Shrava, Śrava, Śravā: 11 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Shrava means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śrava and Śravā can be transliterated into English as Srava or Shrava, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Śravā (श्रवा).—Son of Santa, a Maharṣi who belonged to Gṛtsamada’s family. He was the father of Tamas. (Mahābhārata, Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 30, Verse 63).

2) Śrāva (श्राव).—Son of Yuvanāśva, a King of the Ikṣvāku dynasty. He was the father of the King Śrāvasta. (Mahā Bhārata, Vana Parva, Chapter 202, Verse 3).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Śrava (श्रव).—A Viśvedeva.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 30; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 31.

2) Śravā (श्रवा).—A son of Bhṛgu.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 87.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śrāva (श्राव).—m (S) Oozing, exuding, trickling, dripping, flowing from gently.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

śrāva (श्राव).—n Oozing, exuding, trickling.

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srava (स्रव).—m Dripping; ooze.

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srāva (स्राव).—m Dropping, shedding matter dropped.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śrava (श्रव).—[śṛṇotyanena śru-ap]

1) Hearing; as in सुखश्रव (sukhaśrava); अप्यदृष्टं श्रवादेव पुरुषं धर्मचारिणम् (apyadṛṣṭaṃ śravādeva puruṣaṃ dharmacāriṇam) Mb.13.14.1.

2) The ear; इन्द्रनीलोत्पलश्रवाः (indranīlotpalaśravāḥ) Rām.3.42.16.

3) The hypotenuse of a triangle.

4) Flowing, oozing (for srava).

5) Fame, glory.

Derivable forms: śravaḥ (श्रवः).

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Śrāva (श्राव).—[śru-ghañ]

1) Hearing, listening.

2) Flowing, oozing.

Derivable forms: śrāvaḥ (श्रावः).

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Srava (स्रव).—[sru-ap]

1) Trickling, oozing, flowing.

2) A drop flow, stream; विपुलौ स्नपयन्ती सा स्तनौ नेत्रजलस्रवैः (vipulau snapayantī sā stanau netrajalasravaiḥ) Rām.

3) A fountain, spring.

4) Urine.

Derivable forms: sravaḥ (स्रवः).

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Srāva (स्राव).—1 Flow, flowing, oozing, dropping.

Derivable forms: srāvaḥ (स्रावः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śrava (श्रव).—m.

(-vaḥ) 1. The ear. 2. Oozing, dripping. 3. The hypotenuse of a triangle. E. śru to hear, &c., aff. ap; also śravaṇa, srava, &c.

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Śrāva (श्राव).—m.

(-vaḥ) 1. Oozing, dropping, flowing. 2. Hearing, listening. E. śru to ooze, &c., aff. ghañ .

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Srāva (स्राव).—m.

(-vaḥ) Oozing, flowing, dropping. E. sru to go or flow, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śrava (श्रव).—m., i. e. 1. śru + a, The ear. 2. (Wrongly for srava), Oozing, dripping.

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Srava (स्रव).—i. e. sru + a, I. m. 1. Oozing, trickling, flowing, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 2. ed. 59, 5. 2. A drop, [Hiḍimbavadha] 2, 9. 3. A fountain. Ii. f. , A plant, Sanseviera zeylanica.

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Srāva (स्राव).—i. e. sru + a, m. Oozing, flowing.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śrava (श्रव).—[adjective] sounding; [masculine] hearing, ear.

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Śrāva (श्राव).—[masculine] [Name] of a man.

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Srava (स्रव).—[masculine] stream or gush of, adj. flowing with, out-pouring (—°).

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Srāva (स्राव).—[masculine] flow, oozing.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śrava (श्रव):—1. śrava mfn. (√1. śru) sounding, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā]

2) m. hearing (āt, ‘from hearsay’, e, with [genitive case], ‘within hearing of’), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa]

3) the ear, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Kathāsaritsāgara]

4) the hypotenuse of a triangle, [Sūryasiddhānta]

5) 2. śrava in [compound] for 1. śravas.

6) a m. desire of praising, [Ṛg-veda]

7) Śrāva (श्राव):—[from śrava] a m. hearing, listening, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

8) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Yuvanāśva (and father of Śrāvastaka), [Mahābhārata]

9) Śrava (श्रव):—3. śrava śravaka etc. See srava etc.

10) Śrāva (श्राव):—b śrāvaka, śrāvaṇa etc. See p. 1097, col. 1.

11) Śrava (श्रव):—[from śru] b etc. See 1. śrava, p. 1096, col. 3.

12) Śrāva (श्राव):—[from śru] c etc. See p. 1097, col. 1.

13) Srava (स्रव):—a etc. See [column]2.

14) Srāva (स्राव):—a srāvaka etc. See [column]2.

15) Srava (स्रव):—[from sru] b m. flowing, streaming, a flow of ([compound]), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

16) [v.s. ...] a waterfall, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

17) [v.s. ...] urine, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

18) Sravā (स्रवा):—[from srava > sru] f. Name of various plants (= sruvā, madhu-sravā, madhu etc.), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

19) Srava (स्रव):—[from sru] mf(ā)n. streaming or flowing with ([compound]), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature etc.]

20) Srāva (स्राव):—[from sru] b m. flow, ([especially]) morbid flow or issue of ([compound]), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Suśruta]

21) [v.s. ...] (with or [scilicet] garbhasya) miscarriage, [Yājñavalkya [Scholiast or Commentator]; Agni-purāṇa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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