Historical Elements in the Matsya Purana

by Chaitali Kadia | 2021 | 91,183 words

This page relates ‘Lineages of Bhrigu’ of the study on the historical elements of the Matsya-purana: one of the eighteen Mahapuranas which are Sanskrit texts that have preserved the cultural heritage, philosophy, religion, geography, etc of ancient India. This Matsyapurana was originally written in 20,000 verses and deals with topics such as architecture, ancient history, polity, religion and philosophy.

The sages were born of fire by Mahātma Brahmā after Lord Śiva’s curse abandoned his body. The same fire produced the supremely stunning Bhṛgu. Aṅgirā from aṅgars, Atri from the crest and Marīci from the rays were produced. From the hair Pulasty was originated. After that from the long hair Mahātapasvī Pulaha was produced. Vasiṣṭha was born from the brilliance of fire. Bhṛgu received the divine daughter of the sage Pulomā as his wife. From that wife Bhṛgu received twelve devotional sons who performed their sacrifices. Their names are Bhuvana, Bhouvana, Sujanya, Sujana, Kratu, Vasu, Murdhā, Tyājga, Vasuda, Prabhava, Avyaya and Daksa. Thus these twelve are known as Devabhṛgu.

After these Bhṛgu produced some inferior Brahmins from the womb of Paulamī. Their names are great fortunate Cyvana and Āpnuvāna. Āpnuvāna’s son was Ourva and his son was Jamadagni. Ourva became the originator of Bhṛgu’s dynasty. Bhṛgu’s tribe promoters’ names were–Bhṛgu, Cyavana, Āpnuvnā, Ourva, Jamadagni, Vātsya, Daṇḍi, Nadāyana, Vaigāyaan, Vitihavya, Paila, Śounaka, Śaunakāyana, Jīvanti, Āyeda, Kārṣaṇi, Vaihinari, Virūpāksa, Rauhityāyani, Vaiśvānari, Nīla, Lubdha, Sārvaṇika, Viṣṇu, Paura, Bālāki, Ailika, Anantabhāgina, Mṛga, Mārgeya, Mārkaṇḍa, Javina, Nītina, Maṇḍa, Māṇḍavya, Māṇḍuka, Phenapa, Stanita, Sthalapinda, Śikhāvarṇa, Śārkarākṣi, Jāladhi, Soudhika, Kṣubhya, Kutsa, Maudgalāyana, Mānkāyana, Devapati, Pāṇḍuroci, Gālava, Sānkṛtya, Cātaki, Sarpi, Yajñapiṇḍāyana, Gārgāyaṇa, Gāyana, Gārhāyṇa, Goṣṭhāyana, Bāhyāyana, Vaiśampāyana, Vaikarṇini, Sārngarava Yajñeyi, Bhrāṣṭrakāyaṇi, Lālāti, Nākuli, Laukṣinya, Uparimaṇḍala, Āluki, Soucaki, Koutso Paingalāyani, Sātyāyani, Mālayani, Koutili, Kouhastika, Souha, Sokti, Sakauvākṣi, Kousi, Cāndimasi, Naikajihva, Jihvaka, Vyādhājya, Loulrairina, Sāradvatika, Naitisya, Lolākshi, Calakuṇḍala, Vāgāyani, Ānumati, Pūrṇimāgati and Asakrt. Generally, these five sages were called as the Pravara –Bhṛgu, Cyavana, Āpnuvāna, Ourva and Jamadagni.

After that the names of other sages who were born in Bhṛgu dynasty–Jamadagni, Bida, Paulastya, Baijavṛt, Ubhayajāta, Kāyani, Śākatāyana, Ourveya and Māruta. They had three holy Pravara–Bhṛgu, Cyavana and Āpnuvāna. There was prohibition of mutual marriage among these sages. The other sages are Bhṛgudāsa, Mārgapatha, Grāmyāyani, Katyani, Āpastambi, Bilvi, Naikaśi, Gārdabhi, Kārdamāyani, Āśvāyani and Rūpi. Among these, there were five Pravaras named Bhṛgu, Cyavana, Āpnuvāna, Ārṣṭiṣena and Rūpi. There was also prohibition of marriage in the sages. The other sages were Yaska, Vītihavya, Mathita, Dama, Jaivantyāyani, Mauñja, Pili, Cali, Bhāgila, Bhāgavitti, Kauśāpi, Kāśyapi, Bālapi, Śramadāgepi, Saura, Tithi, Gārgīya, Jābāli, Pauṣṇāyanaand Rāmoda. In these sages the Pravara were Bhṛgu, Vitiharva, Revasa and Vaivasa. There were also some Bhṛgu dynasty’s sages named–Śālāyani, Śāktākṣa, Maitreya, Khāṇḍava, Drauṇāyana, Raukmāyani, Āpiśi, Āpikāyani and Hansajihva. Among them the Pravaras were Bhṛgu, Vaddhryaśva and Divodāsa. And the last some sages were Ekāyana, Yajñapati, Matsyagandha, Pratyaha, Souri, Oukṣi, Kardamāyani, Gṛtsamada and Sanaka. In these sages the Pravaras wre Bhṛgu and Gṛtsamada. Among these sages the mutual marriage was Prohibited.[1]

Footnotes and references:

[1]:

Matsya Purāṇa, Ch.–195 Chapter

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