Shravani, Śrāvaṇī, Srāvaṇī: 11 definitions



Shravani means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śrāvaṇī can be transliterated into English as Sravani or Shravani, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Śrāvaṇī (श्रावणी):—One of the sixty-seven Mahauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs are useful for processing mercury (rasa), such as the alchemical processes known as sūta-bandhana and māraṇa.

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Shravani in Purana glossary
Source: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

Śrāvaṇī (श्रावणी) is the name of a festival that once existed in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Śrāvaṇī proceeds as folows: The ceremonials of this festival are: Bath at the confluence of the Vitastā and the Gaṅgā, worship of Viṣṇu, pronouncement of benedictory formula by the Brāhmaṇas, chanting of the Sāmaveda, indulging in water-sports in the company of unmarried girls.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Sacred Texts: The Grihya Sutras, Part 2 (SBE30)

Śrāvaṇī (श्रावणी) refers to one of the seven Pākasaṃsthās or Pākayajñas (groups of seven sacrifices).—Hārīta says: “Let a man offer the Pākayajñas always, always also the Haviryajñas, and the Somayajñas (Soma sacrifices), according to rule, if he wishes for eternal merit”.—The object of these sacrifices [viz., Śrāvaṇī] is eternal happiness, and hence they have to be performed during life at certain seasons, without any special occasion (nimitta), and without any special object (kāma). According to most authorities, however, they have to be performed during thirty years only. After that the Agnihotra only has to be kept up.

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Srāvaṇī (स्रावणी) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Sphaeranthus indicus Linn.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning srāvaṇī] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Śrāvaṇī (श्रावणी) is the Sanskrit name for an unidentified medicinal plant, according to verse 5.17-18 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. Note: Also see Mahāśrāvaṇī.

Śrāvaṇī is mentioned as having seven synonyms: Muṇḍinikā, Bhikṣu, Śravaṇaśīrṣakā, Śravaṇā, Pravrajitā, Parivrājī and Tapodhanā.

Properties and characteristics: “Śrāvaṇī is astringent (kaṣāya), pungent (kaṭu), hot (uṣṇa) and is anti-kapha and anti-pitta. It is indicated for improper digestion and metabolism (āma), diarrhoea, cough, vomiting and poisons”.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śrāvaṇī (श्रावणी).—f (S) The day of full moon of the month Shrawan̤. 2 The ceremony of renewing the sacred thread, performed in this month.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

śrāvaṇī (श्रावणी).—f The ceremony of renewing jānavēṃ in śrāvaṇa.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śrāvaṇī (श्रावणी).—

1) The day of full moon in Śrāvaṇa.

2) Name of an annual ceremony performed on this day when the sacred thread is put on anew.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Śrāvaṇī (श्रावणी) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Āśval. B. 1, 158.
—Kāṇva. K. 198.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śrāvaṇī (श्रावणी):—[from śrāvaṇa > śravaṇa] a f. See below

2) [from śravaṇa] b f. (cf. under 1. śrāvaṇa) the day of full-moon in the month Śrāvaṇa, [Gṛhya-sūtra and śrauta-sūtra; Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] a [particular] Pāka-yajña, [Gautama-dharma-śāstra]

4) Śravaṇī (श्रवणी):—[from śravaṇa] f. See vapā-śravaṇī.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Śravaṇī (श्रवणी):—f. fehlerhaft (wie auch [WEBER] annimmt) für śrāvaṇī [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 1122.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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