Vakchoma, Vākchomā, Vac-choma: 1 definition


Vakchoma means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Vakchhoma.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)

Vākchomā (वाक्छोमा) refers to “verbal secret signs” or “jargons”, introduced in chapter 8 of the 9th century Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja, a scripture belonging to the Buddhist Cakrasaṃvara (or Saṃvara) scriptural cycle. The second kind of secret signs is called vākchomā, ‘verbal secret signs’ or ‘jargons’. In the point that these jargons are for verbal communication, they should be distinguished from other types of signs [...] which are for non-verbal communication. Note: Of course such a case that these vākchomās were accompanied with the performance of gestures to communicate more clearly his or her intention might have happened.

Quite a similar idea appears in the Abhidhānottarottaratantra and the Saṃpuṭatantra. Since this kind of vākchomā can be found in three biggest works of the Cakrasaṃvara literature, it can be regarded as popular signs. As is well known, the Hevajratantra introduces sandhyābhāṣa, ‘secret words’. Its nature is very close to the vākchomā of the Vajraḍākatantra and so on, which suggests that this kind of secret verbal signs is one of general factors of the Yoginītantra.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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