Ashravana, Āśrāvaṇā, Aśravaṇa, Āśrāvaṇa: 11 definitions


Ashravana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Āśrāvaṇā and Aśravaṇa and Āśrāvaṇa can be transliterated into English as Asravana or Ashravana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Āśrāvaṇā (आश्रावणा) refers to one of the nine preliminaries performed behind the stage curtain, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 5. Accordingly, “Adjusting the musical instruments for playing them in due manner is called the āśrāvaṇā.”

Performing the āśrāvaṇā preliminary pleases the Daityas. According to Nāṭyaśāstra 5.57-58, “The performance of the Preliminaries which means worshipping (pūjā) the gods (devas), is praised by them (i.e. gods) and is conducive to duty, fame and long life. And this performance whether with or without songs, is meant for pleasing the Daityas and the Dānavas as well as the gods.”

2) Āśrāvaṇā (आश्रावणा) refers to a classification of bahirgīta (“instrumental music”), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 29. Accordingly, “these are called bahir-gītas because they were outside (bahis) the performance of the play and were included in its preliminaries”.

Accordingly, “the āśrāvaṇā should be performed with twice repeated karaṇas of the vistāra-dhātu in successive sections (kalās), and then with a gradual increment by two repeated karaṇas”.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Ashravana in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

1) Asravaṇa (अस्रवण):—[asravaṇaṃ] Loss of recretion

2) Aśravaṇa (अश्रवण):—[aśravaṇaṃ] Loss of hearing

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Ashravana in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Āśravaṇa (आश्रवण) refers to “proclamation” (of the scripture), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “[...] Then (the triangular Liṅga), perceived by the Inner Self, enters the cavity (suṣira). He who is established in contemplation (samādhi) sees the surface of the Sky, which is in the form of the Point. (Then) penetration (āveśa), which is the arising of the bliss of consciousness, takes place. The experience of the proclamation (of the scripture—āśravaṇa-pratyaya) is that that is one's own nature”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Ashravana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aśravaṇa (अश्रवण).—a. Deaf, having no ears.

-ṇaḥ A snake.

-ṇam Loss of hearing, deafness.

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Āśrāvaṇa (आश्रावण).—

1) Calling out so as to make one listen.

2) Name of certain short words uttered at ceremonies; ओं स्वधेत्याश्रावणमस्तु स्वधेति प्रत्याश्रावणम् (oṃ svadhetyāśrāvaṇamastu svadheti pratyāśrāvaṇam) Āśval.

Derivable forms: āśrāvaṇam (आश्रावणम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Āśravaṇa (आश्रवण).—(°-) (?) , probably lesson (so Kern; otherwise Bur-nouf): Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 6.13 anekavividhāśravaṇārambaṇādhimukti- hetukāraṇair upāyakauśalyair, with skillful devices which had as causes and reasons their (Bodhisattvas') zeal for the fundamental bases of many various lessons (in the law). However, WT °vividha-śravaṇā° with ms. Ḱ; perhaps read so.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aśravaṇa (अश्रवण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) Deafness, loss of hearing. E. a neg. śravaṇa hearing.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aśravaṇa (अश्रवण).—[neuter] the not being heard, the not occurring (in a text), absence, want (of a word, suffix, etc.).

--- OR ---

Āśrāvaṇa (आश्रावण).—[neuter] call ([ritual or religion]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aśravaṇa (अश्रवण):—[=a-śravaṇa] n. not hearing, [Vedāntasāra]

2) Āśrāvaṇa (आश्रावण):—[=ā-śrāvaṇa] [from ā-śru] n. causing to listen, calling out (especially with the words om, svadhā, etc.), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aśravaṇa (अश्रवण):—[a-śravaṇa] (ṇaṃ) 1. n. Deafness.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ashravana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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