) zu frühzeitiges Abgehen der Leibesfrucht [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka 4, 9.] —
3) Schweiss [Śabdaratnāvalī im Śabdakalpadruma] —
4) Urin [Rājanirghaṇṭa 18] (śra unsere Hdschrr., sra [Śabdakalpadruma]). — Vgl. plakṣa .
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Srāvaṇa (स्रावण):—(wie eben)
1) adj. fliessen machend [Suśruta 1, 247, 1.] svedāsṛk [250, 19.] —
2) f. ī eine best. Pflanze, = ṛddhi [Śabdakalpadruma] ohne Angabe einer best. Aut. —
3) n. das Fliessenlassen: sthālyāṃ medhasrāvaṇam [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 25, 10, 6.] asṛk [Suśruta 1, 358, 18.] rudhirasrāvaṇaṃ kar Jmdes Blut vergiessen [Kullūka] zu [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 4, 169.]
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4) [Z. 4 lies 2, 170, 3.]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+60): Shravana bhatta, Shravana-patra, Shravanabhrita, Shravanabhushana, Shravanacem Shravana, Shravanadatta, Shravanadhikarin, Shravanadvadashi, Shravanadvadashimahatmya, Shravanadvadashinirnaya, Shravanadvadashiparanavidhi, Shravanadvadashivrata, Shravanadvadashivratakalpa, Shravanadvadashivratakatha, Shravanagocara, Shravanagocarata, Shravanagochara, Shravanaguru, Shravanaharin, Shravanahomamantra.
Ends with (+14): Abhishravana, Abhyashravana, Anushravana, Ashabdashravana, Ashravana, Ashtashravana, Bahirvaishravana, Dharmashravana, Durashravana, Kurushravana, Mantraprashnashravana, Mishravana, Nagnashravana, Pancangashravana, Parisravana, Pitrishravana, Plakshaprashravana, Prasravana, Pratishravana, Pratyashravana.
Full-text (+312): Shravanika, Shrona, Shravanakarman, Nagapancami, Shravani, Janmashtami, Shravanadvadashivrata, Tantuparvan, Visravana, Shravanapaksha, Shravanamahatmya, Shravanatva, Shravanadvadashiparanavidhi, Shravananishedhavacana, Shravanahomamantra, Shravanavidhi, Shravanadvadashimahatmya, Shravanakarmasarpabaliprayoga, Shravanashanivaravrata, Harideva.
Search found 84 books and stories containing Shravana, Śravaṇā, Sravana, Śravaṇa, Śrāvaṇa, Śrāvaṇā, Sravaṇa, Srāvaṇa; (plurals include: Shravanas, Śravaṇās, Sravanas, Śravaṇas, Śrāvaṇas, Śrāvaṇās, Sravaṇas, Srāvaṇas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 4.95 < [Section XII - Vedic Study]
Verse 2.31 < [Section X - The ‘Naming Ceremony’ (nāmadheya)]
Verse 4.96 < [Section XII - Vedic Study]
Asvalayana-grihya-sutra (by Hermann Oldenberg)
Gobhila-grihya-sutra (by Hermann Oldenberg)
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter CXXXVI - The Sravana Dvadasi Vratas etc < [Brihaspati (Nitisara) Samhita]
Chapter LIX - Discourses on Astrology < [Agastya Samhita]
Chapter CXVIII - The Akhanda Dvadasi Vratam < [Brihaspati (Nitisara) Samhita]
Hiranyakesi-grihya-sutra (by Hermann Oldenberg)
The Tattvasangraha [with commentary] (by Ganganatha Jha)