Jamadagni, aka: Jāmadagni; 11 Definition(s)
Jamadagni means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Katha (narrative stories)
Jamadagni (जमदग्नि) is the name of sage, the hermitage whereof was visited by Mṛgāvatī, after she got stranded on a mountain, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 9. Accordingly, “there she beheld Jamadagni, looking like the incarnation of comfort, whose brightness so illumined the eastern mountain that it seemed as if the rising sun ever rested on it.”
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Jamadagni, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.(Source): Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.
Jamadagni (जमदग्नि):—Son of Satyavatī (daughter of king Gādhi) and sage Ṛcīka. He married Reṇukā, the daughter of Reṇu. Many sons, headed by Vasumān, were born from the womb of Reṇukā. The youngest of them was named Rāma, or Paraśurāma. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.15.4-11)(Source): Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana
Jamadagni (जमदग्नि).—A hermit of majestic power. He was the father of Paraśurāma. Genealogy. Descended from Viṣṇu in the following order are: Brahmā—Bhṛgu—Cyavana—Aurva—Ṛcīka—Jamadagni. (See full article at Story of Jamadagni from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
1a) Jamadagni (जमदग्नि).—A sage of the Vaivasvata epoch; (Bhārgava); a son of Ṛcīka and Satyavatī; to attain a son for himself and for Gādhi, he made a caru to be taken both by his wife and mother-in-law, the latter to get a Kṣatriya and the former a Brāhmaṇa; then he entered the forest for penance; by mistake the caru intended for the mother was taken by the daughter and vice-versa; Ṛcīka understood the mistake and told his wife that a cruel son would be born to her; she implored him to give her a good son; Jamadagni, born to her; produced by eating (jama) the Vaiṣṇavāgni.1 Entertained Arjuna (Haihaya) with the help of his Kāmadhenu. The king desired to own her; but on being refused, he took her away by force. She was recovered by his son Paraśurāma who killed Arjuna. Regretted his son's action in killing the king and found fault with Reṇukā his wife who saw Citraratha. He asked his other sons to kill their mother but they declined. Paraśurāma killed them and his mother to please his father but he requested that they might come back to life to which the sage agreed. But the sons of Arjuna took vengeance and slew the sage in the presence of Reṇukā. Through the prowess of his son, Jamadagni got back his body and became the seventh in the Ṛṣimaṇḍala2 Married Reṇukā, daughter of Reṇu the youngest son was Rāma. According to the vāyu purāṇa Reṇuka is also known as Kāmali and is said to be the daughter of the Ikṣvāku, Suveṇu. Vasumat and others were elders to Rāma.3 Officiated in Brahmā's place in the sacrifice of Hariścandra;4 a mantrakṛt;5 a Bhārgava gotrakara.6
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 13. 5; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 32. 105; 38. 27; Matsya-purāṇa 9. 28; 126. 21; Vāyu-purāṇa 32. 46; 65. 93; 91. 67 and 85-86. Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 7. 32-6.
- 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. chh. 15 and 16.
- 3) Ib. IX. 15. 11-13; Vāyu-purāṇa 91. 86.
- 4) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 7. 23.
- 5) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 21 1; Matsya-purāṇa 145. 99.
- 6) Matsya-purāṇa 195. 15 and 29.
- 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 73. 91; Matsya-purāṇa 47. 244; Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 135.
- 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 23. 20.
- 3) Matsya-purāṇa 22. 58.
2b) The Bhārgava, who slew the Saimhikeya gaṇa.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 68. 22.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Jamadagni (जमदग्नि) is the name of a sage who was in the company of Bharata when he recited the Nāṭyaveda them, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 35. Accordingly, they asked the following questions, “O the best Brahmin (lit. the bull of the twice-born), tell us about the character of the god who appears in the Preliminaries (pūrvaraṅga). Why is the sound [of musical instruments] applied there? What purpose does it serve when applied? What god is pleased with this, and what does he do on being pleased? Why does the Director being himself clean, perform ablution again on the stage? How, O sir, the drama has come (lit. dropped) down to the earth from heaven? Why have your descendants come to be known as Śūdras?”.(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
General definition (in Hinduism)
Jamadagni was one of the great sages, a descendant of the sage Bhrigu. His wife was named Renuka. They had many children, the youngest of whom was Parashurama (Rama of the axe). Renuka was such very devoted wife and the power of her chastity was manifest. Such was this power, that she used to fetch water from the river in a pot made of unbaked clay every day. The pot would hold together because of her devotion to her husband.(Source): Apam Napat: Indian Mythology
Jamadagni (or Jamdagni) is one of the Saptarishis (Seven Great Sages Rishi) in the seventh, current Manvantara, and father of Parashurama, the sixth incarnation of Vishnu. He was a descendant of the sage Bhrigu, one of the Prajapatis created by Brahma, the God of Creation. Jamadagni had five children with wife Renuka, the youngest of whom was Parashurama, an avatar of Lord Vishnu. Jamadagni was well versed in the scriptures and weaponry without formal instruction.
Jamadagni was a Brahmin saint who lived in the forest with his wife Renuka and his sons, of whom Parasurama was the youngest, the most renowned and valiant. The country was then ruled by Haihayas, a certain clan of Kshatriyas.
In the Buddhist Vinaya Pitaka section of the Mahavagga (I.245) the Buddha pays respect to Jamadagni by declaring that the Vedas in their true form were revealed to the original Vedic rishis, including Jamadagni.(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism
Languages of India and abroad
jamadagni (जमदग्नि).—m (S) The name of a ṛṣi. Applied to an irascible or passionate person.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
jamadagni (जमदग्नि).—m The name of a ṛṣi. Applied to an irascible or passionate person.(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Jamadagni (जमदग्नि).—A Brāhmaṇa and descendant of Bhṛgu and father of Paraśurāma. [Jamadagni was the son of Ṛichika and Satyavatī. He was a pious sage, deeply engaged in study, and is said to have obtained entire possession of the Vedas. His wife was Reṇukā who bore him five sons. One day when she had gone out to bathe, she beheld a loving pair of Gandharvas (according to some Chitraratha and his queen) sporting and playing in the water. The lovely sight made her feel envious of their pleasure, and she returned defiled by unworthy thoughts, 'wetted but not purified by the stream' Her husband, who was anger incarnate, seeing her shorn of the lustre of her sanctity, furiously scolded her, and ordered his sons, as they came in, to cut off her head. But the first four sons shrank from that cruel deed. It was only Paraśurāma, the youngest, that with characteristic obedience to his father's command, struck off her head with his axe. The deed pacified the father's anger, and he desired Paraśurāma to ask a boon. The kind-hearted son begged that his mother might be restored to life which the father readily granted.]
Derivable forms: jamadagniḥ (जमदग्निः).(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 36 books and stories containing Jamadagni or Jāmadagni. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Mahabharata - Third Book (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)
Section CXVI < [Tirtha-yatra Parva]
Section XC < [Tirtha-yatra Parva]
Section CXV < [Tirtha-yatra Parva]
The Bhagavata Purana (by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada)
Chapter 16 - Lord Parasurama Destroys the World’s Ruling Class < [Canto IX - Liberation]
Chapter 15 - Parasurama, the Lord’s Warrior Incarnation < [Canto IX - Liberation]
Chapter 7 - The Descendants of King Mandhata < [Canto IX - Liberation]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 3: Story of Jamadagni and Paraśurāma < [Chapter IV - Subhūmacakravartīcaritra]
Part 4: Birth of Subhūma < [Chapter IV - Subhūmacakravartīcaritra]
The Vishnu Purana (by Horace Hayman Wilson)
Legend of Paraśurāma < [Book IV]
Chapter VII - Lineage of Puruvasas and Jahnu < [Book IV]
Chapter X - Names of the twelve Adityas < [Book II]
Hiraṇyakeśin-gṛhya-sūtra (by Hiraṇyakeśin)