Shrauta, Śrauta: 9 definitions



Shrauta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śrauta can be transliterated into English as Srauta or Shrauta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Śrauta (श्रौत).—From śravaṇa—to hear or heard; principally of the sacrifice and Veda.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 59. 38.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śrauta (श्रौत).—a S Relating to the Vedas.

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śrauta (श्रौत).—n. S Any observance ordained by the Vedas. 2 A Shastra or treatise detailing and explaining certain observances enjoined in the Vedas.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śrauta (श्रौत).—a. (- f.) [श्रुतौ विहितम् अण् (śrutau vihitam aṇ)]

1) Relating to the ear.

2) Relating to, founded on, or prescribed by, the Veda.

3) Sacrificial.

4) Audible, expressed in plain language (as a simile, opp. to ārtha implied).

-tam 1 Any observance prescribed by the Vedas.

2) Ritual enjoined by the Vedas.

3) Preservation or maintenance of the sacred fire.

4) The three sacred fires collectively, (i. e. gārhapatya, āhavanīya and dakṣiṇa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śrauta (श्रौत).—i. e. śruta + a, I. adj. 1. Relating to the ear, hearing. 2. Relating to sacred learning, on the Vedas, [Padma-Purāṇa, (ed. Wollheim.)] 8, 11 (see śrotas). 3. Prescribed by the Vedas, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 61, 12. Ii. n. Any observance ordained by the Vedas.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śrauta (श्रौत).—[feminine] ī (ā) relating to the ears, based upon sound or words ([with] upamā [feminine] an explicit comparison); relating to sacred tradition, Vedic.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Śrauta (श्रौत) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—(?). Oppert. Ii, 781.
—Āśval. B. 1, 158.
—by Śaunaka. B. 1, 158.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śrauta (श्रौत):—[from śrotavya] mf(ī or ā)n. relating to the ear or hearing, [Horace H. Wilson]

2) [v.s. ...] to be heard, audible, expressed in words or in plain language (as a simile, opp. to ārtha, ‘implied’), [Kāvyaprakāśa]

3) [v.s. ...] relating to sacred tradition, prescribed by or founded on or conformable to the Veda (with janman n. ‘the second birth of a Brāhman produced by knowledge of the Veda’), [Yājñavalkya; Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] sacrificial, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

5) [v.s. ...] n. relationship resulting from (common study of) the Veda, [Harivaṃśa]

6) [v.s. ...] a fault (incurred in repeating the Veda), [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

7) [v.s. ...] any observance ordained by the Veda (e.g. preservation of the sacred fire), [Horace H. Wilson]

8) [v.s. ...] the three sacred fires collectively, [ib.]

9) [v.s. ...] Name of various Sāmans, [Ārṣeya-brāhmaṇa]

10) Srauta (स्रौत):—[from sru] n. Name of a Sāman (cf. śrauta), [Indische Studien by A. Weber]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śrauta (श्रौत):—(taṃ) 1. n. Preservation of the sacred fire; observance appointed by the Vedas. f. Comparison indicated by a particle. a. Relating to hearing or to the Vedas.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Śrauta (श्रौत):—(von 1. śruti)

1) adj. (f. ī) a) zur heiligen Ueberlieferung —, zum Veda in Beziehung stehend, daselbst vorgeschrieben, damit übereinstimmend, darauf beruhend (Gegens. smārta u. s. w.): karman, kriyā, vidhi u.s.w. [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 1, 97. 313.] [WEBER, Jyotiṣa 111.] [Śākuntala 61, 12.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 13, 56.] [] zu [Bṛhadāranyakopaniṣad S. 250.] [Lassen’s Anthologie (III) 87, 12. 92, 16.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 5, 14, 30.] [Madhusūdanasarasvatī’s Prasthānabheda] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 14, 22. Scholiast] zu [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 1, 1, 18. fgg.] zu [Aśvalāyana’s Śrautasūtrāni 1, 1, 2.] zu [Kapila 1, 7.] [Nīlakaṇṭha 34.] [SARVADARŚANAS. 55, 14. 59, 16. 104, 15.] śrautānumānaprajñābhyām [Yogasūtra 1, 49.] agnayaḥ [Scholiast] zu [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 365, 6.] janman die durch das Veda-Studium erfolgte zweite Geburt eines Brahmanen [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 11, 5, 5.] Befremdend ist das fem. śrautā [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 75, 15.] — b) durch die heilige Lehre geistig verwandt; n. eine auf gemeinschaftlichem Veda-Studium beruhende Verwandtschaft [Mahābhārata 12, 3144.] [Harivaṃśa 6997.] — c) in Worten vernommen: upamā ein ausdrückliches Gleichniss (durch iva u. s. w.; Gegens. ārthī) [Sāhityadarpana 649.] [PRATĀPAR. 65], a, [1.] —

2) n. Name zweier Sāman [Weber’s Indische Studien 3, 241],b.

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Srauta (स्रौत):—n. Name eines Sāman [Weber’s Indische Studien.3,246,a.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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