Shreyas, Śreyas, Śreyās: 8 definitions

Introduction:

Shreyas means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śreyas and Śreyās can be transliterated into English as Sreyas or Shreyas, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Śreyas (श्रेयस्) refers to “renown”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “[...] If there were no Jyotiṣakas, the muhūrtas, the tithis, the nakṣatras, the ṛtus and the āyanas would go wrong. It therefore behoves a prince who loves success, fame, wealth, happiness and renown [i.e., śreyas], to secure the services of a learned Jyotiṣaka”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Śreyās (श्रेयास्) is the name of a Tathāgata (Buddha) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Śreyās).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śreyas (श्रेयस्).—a. [atiśayena praśasyam īyassu śrādeśaḥ]

1) Better, preferable, superior; वर्धनाद्रक्षणं श्रेयः (vardhanādrakṣaṇaṃ śreyaḥ) H.3.3; श्रेयान् स्वधर्मो विगुणः परधर्मात् स्वनुष्ठितात् । स्वधर्मे निधनं श्रेयः परधर्मो भयावहः (śreyān svadharmo viguṇaḥ paradharmāt svanuṣṭhitāt | svadharme nidhanaṃ śreyaḥ paradharmo bhayāvahaḥ) || Bg.3.35;2.5.

2) Best, most excellent, quite desirable; श्रेयो ह्यस्माकमेवं हि (śreyo hyasmākamevaṃ hi) Māl.1.13.

3) More happy or fortunate.

4) More blessed, dearer (compar. of praśasya q. v.). -n.

1) Virtue, righteous deeds, moral or religious merit.

2) Bliss, good fortune, blessing, good, welfare, felicity, a good or auspicious result; पूर्वावधीरितं श्रेयो दुःखं हि परिवर्तते (pūrvāvadhīritaṃ śreyo duḥkhaṃ hi parivartate) Ś.7.13; धिङ् मामुपस्थितश्रेयोऽवमानिनम् (dhiṅ māmupasthitaśreyo'vamāninam) Ś.6; प्रतिबध्नाति हि श्रेयः पूज्यपूजाव्यतिक्रमः (pratibadhnāti hi śreyaḥ pūjyapūjāvyatikramaḥ) R.1.79; U.5.27;7.2; R.5.34.

3) Any good or auspicious occasion; Ś.7.

4) Final beatitude, absolution.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śreyas (श्रेयस्).—mfn.

(-yān-yasī-yaḥ) Best, excellent, most excellent. Ind. Well, most excellent. n.

(-yaḥ) 1. Virtue, moral merit. 2. Final happiness. 3. Good fortune, auspiciousness, prosperity. m. (-yān) The 11th Jina or Jaina pontiff. f. (-yasī) 1. A plant resembling pepper, (Pothos officinalis.) 2. A shrub, (Cissampelos hexandra.) 3. Yellow myrobalan. E. śra substituted for praśasta good, and īyasun aff. of the irr. superlative.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śreyas (श्रेयस्):—mfn. (either [Comparative degree] of śrī, or rather [according to] to native authorities of śrī-mat or praśasya; cf. [Greek] κρείων) more splendid or beautiful, more excellent or distinguished, superior, preferable, better, better than (with [ablative] or with na See below), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) most excellent, best, [Mahābhārata iii, 1256]

3) propitious, well disposed to ([genitive case]), [ib. i, 3020]

4) auspicious, fortunate, conducive to welfare or prosperity, [Kāvya literature; Hitopadeśa; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

5) m. (in [astronomy]) Name of the second Muhūrta

6) of the third month ([according to] to a [particular] reckoning)

7) (with Jainas) Name of the 11th Arhat of the present Avasarpiṇī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) n. (as) the better state, the better fortune or condition (sometimes used when the subject of a sentence would seem to require the masc. form), [Atharva-veda; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Brāhmaṇa; Kauśika-sūtra]

9) good (as opp. to ‘evil’), welfare, bliss, fortune, happiness, [Kaṭha-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata] etc.

10) the bliss of final emancipation, felicity (See śreyaḥ-pariśrāma, [column]3)

11) ind. better, rather, rather than (used like varam [q.v.] with na; e.g. śreyo mṛtaṃ na jīvitam, ‘better is death and not life’ or ‘rather than life’, or ‘death is better than life’), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

12) = dharma, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) Name of a Sāman, [Ārṣeya-brāhmaṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śreyas (श्रेयस्):—[(yān-yasī-yaḥ) n.] Virtue; final bliss; prosperity. m. A Jaina pontiff. f. (ī) A plant like pepper, &c. a. Best, excellent.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Śreyas (श्रेयस्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Sea.

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shreyas in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Śreyas (श्रेयस्):—(nm) see [śreya; ~kara] good, salutary, conducive to happiness.

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