Savana, Savaṇa, Sāvana: 15 definitions


Savana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Savana (सवन).—One of the ten sons of Priyavrata, who was a son of Svāyambhuva Manu, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 74. Svāyambhuva Manu was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being. Savana was made the lord of Puṣkaradvīpa, one of the seven islands (dvīpa). He had two sons: Mahāvīti (or Kumuda) and Dhātaka who ruled over the regions Kaumuda and Dhātakīkhaṇḍa.

Source: The Mārkaṇḍeya Purāṇa

Savana (ruler over Puṣkara-dvīpa):—Mahāvīta and Dhātaki were the two sons of Savana, the ruler over Puṣkara-dvīpa; he divided the Puṣkara land into two parts, and assigned to them one part each. He was the son of the Prajāpati Kardama.

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Savana (सवन).—General. Son of Priyavrata who was the son of Svāyambhuva Manu, by his wife, Surūpā. Surūpā had ten sons including Savana. (Devī Bhāgavata, Skandha 8). Birth of son. Savana married Suvedā, daughter of Sunābha; but he expired before children were born to him. According to the Vāmana Purāṇa, Chapter 72, seven children were born from the dead Savana. The story about it is as follows:—

Suvedā, heart-broken at the death of Savana, did not permit the dead body to be burnt, herself holding it in embrace. Then a celestial voice said to her: "Cry not. If you are really chaste and true, enter the funeral pyre along with your husband." To this Suvedā answered thus: "I cry because of grief that he died before making me the mother of a son." The celestial voice said to her again: "You enter the pyre without weeping. Your husband will have seven sons."

Sudevā now permitted her dead husband to be cremated and meditating upon her chastity she jumped into the funeral pyre. But within minutes Savana came alive out of the fire with his wife and rose to the sky with her. He stayed in the sky for another five days and on the sixth day had the sexual act again with her. His semen dropped on earth from the sky. The King then with his wife went to Brahmaloka.

Samādā, Nalinī, Puṣyati, Citrā, Viśālā, Haritā and Alinīlā, all of them wives of munis saw the semen in the sky and when it fell into the water they thought it was amṛta, which conferred eternal youth, and with the permission of their husbands swallowed it. As soon as they swallowed it their divine effulgence was diminished and their husbands, therefore, abandoned them. Those women delivered seven children, who cried fiercely and that sound filled the entire universe. Then Brahmā appeared and asked the children not to cry and also told them that they would come to be called Maruts. Brahmā himself called them Maruts. They were the Maruts of the first Svāyambhuva Manuvantara. (See full article at Story of Savana from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Savana (सवन).—One of the seven sons of Bhṛgumuni, the other six being Cyavana, Vajraśīrṣa, Śuci, Aurva, Śukra and Vibhu. They are called Varuṇas also. (Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 85, Verse 129).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Savana (सवन).—A son of Priyavrata; remained a bachelor all life and learnt brahma vidyā; became lord of Puṣkaradvīpa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 1. 25-26; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 1. 7, 15.

1b) One of the seven sons of Vasiṣṭha and Ūrjā.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 11. 41; Vāyu-purāṇa 28. 36; 29. 18 and 26; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 10. 13.

1c) One of the ten sons of Kardama (Svāyambhuva Manu) and king of Puṣkaradvīpa; father of Mahāvīra and Dhātakī.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 104; 14, 9, 14-15; Matsya-purāṇa 9. 4; Vāyu-purāṇa 31. 18; 33. 9, 14.

1d) Is Sūrya.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 24. 76.

1e) The Agni formed of Pākayajñas.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 29. 38.

1f) A sacrifice, the roots of which are Gāyatrī, Tṛṣṭub and Jagatī.1

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 31. 47.

1g) A sage of the IX Dakṣasāvarṇi epoch.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 2. 23.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Sacred Texts: The Grihya Sutras, Part 2 (SBE30)

Savana (सवन) refers to the “oblation of Soma”, which is to be recited with a soft (mandra) voice, according to the Āpastamba-yajña-paribhāṣā-sūtras.—“before the Ājyabhāgas (such as the Ājya-portions at the Darśapūrṇamāsa), and at the morning Savana (oblation of Soma), the recitation is to be with the soft (mandra) voice”.

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Journey to Nibbana: Patthana Dhama


context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

savaṇa : (nt.) hearing; the ear. || sāvaṇa (nt.), announcement; proclamation. (m.) name of a month, July-August.

-- or --

savana : (nt.) flowing.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sāvana, (nt.) (fr. sāveti) shouting out, announcement, sound, word J. II, 352; Sdhp. 67. (Page 707)

— or —

1) Savana, 2 (nt.) (fr. savati) flowing Dh. 339; J iv. 288; v. 257; savana — gandha of the body, having a tainted odour Th. 2, 466. (Page 699)

2) Savana, 1 (nt.) (fr. śru: see suṇāti) 1. the ear Sn. 1120; Miln. 258.—2. hearing D i. 153, 179; A i. 121; S i. 24; Vin i. 26; Sn. 265, 345; Dh. 182; J i. 160, 250; Miln. 257; Nd1 188. sussavanaŋ sāvesi she made me hear a good hearing, she taught me a good thing J i. 61; savanaṭṭhāne within hearing J iv. 378. dhamma˚ hearing the preaching of the Dhamma Vin i. 101 etc. (Page 699)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

savana (सवन).—f ē n S The voice or sound, as to its quantity, in vocal or instrumental music or in reading. uccasavana, madhyasavana, & nīcasavana express Treble, tenor, and bass, in singing and playing; and tṛtīyasavana, madhyasavana, & prātaḥsavana, in reading. prathama savana, dvitīya savana, & tṛtīyā savana, See in order.

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savāṇā (सवाणा).—m An implement of the goldsmith,--a kind of nippers or tongs.

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sāvana (सावन).—a S Solar;--used of time; or natural; as sāvana dina A natural day.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

savāṇā (सवाणा).—m A kind of nippers or tongs.

--- OR ---

sāvana (सावन).—a Solar. Natural.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Savana (सवन).—[su-sū vā-lyuṭ]

1) Extracting the Soma juice or drinking it.

2) A sacrifice; अथ तं सवनाय दीक्षितः (atha taṃ savanāya dīkṣitaḥ) R.8. 75; Ś.3.26.

3) A libation, sacrificial libation; सवनश- स्तदुपधार्य सुरेशाः (savanaśa- stadupadhārya sureśāḥ) Bhāg.1.35.15.

4) Bathing, purificatory ablution; 'सवनं सोमनिष्पेषे जननस्नानयोरपि (savanaṃ somaniṣpeṣe jananasnānayorapi)' इति रत्नमाला (iti ratnamālā); पित्र्यं तद्रक्तपूर्णह्रदसवनमहानन्दः (pitryaṃ tadraktapūrṇahradasavanamahānandaḥ) ... Mv.2.48.

5) Generation, bearing or bringing forth children.

Derivable forms: savanam (सवनम्).

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Sāvana (सावन).—a. (- f.) [सवनं यागाङ्गं स्नानं सोमनिष्पीडनं वा तस्येदमण् (savanaṃ yāgāṅgaṃ snānaṃ somaniṣpīḍanaṃ vā tasyedamaṇ)] Relating to, or comprising the three savanas.

-naḥ 1 An institutor of a sacrifice, or one who employs priests at a sacrifice.

2) The conclusion of a sacrifice, or the ceremony by which it is concluded.

3) Name of Varuṇa.

4) A month of thirty solar days.

5) A natural day from sunrise to sunset.

6) A particular kind of year.

7) The solar year; विचाली हि संवत्सरशब्दः सावनोऽपि गणितदिवसकः (vicālī hi saṃvatsaraśabdaḥ sāvano'pi gaṇitadivasakaḥ) etc. ŚB. on MS.6.7.39.

-nam The correct solar time.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Savana (सवन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Bathing, as a religious exercise, or preparatory to a sacrifice, purificatory ablution in general. 2. A sacrifice in general. 3. Extracting and drinking the juice of the acid Asclepias. 4. Bearing as children, bringing forth young. m.

(-naḥ) The moon. E. ṣa to bear young, &c., Unadi aff. lyuṭ .

--- OR ---

Sāvana (सावन).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nī-naṃ) Natural, (in astronomy;) as Savana-Dina, a natural-day, from sunrise to sunrise. m.

(-naḥ) 1. The conclusion of a sacrifice, the ceremonies by which it is terminated. 2. An employer of priests for a sacrifice. 3. The deity Varuna. 4. A month of thirty solar days. E. ṣū to bear or produce, aff. lyuṭ and aṇ added.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Savana (सवन).—i. e. su, and sū, + ana, I. m. The moon. Ii. n. 1. Extracting and drinking the Soma, or juice of the acid Asclepias. 2. A sacrifice, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 13, 5. 3. Bearing children, bringing forth young.

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Sāvana (सावन).—i. e. su, [Causal.], + ana, m. 1. An employer of priests for a sacrifice. 2. The ceremonies by which a sacrifice is terminated. 3. Varuṇa. 4. A month of thirty solar days.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Savana (सवन):—[from sava] 1. savana n. (for 2. See [column]2) the act of pressing out the Soma-juice (performed at the three periods of the day; cf. tri-ṣavaṇa; prātaḥ-.,mādhyaṃdinaand tṛtīya-s), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] the pressed out Soma-juice and its libation, a Soma festival, any oblation or sacrificial rite, [ib.]

3) [v.s. ...] (with puṃsaḥ) = puṃsavana, [Yājñavalkya i, 11] ([plural]) the three periods of day (morning, noon, and evening), [Gautama-dharma-śāstra; Manu-smṛti; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] time (in general), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] bathing, ablution, religious bathing (performed at m°, n°, and ev°), [Kirātārjunīya]

6) [from sava] 2. savana n. (for 1. See [column]1; for See p. 1191, col. 2; for sa-vana See [column]3) instigation, order, command (cf. satya-s), [Ṛg-veda; Maitrī-upaniṣad]

7) [=sa-vana] [from sa > sa-vaṃśā] a mf(ā)n. (fur savana See [column]1 etc.) together with woods, [Mahābhārata]

8) 3. savana n. ([from] √su or ; for 1. 2 See 1190, [columns] 1. 2 for sa-vana, p. 1190, col. 3) fire, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

9) a kind of hell, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

10) Name of a son of Bhṛgu, [Mahābhārata]

11) of a son of Vasiṣṭha (one of the seven Ṛṣis under Manu Rohita), [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

12) of a son of Manu Svayambhuva, [Harivaṃśa]

13) of a son of Priya-vrata ([varia lectio] savala), [Purāṇa]

14) Sāvana (सावन):—[from sāva] mfn. ([from] 1. savana, p.1190) relating to or determining the three daily Soma libations id est. corresponding to the solar time (day, month, year), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā [Scholiast or Commentator]]

15) [v.s. ...] m. an institutor of a sacrifice or employer of priests at a sacrifice (= yajamāna), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

16) [v.s. ...] the conclusion of a sacrifice or the ceremonies by which it is terminated, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

17) [v.s. ...] Name of Varuṇa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

18) [v.s. ...] n. [scilicet] (māna) the correct solar time, [Nidāna-sūtra]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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