Savana, Savaṇa, Sāvana: 23 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Savana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Savana (सवन).—One of the ten sons of Priyavrata, who was a son of Svāyambhuva Manu, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 74. Svāyambhuva Manu was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being. Savana was made the lord of Puṣkaradvīpa, one of the seven islands (dvīpa). He had two sons: Mahāvīti (or Kumuda) and Dhātaka who ruled over the regions Kaumuda and Dhātakīkhaṇḍa.

Source: archive.org: The Mārkaṇḍeya Purāṇa

Savana (ruler over Puṣkara-dvīpa):—Mahāvīta and Dhātaki were the two sons of Savana, the ruler over Puṣkara-dvīpa; he divided the Puṣkara land into two parts, and assigned to them one part each. He was the son of the Prajāpati Kardama.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Savana (सवन).—General. Son of Priyavrata who was the son of Svāyambhuva Manu, by his wife, Surūpā. Surūpā had ten sons including Savana. (Devī Bhāgavata, Skandha 8). Birth of son. Savana married Suvedā, daughter of Sunābha; but he expired before children were born to him. According to the Vāmana Purāṇa, Chapter 72, seven children were born from the dead Savana. The story about it is as follows:—

Suvedā, heart-broken at the death of Savana, did not permit the dead body to be burnt, herself holding it in embrace. Then a celestial voice said to her: "Cry not. If you are really chaste and true, enter the funeral pyre along with your husband." To this Suvedā answered thus: "I cry because of grief that he died before making me the mother of a son." The celestial voice said to her again: "You enter the pyre without weeping. Your husband will have seven sons."

Sudevā now permitted her dead husband to be cremated and meditating upon her chastity she jumped into the funeral pyre. But within minutes Savana came alive out of the fire with his wife and rose to the sky with her. He stayed in the sky for another five days and on the sixth day had the sexual act again with her. His semen dropped on earth from the sky. The King then with his wife went to Brahmaloka.

Samādā, Nalinī, Puṣyati, Citrā, Viśālā, Haritā and Alinīlā, all of them wives of munis saw the semen in the sky and when it fell into the water they thought it was amṛta, which conferred eternal youth, and with the permission of their husbands swallowed it. As soon as they swallowed it their divine effulgence was diminished and their husbands, therefore, abandoned them. Those women delivered seven children, who cried fiercely and that sound filled the entire universe. Then Brahmā appeared and asked the children not to cry and also told them that they would come to be called Maruts. Brahmā himself called them Maruts. They were the Maruts of the first Svāyambhuva Manuvantara. (See full article at Story of Savana from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Savana (सवन).—One of the seven sons of Bhṛgumuni, the other six being Cyavana, Vajraśīrṣa, Śuci, Aurva, Śukra and Vibhu. They are called Varuṇas also. (Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 85, Verse 129).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Savana (सवन).—A son of Priyavrata; remained a bachelor all life and learnt brahma vidyā; became lord of Puṣkaradvīpa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 1. 25-26; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 1. 7, 15.

1b) One of the seven sons of Vasiṣṭha and Ūrjā.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 11. 41; Vāyu-purāṇa 28. 36; 29. 18 and 26; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 10. 13.

1c) One of the ten sons of Kardama (Svāyambhuva Manu) and king of Puṣkaradvīpa; father of Mahāvīra and Dhātakī.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 104; 14, 9, 14-15; Matsya-purāṇa 9. 4; Vāyu-purāṇa 31. 18; 33. 9, 14.

1d) Is Sūrya.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 24. 76.

1e) The Agni formed of Pākayajñas.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 29. 38.

1f) A sacrifice, the roots of which are Gāyatrī, Tṛṣṭub and Jagatī.1

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 31. 47.

1g) A sage of the IX Dakṣasāvarṇi epoch.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 2. 23.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

1) Savana (सवन) refers to one of the seven sons of Vasiṣṭha and Ūrjā: one of the twenty-four daughters of Dakṣa and Prasūti, according to the Vaṃśa (‘genealogical description’) of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, Ākūti was married to Ruci and Prasūti to Dakṣa. Dakṣa produced in Prasūti twenty-four daughters. [...] [Ūrjā was given to Vasiṣṭha.] From Vasiṣṭha and Ūrjā, seven sons—Raja, Gotra, Ūrdhvabāhu, Savana, Anagha, Sutapā and Śukla and a daughter Puṇḍarikā were born.

2) Savana (सवन) is the name of one of the seven sages (saptarṣi) in the Uttama-Manvantara: one of the fourteen Manvantaras.—Accordingly, “In the Uttama Manvantara the Sudhāmās are the Gods having twelve groups like Pratardana, Śiva, Satya, Vaśavarti etc. Sudānti was the Indra. Raja, Gotra, Ardhabāhu, Savana, Anagha, Sutapā and Śukra are the Seven sages.

3) Savana (सवन) also refers to one of the seven sages (saptarṣi) in the Tāmasamanvantara.—Accordingly, “ In the tāmasamanvantara the Martyas and the Sudhiyas are the Gods, Jyoti, Dharma Pṛthu, Kalpa, Caitrāgni, Savana and Pīvara are the seven sages. Śibi was the Indra”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Sacred Texts: The Grihya Sutras, Part 2 (SBE30)

Savana (सवन) refers to the “oblation of Soma”, which is to be recited with a soft (mandra) voice, according to the Āpastamba-yajña-paribhāṣā-sūtras.—“before the Ājyabhāgas (such as the Ājya-portions at the Darśapūrṇamāsa), and at the morning Savana (oblation of Soma), the recitation is to be with the soft (mandra) voice”.

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Sāvana (सावन) refers to the “Savana months”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “We shall now proceed to give a brief description of (the qualifications of) a jyotiṣaka. [...] He must have a clear knowledge of the causes of Solar [i.e., saura], Savana, Siderial and Lunar months as well as of intercalary lunations and intercalary days. He must have a knowledge of the beginning and end of Śaṣṭyābda (a cycle of 60 years) [Ṣaṣṭyabda?], a Yuga (5 years), Varṣa (a year), Māsa (a month), Thina (a day) and Horā (an hour) and of their lords”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Journey to Nibbana: Patthana Dhama

Hearing;

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

savaṇa : (nt.) hearing; the ear. || sāvaṇa (nt.), announcement; proclamation. (m.) name of a month, July-August.

-- or --

savana : (nt.) flowing.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sāvana, (nt.) (fr. sāveti) shouting out, announcement, sound, word J. II, 352; Sdhp. 67. (Page 707)

— or —

1) Savana, 2 (nt.) (fr. savati) flowing Dh. 339; J iv. 288; v. 257; savana — gandha of the body, having a tainted odour Th. 2, 466. (Page 699)

2) Savana, 1 (nt.) (fr. śru: see suṇāti) 1. the ear Sn. 1120; Miln. 258.—2. hearing D i. 153, 179; A i. 121; S i. 24; Vin i. 26; Sn. 265, 345; Dh. 182; J i. 160, 250; Miln. 257; Nd1 188. sussavanaŋ sāvesi she made me hear a good hearing, she taught me a good thing J i. 61; savanaṭṭhāne within hearing J iv. 378. dhamma˚ hearing the preaching of the Dhamma Vin i. 101 etc. (Page 699)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

savana (सवन).—f ē n S The voice or sound, as to its quantity, in vocal or instrumental music or in reading. uccasavana, madhyasavana, & nīcasavana express Treble, tenor, and bass, in singing and playing; and tṛtīyasavana, madhyasavana, & prātaḥsavana, in reading. prathama savana, dvitīya savana, & tṛtīyā savana, See in order.

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savāṇā (सवाणा).—m An implement of the goldsmith,--a kind of nippers or tongs.

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sāvana (सावन).—a S Solar;--used of time; or natural; as sāvana dina A natural day.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

savāṇā (सवाणा).—m A kind of nippers or tongs.

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sāvana (सावन).—a Solar. Natural.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Savana (सवन).—[su-sū vā-lyuṭ]

1) Extracting the Soma juice or drinking it.

2) A sacrifice; अथ तं सवनाय दीक्षितः (atha taṃ savanāya dīkṣitaḥ) R.8. 75; Ś.3.26.

3) A libation, sacrificial libation; सवनश- स्तदुपधार्य सुरेशाः (savanaśa- stadupadhārya sureśāḥ) Bhāg.1.35.15.

4) Bathing, purificatory ablution; 'सवनं सोमनिष्पेषे जननस्नानयोरपि (savanaṃ somaniṣpeṣe jananasnānayorapi)' इति रत्नमाला (iti ratnamālā); पित्र्यं तद्रक्तपूर्णह्रदसवनमहानन्दः (pitryaṃ tadraktapūrṇahradasavanamahānandaḥ) ... Mv.2.48.

5) Generation, bearing or bringing forth children.

Derivable forms: savanam (सवनम्).

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Sāvana (सावन).—a. (- f.) [सवनं यागाङ्गं स्नानं सोमनिष्पीडनं वा तस्येदमण् (savanaṃ yāgāṅgaṃ snānaṃ somaniṣpīḍanaṃ vā tasyedamaṇ)] Relating to, or comprising the three savanas.

-naḥ 1 An institutor of a sacrifice, or one who employs priests at a sacrifice.

2) The conclusion of a sacrifice, or the ceremony by which it is concluded.

3) Name of Varuṇa.

4) A month of thirty solar days.

5) A natural day from sunrise to sunset.

6) A particular kind of year.

7) The solar year; विचाली हि संवत्सरशब्दः सावनोऽपि गणितदिवसकः (vicālī hi saṃvatsaraśabdaḥ sāvano'pi gaṇitadivasakaḥ) etc. ŚB. on MS.6.7.39.

-nam The correct solar time.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Savana (सवन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Bathing, as a religious exercise, or preparatory to a sacrifice, purificatory ablution in general. 2. A sacrifice in general. 3. Extracting and drinking the juice of the acid Asclepias. 4. Bearing as children, bringing forth young. m.

(-naḥ) The moon. E. ṣa to bear young, &c., Unadi aff. lyuṭ .

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Sāvana (सावन).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nī-naṃ) Natural, (in astronomy;) as Savana-Dina, a natural-day, from sunrise to sunrise. m.

(-naḥ) 1. The conclusion of a sacrifice, the ceremonies by which it is terminated. 2. An employer of priests for a sacrifice. 3. The deity Varuna. 4. A month of thirty solar days. E. ṣū to bear or produce, aff. lyuṭ and aṇ added.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Savana (सवन).—i. e. su, and sū, + ana, I. m. The moon. Ii. n. 1. Extracting and drinking the Soma, or juice of the acid Asclepias. 2. A sacrifice, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 13, 5. 3. Bearing children, bringing forth young.

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Sāvana (सावन).—i. e. su, [Causal.], + ana, m. 1. An employer of priests for a sacrifice. 2. The ceremonies by which a sacrifice is terminated. 3. Varuṇa. 4. A month of thirty solar days.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Savana (सवन).—1. [neuter] the pressing out or extracting of the Soma juice, (performed three times a day), the juice itself & its libation, festival or sacrifice i.[grammar], [plural] the three day-times i.e. morning, midday & evening (cf. above).

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Savana (सवन).—2. [neuter] bidding, impelling, setting in motion.

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Savana (सवन).—3. [adjective] along with the woods.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Savana (सवन):—[from sava] 1. savana n. (for 2. See [column]2) the act of pressing out the Soma-juice (performed at the three periods of the day; cf. tri-ṣavaṇa; prātaḥ-.,mādhyaṃdinaand tṛtīya-s), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] the pressed out Soma-juice and its libation, a Soma festival, any oblation or sacrificial rite, [ib.]

3) [v.s. ...] (with puṃsaḥ) = puṃsavana, [Yājñavalkya i, 11] ([plural]) the three periods of day (morning, noon, and evening), [Gautama-dharma-śāstra; Manu-smṛti; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] time (in general), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] bathing, ablution, religious bathing (performed at m°, n°, and ev°), [Kirātārjunīya]

6) [from sava] 2. savana n. (for 1. See [column]1; for See p. 1191, col. 2; for sa-vana See [column]3) instigation, order, command (cf. satya-s), [Ṛg-veda; Maitrī-upaniṣad]

7) [=sa-vana] [from sa > sa-vaṃśā] a mf(ā)n. (fur savana See [column]1 etc.) together with woods, [Mahābhārata]

8) 3. savana n. ([from] √su or ; for 1. 2 See 1190, [columns] 1. 2 for sa-vana, p. 1190, col. 3) fire, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

9) a kind of hell, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

10) Name of a son of Bhṛgu, [Mahābhārata]

11) of a son of Vasiṣṭha (one of the seven Ṛṣis under Manu Rohita), [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

12) of a son of Manu Svayambhuva, [Harivaṃśa]

13) of a son of Priya-vrata ([varia lectio] savala), [Purāṇa]

14) Sāvana (सावन):—[from sāva] mfn. ([from] 1. savana, p.1190) relating to or determining the three daily Soma libations id est. corresponding to the solar time (day, month, year), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā [Scholiast or Commentator]]

15) [v.s. ...] m. an institutor of a sacrifice or employer of priests at a sacrifice (= yajamāna), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

16) [v.s. ...] the conclusion of a sacrifice or the ceremonies by which it is terminated, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

17) [v.s. ...] Name of Varuṇa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

18) [v.s. ...] n. [scilicet] (māna) the correct solar time, [Nidāna-sūtra]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Savana (सवन):—(naṃ) 1. n. Bathing as a religious exercise; a sacrifice; drinking the Asclepias juice; bringing forth young.

2) Sāvana (सावन):—(naḥ) 1. m. The conclusion of a sacrifice; employer of priests for sacrifices; Varuna; month of 30 solar days.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Savaṇa (सवण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Savaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Savana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Sāvana (सावन) [Also spelled savan]:—(nm) the fifth month of the Hindu calendar; ~[] pertaining to the month of [sāvana] of [sāvana; —ke andhe ko harā hī harā dikhatā/sūjhatā hai] see through coloured glasses and all you see will be coloured.

context information

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Savaṇa (सवण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Śravaṇa.

2) Savaṇa (सवण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Śapana.

3) Savaṇa (सवण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Savaṇa.

4) Sāvaṇa (सावण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Śrāvaṇa.

5) Sāvaṇā (सावणा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Śrāvaṇā.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Savaṇa (ಸವಣ):—[noun] a pair of tongs used by goldsmiths.

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Savaṇa (ಸವಣ):—

1) [noun] a monk (in gen.).

2) [noun] a Jaina or Buddhist monk.

3) [noun] a follower of jaina religion.

4) [noun] ಸವಣಗೆಯ್ [savanagey] savaṇagey an extent of land given as a gift to a jaina mendicant.

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Savaṇa (ಸವಣ):—

1) [noun] the act of hearing.

2) [noun] the organ of hearing; the ear.

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Savana (ಸವನ):—[noun] Yama, the God of Righteousness and of Manes.

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Savana (ಸವನ):—

1) [noun] the act or an instance of extracting the juice from the creeper Sarcostemma acidum (sōma plant).

2) [noun] an elaborate religious sacrifice.

3) [noun] anything that is offered to a deity in a sacrifice by pouring it to the sacrificial fire.

4) [noun] a bathing.

5) [noun] the sacrificial fire.

6) [noun] a bathing of of an idol with holy water, milk, etc.

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Sāvaṇa (ಸಾವಣ):—

1) [noun] (correctly, ಶ್ರಾವಣ [shravana]) 1. Śrāvaṇa, the fifth month in the Hindu lunar calendar.

2) [noun] a kind of plant that grows during this month in rice-fields.

3) [noun] its flower.

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Sāvana (ಸಾವನ):—

1) [noun] a particular system of reckoning time, and dividing it into years, months, days, etc.

2) [noun] the concluding part of a religious sacrifice.

3) [noun] a solar month.

4) [noun] that part of the day from the sunrise to the sunset.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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