Mandavya, Māṇḍavya: 15 definitions


Mandavya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Māṇḍavya (माण्डव्य) is the name of a pre-Piṅgalan author on the science of Sanskrit metrics (chandaśāstra): Rāta and Māṇḍavya are two ancient authorities of Sanskrit metrics are also mentioned by Piṅgala in Chandaśśāstra

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Mandavya in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Māṇḍavya (माण्डव्य).—A sage. He is known as Aṇīmāṇḍavya also. Once Rāvaṇa beat Māṇdavya because of his not respecting Rāvaṇa. That day Māṇḍavya cursed him saying "You will also be beaten like this by a brave monkey". (Yuddha Kāṇḍa, Kamba Rāmāyaṇa). (More details can be had from the entry Aṇīmāṇḍavya). The āśrama of Māṇḍavya is considered a holy place. Once the King of Kāśī went to this āśrama and performed severe penance there. (Chapter 186, Udyoga Parva).

Source: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

Māṇḍavya (माण्डव्य).—The Śatapatha Brāhmaṇa, the Śāṅkhāyana-āraṇyaka, the Āśvalāyana-gṛhyasūtra, the Śāṅkhāyana-gṛhyasūtra and the Bṛhadāraṇyaka know of a teacher Māṇḍavya “descendant of Maṇḍu”. The Mahābhārata also mentions him. The Māṇḍavas of the Nīlamata also seem to be descendants of Maṇḍu and may be identified with the Māṇḍavyas mentioned as a north-western people in the Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa, the Agni-purāṇa, the Viṣṇudharmottara-purāṇa and the Bṛhat-saṃhitā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Māṇḍavya (माण्डव्य).—A tīrtha sacred to Māṇḍavī.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 13. 42.

1b) A Bhārgava gotrakāra.1 The sage who cursed Yama to be born as Vidura.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 195. 21.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 5. 20; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 27. 25.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Māṇḍavya (माण्डव्य) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.63.77, I.63) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Māṇḍavya) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

1) Māṇḍavya (माण्डव्य) refers to a country belonging to “Madhyadeśa (central division)” classified under the constellations of Kṛttikā, Rohiṇī and Mṛgaśīrṣa, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Kṛttikā, Rohiṇī and Mṛgaśīrṣa represent the Madhyadeśa or central division consisting of the countries of [i.e., Māṇḍavya] [...]”.

2) Māṇḍavya (माण्डव्य) also refers to a country belonging to “Paścimottara (north-western division)” classified under the constellations of Uttarāṣāḍha, Śravaṇa and Dhaniṣṭhā, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga.

3) Māṇḍavya (माण्डव्य) also refers to a country belonging to “Uttaratas or Uttaradeśa (northern division)” classified under the constellations of Śatabhiṣaj, Pūrvabhādrapada and Uttarabhādrapada, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Mandavya (मंदव्‍य): A sage wrongly punished by the king by being impaled as the chief of robbers who had clandestinely hidden their stolen goods in a corner of his hermitage when he was in deep contemplation. Lord Dharma gave him this punishment for having tortured birds and bees in his childhood. At this Mandavya cursed Dharma who was born as Vidura, the wise, to the servant maid of Ambalika, wife of King Vichitravirya, who offered her to Sage Vyasa in place of Ambalika.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Mandavya. An ascetic. For his story see the Kanhadipayana Jataka.

2. Mandavya. Son of Matanga and Ditthamangalika. For his story see the Matanga Jataka. Mandavya is given as an example of conception by umbilical attrition. Mil.123f.; Sp.i.214.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Maṇḍavya (मण्डव्य).—see Māṇḍavya.

--- OR ---

Māṇḍavya (माण्डव्य).—(1) name of a ṛṣi in the ‘Padumāvatīye parikalpa’: Mahāvastu iii.153.7 ff. So Senart, with one ms. in 153.20; v.l. here, and both mss. in most passages, Maṇḍ° (MIndic), which should probably be read; (2) pl., name of a [Page428-b+ 71] brahmanical school (of the Bahvṛcas): Divyāvadāna 632.18 f., and name of a gotra, Divyāvadāna 635.8, 20.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Māṇḍavya (माण्डव्य).—i. e. maṇḍu, A proper name, + ya, patronym., m. A proper name, Chr. 46, 28.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Māṇḍavya (माण्डव्य) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—astronomer. Quoted by Varāhamihira Oxf. 329^a, by Hemādri, Nārāyaṇa in Mārtaṇḍavallabhā, Raghunandana, and others. Māṇḍavyasaṃhitā jy. B. 4, 172. Kārttikavivāhapaṭala jy. B. 4, 118.

2) Māṇḍavya (माण्डव्य):—mentioned as a medical authority by Vāgbhaṭa in Sūtrasthāna ch. 1; as an authority on metrics by Piṅgala, Ind. Studien 8, 406.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Māṇḍavya (माण्डव्य):—[from māṇḍavī] m. ([patronymic] [from] maṇḍu [gana] gargādi) Name of a teacher ([plural] his descendants), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] of an astronomer, [Varāha-mihira]

3) [v.s. ...] [plural] Name of a people, [Varāha-mihira]

4) [v.s. ...] of a school of the Bahv-ṛcas, [Divyāvadāna]

5) [v.s. ...] m. or n. (?) Name of a place, [Catalogue(s)]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Māṇḍavya (माण्डव्य) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Maṃḍava.

[Sanskrit to German]

Mandavya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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