Shri, aka: Śri, Śrī, Śṝ, Sṛ, Sṝ; 15 Definition(s)
Shri means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Śri and Śrī and Śṝ and Sṛ and Sṝ can be transliterated into English as Sri or Shri or Sr, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)
1) Śri (श्रि, “Splendor”):—One of the female offspring from Mahālakṣmī (rajas-form of Mahādevī). Mahālakṣmī is one of the three primary forms of Devī, the other two being Mahākālī and Mahāsarasvatī. Not to be confused with Lakṣmī, she is a more powerful cosmic aspect (vyaṣṭi) of Devi and represents the guṇa (universal energy) named rajas. Also see the Devī Māhātmya, a Sanskrit work from the 5th century, incorporated into the Mārkaṇḍeya-Purāṇa.
2) Śrī (श्री, “splendid”):—Name of one of the sixty-four mātṛs to be worshipped during Āvaraṇapūjā (“Worship of the Circuit of Goddesses”, or “Durgā’s Retinue”), according to the Durgāpūjātattva. They should be worshipped with either the five upācāras or perfume and flowers.
Her mantra is as follows:
ॐ श्रियै नमः
oṃ śriyai namaḥ.
3) Śrī (श्री, “fortune”).—One of the names of Lakṣmī (the śakti/power of Viṣṇu).—According to the Viṣṇu-purāṇa, Śrī was first born as a daughter of Bhṛgu (“the crack of the ritual fire”) united to Khyāti (“the hymns of praise”). Śrī is thus the fruit of the Yajña (“ritual-sacrifice”). According to the Taittirīya-saṃhitā, Śrī is one of the two wives of Āditya (“the solar-principle”).(Source): Wisdom Library: Śāktism
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)
Śrī (श्री) indicates “His auspiciousness”.(Source): Manblunder: Sri Rudram 2.1-2
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Yoga (school of philosophy)
Śrī (श्री, “splendour”):—A name of Lakṣmī, the consort of Viṣṇu, according to the Khecarīvidyā by Ādinātha. Ballāla calls her Yogīśā.(Source): Google Books: The Khecarividya of Adinatha
Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).
Śrī (श्री) is the name of a Goddess that was once worshipped in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—These Goddesses (eg., Śrī) form the shining galaxy of female deities worshipped by the people of Kaśmīra.(Source): archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study
1a) Śrī (श्री).—(Khāyāti), a daughter of Bhṛgu and Khyāti devoted to Bhagavān;1 requested by Devas to approach Nṛsimha with a view to appease his wrath, she dared not go near him;2 elder sister of Dhātā and Vidhātā; married Nārāyaṇa and gave birth to Bala and Unmāda (utsāha) besides mind-born sons;3 alias Mahālakṣmī or Lakṣmī.4
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 10. 26; 11. 26 and 33; IV. 1. 43; 24. 49.
- 2) Ib. VII. 9. 2; VIII. 4. 20; 5. 40; 23. 6; IX. 4. 60; X. 3. 50; 9. 20; 29. 37; 31. 17; XI. 14. 15 & 39; XII. 11. 20.
- 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 11. 2; 13. 78; Vāyu-purāṇa 28. 2.
- 4) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 39. 70-71. 44. 71; Vāyu-purāṇa 37. 38.
1b) Came out of the churning of the milk ocean, whom Viṣṇu placed on his breast: the dweller in the lotus: also Śrīdevī.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 9. 76, 79; 33. 46; 36. 21, 31 and 90.
1c) A Kala of the moon.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 35. 92.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Śrī (श्री) is the Sanskrit name of one of the seven Nāṭyamātṛ (‘mothers of nāṭya’) mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra 3.86-87. They should be offered worship during ceremonies such as ‘consecration of the mattavāraṇī’ and ‘pouring ghee into sacrificial fire’.
Accordingly (85-87), “After saying these words for the happiness of the king, the wise man should utter the Benediction for the success of the dramatic production. [The Benediction]: Let mothers such as Sarasvati, Dhṛti, Medhā, Hrī, Śrī, Lakṣmī, and Smṛti protect you and give you success.”(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Katha (narrative stories)
Śrī (श्री) is the daughter of King Suśarman, whose story is told in “Story of Puṣpadanta”, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 7.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Śrī, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.(Source): Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.
Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)
1) Śrī (श्री) is the alternative name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) mentioned by Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Śrī corresponds to Rucirā (according to Barata) as well as Sāndrapada. Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.
2) Śrī (श्री) refers to one of the 135 metres (chandas) mentioned by Nañjuṇḍa (1794-1868 C.E.) in his Vṛttaratnāvalī. Nañjuṇḍa was a poet of both Kannada and Sanskrit literature flourished in the court of the famous Kṛṣṇarāja Woḍeyar of Mysore. He introduces the names of these metres (eg., Śrī) in 20 verses.
3) Śrī (श्री) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Varṇavṛtta (eg., śrī) refers to a type of classical Sanskrit metre depending on syllable count where the light-heavy patterns are fixed.(Source): Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.
Itihasa (narrative history)
Śrī (श्री) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.61.93) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Śrī) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).
General definition (in Hinduism)
Shri (श्री): Another name of Lakshmi, a goddess, the delight of Vishnu.(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism
General definition (in Jainism)
1) Śrī (श्री) is the mother of Kunthunātha, the seventeenth of twenty-four Tīrthaṅkaras in Janism, according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri). A Tīrthaṅkara is an enlightened being who has conquered saṃsāra (cycle of birth and death), leaving behind him a path for others to follow.
The husband of Śrī is Sūra according to Śvetāmbara or Sūryasena according to Digambara. It is an ancient Jain practice to worship the Tīrthaṅkara’s parents in various rites, such as the pratiṣṭhāvidhi.
2) Śrī (श्री).—The name of a Goddess residing over the padmahrada (big lotus-island) which lies in the center of a lake named Padma. This lake is situated on top of the mountain range (varṣadharaparvatas) named Haimavat, one of the six mountain ranges in Jambūdvīpa. Jambūdvīpa lies at the centre of madhyaloka (‘middle world’) and is the most important of all continents and it is here where human beings reside.(Source): Wisdom Library: Jainism
Śrī (श्री, “fortune”) is the name of a deity residing in the lotus (puṣkara) in the middle of the Padma lake, which lies on top of the Himavat (Himavān) mountain. This mountain is situated in Jambūdvīpa: the first continent of the Madhya-loka (middle-word), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 3.10.
Jambūdvīpa (where Śrī resides) is in the centre of all continents and oceans; all continents and oceans are concentric circles with Jambūdvīpa in the centre. Like the navel is in the centre of the body, Jambūdvīpa is in the centre of all continents and oceans. Sumeru Mount is in the centre of Jambūdvīpa. It is also called Mount Sudarśana.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
śrī (श्री).—f (S) The goddess Lakshmi, the wife of Vishn̤u, the deity of plenty and prosperity. 2 Hence Fortune, prosperity, success, wealth, honor, glory &c. 3 The three objects of life col- lectively; viz. love, duty, and wealth. 4 śrī is used as a prefix of reverence to the names of deities, holy places, sacred books, spiritual teachers &c. It is also written at the commencement of books, letters, and writings generally, elliptically of śrīgaṇēśā &c., forming an invocation to the god Gan̤esha. It is affixed to numerous words-to confer the sense of Glory, lustre, splendor, beauty, excellence; as garbhaśrī, gṛhaśrī, jayaśrī, jalaśrī, yaśaśrī, vanaśrī, vīraśrī. 5 The ornamental cap of an elephant.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
śrī (श्री).—f The goddess lakṣmī. Fortune, glory.(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Śṝ (शॄ).—9 P. (śṛṇāti, śīrṇa)
1) To tear asunder, tear to pieces; (-ḍiṇḍīrapiṇḍa) प्रायासृग्भारघोरं पशुमिव परशुः पर्वशस्त्वां शृणातु (prāyāsṛgbhāraghoraṃ paśumiva paraśuḥ parvaśastvāṃ śṛṇātu) Mv.3.32.
2) To hurt, injure.
3) To kill, destroy; वनाश्रयाः कस्य मृगाः परिग्रहाः शृणाति यस्तान् प्रसभेन तस्य ते (vanāśrayāḥ kasya mṛgāḥ parigrahāḥ śṛṇāti yastān prasabhena tasya te) Ki. 14.13. -Pass. (śīryate)
1) To be shattered.
2) To wither, decay, waste away. -With अव (ava) or वि (vi) to seize away. (-Pass.) to fade or wither; मूर्ध्नि वा सर्वलोकस्य विशीर्येत वनेऽथवा (mūrdhni vā sarvalokasya viśīryeta vane'thavā) Bh.2.14.
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Śri (श्रि).—1 U. (śrayati-te, śibhrāya-śiśriye, aśiśriyat-ta, śrayiṣyatite, śrayitum, śrita; Caus. śrāyayati-te; desid. śiśrīṣati-te, śiśra- yiṣati-te)
1) To go to, approach, resort to, have recourse to, approach for protection; यं देशं श्रयते तमेव कुरुते बाहु- प्रतापार्जितम् (yaṃ deśaṃ śrayate tameva kurute bāhu- pratāpārjitam) H.1.15; R.3.7;19.1; श्रितासि चन्दनभ्रान्त्या दुर्विपाकं विष्रद्रुमम् (śritāsi candanabhrāntyā durvipākaṃ viṣradrumam) U.1.46.
2) To go or attain to, reach, undergo, assume (as a state); परीता रक्षोभिः श्रयति विवशा कामपि दशाम् (parītā rakṣobhiḥ śrayati vivaśā kāmapi daśām) Bv.1.83; द्विपेन्द्रभावं कलभः श्रयन्निव (dvipendrabhāvaṃ kalabhaḥ śrayanniva) R.3.32.
3) To cling to, lean or rest on, depend on; नीलः स्निग्धः श्रयति शिखरं नूतनस्तोयवाहः (nīlaḥ snigdhaḥ śrayati śikharaṃ nūtanastoyavāhaḥ) U.1.33.
4) To dwell in, inhabit.
5) To honour, serve, worship.
6) To use, empoly.
7) To devote oneself to, be attached to.
8) To assist, help.
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Śrī (श्री).—9 U. (śrīṇāti, śrīṇīte)
1) To cook, dress, boil, prepare.
2) To diffuse light; श्रीणन्युप स्थाद् दिवं भुरण्युः (śrīṇanyupa sthād divaṃ bhuraṇyuḥ) Ṛv.1.68.1.
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Śrī (श्री).—f. [śri-kvip ni° Uṇ.2.57]
1) Wealth, riches, affluence, prosperity, plenty; अनिर्वेदः श्रियो मूलम् (anirvedaḥ śriyo mūlam) Rām.; साहसे श्रीः प्रतिवसति (sāhase śrīḥ prativasati) Mk.4 'fortune favours the brave'; कर्माव्यारभमाणं हि पुरुषं श्रीर्निषेवते (karmāvyārabhamāṇaṃ hi puruṣaṃ śrīrniṣevate) Ms.9.3; Ki.7.28.
2) Royalty, majesty, royal wealth; श्रियः कुरूणामधिपस्य पालनीम् (śriyaḥ kurūṇāmadhipasya pālanīm) Ki.1.1.
3) Dignity, high position, state; श्री- लक्षण (śrī- lakṣaṇa) Ku.7.45 'the marks or insignia of greatness or dignity'; दुराराध्याः श्रियो राज्ञां दुरापा दुष्परिग्रहाः (durārādhyāḥ śriyo rājñāṃ durāpā duṣparigrahāḥ) Pt.1.67; विद्युल्लेखाकनकरुचिरं श्रीवितानं ममाभ्रम् (vidyullekhākanakaruciraṃ śrīvitānaṃ mamābhram) V.4.13.
4) Beauty, grace, splendour, lustre; (mukhaṃ) कमलश्रियं दधौ (kamalaśriyaṃ dadhau) Ku.5.21; 7.32; R.3.8.
5) Colour, aspect; तेषामाविरभूद् ब्रह्मा परि- म्लानमुखश्रियाम् (teṣāmāvirabhūd brahmā pari- mlānamukhaśriyām) Ku.2.2.
6) The goddess of wealth, Lak- ṣmī, the wife of Viṣṇu; आसीदियं दशरथस्य गृहे यथा श्रीः (āsīdiyaṃ daśarathasya gṛhe yathā śrīḥ) U.4.6; Ś.3.14; Śi.1.1.
7) Any virtue or excellence.
9) Intellect, understanding.
1) Superhuman power.
11) The three objects of human existence taken collectively (dharma, artha and kāma).
12) The Sarala tree.
13) The Bilva tree.
15) A lotus.
16) The twelfth digit of the moon.
17) Name of Sarasvatī, (the goddess of speech).
19) Fame, glory.
2) The three Vedas (vedatrayī); श्रिया विहीनैरधनैर्नास्तिकैः संप्रवर्तितम् (śriyā vihīnairadhanairnāstikaiḥ saṃpravartitam) Mb.12.1.2. ('ṛcaḥ sāmāni yajūṃṣi | sā hi śrīramṛtā satām' iti śruteḥ | com.). -m. Name of one of the six Rāgas or musical modes. -a. Splendid, radiant, adorning. (The word śrī is often used as an honorific prefix to the names of deities and eminent persons; śrīkṛṣṇaḥ, śrīrāmaḥ, śrivālmīkiḥ, śrījayadevaḥ; also celebrated works, generally of a sacred character; śrībhāgavata, śrīrāmāyaṇa &c.; it is also used as an auspicious sign at the commencement of letters, manuscripts &c; Māgha has used this word in the last stanza of each canto of his Śiśupālavadha, as Bhāravi has used lakṣmī).
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Sṛ (सृ).—1, 3 P. (sarita, sasarti, also dhāvati; sasāra, asārṣīt, asarat, sariṣyati, sartum, sṛta)
1) To go, move, proceed; मृगाः प्रदक्षिणं सस्रुः (mṛgāḥ pradakṣiṇaṃ sasruḥ) Bk.14,14.
2) To go towards, approach; निष्पाद्य हरयः सेतुं प्रतीताः सस्रुरर्णवम् (niṣpādya harayaḥ setuṃ pratītāḥ sasrurarṇavam) Rām.
3) To rush upon, assail; ब्राह्मणार्थे समुत्पन्ने योऽरिभिः सृत्य युध्यति (brāhmaṇārthe samutpanne yo'ribhiḥ sṛtya yudhyati) Mb.12.97.1; (taṃ) ससाराभिमुखः शूरः शार्दूल इव कुञ्जरम् (sasārābhimukhaḥ śūraḥ śārdūla iva kuñjaram) Mb.
4) To run, go fast, slip away from; सरति सहसा बाह्लोर्मध्यं गताप्यबला सती (sarati sahasā bāhlormadhyaṃ gatāpyabalā satī) M.4.11.
5) To blow (as wind); तं चेद्वायौ सरति सरलस्कन्धसंघट्टजन्मा (taṃ cedvāyau sarati saralaskandhasaṃghaṭṭajanmā) Me.55.
6) To flow.
7) To cross, traverse. -Caus. (sārayati-te)
1) To cause to go or move.
2) To extend.
3) To rub, touch gently (with the fingers); तन्त्रीमाद्रां नयनसलिलैः सारयित्वा कथंचित् (tantrīmādrāṃ nayanasalilaiḥ sārayitvā kathaṃcit) Me.88.
4) To push back or away, remove; सारयन्तीं गण्डाभोगात् कठिनविषमामेकवेणीं करेण (sārayantīṃ gaṇḍābhogāt kaṭhinaviṣamāmekaveṇīṃ kareṇa) Me.93.
5) To put in array, arrange.
6) To show, manifest. Desid. (sisīrṣati) To wish to go &c.
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Sṝ (सॄ).—9 P. (sṛṇāṃti) To hurt, injure, kill.(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Śrīpati (श्रीपति) refers to one of the various Vibhava manifestations according to the Īśvarasa...
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No search results for Shri, Śri, Śrī, Śṝ, Sṛ or Sṝ in any book or story.