Gayana, aka: Gāyana, Gayanā, Gāyanā; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Gayana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Gāyana (गायन) is a Sanskrit word referring to “one who makes a living by singing”. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (also see the Manubhāṣya verse 4.210)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana

Gayana in Purana glossary... « previous · [G] · next »

1a) Gāyana (गायन).—A Bhārgava gotrakara.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 195. 23; Vāyu-purāṇa 83. 61.

1b) Unfit for śrāddha.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 79. 69.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

Gayanā (गयना) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.62) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Gayanā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Gāyanā is also mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.62) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Gayana in Pali glossary... « previous · [G] · next »

gāyana : (nt.) singing.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Gāyana, (nt.) singing VvA.315 (naccana+). (Page 249)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

gāyana (गायन).—n (S) Singing.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gāyana (गायन).—n Singing. gāyanī a That sings.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gāyana (गायन).—(- f.) [gai-lyuṭ] A singer; गायनैश्च विरोविण्यो वादनैश्च तथापरैः । विरेजुर्विपुलास्तत्र सर्वरत्नसमन्विताः (gāyanaiśca viroviṇyo vādanaiśca tathāparaiḥ | virejurvipulāstatra sarvaratnasamanvitāḥ) || Rām.1.18. 19; तथैव तत्पौरुषगायनीकृताः (tathaiva tatpauruṣagāyanīkṛtāḥ) N.1.13; Bh.3.27 v. l.

-nam 1 Singing a song.

2) Practising singing as a means of subsistence.

Derivable forms: gāyanaḥ (गायनः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Divyagayana
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Tanmaya
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