Shona, aka: Śoṇa, Soṇa, Sona, Śoṇā, Soṇā; 15 Definition(s)

Introduction

Shona means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śoṇa and Śoṇā can be transliterated into English as Sona or Shona, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Śoṇa (शोण) is another name for Punarnavā, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Boerhavia diffusa (spreading hogweed) from the Nyctaginaceae family. It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 4.117-119), which is a 13th-century medicinal thesaurus.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Śoṇa (शोण).—Name of a river originating from Ṛkṣa, a holy mountain (kulaparvata) in Bhārata, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 85. There are settlements (janapada) where Āryas and Mlecchas dwell who drink water from these rivers.

Bhārata is a region south of Hemādri, once ruled over by Bharata (son of Ṛṣabha), whose ancestral lineage can be traced back to Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

1a) Śoṇa (शोण).—One of the 7 pralaya clouds.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 2. 8.

1b) A R. from the Ṛṣyavān.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 114. 25; 163. 62; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 99.

2) Śoṇā (शोणा).—A river from the Ṛkṣa hill in Bhāratavarṣa, visited by Balarāma;1 sacred to Pitṛs.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 19. 18; X. 79. 11; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 29.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 22. 35.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Śoṇa (शोण) refers to the name of a River mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.28). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Śoṇa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Śoṇa also refers to the name of a River or Tīrtha (pilgrim’s destination) mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. III.83.8).

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

Śoṇa (शोण) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—To Rājaśekhara, Śoṇa as a Nada in the eastern India. It is the same Sone which meets the Gaṅges near Pātnā.

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

1. Sona Thera. Aggasavaka of Vessabhu Buddha. He was the Buddhas younger brother, and the Buddhas first sermon was preached to him. J.i.42; Bu.xxii.23; BuA.205; D.ii.4.

2. Sona Thera. The enemy and rival of Piyadassi Buddha, corresponding to Devadatta. He conspired with Mahapaduma to kill the Buddha, but was unsuccessful. BuA.174f.; for details see Piyadassi.

3. Sona. A fierce horse belonging to the king of Benares; he was also called Mahasona. See the Suhanu Jataka.

4. Sona Kutikanna, Sona Kotikanna. A Thera, declared chief- of those possessing clear utterance (A.i.24). He was the son of Kali Kuraragharika, and was conceived before the Buddha appeared in the world. (According to ThagA.i.429, his father was a rich setthi; no mention is made there of his mother).

A little while before the birth of the child Kali went to her parents house in Rajagaha, and one day, as she was cooling herself, she heard a conversation between two Yakkhas, Satagira and Hemavata. As she listened to their talk, her mind was filled with thoughts of the virtues of the Buddha, and she became a sotapanna. That same night the child was born and was called Sona. His mother later returned to Kuraraghara. At that time Maha Kaccana lived near by and often visited her home. Sona was very attached to him, and was later ordained by him. Three years later he received the upasampada, and, with Maha Kaccanas leave, visited the, Buddha. Kali gave him a large carpet to spread in the Buddhas Gandhakuti.

When Sona arrived at the Gandhakuti, he worshipped the Buddha, who asked Ananda to find him a lodging. Ananda, reading the Buddhas thoughts, spread a rug in the Buddhas chamber. Late at night Sona went to bed, and, very early the next morning, the Buddha woke him and asked him to recite the Dhamma. Sona recited the whole of the Atthakavagga, which he had learnt from Maha Kaccana. At the end of the recital the Buddha applauded him and gave him a boon. Sona asked for the Vinaya dharapancamaganena upasampada, which Kaccana had asked him to choose. (This means permission to admit a monk into the Order with a chapter of only five monks, one of whom was versed in the Vinaya. For details of Sonas visit to the Buddha, see Vin.i.194ff.; cf. Ud.v.6). Later he returned to Kuraraghara and visited his mothers house. She had heard of the Buddhas applause from the devas, and wished Sona to recite the Dhamma just as he had done before the Buddha, and this he did.

In the time of Padumuttara Buddha Sona had resolved to win this eminence. In the time of Vipassi Buddha he was a member of the Order and sewed a robe for a monk. Later he was a tailor of Benares and mended a Pacceka Buddhas robe (Thag.vss.365-9; AA.i.133f.; ThagA.i.429).

The Dhammapada Commentary says (DhA.iv.103f) that,

5. Sona. One of the chief women patrons of Dipankara Buddha. Bu.ii.215.

6. Sona. An aggasavika, of Sumana Buddha. Bu.v.24; J.i.34.

7. Sona.Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geogprahy

Soṇa (सोण).—After the third council at Pāṭaliputra, Soṇa (the Prakrit word for gold) and Uttara went to Suvarṇabhūmi, rid the land of the piśacas and converted many people there (cf. Dīpavaṃsa VIII, Mahāvaṃsa XII and Samantapāsādikā I).

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (history)

Śoṇa (शोण) or Śoṇabhadra is the name of a river and rises in Gondwana, in Madhya Pradeśa, on the table-land of Amarakaṇṭaka, four or five miles east of the source of Narmadā river and running first northerly and then easterly for 500 miles falls into the Ganges above Pāṭaliputra or Patna. It is called Māgadhī nadī, since it forms the Western boundary of Magadha. Skanda-purāṇa 1.iii u 2.7 (ii).

Source: archive.org: Siva Purana (history)
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Shona in Pali glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

soṇa : (m.) a dog.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Sona, dog It. 36; see soṇa. (Page 725)

— or —

1) Soṇa, 2 (cp. śyonāka) a kind of tree; the Bodhi trees of the Buddhas Paduma and Nārada Bu IX. 22; X. 24; J. I, 36, 37. (Page 724)

2) Soṇa, 1 (see suvāṇa) a dog J. I, 146; VI, 107 (=sunakha); Sn. 675; Vism. 191; DhA. III, 255 (+sigāla); soṇi (f.) a bitch Mhvs 7, 8=sona It. 36. (Page 724)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

sōnā (सोना).—a (sōnēṃ Gold.) An epithet of endearment for a child.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sōnā (सोना) [-nyā, -न्या].—a An epithet of endearment for a child.

--- OR ---

sōnā (सोना).—a An epithet of endearment for a child.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śoṇa (शोण).—a. (-ṇā or -ṇī f.) [शोण्-अच् (śoṇ-ac)]

1) Red, crimson, tinged red; स्त्यानावनद्धघनशोणितशोणपाणिरुत्तंसयिष्यति कचांस्तव देवि भीमः (styānāvanaddhaghanaśoṇitaśoṇapāṇiruttaṃsayiṣyati kacāṃstava devi bhīmaḥ) Ve.1.21; आस्वादितद्विरदशोणितशोणशोभाम् (āsvāditadviradaśoṇitaśoṇaśobhām) Mu.1. 8; Ku.1.7.

2) Bay, reddish-brown.

3) Yellow.

-ṇaḥ 1 Crimson, the red colour; उरुक्रमस्याधरशोणशोणिमा (urukramasyādharaśoṇaśoṇimā) Bhāg. 1.11.2.

2) Fire.

3) A kind or red sugar-cane.

4) A bay horse; शोण इति वर्णवचनोऽश्वजातिगतं वर्णं वदति नान्यम् (śoṇa iti varṇavacano'śvajātigataṃ varṇaṃ vadati nānyam) ŚB. on MS.6.8.41.

5) Name of a male river, rising in Gonḍavana and falling into the Ganges near Pāṭaliputra q. v.; प्रत्यग्रहीत् पार्थिववाहिनीं तां भागीरथीं शोण इवोत्तरङ्गः (pratyagrahīt pārthivavāhinīṃ tāṃ bhāgīrathīṃ śoṇa ivottaraṅgaḥ) R.7.36.

6) The planet Mars; cf. लोहित (lohita).

7) A ruby; L. D. B.

-ṇam 1 Blood.

2) Red lead.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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