Paura: 18 definitions

Introduction:

Paura means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Paur.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Paura (पौर) refers to “citizens”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.7.—Accordingly, after the Goddess (Umā/Śivā) incarnated as Pārvatī by becoming the daughter of Menā:—“[...] The lord of mountains rejoiced on seeing the child shining in dark splendour like that of the blue lotus. All the citizens [i.e., paura] there, both men and women, rejoiced much. There were great festivities. Different sorts of musical instruments were played. Auspicious songs were sung. The dancing girls exhibited their saltatorial skill. The lord of mountains performed post-natal sacred rites and made charitable gifts to the Brahmins. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Paura (पौर).—A son of Pṛthusena.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 49. 52.

1b) A Bhārgava gotrakāra.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 195. 20.

1c) A kingdom after Pṛthudarbha, son of Śibi.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 48. 20.

1d) Treated with respect by Pṛthu;1 were provided with seats in Mallaranga;2 also Paurajanas.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 17. 2; 21. 6.
  • 2) Ib. X. 36. 24.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 51. 34 and 36.

1e) A Parāśara clan.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 8. 95.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Paura.—(CII 4), name of a coin. Note: paura is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Paura.—cf. purāṇa. Note: paura is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

paura (पौर).—a S Made or produced in, belonging or relating to, a town or city; oppidan, urban.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

paura (पौर).—a Belonging to a town or city; urban.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Paura (पौर).—a. (- f.) [पुरे वसति शैषिको अण् (pure vasati śaiṣiko aṇ)]

1) Relating to a city or town, produced in a town, civic.

2) Ved. Filling one's own belly.

-raḥ 1 A townsman, citizen, (opp. jānapada); Kumārasambhava 6.41; R.2.1,74;12.3;16.9.

2) A term applied to a prince engaged in war under particular circumstances.

3) A planet in a state of opposition to other planets.

-rī The language of the servants in a palace.

-ram A sort of grass (rohiṣa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Paura (पौर).—only f. °rī, with or sc. vāc(ā) (compare Sanskrit paura, subst.; = Pali porī, with vācā; [Pali Text Society’s Pali-English Dictionary] wrongly gives stem as porin), urbane, courteous, elegant (speech): pauriye vācāye (instr.) Mahāvastu iii.322.2; (vāg…) na paurī Śikṣāsamuccaya 127.5 (wrongly translation(s) Bendall and Rouse); with vāc, Daśabhūmikasūtra 24.13; Bodhisattvabhūmi 65.11; sc. vāc, in [compound] paurī-sāṃkathyam Mahāvyutpatti 2808.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paura (पौर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rī-raṃ) City, citizen, relating to or produced in a town or city. n.

(-raṃ) A fragrant grass. E. pura a city, aff. aṇ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paura (पौर).—i. e. pura + a, adj., f. , sbst. Relating to or produced in a town, citizen, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 18, 9; [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 74, 6.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paura (पौर).—1. [masculine] filler, increaser.

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Paura (पौर).—2. [masculine] townsman, citizen.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Paura (पौर):—1. paura m. (√pṝ) ‘filler, increaser’, Name of Soma ([Sāyaṇa] = udara-pūraka)

2) of Indra ([Sāyaṇa] = pūrayitṛ)

3) of the Aśvins etc., [Ṛg-veda]

4) of a Ṛṣi (author of [Ṛg-veda v, 73; 74])

5) ([plural]) of a dynasty, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

6) 2. paura mf(ī)n. ([from] pura) belonging to a town or city, urban, civic

7) m. a townsman, citizen (opp. to jānapada), [Gautama-dharma-śāstra; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

8) a prince engaged in war under certain circumstances (= nāgara, q.v., applied also to planets opposed to each other), [Varāha-mihira]

9) ([plural]) Name of a dynasty, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

10) n. a species of fragrant grass, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paura (पौर):—[(raḥ-rī-raṃ)] 1. m. n. 3. f. City; citizen. n. A fragrant grass.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Paura (पौर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Paura, Purilla, Pora.

[Sanskrit to German]

Paura in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Paura (पौर) [Also spelled paur]:—(a) urban, municipal, civic, pertaining to the city; outer verandah in a house; (nm) a municipal councillor; ~, [mahā] major; —[sadana] the town hall.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Paura (पौर) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Pracura.

2) Paura (पौर) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Paura.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Paura (ಪೌರ):—

1) [adjective] of a city, citizens or citizenship; civic.

2) [adjective] in, of, to, toward or facing the east; eastern.

3) [adjective] of, belonging to, made in a western country (esp. the West).

4) [adjective] of times long past; belonging to the early period.

5) [adjective] of or for civilians; nonmilitary; civilian.

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Paura (ಪೌರ):—

1) [noun] a man living in a city; a city-dweller.

2) [noun] a member of a state or nation, esp. one with a republican form of government, who owes allegiance to it by birth or naturalisation and is entitled to full civil rights; a citizen.

3) [noun] a center of population larger or more important than a town.

4) [noun] the fragrant grass Sorghum nitidum ( = andropogon serratus) of Poaceae family.

5) [noun] a civilian, as distinguished from a person in military service, a policeman, etc.; a citizen.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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